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Ship commissioning

Ship commissioning is the act or ceremony of placing a ship in active service, may be regarded as a particular application of the general concepts and practices of project commissioning. The term is most applied to the placing of a warship in active duty with its country's military forces; the ceremonies involved are rooted in centuries old naval tradition. Ship naming and launching endow a ship hull with her identity, but many milestones remain before she is completed and considered ready to be designated a commissioned ship; the engineering plant and electronic systems and multitudinous other equipment required to transform the new hull into an operating and habitable warship are installed and tested. The prospective commanding officer, ship's officers, the petty officers, seamen who will form the crew report for training and intensive familiarization with their new ship. Prior to commissioning, the new ship undergoes sea trials to identify any deficiencies needing correction; the preparation and readiness time between christening-launching and commissioning may be as much as three years for a nuclear powered aircraft carrier to as brief as twenty days for a World War II landing ship.

USS Monitor, of American Civil War fame, was commissioned less than three weeks after launch. Regardless of the type of ship in question, a vessel's journey towards commissioning in its nation's navy begins with a process known as sea trials. Sea trials take place some years after a vessel was laid down, mark the interim step between the completion of a ship's construction and its official acceptance for service with its nation's navy. Sea trials begin when the ship in question is floated out of its dry dock, at which time the initial crew for a ship will assume command of the vessel in question; the ship is sailed in littoral waters for the purpose of testing the design and other ship specific systems to ensure that they work properly and can handle the equipment that they will be using in the coming years. Tests done during this phase can include launching missiles from missile magazines, firing the ship's gun, conducting basic flight tests with rotary and fixed-wing aircraft that will be assigned to the ship in the future, various tests of the electronic and propulsion equipment.

During this phase of testing problems arise relating to the state of the equipment on the ship in question, which can result in the ship returning to the builder's shipyard to address the concerns in question. In addition to problems with a ship's arms and equipment, the sea trial phase a ship undergoes prior to commissioning can identify issues with the ship's design that may need to be addressed before it can be accepted into service with its nation's navy. During her sea trials in 1999 French Naval officials determined that the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle was too short to safely operate the E2C Hawkeye, resulting in her return to the builder's shipyard for enlargement. After a ship has cleared its sea trial period, it will be accepted into service with its nation's navy. At this point, the ship in question will undergo a process of degaussing and/or deperming, which will vastly reduce the ship in question's magnetic signature. Once a ship's sea trials are completed plans for the actual commissioning ceremony will take shape.

Depending on the naval traditions of the nation in question, the commissioning ceremony may be an elaborately planned event with guests, the ship's future crew, other persons of interest in attendance, or the nation in question may forgo a ceremony and instead administratively place the ship in commission. At a minimum, on the day on which the ship in question is to be commissioned the crew will report for duty aboard the ship and the commanding officer will read through the orders given for the ship and its personnel. If the ship's ceremony is a public affair the Captain may make a speech to the audience, along with other VIPs as the ceremony dictates. Religious ceremonies, such as blessing the ship or the singing of traditional hymns or songs, may occur. Once a ship has been commissioned its final step toward becoming an active unit of the navy it now serves is to report to its home port and load or accept any remaining equipment. To decommission a ship is to terminate its career in service in the armed forces of a nation.

Unlike wartime ship losses, in which a vessel lost to enemy action is said to be struck, decommissioning confers that the ship has reached the end of its usable life and is being retired from a given country's navy. Depending on the naval traditions of the country in question, a ceremony commemorating the decommissioning of the ship in question may take place, or the vessel may be removed administratively with little to no fanfare; the term "paid off" is alternatively used in British Commonwealth contexts, originating in the age-of-sail practice of ending an officer's commission and paying crew wages once the ship completed its voyage. Ship decommissioning occurs some years after the ship was commissioned and is intended to serve as a means by which a vessel that has become too old or too obsolete can be retired with honor from the operating country's armed force. Decommissioning of the vessel may occur due to treaty agreements or for safety reasons (such as a ship's nuclear reactor and associat

