Black Bourton is a village and civil parish about 2 miles south of Carterton, Oxfordshire. The village is on a tributary of the River Thames; the 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 266. RAF Brize Norton adjoins the parish; the northern boundary of the parish is along the middle of the main runway of the airfield. The Church of England parish church of Saint Mary the Virgin was built about AD 1190; the five-bay arcade between the nave and north aisle survives from this time. In the 13th century the chancel and north aisle were remodelled, the easternmost bay of the aisle was projected northward to form a north transept. Early English Gothic lancet windows in chancel and north chapel date from this time; the north doorway of the north aisle dates from the 14th century. In the 15th century the bell tower was built into the nave and the stone pulpit was built. By the end of the 16th century the north transept had become the memorial chapel of the Hungerford family. Built into the north wall is a substantial stone monument to Eleanor Hungerford: a recumbent effigy framed by Corinthian columns.
The chapel includes an English Baroque cartouche to Anthony Hungerford on the west wall. Black stone plaques on the floor record other members of the family; the building was restored under the direction of the architect E. G. Bruton in 1866. During the restoration a number of late 13th century wall paintings were discovered inside the church. At the time these were whitewashed over again. On the south wall is St Richard of Chichester with, the Adoration of the Magi, the Massacre of the Innocents, the Angel appearing to St Joseph, all with foliage borders. On the north side of the nave over the arcade are paintings of the Tree of Jesse, St Christopher, the martyrdom of St Thomas Becket, the Coronation of the Virgin, the Baptism of Jesus, Saints Peter and Paul and the stoning of Saint Stephen; the church is now a Grade I listed building. By 1757 the tower had a ring of five bells including the sanctus bell. Henry I Knight of Reading cast three of them including the tenor bell in 1618–19. Henry III Bagley, who had bell-foundries at Chacombe and Witney, cast the third bell in 1743.
In 1866 Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry re-cast the second bell, which had long been cracked, added a new treble bell. The frame was made in the late Middle Ages and by 1965 required replacement. In 1966 the tenor bell of 1619 was transferred to the parish church of St John the Evangelist in Carterton; the bells remaining at St Mary's were unringable due to the condition of the frame. In 2017, the bells were restored and one was replaced. St Mary's churchyard includes 31 Commonwealth War Graves Commission burials. There are 30 Second World War burials and one from the First World War. Most of the Second World War graves are of members of the RAF and allied air forces from RAF Brize Norton; the parish is now part of the Benefice of Shill Valley and Broadshire, which includes the parishes of Alvescot, Broughton Poggs, Holwell, Kencot, Little Faringdon and Westwell. A Primitive Methodist congregation was established in the village in the 19th century and built its own red brick chapel in 1861.
The influential romantic novelist Maria Edgeworth was born in Black Bourton in 1767. A cul-de-sac in Carterton is named "Edgeworth Drive" after her; the painter William Turner was born in Black Bourton in 1789. Bourton Place was the manor house of the Hungerford family, it was demolished in about 1800. The village school was designed by the architect Sir George Gilbert Scott and built in 1865. In 1873 the East Gloucestershire Railway between Fairford and Witney was opened, it provided Alvescot railway station 1⁄2 mile west of Black Bourton on the road to Alvescot. The Great Western Railway took over the line in 1890 and British Railways closed it in 1962. Black Bourton has The Vines. Gilbert, David. "Excavations West of St Mary's Church, Black Bourton, Oxfordshire: Early and Late Anglo-Saxon Activity". Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. LXXIII: 147–160. ISSN 0308-5562. Lupton, Mary. History of the Parish of Black Bourton, Otherwise Called Burton Abbots, in the County of Oxford.
