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Shimabara Rebellion

The Shimabara Rebellion known as the Shimabara-Amakusa Rebellion 島原・天草の乱 or 島原・天草一揆, was an uprising that occurred in the Shimabara Domain of the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan from 17 December 1637 to 15 April 1638. Matsukura Katsuie, the daimyō of the Shimabara Domain, enforced unpopular policies set by his father Matsukura Shigemasa that drastically raised taxes to construct the new Shimabara Castle and violently prohibited Christianity. In December 1637, an alliance of local rōnin and Catholic peasants led by Amakusa Shirō rebelled against the Tokugawa shogunate due to discontent over Katsuie's policies; the Tokugawa Shogunate sent a force of over 125,000 troops supported by the Dutch to suppress the rebels and defeated them after a lengthy siege against their stronghold at Hara Castle in Minamishimabara. Following the successful suppression of the rebellion, Shirō and an estimated 37,000 rebels and sympathizers were executed by beheading, the Portuguese traders suspected of helping them were expelled from Japan.

Katsuie was beheaded for misruling, becoming the only daimyō to be executed during the Edo period, the Shimabara Domain was given to Kōriki Tadafusa. Japan's policies of national seclusion and persecution of Christianity were tightened until the Bakumatsu in the 1850s; the Shimabara Rebellion was the largest civil conflict in Japan during the Edo period, was one of only a handful of instances of serious unrest during the peaceful period of the Tokugawa shogunate's rule. In the mid-1630s, the peasants of the Shimabara Peninsula and Amakusa, dissatisfied with overtaxation and suffering from the effects of famine, revolted against their lords; this was in territory ruled by two lords: Matsukura Katsuie of the Shimabara Domain, Terasawa Katataka of the Karatsu Domain. Those affected included fishermen and merchants; as the rebellion spread, it was joined by rōnin who once had served families, such as the Amakusa and Shiki, who had once lived in the area, as well as former Arima clan and Konishi retainers.

As such, the image of a "peasant" uprising is not accurate. Shimabara was once the domain of the Arima clan, Christian; the Arima were replaced by the Matsukura. The new lord, Matsukura Shigemasa, hoped to advance in the shogunate hierarchy, so he was involved with various construction projects, including the building and expansion of Edo Castle, as well as a planned invasion of Luzon in the Spanish East Indies, he built a new castle at Shimabara. As a result, he placed a disproportionate tax burden on the people of his new domain and further angered them by persecuting Christianity; the policies were continued by Katsuie. The inhabitants of the Amakusa Islands, part of the fief of Konishi Yukinaga, suffered the same sort of persecution at the hands the Terasawa family, like the Matsukura, had been moved there. Other masterless samurai in the region included former retainers of Katō Tadahiro and Sassa Narimasa, both of whom had once ruled parts of Higo Province; the discontented rōnin of the region, as well as the peasants, began to meet in secret and plot an uprising, which broke out on 17 December 1637, when the local daikan Hayashi Hyōzaemon was assassinated.

At the same time, others rebelled in the Amakusa Islands. The rebels increased their ranks by forcing all in the areas they took to join in the uprising. A charismatic 16-year-old youth, Amakusa Shirō, soon emerged as the rebellion's leader; the rebels laid siege to the Terasawa clan's Tomioka and Hondo castles, but just before the castles were about to fall, armies from the neighboring domains in Kyūshū arrived, forcing them to retreat. The rebels crossed the Ariake Sea and besieged Matsukura Katsuie's Shimabara Castle, but were again repelled. At this point they gathered on the site of Hara Castle, the original castle of the Arima clan before their move to the Nobeoka Domain, but had since been dismantled, they built up palisades using the wood from the boats they had crossed the water with, were aided in their preparations by the weapons and provisions they had plundered from the Matsukura clan's storehouses. The allied armies of the local domains, under the command of the Tokugawa shogunate with Itakura Shigemasa as commander-in-chief began their siege of Hara Castle.

