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Shire of Noosa

The Shire of Noosa is a local government area about 130 kilometres north of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast district of South East Queensland, Australia. The shire covers an area of 870 square kilometres; the shire existed as a local government entity from 1910 until 2008, when it was amalgamated with the Shire of Maroochy and City of Caloundra to form the Sunshine Coast Region, again from 1 January 2014, when it was re-established. The Noosa area was home to several Aboriginal groups; these include the Undumbi tribe to the south, the Dulingbara to the north, the Kabi Kabi to the west. Gubbi Gubbi is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Gubbi Gubbi country; the Gubbi Gubbi language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Sunshine Coast Region and Gympie Region the towns of Caloundra, Noosa Heads and extending north towards Maryborough and south to Caboolture. In 2003 the Australian Federal Court determined that the native title holders for the Noosa area are the Kabi Kabi First Nation.

Although much of the culture and presence of the traditional owners of the Noosa district has been lost during the short period of white settlement, there still exist many subtle reminders. These include: bora rings, used during rituals. Canoe trees, marks on trees where bark was removed for canoes. Border/navigation trees, marks on trees tribal borders. Stone carvings burial trees middens, shell mound created by thousands of years of discarded shells. Stone axes spoken legends, many local legends which were traditionally passed through the generations survive today. Place names, many local names are versions of the original Aboriginal names, it is represented that the name Noosa comes from the local Aboriginal word for shadow or shady place. An 1870 map of Noosa shows the Noosa River as Nusa River; the word Nusa is derived from the Indonesian word for island. A Keeping Place of indigenous cultural and sacred objects is maintained at the Noosa Shire Museum, Pomona. Although reports of the area can be traced back to Captain Cook's voyages in May 1770, European settlement in the region did not proceed for a century.

This early settlement was driven firstly by timber logging and secondly a gold rush in the Gympie area, north of Noosa. The difficulty of transport in the region, which persisted to the 1920s and beyond, was one major reason for this. In 1871, the Government laid out a port at Tewantin, duly surveyed and by 1877 contained two hotels, a boarding house, police station and telegraph office. In 1872, the Noosa Heads and coastal region south to Peregian Beach was set aside as an Aboriginal Mission, however this was cancelled in 1878 and land was opened for selection on 15 January 1879. With the advent of the railway, Tewantin declined in importance. Noosa is a region, not a town, it contains beaches and a beach national park, the cleanest river in South-East Queensland and an extensive trail network inland, linking a number of lifestyle villages, including Cooroy and Pomona. In the last 50 years Noosa has been transformed from an isolated fishing village to a tourist destination. Although this has had its costs the shire is known for its greener approach to development.

Most development in Noosa has been restrained. Noosa has no high rise buildings, due both to local community pressure and to council planning action, much remaining native forest. 34.8% of the Noosa district consists of National Parks, Conservation Parks, State Forests, other protected land. The popularity of Noosa Heads comes from the fact, it one of Australia's few North facing beaches located on the East Coast, hence Noosa Beach is protected from on-shore wind and storms; the area was incorporated as part of the Widgee Divisional Board on 11 November 1879 under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. Noosa was created as a separate shire under the Local Authorities Act 1902 in 1910, with an initial population of 2,000; the first elections were held on 22 April 1910 and resulted in James Duke becoming the first shire chairman. The Noosa Shire Hall was constructed in Pomona in 1911. On Saturday 8 September 1917, an Honour Roll was unveiled at the Noosa Shire Hall in Pomona, it was to honour and commemorate those from the district who had left Australia to serve in the armed forces during World War I.

In the early 1970s, development commenced in the area around Noosa Sound with Queensland Government backing. In December 1980, the Shire headquarters moved to Tewantin; the former shire hall in Pomona became. Following the election of Noosa's first green mayor, Noel Playford, in 1988, Noosa's first strategic plan was gazetted, in 1990 development was limited to four storeys. In 1993, a major Council and community complex covering 9 hectares opened at Wallace Park, Noosaville. In 1995, the mayor Noel Playford controversially announced a "population cap" of 56,500 people for Noosa Shire; the population cap was the expected population under the planning scheme if all available land was developed in accordance with the planning scheme. Noosa had performed the calculations for all land in the shire and provided the results in the strategic planning documents. Noosa was the first Council in Australia to do so. On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the Shire of Noosa merged with the Shire of Maroochy and the City of Caloundra to form the Sunshine Coast Region.