Oxford: Oxfordshire Archaeological Society. Sherwood, Jennifer. Oxfordshire; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 458–459. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. Townley, Simon C.. B.. A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 15: Carterton, Minster Lovell and Environs: Bampton Hundred. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer for the Institute of Historical Research. Pp. 73–101. ISBN 978-1-90435-606-6. Retrieved 25 August 2010. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list Black Bourton Village Association
An aisle is, in general, a space for walking with rows of seats on both sides or with rows of seats on one side and a wall on the other. Aisles can be seen in airplanes, certain types of buildings, such as churches, synagogues, meeting halls and legislatures, theatres, in certain types of passenger vehicles, their floors, as in theatres, stepped upwards from a stage. Aisles can be seen in shops and factories, where rather than seats, they have shelving to either side. In warehouses and factories, aisles may consist of storage pallets, in factories, aisles may separate work areas. In health clubs, exercise equipment is arranged in aisles. Aisles are distinguished from corridors, walkways, footpaths/pavements, paths and "open areas". Aisles have certain general physical characteristics: They are always straight, not curved, they are fairly long. An open space that had three rows of chairs to the right of it and three to the left would not be considered an "aisle". Theatres, meeting halls, etc. have aisles wide enough for 2-3 strangers to walk past each other without feeling uncomfortably close.
In such facilities, anything that could comfortably accommodate more than 4 people side-by-side would be considered an "open area", rather than an "aisle". Factory work area aisles are wide enough for workers to comfortably sit or stand at their work area, while allowing safe and efficient movement of persons, equipment and/or materials. Passage aisles are quite narrow—wide enough for a large person to carry a suitcase in each hand but not wide enough for two people to pass side-by-side without touching. Without luggage one person must turn sideways in order for the other one to pass. Warehouse aisles are at least 8–10 feet wide, to allow use of mechanical loading equipment. Wedding aisles are wide enough to allow two people to walk comfortably beside each other and still have space; the width of these aisles is up to those who design the layout of the wedding. Vehicle aisles are wide enough to allow a designated type of vehicle to pass two way. Width varies for vehicle type and other variables like no of parking accessibility etc.
Note that spaces between buildings, e. g. rows of storage sheds, would not be considered "aisles" if the same amount of separation would be considered an aisle in a warehouse. Aisles are common in weddings when a bride walk down it. In architecture, an aisle is more the wing of a house, or a lateral division of a large building; the earliest examples of aisles date back to the Roman times and can be found in the Basilica Ulpia, which had double aisles on either side of its central area. The church of St. Peter's in Rome has the same number. In church architecture, an aisle is more a passageway to either side of the nave, separated from the nave by colonnades or arcades, a row of pillars or columns. Aisles stop at the transepts, but aisles can be continued around the apse. Aisles are thus categorized as transept-aisles or choir-aisles. A semi-circular choir with aisles continued around it, providing access to a series of chapels, is a chevet. In Gothic architecture, the aisles' roofs are lower than that of the nave, allowing light to enter through clerestory windows.
In Romanesque architecture, the roofs are at equal heights, with those of the aisle being only lower than that of the nave. In Germany, churches where the roofs of the aisles and nave are the same height, such as St. Stephen's, the Wiesenkirche at Soest, St. Martin's, the Frauenkirche in Munich are known as Hallenkirchen; when discussing overall design, architectural historians include the centrally-positioned nave in the number of aisles. Thus the original St Peter's Basilica in Rome, Milan Cathedral, Amiens Cathedral, Notre Dame de Paris and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia are all described as having five aisles, meaning they have two side aisles either side of the nave. Antwerp Cathedral has seven aisles. In the United Kingdom, cathedrals only have one aisle on each side, with Chichester Cathedral, Elgin Cathedral and St Mary Magdalene, Taunton being the only three exceptions. In supermarkets there are two types of aisles, food aisles and checkout aisles. Food aisles are. At the end of food aisles may be found crown end displays, where high-margin goods are displayed for impulse purchase.