The swordsman Miyamoto Musashi was present in the besieging army, in an advisory role to Hosokawa Tadatoshi. The event where Musashi was knocked off his horse by a stone thrown by one of the peasants is one of the only few verifiable records of him taking part in a campaign; the shogunate troops requested aid from the Dutch, who first gave them gunpowder, cannons. Nicolaes Couckebacker, Opperhoofd of the Dutch factory on Hirado, provided the gunpowder and cannons, when the shogunate forces requested that he send a vessel, he accompanied the vessel de Ryp to a position offshore, near Hara Castle; the cannons sent were mounted in a battery, an all-out bombardment of the fortress commenced, both from the shore guns as well as from the 20 guns of the de Ryp. These guns fired 426 rounds in the space of 15 days, without great result, two Dutch lookouts were shot by the rebels; the ship withdrew at the request of the Japanese, following contemptuous messages sent by the rebels to the besieging troops: Are there no longer courageous soldiers in the realm to do combat with us, weren't they ashamed to have called in the ass

Giuseppe Baldini

Giuseppe Baldini was an Italian football player and manager. During his playing career, Baldini played at both professional and international levels as a striker, before becoming a football manager. Born in Russi, Baldini began his career as a youth player with Pontedera, before turning professional with Fiorentina in 1939. Baldini played club football for Internazionale, Andrea Doria, Sampdoria and Como, as well as making one appearance for the Italian national side in 1949. After retiring from the game he became a football manager, managed Como, Savona, Virtus Entella and Avellino. Giuseppe BALDINI – INTER

Hasanpur Baru

Hasanpur Baru is a Village and a Gram Panchayat in Hathras district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. A part of the Braj region, it is located in Aligarh Division. "Hasanpur Baru" is a Nagar Panchayat. It has Narayanpur Bad and Baljit Garhi. Hasanpur Baru has a college. Shri Maharana Pratap JHS is the oldest school in the village. Primary School And Upper Primary School are located in Hasanpur Baru. For High Education, Shri Gandhi Inter College is located in the neighbouring village Mangru. According to 2011 census of India, Hasanpur Baru has a population of 2,073; this includes 994 females. Hasanpur Baru is located at 27.30°N 78.05°E / 27.30. It is located in Hathres District of state Uttar Pradesh in Republic of India

The Fairy-Tale Detectives

The Fairy-Tale Detectives is the first book in The Sisters Grimm series written by Michael Buckley. There is magic for those. Twelve-year-old Sabrina and eight-year-old Daphne are orphans who go to live with their grandmother in the small town of Ferryport Landing, New York. After the kidnapping of their parents and going through countless abusive foster homes, Sabrina is suspicious and hesitant trust their grandmother. Sabrina, having been told her whole life that her grandmother is dead, believes she is an imposter.'Granny' lives with a man named Mr. Canis, who she says helps her take care of the house, they soon find out that their grandmother is a strange person. Her house is filled with fairy tale books, her dog, elvis attacks Sabrina, her door has eight locks and eight different keys, her car has a rope rather than a seatbelt, they are told that they aren't allowed to let anyone or anything in the house without granny or Canis' permission first. Granny claims that she was close with their parents, has received letters from them in the past.

That night, Sabrina attempts to escape with Daphne through the woods, but they are attacked by small bugs that resemble fireflies. When granny finds them, she refers to the bugs as pixies, keeps them away with a mysterious blue dust that seems to put them to sleep. Granny doesn't seem angry. After and canis drive with the girls through the town reaching what appears to be the scene of a crime, a house, crushed into rubble. Granny and Canis leave the girls alone to go investigate the scene, while Sabrina and Daphne wait, they encounter Mr. Seven and his employer, Mr. Charming. Both seem to have a serious disdain for the Grimm Family, despite being familiar with granny and canis. Granny finds a fresh leaf on the ground and decides that it's from a beanstalk, but Mr. Charming seems eager to dismiss and cover up the case. Granny tells the girls. Sabrina thinks she's gone crazy, Daphne thinks she's joking, but they both realize that the rubble is sitting in the indentation of a massive footprint. At the house, Granny informs the girls that they are late descendants of the Brothers Grimm.