Noosa's mayor, Bob Abbot, won the mayoralty o

Kuma (film)

Kuma is a 2012 Austrian film directed by Umut Dag about a Turkish immigrant family living in Vienna. Fatma is a housewife with six children, she lives in Vienna but grew up in Turkey and clings stubbornly to the traditions and values of the old country. Ayse is 19, the film begins with her wedding in rural Turkey, to Fatma’s son Hasan. However, when the family takes Ayse to Vienna this is revealed as a c harade… for Ayse is to be the kuma of Fatma’s husband Mustafa. Ayse, a beautiful 19-year-old girl from the Turkish countryside, is chosen to be married to the Hasan, son of formidable and house proud mother Fatma, who resides in Vienna with her husband and children. However, what soon becomes apparent; this tight-knit family goes to great lengths to preserve traditional values, although polygamy is illegal in Austria, Ayse is welcomed. Yet, her presence in a country whose language and culture are foreign to her marks her as an outsider; as Western societal norms and Muslim religious beliefs draw closer together in an ever-diversifying family unit, tensions arise, resulting in an explosive stroke of fate.

Umut Dag’s mature feature debut is a rich tapestry of swirling emotions, suppressed desires, unspoken words and uncomfortable yet pressing social and political questions Nihal G. Koldas as Fatma Begüm Akkaya as Ayse Vedat Erincin as Mustafa Murathan Muslu as Hasan Alev Imak as Kezvan Aliye Esra Salebci as Gülsen Kuma has won several international awards including the Special Audience Prize at the 2012 Lecce Festival of European Cinema and the Golden Starfish Award at the 2012 Hamptons International Film Festival. At the 2012 Philadelphia Film Festival Begüm Akkaya won Honorable Mention in the category of Best Actress; the film was nominated for Best Debut Film at the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival. Writing for The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw rated the film three stars out of five, described it as "strongly and acted", with "a strong hint of soapy melodrama". In a review for The Telegraph, Tim Robey awarded Kuma the same rating and described it as a "vigorous and engrossing debut". Kuma on IMDb


PC-SAFT is an equation of state, based on statistical associating fluid theory. Like other SAFT equations of state, it makes use of statistical mechanical methods. However, unlike earlier SAFT equations of state that used unbonded spherical particles as a reference fluid, it uses spherical particles in the context of hard chains as reference fluid; the name perturbed. PC-SAFT was developed by Joachim Gross and Gabriele Sadowski, was first presented in their 2001 article. Further research extended PC-SAFT for use with associating and polar molecules, it has been modified for use with polymers. A version of PC-SAFT has been developed to describe mixtures with ionic compounds; the equation of state is organized into terms that account for different types of intermolecular interactions, including terms for the hard chain reference dispersion association polar interactions ionsThe equation is most expressed in terms of the residual Helmholtz energy because all other thermodynamic properties can be found by taking the appropriate derivatives of the Helmholtz energy.

A = a hc + a disp + a assoc + a dipole + a ion Here a is the molar residual Helmholtz energy. A hc k T = m ¯ ⋅ a hs − ∑ i = 1 N C x i ⋅ ⋅ ln.

Patricia Guijarro

Patricia Guijarro Gutiérrez is a Spanish footballer who plays as a midfielder for FC Barcelona and Spain women's national team. She is the fifth-choice captain for Barcelona and plays for them in Spain's Primera División and the UEFA Women's Champions League. Guijarro has played a major role in Spain's most recent generation of youth national team success, making important contributions to their under-17, under-19 and under-20 teams. Most notably, she received the Golden Ball and Golden Boot at the 2018 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup as Spain finished second, their best finish at a U-20 World Cup. Additionally, after coming through the ranks of FC Barcelona's La Masia, she has found domestic success and European success in the UEFA Women's Champions League, was part of the FC Barcelona Femení squad that reached their first Champion's League final in 2019, her performances for Spain's youth and senior teams and Barcelona have established her as one of the best young midfielders in the world. Patricia Guijarro was born on May 1998, in Palma, the capital city of the island of Mallorca.

She recounts being born into a "football family" and shared an interest in the sport with her parents since a young age. She started playing football at age seven under her father's influence; the first club she played for was hometown club CF Patronato. At fourteen years old, Guijarro was called to play with the youth levels of the UD Collerense squad after she could no longer play with boys, she was promoted to Collerense's first team at just fifteen years old. In a match against Barcelona, she caught the attention of Barcelona coach Xavi Llorens who moved to sign her the following summer. Guijarro's transfer to FC Barcelona was finalized in June of 2015 with a three year deal. At the start of the 2017-18 season, she scored in a 3-0 Copa Catalunya victory against Espanyol, earning her third Copa Catalunya trophy. In the semifinal of the 2017–18 Women's Champions League, she scored her first UWCL goal away at Lyon that helped keep Barcelona in the tie. In the home leg, Barcelona were victim of a Eugénie Le Sommer strike that Guijarro nearly knocked off the goal-line, exited in the quarterfinals to the eventual tournament winners.