In retail stores that do not sell food, aisles containing products would be referred to either generically as merchandise aisles, or by the particular products contained in the aisle, e.g. "the gardening aisle", "the sports equipment aisle". Checkout aisles contain. Regardless of the type of merchandise the establishment sells, it is common to display a range of "impulse buy" items along the checkout aisle, such as cold beverages and candy; these are called "lanes" to distinguish them from the food aisles. For customer convenience and retail stores number the aisles and have signs indicating both the aisle number and the types of products displayed in that aisle. Churches, courtrooms and meeting halls may identify individual rows, seats or sections but do not assign aisle numbers or display signs regarding aisles. Libraries are divided into several areas: Circulation desk Collections, areas where materials are grouped, e
Berkshire is one of the home counties in England. It was recognised by the Queen as the Royal County of Berkshire in 1957 because of the presence of Windsor Castle, letters patent were issued in 1974. Berkshire is a county of historic origin, a ceremonial county and a non-metropolitan county without a county council; the county town is Reading. The River Thames formed the historic northern boundary, from Buscot in the west to Old Windsor in the east; the historic county therefore includes territory, now administered by the Vale of White Horse and parts of South Oxfordshire in Oxfordshire, but excludes Caversham and five less populous settlements in the east of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead. All the changes mentioned, apart from the change to Caversham, took place in 1974; the towns of Abingdon, Faringdon and Wantage were transferred to Oxfordshire, the six places joining came from Buckinghamshire. Berkshire County Council was the main local government of most areas from 1889 to 1998 and was based in Reading, the county town which had its own County Borough administration.
Since 1998, Berkshire has been governed by the six unitary authorities of Bracknell Forest, Slough, West Berkshire and Maidenhead and Wokingham. The ceremonial county borders Oxfordshire, Greater London, Surrey and Hampshire. No part of the county is more than 8.5 miles from the M4 motorway. According to Asser's biography of King Alfred, written in 893 AD, its old name Bearrocscir takes its name from a wood of box trees, called Bearroc; this wood no longer extant, was west of Frilsham, near Abingdon. Berkshire has been the scene of some notable battles through its history. Alfred the Great's campaign against the Danes included the Battles of Englefield and Reading. Newbury was the site of two English Civil War battles: the First Battle of Newbury in 1643 and the Second Battle of Newbury in 1644; the nearby Donnington Castle was reduced to a ruin in the aftermath of the second battle. Another Battle of Reading took place on 9 December 1688, it was the only substantial military action in England during the Glorious Revolution and ended in a decisive victory for forces loyal to William of Orange.
Reading became the new county town in 1867. Under the Local Government Act 1888, Berkshire County Council took over functions of the Berkshire Quarter Sessions, covering the administrative county of Berkshire, which excluded the county borough of Reading. Boundary alterations in the early part of the 20th century were minor, with Caversham from Oxfordshire becoming part of the Reading county borough, cessions in the Oxford area. On 1 April 1974, Berkshire's boundaries changed under the Local Government Act 1972. Berkshire took over administration of Slough and Eton and part of the former Eton Rural District from Buckinghamshire; the northern part of the county became part of Oxfordshire, with Faringdon and Abingdon and their hinterland becoming the Vale of White Horse district, Didcot and Wallingford added to South Oxfordshire district. 94 Signal Squadron still keep the Uffington White Horse in their insignia though the White Horse is now in Oxfordshire. The original Local Government White Paper would have transferred Henley-on-Thames from Oxfordshire to Berkshire: this proposal did not make it into the Bill as introduced.
On 1 April 1998 Berkshire County Council was abolished under a recommendation of the Banham Commission, the districts became unitary authorities. Unlike similar reforms elsewhere at the same time, the non-metropolitan county was not abolished. Signs saying "Welcome to the Royal County of Berkshire" exist on borders of West Berkshire, on the east side of Virginia Water, on the M4 motorway, on the south side of Sonning Bridge, on the A404 southbound by Marlow, northbound on the A33 past Stratfield Saye. A flag for the historic county of Berkshire was registered with the Flag Institute in 2017. All of the county is drained by the Thames. Berkshire divides into two topological sections: west of Reading. North-east Berkshire has the low calciferous m-shaped bends of the Thames south of, a broader, gravelly former watery plain or belt from Earley to Windsor and beyond, are parcels and belts of uneroded higher sands, flints and acid soil and in north of the Bagshot Formation, north of Surrey and Hampshire.