She tells them that every fairy tale the Brothers Grimm wrote was an accurate account of something that happened. She explains that in the past, fairy tale creatures, or'Everafters,' and normal humans lived side by side. However, much in history, as tensions grew, magic was banned and any dangerous everafters were captured and caged; the Grimm brothers collected and documented as many stories as they could of everafters, became friends with many of them in the process. Many everafters moved to America to build a safe community, with Wilhelm Grimm as their leader. However, as the human population began to grow, rebel groups formed in Ferryport landing in order to eradicate the human population. In order to prevent an all out war, Wilhelm Grimm went to Baba Yaga, a powerful witch, asked her to put a spell over the town keeping all everafters in permanantly. Baba Yaga granted this in exchange for Wilhelm's freedom, meaning one grimm would always have to stay in fairyport landing for the spell to stay intact.

Granny tells them that the peace in Ferryport Landing is fragile, it's the Grimm Family's job to maintain it. After, the family goes to the hospital to visit the farmer, injured in the giant accident, only to find that Mr. Charming has beaten them and erased the farmer's memory. Despite this, they interview the farmer's wife at his bedside; the farmer's wife, Mrs. Applebee, informs them that her husband had sworn he'd seen a giant, but she believes a different theory, she says there was a british man who visited their farm and asked to rent their field, but became hostile when they refused. She says that the man had returned, apologized for being so rude, offered to pay for them to stay in New York City as an apology. Mrs. Applebee had gone with her sister rather than her husband. However, when they arrived, the hotel had no record of their reservation. On the way out, the family is ambushed by a group of'goons' who threaten the grimms to abandon the case. Granny is not scared, instead sees this as a sign they are on the right path.

Granny decides to find out who employed them in a stakeout. On the way, she tells them about giants; the only person to have robbed and killed a giant was Jack, but now he works at a retail store in town. On the stakeout, while granny and canis are distracted, sabrina makes an attempt to escape with daphne, despite daphne's protests. Just after they leave the car, it is attacked by a giant; the giant, chanting about how he must find "the englishman" picks up the car, containing granny and canis, walks away with it, leaving the girls alone in the woods with only granny's handbag. They try to encounter Officer Hamstead, one of the three little pigs, he offers to drive the girls home, but they discover he works for mr. Charming, make an escape; the girls follow pixie lights into the woods and soon meet Puck. Puck believes they are spies and tries to drown them, claiming they have stolen the old lady away from him, they mistake him for the infamous Peter Pan, which enrages him further. He decides that he won't help them find granny because he is a self-proclaimed villain.

However, he follows them home, helps them get back into the house, agrees to help them save their grandmother just because she was kind to him and fed him since he was little. Puck and Sabri


Birgisch is a former municipality in the district of Brig in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Birgisch and Mund merged into the municipality of Naters. Birgisch is first mentioned in 1232 as Burginse. Before the merger, Birgisch had a total area of 5.7 km2. Of this area, 37.9 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 3.0% is settled and 12.6% is unproductive land. The former municipality is located above the right bank of the Rhone river, it consists of the village of numerous hamlets. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, a bend lowered wavy Argent, in chief sinister a Tower of the same lined and windowed Sable. Birgisch had a population of 241; as of 2008, 4.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 0%, it has changed at a rate of 1.8 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, Slovenian is the second most common and French is the third.

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49.1 % female. The population was made up of 5 non-Swiss men. There were 3 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 110 or about 50.7% were born in Birgisch and lived there in 2000. There were 65 or 30.0% who were born in the same canton, while 27 or 12.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 13 or 6.0% were born outside of Switzerland. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 24% of the population, while adults make up 59% and seniors make up 17.1%. As of 2000, there were 88 people who never married in the municipality. There were 2 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 84 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 23 households that consist of 6 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 85 households that answered this question, 27.1% were households made up of just one person and there was 1 adult who lived with their parents.