2017 Challenge Trophy

The 2017 Challenge Trophy is the national championship for men's soccer clubs competing at division 4 and below in the Canadian soccer pyramid. It was held in Surrey, British Columbia from October 4–9, 2017. Ten teams were granted entry into the competition. Teams are selected by their provincial soccer associations. Newton Athletic Fields in Surrey will serve as the tournament's main venue; the ten teams in the competition are divided into two groups of five teams each, which play a single-game round-robin format. At the end of the group stage, each team faces the equal-ranked team from the other group to determine a final seeding for the tournament; the final round consists of one game for each club, where they are paired with their equal-ranked opponent from the opposite group to determine a final ranking for the tournament. Source: Canadian Soccer Association National Championships

Maddison Penn

Maddison Penn is an Australian professional basketball player. Penn began her college basketball career in 2013 at Virginia Tech in Blacksburg, Virginia for the Hokies in the Atlantic Coast Conference of NCAA Division I. However, in 2014, Penn returned home to Australia. In 2016, she reassumed her college career at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia with the Thunderbirds as a sophomore. Penn made her WNBL debut with the Australian Institute of Sport. After a year of college basketball, she returned and Penn was signed as a development player with the Sydney Uni Flames for the 2014–15 WNBL season. Penn made her international debut for the Gems at the 2012 FIBA Oceania Under-18 Championship in Porirua, New Zealand, she would once again represent the Gems at the Under-19 World Championship in Lithuania the following year, where they finished in third place and took home the bronze medal


Mandore Garden, is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Mandore is an ancient town, was the seat of the Pratiharas of Mandavyapura, who ruled the region in the 6th century CE. After the disintegration of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, a Pratihara family continued to rule at Mandore; this family formed an alliance with the Rathore chief Rao Chunda to defend its chiefdom against the Tughluq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. Rao Chunda married a Pratihara princess of Mandore, received the Junagarh Fort in dowry. Rao Ranmal Rathore secured the throne of Mandore in 1427. In addition to ruling Mandore, Rao Ranmal became the administrator of Mewar to assist Maharana Mokal. After the assassination of Maharana Mokal in 1433, Ranmal continued as administrator of Mewar at the side of Rana Kumbha. In 1438, Rana Kumbha decided to end the power sharing arrangement and had Rao Ranmal assassinated in Chittor and captured Mandore. Rao Jodha, son of Rao Ranmal, escaped towards Marwar.

700 horsemen accompanied Rao Jodha as he escaped from Chittor. Fighting near Chittor and a valiant attempt to bar the pursuers at Someshwar Pass resulted in heavy losses amongst Jodha's warriors; when Jodha reached Mandore he had only seven people accompanying him. Jodha collected whatever forces he abandoned Mandore and pressed on towards Jangalu. Jodha managed to reach safety at Kahuni. For 15 years Jodha tried in vain to recapture Mandore. Jodha's opportunity to strike came in 1453 with Rana Kumbha facing simultaneous attacks by the Sultans of Malwa and Gujarat. Jodha made a surprise attack on Mandore. Jodha's forces captured Mandore with relative ease. Jodha and Kumbha settled their differences in order to face their common enemies, the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat. "Mantri Karam Chand Vanshavali Prabandh", written by Jaysom Uppadhyay, states that Bachhraj known as Vatsraj was not only a religious person but a brave and gallant warrior in Patan. He is a descendant of a Deora Chauhan of Delwara.

During mid-15th century, on being invited, Bachharaj submitted his services to the Chief of Mandore Rao Jodha, where he was appointed Dewan as he was an able administrator and a strategist. Rao Jodha for the first time, allowed Bachchraj and other Oswals to take part in commanding armies. A holy man sensibly advised Rao Jodha to move the capital to hilltop safety; the construction of the fort thus begun by Rao Jodha in 1459, under the supervision of Dewan Bachhraj and thus Jodhpur was founded. The fort was completed by Maharaja Jaswant Singh; the new fort was named Mehrangarh Fort and situated on a 125 m high hill, is among the most impressive and formidable forts in Rajasthan. Mandore was the capital of the erstwhile princely state of Marwar, before moving to Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur; the historic town boasts several monuments. The now ruined Mandore fort, with its thick walls and substantial size, was built in several stages and was once a fine piece of architecture. A huge, now ruined temple is a highlight of the fort.