Swinley Forest known as Bracknell Forest, Windsor Great Park and Stratfield Saye Woods have many pine, silver birch and other acid-soil trees. East of the grassy and wooded bends a large minority of East Berkshire's land mirrors the clay belt being of low elevation and on the left bank of the Thames: Slough, Eton Wick, Wraysbury and Datchet. In the heart of the county Reading's northern suburb Caversham is on that bank but rises steeply into the Chiltern Hills. Two main tributaries skirt past Reading, the Loddon and its sub-tributary the Blackwater draining parts of two counties south and the Kennet draining part of upland Wiltshire in the west. Heading west the reduced, but large, part of county becomes further from the Thames which flows from the north-north-west before the Goring Gap. To the south, the land crests along the bo
Burford is a small medieval town on the River Windrush in the Cotswold hills in West Oxfordshire district of Oxfordshire, England. It is referred to as the'gateway' to the Cotswolds. Burford is located 18 miles west of Oxford and 22 miles southeast of Cheltenham, about 2 miles from the Gloucestershire boundary; the toponym derives from the Old English words burh meaning fortified town or hilltown and ford, the crossing of a river. The 2011 Census recorded the population of Burford parish as 1,410 and Burford Ward as 1,847. Burford Priory is a country house that stands on the site of a 13th-century Augustinian priory hospital. In the 1580s an Elizabethan house was built incorporating remnants of the building, it was remodelled in Jacobean style after 1637, by which time the estate had been bought by William Lenthall, Speaker of the House of Commons in the Long Parliament. After 1912 the house and the chapel were restored for the philanthropist Emslie John Horniman, MP, by the architect Walter Godfrey.
From 1949 Burford Priory housed the Society of the Salutation of Our Lady, a community of Church of England nuns. In the 1980s, its numbers dwindled, so in 1987 it became a mixed community including Church of England Benedictine monks. In 2008 the community sold the property and it is now a private dwelling. A Time Team excavation of the Priory in 2010 found pottery sherds from the 13th century; the town began in the middle Saxon period with the founding of a village near the site of the modern priory building. This settlement continued in use until just after the Norman conquest of England when the new town of Burford was built. On the site of the old village a hospital was founded which remained open until the Dissolution of the Monasteries by King Henry VIII; the modern priory building was constructed some 40 years in around 1580. The town centre's most notable building is the Church of England parish church of Saint John the Baptist, a Grade I listed building. Described by David Verey as "a complicated building which has developed in a curious way from the Norman", it is known for its merchants' guild chapel, memorial to Henry VIII's barber-surgeon, Edmund Harman, featuring South American Indians and Kempe stained glass.
In 1649 the church was used as a prison during the Civil War, when the New Model Army Banbury mutineers were held there. Some of the 340 prisoners left graffiti, which still survive in the church; the town centre has some 15th-century houses and the baroue style townhouse, now Burford Methodist Church. Between the 14th and 17th centuries Burford was important for its wool trade; the Tolsey, midway along Burford's High Street, once the focal point for trade, is now a museum. The authors of Burford: Buildings and People in a Cotswold Town argue that Burford should be seen as less a medieval town than an Arts and Crafts town. Burford has twice had a bell foundry: one run by the Neale family in the 17th century and another run by the Bond family in the 19th and 20th centuries. Henry Neale was a bell founder between 1627 and 1641 and had a foundry at Somerford Keynes in Gloucestershire. Edward Neale had joined him as a bell-founder at Burford by 1635 and continued the business until 1685. Numerous Neale bells remain in use, including at St Britius, Brize Norton, St Mary's, Buscot, St James the Great, Fulbrook and SS Peter and Paul, Steeple Aston.
A few Neale bells that are no longer rung are displayed in Burford parish church. Henry Bond had a bell foundry at Westcot from 1851 to 1861, he moved it to Burford where he continued until 1905. He was succeeded by Thomas Bond, who continued bell-founding at Burford until 1947. Bond bells still in use include four of the ring of six at St John the Evangelist, one and a Sanctus bell at St Nicholas and one each at St Mary the Virgin, Chalgrove and St Peter's, Whatcote in Warwickshire. For many years before the 7th century there had been strife between the Celtic Church and the Early Church over the question of when Easter Day should be celebrated; the Britons adhered to the rule laid at the Council of Arles in AD 314, that Easter Day should be the 14th day of the Paschal moon if the moon were on a Sunday. The Roman Church had decided that when the 14th day of the Paschal moon was a Sunday, Easter Day should be the Sunday after. Various Synods were held in different parts of the kingdom with the object of settling this controversy, one was held for this object at Burford in AD 685.