Of the rest of the households, there are 22 married couples without children, 34 married couples with children There were 3 single parents with a child or children. There was 1 household, made up of unrelated people and 1 household, made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 91 single family homes out of a total of 126 inhabited buildings. There were 26 multi-family buildings, along with 7 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 2 other use buildings that had some housing. In 2000, a total of 80 apartments were permanently occupied, while 58 apartments were seasonally occupied and 16 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 9.1 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 2.41%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 56.68% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP and the Green Party.

In the federal election, a total of 114 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 63.0%. In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 95 votes were cast, of which 9 or about 9.5% were invalid. The voter participation was 53.7%, similar to the cantonal average of 54.67%. In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 114 votes were cast, of which 12 or about 10.5% were invalid. The voter participation was 64.0%, similar to the cantonal average of 59.88%. As of 2010, Birgisch had an unemployment rate of 0.7%. As of 2008, there were 23 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 8 people were employed with 3 businesses in this sector. There were 98 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 36.7% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 17; the number of jobs in the primary sector was 8.

The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 3 of which 1 was in manufacturing and 2 were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 6. In the tertiary sector. In 2000, there were 6 workers who commuted into 84 workers who commuted away; the municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 14.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. Of the working population, 19.4% used public transportation to get to work, 74.5% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 203 or 93.5% were Roman Catholic, while 9 or 4.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. 2 belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, 3 individuals did not answer the question. In Birgisch about 83 or of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, 10 or have completed additional higher education (either u

Aces High Cuby

The Aces High Cuby is a family of Canadian single engine, high wing, strut-braced, light sports planes with conventional landing gear, marketed for homebuilding by Aces High Light Aircraft of London, Ontario. The aircraft design was available in two versions, the single-seat Cuby I and side-by-side two-seat Cuby II. Aces High went out of business in the 1990s and the kits are no longer available; the Cuby fuselage is constructed from welded 4130 steel tubing, covered with aircraft fabric. The wings are built around an aluminum spar and D-cell and fabric-covered; the conventional landing gear includes a steerable tail wheel. The controls are conventional three-axis, with no flaps fitted to the wing; the aircraft were available as kits or as completed aircraft and were designed to look and fly to a Piper J-3 Cub. The kit price for the Cuby I was US$11,350, including 28 hp Rotax 277 engine; the Cuby II features a 38 in wide cabin and a large baggage compartment behind the side-by-side seats. The aircraft was put into production in Hungary for sale in Europe.

In North America the Cuby II was sold for US$15,662.76, complete with propeller, 50 hp Rotax 503 powerplant and fabric in 1988. Available options included floats and an agricultural spray kit. Reviewer Ken Armstrong, flying the Cuby II prototype with the 42 hp single carburetor version of the Rotax 503 said: Cuby I Single seat, standard engine 28 hp Rotax 277, qualified as a US FAR 103 Ultralight Vehicle with an empty weight of 250 lb and as Canadian basic ultra-light, advanced ultra-light or amateur-built aircraft Cuby II Two seat, standard engine 50 hp Rotax 503, qualified as a US amateur-built and Canadian basic ultra-light, advanced ultra-light or amateur-built aircraft. More than 200 completed and flying. General characteristics Crew: one, pilot Capacity: 1 passenger Length: 5.56 m Wingspan: 10.21 m Height: 1.77 m Wing area: 15 m2 Empty weight: 188 kg Loaded weight: 480 kg Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 503, 39 kW Performance Maximum speed: 160 km/h Range: 230 km Rate of climb: 113 m/min Aircraft of comparable role and era Buzzman L'il Buzzard Related lists List of civil aircraft Photo of Cuby II