The outer wall of the temple depicts finely carved botanical designs, birds and planets. The'Mandore gardens', with its charming collection of temples and memorials, its high rock terraces, is another major attraction; the gardens house the Chhatris of many rulers of Jodhpur state. Prominent among them is the chhatri of Maharaja Ajit Singh, built in 1793. Ravan temple is another attraction at Mandore, it is believed to be the native place of Ravan's wife Mandodari. Ravan is treated as son in law among some local Brahmins; the Mandore Gardens house a government museum, a'Hall of Heroes' and a Hindu temple to 33 crore gods. Various artefacts and statues found in the area are housed at the museum. The'Hall of Heroes' commemorates popular folk heroes of the region, it contains 16 figures carved out of a single rock. Next door is a larger hall called "The temple of 33 crore gods" which houses images of various Hindu deities; the Rao Festival Hariyali Amavasya Naag Panchami Veerpuri Mela BhogiShell Parikrama Rajput clans Jodhpur State Rathor Dynasty Mandore Garden

Even Heaven Cries

"Even Heaven Cries" is a pop ballad recorded by German pop trio Monrose. It was penned by Robbie Nevil, Lauren Evans, Philip Denker, Jonas Jeberg, Jens Lumholt for the group's debut studio album, Temptation. Produced by Jeberg, the song was released as the album's second single on March 2, 2007 in German-speaking Europe; the track reached the top 10 in the top 20 in Austria and Switzerland. It served as Monrose's competition song for the Grand Prix Vorentscheid, the pre-selection show of the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest 2007, where it placed second with a total of 20 per cent of all 900,000 phone votes. Commissioned by the band's A&R manager Nik Hafemann, "Even Heaven Cries" was one of the first songs on Temptation to be recorded by all six Popstars finalists during the album sessions in late October 2006. An early draft of the song was premiered by subsequent band member Mandy Capristo and Popstars finalists Katarzyna "Kati" Zinkiewicz and Romina Reinhardt in a one-time live version, specially-produced for the second last episode of the Popstars series on November 16, 2006.

In the final episode of the show the song was staged again in various variants but without being advertised as Monrose's second single then. In January 2007, it was announced that either "Your Love Is Right Over Me," "Even Heaven Cries," or "Push Up on Me" would be the next single and Starwatch started a poll asking the fans to decide. However, "Even Heaven Cries" finished first with 47% of all votes and was chosen as the group's second single. Thus, the song served as the albums's competition song in the pre-selection show of the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest 2007 but to get a better result than the under deadline pressure mixed album version, the girls re-entered recording studios with Thorsten Brötzmann to re-record several parts of the song. However, the shortened single version of the song world-premiered on the ProSieben network's prime time boxing show ProSieben Fight Night on February 16, 2007; the final trio has described the track as one of the "most sentimental" records on Temptation: "'Even Heaven Cries' is pure emotion and has always been one of our favourites on the album", Mandy Capristo said in an interview with the band's official website.

"This emotional ballad has still become more pathetic through its overwork." Senna Guemmour called the song a personal concern: "It is a notice to signify to yourself! And that's so us!" The music video for "Even Heaven Cries" was co-directed by Katja Kuhl and Moritz Krebs and shot in Berlin-Spandau in early February 2007. It worldpremiered on February 22 on the band's official website, received its first official airing on the German music television channel VIVA on February 23; the video, was not included into its music video rotation since Popstars broadcaster ProSieben wanted to promote the official video premiere with the start of second cycle of Germany's Next Topmodel on March 1 - one week after its initial first airing. The video shows Monrose in a flowery garden, Bahar Kızıl sitting on a swing while Senna Guemmour is standing in front of a cherry tree and Mandy Capristo is shown sitting on a bench. Scenes of two harassed women and one father whose son smudged his apartment with yellow paint are cut in.