She played in each of Barcelona's matches in the 2018 Copa de la Reina, including the semifinal that went to penalties. She converted her penalty as Barcelona advanced to their seventh Copa de la Reina final, she started the final against Atlético Madrid that went to extra time and was rescued by a Mariona Caldentey goal in the 122nd minute that won her her second Copa de la Reina title. For a large portion of the 2018-2019 season, Guijarro was sidelined with a ganglion cyst injury on her right foot that lasted 5 months and required two operations, she was discharged from injury hours before the 2019 Champion's League Final, but did not feature in Barcelona's 4-1 loss to Lyon that day. At the start of the 2019-2020 season, she was given team captaincy for the first time as the fifth-choice captain. In February of 2020, she played in the first edition of the Supercopa de España Femenina, was the first Barcelona player to score in the semifinals against Atlético Madrid with an outside the box volley.

She started the final against Real Sociedad, a 1-10 win that earned Barcelona and Guijarro their first Supercopa de España Femenina trophy. Guijarro has had extensive team success at the youth level. Guijarro's first international youth tournament experience came when she was fifteen, with a callup to play for Spain at the 2013 UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship, she played. The first finals match against Sweden went to penalties, despite her penalty conversion, Spain lost the shootout 4-5, they got some compensation, however, by defeating Belgium 4-0 in the next match. Guijarro scored Spain's third goal of the match. Months in November, Guijarro was part of the Spain team at 2014 UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship, she kicked off her tournament with a win against then-World champions France by scoring a goal from a corner to make the score 2-0. A 4-0 thrashing of Germany put them at the top of their group and found them playing England in the semifinals, a match they won 2-0, she drew first blood in the final against Germany, scoring in the ninth minute with a shot from outside the area.

Germany found a goal in the match, it stayed tied through extra time, ending up in penalties. She scored Spain's first and only penalty as Germany exacted revenge for their group stage loss by defeating them 3-1 in the shootout. In April of the following year, she participated in the 2014 U-17 Women's World Cup. Guijarro's two tournament goals came in a quarterfinal brace against Nigeria, one of, a penalty and the other a close-range shot from a loose ball, she earned player of the match. Spain went on to win the semifinal tie against Italy to reach their first U17 World Cup Final, but were defeated by 2-0 Japan as Spain recorded a runner-up finish in consecutive U17 tournaments; the 2015 UEFA Women's Under-17 Championship was her final tournament as a U17 player. After two group stage wins and a draw, Spain finished above Germany, they met France yet again in the knockout round. For the third time in a row at U17 UEFA tournaments, Spain faced a penalty shootout. Unlike the other times, they were successful, with Spain's only miss out of the five attempts coming from Guijarro, who hit the post.

She started the final where Spain found themselves winning 5-2 against Switzerland, her first international title. She was selected again for the Team of the Tournament. At the 2016 UEFA Women's Under-

Cor Groot

Cornelis "Cor" Groot was a sailor from the Netherlands, who represented his country at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Acapulco. Groot, as helmsman on the Dutch Dragon, took the 10th place wit crew members Jan Bol and Pieter de Zwart. Groot was the substitute helmsmen for the 1964 Dutch Dragon. "Cor Groot Bio and Results". Olympic Sports. Retrieved 2014-01-09. "Zeilploeg voor Tokio bekend". Het vrije volk: democratisch-socialistisch dagblad. 1964-05-09. Retrieved 2014-01-21. "Kunde". De Telegraaf. 1964-09-21. Retrieved 2014-01-27. "The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part One". 1964. Archived from the original on 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2014-01-27. "The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part Two". 1964. Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2014-01-27. "The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part One".

1964. Archived from the original on 2008-02-26. Retrieved 2014-01-27. "The Games of the XVIII Olympiad Tokio 1964, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part Two". 1964. Archived from the original on 2009-01-26. Retrieved 2014-01-27. "De Nederlandse afvaardiging". Limburgsch dagblad. 1968-10-11. Retrieved 2014-01-28. "Zeilers hebben geen tijd om uit te huilen". De tijd: dagblad voor Nederland. 1968-11-09. Retrieved 2014-01-28. "The Games of the XIX Olympiad Mexico 1968, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part One". 1968. Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2014-01-28. "The Games of the XIX Olympiad Mexico 1968, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume One Part Two". 1968. Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2014-01-28. "The Games of the XIX Olympiad Mexico 1968, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part One". 1968. Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2014-01-28. "The Games of the XIX Olympiad Mexico 1968, The Official Report of the Organizing Committee Volume Two Part Two".