Monk deduces from the fact of the Synod being held at Burford, that the Britons in some numbers had settled in the town and neighbourhood. This Synod was attended by Æthelred, King of Mercia, his nephew Berthwald. Aldhelm was ordered at this conference to write a book against the error of the Britons in the observance of Easter. At this Synod Berthwald gave 40 cassates of land to Aldhelm who afterwards became Bishop of Shereborne. According to Spelman, the notes of the Synod were published in AD 705. Malmesbury and other chroniclers record a battle between the West Saxons and Mercians at Burford in AD 752. In the end Æthelhum, the Mercian standard-bearer who carried the flag with a golden dragon on it, was killed by the lance of his Saxon rival; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records "A. D 752; this year Cuthred, king of the West Saxons, in the 12th year of his reign, fought at Burford, against Æthelbald king of the Mercians, put him to flight." The historian William Camden wrote "... in Saxon Beorgford, where Cuthred, king of t
Beaulieu Abbey, grid reference SU389026, was a Cistercian abbey in Hampshire, England. It was founded in 1203–1204 by King John and populated by 30 monks sent from the abbey of Cîteaux in France, the mother house of the Cistercian order; the Medieval Latin name of the monastery was monasterium Belli loci Regis. Other spellings of the English name which occur are Bewley and Beaulie; the first Abbot of Beaulieu was Hugh, who stood high in the king's favour served in important diplomatic missions and was to become Bishop of Carlisle. The king granted the new abbey a rich endowment, including numerous manors spread across southern England, land in the New Forest, large amounts of money, building materials, 120 cows, 12 bulls, a golden chalice, an annual tun of wine. John's son and successor, King Henry III was generous to Beaulieu, with the result that the abbey became wealthy, though it was far from the richest English Cistercian house. Monks from Beaulieu founded four daughter houses, Netley Abbey, Hailes Abbey, Newenham Abbey and St Mary Graces Abbey.
The abbey's buildings were of a scale and magnificence reflecting its status as an important royal foundation. The church was a vast cruciform structure in early gothic style and influenced by French churches of the order those of Cîteaux and Clairvaux; the church had a semi-circular apse with 11 radiating chapels. The building took more than four decades to complete and was dedicated in 1246, in the presence of King Henry III and his queen, of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, of many prelates and nobles. South of the church stood a cloister, ranged around which were the chapter house, kitchens and quarters for the monks, lay brothers and the abbot. A separate infirmary complex lay to the east of the main buildings, connected to them by a passage; the abbey was surrounded by workshops, farm buildings, guesthouses, a mill, extensive gardens and fishponds. Fortified gatehouses controlled entry to the monastic enclosure, defended by a wall. A water gate allowed access to ships in the river. Pope Innocent III constituted Beaulieu an "exempt abbey", meaning that the abbot had to answer to no local bishop but only to the Pope himself.
Beaulieu was invested by the same Pope with special privileges of sanctuary, much stronger than usual and covering not only the abbey itself but all the 23.5 hectare precinct around as included in the original grant made by King John. As Beaulieu was the only abbey in its region with such large and enforced sanctuary rights, it soon became a refuge for fugitives, both ordinary criminals and debtors and political enemies of the government. Among these latter were Anne Neville, wife of Warwick the Kingmaker, who sought sanctuary after the Battle of Barnet. Twenty-six years Perkin Warbeck fled to Beaulieu from the pursuing armies of Henry VII. In 1535 the abbey's income was assessed in the Valor Ecclesiasticus, Henry VIII's general survey of church finances prior to the plunder, at £428 gross, £326 net. According to the terms of the first Suppression Act, Henry's initial move in the Dissolution of the Monasteries, this meant that it escaped immediate confiscation, though the clouds were gathering.
The last abbot of Beaulieu was Abbot Thomas Stevens, elected in 1536, abbot of the dissolved abbey of Netley, across Southampton Water. Though Beaulieu managed to survive until April 1538, at that point it was forced to surrender to the government. Many of the monks were granted the abbot receiving 100 marks per year. Abbot Thomas ended his days as treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, he died in 1550. At the dissolution of the monastery in 1538, the Commissioners for the Dissolution reported to the government that thirty-two sanctuary-men, who were here for debt, felony, or murder, were living in houses in the monastic precincts with their wives and families; when the abbey was dissolved there was some debate about what to do with them, however, in the end it was decided, after pleading by the former abbot and certain government officials, to allow the debtors to live in their houses on the abbey grounds permanently. Pardons were given to some including one Thomas Jeynes, a murderer. After Beaulieu fell there was much competition amongst courtiers to gain ownership of the abbey and its valuable estates, but Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton, won the struggle and King Henry granted him the abbey itself and 3,441 hectares of the Beaulieu lands.