They seem to despair but the garden in which Monrose are placed turns out to be a glass globe that encourages the three tormented. The music video plays with two heavy contrasted worlds: On the one hand the glass globe which shows a gaudy fairylike dreamland but on the other hand the grey, depressing world where injustice and grief happens; however the video attempts to convey what the song's lyrics say: There are always ups and downs in life you just have to be loyal to yourself and everything will become fine again. Although "Even Heaven Cries" was not released until March 2, 2007, it entered the German Download Chart at number 9 in December 2006, based on digital downloads whose numbers were pushed by several live performances by the end of the Popstars season. In February 2007 the confirmed single appeared a week early on the German Airplay Chart, debuting at number 36. However, it took another four weeks until the song reached its peak position of number 16 on particular chart. On March 16, 2007, "Even Heaven Cries" debuted at number 7 in Germany, number 19 in Austria and Switzerland.

The following week the song jumped one spot to number 6 on the German Singles Chart and to number 17 in Austria due to increasing CD singles and digital sales following Monrose's live performance of the song on the Deutscher Vorentscheid, the pre-selection show for the ESC 2007, on March 8, 2007. Those two formats spawned two unreleased songs entitled "Diamonds and Pearls" and "Butt Butt." These are the formats and track listings of major single-releases of "Even Heaven Cries". Credits adapted from the liner notes of Temptation. "Even Heaven Cries" music video on YouTube Even Heaven Cries at MusicBrainz Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Clan Wood

Clan Wood is a Lowland Scottish clan from North Esk, Largo Bay and Angus in Scotland. The surname Wood is common throughout Britain. There are two possible origins of the name; the most common origin is from a topographic name, used to describe a person who lived in, or worked in a wood or forest. A less common origin of the name is as a nickname for an violent person. Admiral Sir Andrew Wood of Largo, was born around the middle of the 15th century. Sir Andrew was the eldest son of William Wood, a merchant, certainly a scion of the prominent Wood families holding lands in Banffshire, Kincardineshire and Angus, he was employed by James III of Scotland to protect Scottish trade with Holland. Wood defended Dumbarton in 1481 against a fleet of Edward IV of England. During the Battle of Sauchieburn, Wood's ships sailed up and down the Forth, taking on board wounded soldiers, he was famous for inflicting many defeats on foreign pirates and privateers as well as squadrons of ships sent by the English government to harass the Scots.

After winning several sea battles in the 1480s against the English, he was made a free Baron, with lands including Largo in Fife. Some records suggest that he was made a chief of Clan MacDonald for his help in the king's expedition by land and sea after which Domhnall Dubh of the Isles was captured and kept in prison for forty years. Sir Andrew's ruined castle can be found in Upper Largo. Sir Andrew Wood's grandson was amongst the barons of Parliament in 1560 who subscribed to the Articles for upholding the new reformed religion, he joined those upholding the claim of the infant James VI of Scotland, after the downfall of Mary, Queen of Scots. Sir Andrew's successors built a hospital and a school in Fife for their kinsmen named Wood, were prominent in Scottish history both politically and militarily, they continued to be a significant influence in British politics and were foremost among the thousands of Scots who contributed enormously to the economic and armed expansion of the British Empire well into the 19th century.

The main line of Sir Andrew’s descendants is considered by the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms to be the chiefly one. The record of succession is complete right down to modern times. Timothy Michael Herbert Fawcett Wood, has matriculated the undifferenced Arms and Supporters of the first Chief of Clan Wood in the present line, Admiral Sir Andrew Wood of Largo in Fife, at the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms of Scotland, he is the hereditary Representative of the Ancient Family of Wood of Chief of the Name. The crest badge, used by members of the clan comprises the Crest of the Chief's Arms held within a traditional strap and buckle and contains the motto of the Clan's Chiefs, TUTUS IN UNDIS. According to the clan's official website, since 2017, the new chief is the former's eldest son, Joseph John Hugh Fawcett Wood of Largo. Largo Castle, to the north of Lower Largo in Fife was the main castle connected with the Clan Wood; the castle dated from the fifteenth century but it was replaced by Largo House, started in about 1750.

The only remains of the original castle are a single round tower with a conical roof. The castle was held by the infamous Andrew Wood of the sixteenth centuries. Http:// Clan Wood at