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Chuck Cadman

Charles Cadman was a Canadian politician and Member of Parliament from 1997 to 2005, representing the riding of Surrey North in Surrey, British Columbia. A Canadian Alliance MP, Cadman won re-election as an independent after losing a nomination race in his own riding; this history garnered him national media attention when, on May 19, 2005, Cadman cast a deciding tie vote to save a minority Liberal government supported by the NDP that the Conservative party at the time was trying to defeat to trigger an election. Cadman was born in Kitchener and grew up in North Bay, Ontario, he was a guitarist with a band called The Fringe. He played backup to The Guess Who on CBC Television, he settled in Surrey, British Columbia. He attended the British Columbia Institute of Technology and became a certified electrical and electronics engineering technician, he worked for ten years as a microfiche camera technician for the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia. He married Dona Cadman in 1969. On October 18, 1992, Cadman's 16-year-old son Jesse was stabbed to death in a random street attack by a group of young people.

In response to Jesse's death and his wife Dona created the group CRY – Crime Responsibility and Youth – and counselled teens to become violent. He campaigned for a tougher Young Offenders Act, his activism against youth violence propelled him into politics, first to carry on his fight against youth violence and for victims' rights. He was first elected to Parliament for Surrey North in the 1997 election as a member of the Reform Party of Canada, he introduced a private members bill which proposed to raise the maximum jail term for parents whose children commit crimes while under their supervision. This bill was incorporated into Canada's Youth Criminal Justice Act in November 2000, he was known for wearing a ponytail and blue jeans in Parliament. He was re-elected under the banner of the Canadian Alliance in the 2000 election, was appointed Justice Critic. However, prior to the 2004 election Cadman lost the nomination for the Conservative Party to Jasbir Singh Cheema, a former television news anchor who brought a large number of new party members to the vote.

Cadman was diagnosed with cancer in early May 2004 and underwent surgery to remove a tumour from his groin. He ran as an independent in that election and was elected, he heard about the election call from his hospital bed. He was the only candidate not affiliated with a party to win a seat in the 2004 election, remained an independent, refusing offers to rejoin the Conservatives. Sitting as the only independent in a minority government, Cadman held considerable power. On May 19, 2005, Cadman flew to Ottawa for a confidence vote not long after undergoing chemotherapy treatment for malignant melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer. Cadman voted with the government on the 2005 budget, which had incorporated amendments proposed by the NDP, forced a tie in the House of Commons; the tie was broken by Peter Milliken the Speaker of the House of Commons, who voted in favour of the Liberal budget. The budget was passed in Cadman's absence on June 23, 2005. In an interview after the budget vote, Cadman said he voted in favour of the budget because he was obeying the wishes of constituents who did not want to face another election a year after giving the minority Liberals their shaky mandate.

Dona Cadman says that her husband told her that prior to the vote, two Conservative Party officials suggested to be Tom Flanagan and Doug Finley, offered her husband a million-dollar life insurance policy in exchange for his vote against the Liberal budget in May 2005, the rationale being replacement of the life insurance, part of an MP's compensation package. An audio tape suggests then-opposition leader Stephen Harper was not only aware of a financial offer to Chuck Cadman but gave it his personal approval. According to Dona Cadman, Harper "looked me straight in the eyes and told me he had no knowledge of an insurance policy offer. I knew. Cadman's daughter acknowledged that her father had been disturbed by the offer. Harper stated in an August 2008 court deposition that he authorized an offer made to Cadman in 2005; the Conservative Party, based upon analysis by forensic experts who concluded that the tape was edited, asked an Ontario court to order to Liberals to stop using the tape. But neutral expert testimony showed.

Under section 119 of the Criminal Code, it is illegal to bribe an MP. Accordingly, Opposition Liberal party Intergovernmental Affairs critic Dominic LeBlanc asked the RCMP in February 2008 to investigate the allegation that the Conservatives had offered Cadman a million-dollar life insurance policy in exchange for his support on the budget vote. In May 2008, the RCMP announced. James Moore, Conservative MP for Port Moody—Westwood—Port Coquitlam told a news conference June 4, 2008, that two top audio specialists found that the tape in which PM Stephen Harper confirms financial considerations had been offered to Chuck Cadman had been altered, but LeBlanc said on June 5, 2008 that the Tories have not been clear about what they claim was doctored on the