As soon as he took over, Wriothesley set about building himself a house on the site. He demolished the church, as was common practice but, instead of converting the buildings around the cloister into a home he chose the great gatehouse as the core of his mansion; this survives – much extended – as the modern country house at Beaulieu known as Palace House. Lord Southampton preserved the monks' refectory, which he gave to the people of Beaulieu village to be their parish church, a function it still serves today; the west range of the abbey, known as the Domus, was saved. The rest of the abbey was allowed to fall into ruin. Although a great deal was destroyed at the time of the Dissolution of the Monasteries, there is still much to see; the groundplan of the 102-metre-long church can be seen on the lawns. The position of the altar is marked by flanking trees; the Domus, once the lay brothers' refectory and
Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service
The Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service is the fire service serving the county of Oxfordshire, England. It is known as an on-call fire service with whole-time support. Fire and Rescue Service Headquarters is in Kidlington, Oxfordshire; this is the location of the fire service control room and workshops. Oxfordshires control room is now based at Reading, known as Thames valley fire control centre, in partnership with Royal Berkshire and Buckingham / Milton keynes fire and rescue services. Kidlington's control room now acts as a backup/secondary control; the current chief fire officer is Simon Furlong. The Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service operates out of 25 fire stations, All with On-call firefighters, 3x with Wholetime 24hr cover 4x day crewed located across Oxfordshire. 1x Body recovery unit working on behalf of the coroners office. List of British firefighters killed in the line of duty Official Website Fire Station List
The nave is the central part of a church, stretching from the main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. When a church contains side aisles, as in a basilica-type building, the strict definition of the term "nave" is restricted to the central aisle. In a broader, more colloquial sense, the nave includes all areas available for the lay worshippers, including the side-aisles and transepts. Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for clergy; the nave extends from the entry—which may have a separate vestibule —to the chancel and may be flanked by lower side-aisles separated from the nave by an arcade. If the aisles are high and of a width comparable to the central nave, the structure is sometimes said to have three naves, it provides the central approach to the high altar. The term nave is from navis, the Latin word for ship, an early Christian symbol of the Church as a whole, with a possible connection to the "ship of St. Peter" or the Ark of Noah.
The term may have been suggested by the keel shape of the vaulting of a church. In many Scandinavian and Baltic countries a model ship is found hanging in the nave of a church, in some languages the same word means both'nave' and'ship', as for instance Danish skib, Swedish skepp or Spanish; the earliest churches were built when builders were familiar with the form of the Roman basilica, a public building for business transactions. It had a wide central area, with aisles separated by columns, with windows near the ceiling. Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is an early church, it was built in the 4th century on the orders of Roman emperor Constantine I, replaced in the 16th century. The nave, the main body of the building, is the section set apart for the laity, while the chancel is reserved for the clergy. In medieval churches the nave was separated from the chancel by the rood screen. Medieval naves were divided into the repetition of form giving an effect of great length. During the Renaissance, in place of dramatic effects there were more balanced proportions.
Longest nave in Denmark: Aarhus Cathedral, 93 m Longest nave in England: St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, 85 m Longest nave in Ireland: St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, 91 m, externally Longest nave in France: Bourges Cathedral, 91 m, including choir where a crossing would be if there were transepts Longest nave in Germany: Cologne cathedral, 58 m, including two bays between the towers Longest nave in Italy: St Peter's Basilica in Rome, 91 m, in four bays Longest nave in Spain: Seville, 60 m, in five bays Longest nave in the United States: Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York City, United States, 70 m Highest vaulted nave: Beauvais Cathedral, France, 48 m, but only one bay of the nave was built. Highest completed nave: Rome, St. Peter's, Italy, 46 m Abbey, with architectural discussion and groundplans Cathedral architecture Cathedral diagram List of highest church naves