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Shishmaref, Alaska

Shishmaref is a city in the Nome Census Area, United States. It is located on Sarichef Island in the Chukchi Sea, just north of the Bering Strait and five miles from the mainland. Shishmaref lies within the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve; the population was 563 at the 2010 census, up from 562 in 2000. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles, of which, 2.8 square miles of it is land and 4.5 square miles of it is water. Shishmaref was named in 1821 by explorer Lt. Otto von Kotzebue, of the Imperial Russian Navy, after Capt. Lt. Gleb Shishmaryov who accompanied him on his exploration. Sarichef Island is part of a dynamic, 100 km-long barrier island chain that records human and environmental history spanning the past 2000 years. Erosion at Shishmaref is unique along the islands because of its fetch exposure and high tidal prism intense infrastructure development during the 20th century, multiple shoreline defense structures built beginning in the 1970s.

The effect of global climate change upon Shishmaref is sometimes seen as the most dramatic in the world. Rising temperatures have resulted in a reduction in the sea ice which serves to buffer Shishmaref from storm surges. At the same time, the permafrost that the village is built on has begun to melt, making the shore more vulnerable to erosion. In recent years the shore has been receding at an average rate of up to 10 feet per year. Although a series of barricades has been put up to protect the village, the shore has continued to erode at an alarming rate; the Army Corps of Engineers has build a series of walls but none have been effective against waves. The town's homes, water system and infrastructure are being undermined. Shishmaref has obtained funds to construct seawalls that protect some of the shoreline; the village had plans to relocate several miles to the south, on the mainland to the Tin Creek site. However, Tin Creek proved unsuitable for long term settlement due to melting permafrost in the area.

The Shishmaref Erosion and Relocation Coalition, made up of the city, the IRA Council and other organizations, is seeking federal and private funding for a move elsewhere. The cost of moving Shishmaref is estimated at $180 million, nearly $320,000 per resident; the village was told by the Obama administration that no federal money was available, therefore tensions arose in 2013 when John Kerry announced Vietnam would receive $17 million to deal with climate change. Erosion rates along the island front exceed those along adjacent sectors. Erosion is occurring along the entire island chain, but it is exacerbated at Sarichef Island in part because of the hydrographic impacts of hard armoring of a sandy shoreface and permafrost degradation, accelerated b y infrastructure. Residents are experiencing the effects of coastal retreat on commercial properties. Residents voted on town relocation several times, as early as 1975 and in 2002 which approved it. On August 16, 2016, the village voted to move the town to the mainland.

The town's residents prefer to think of the move to the mainland as an "expansion" rather than a "relocation", but although a site on the mainland called West Tin-Creek Hills was selected in 2016, there’s still a lot of planning and research to be done before that can be determined viable. Shishmaref is a traditional Inupiaq Eskimo village. Residents rely on a subsistence lifestyle and gathering much of their food. Primary food sources include sea mammals such as oogruk, other seals and walrus, birds and moose; the village is well known in the region for its high-quality seal fermented meat. It is known for its Native art. Local carvings of whalebone and walrus ivory are sought after by galleries in Alaska and the Lower 48. Shishmaref was home to one of Alaska's most-beloved dog mushers. Herbie Nayokpuk, known as the "Shishmaref Cannonball", died in December 2006, he finished the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race numerous times, including a second-place finish. It is sometimes referred to as "the friendliest village in Alaska."

Researchers and the occasional tourist visit Shishmaref, the city has acquired a reputation for being a gracious host. Shishmaref first appeared on the 1920 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it formally incorporated in 1969. As of the census of 2000, there were 562 people, 142 households, 110 families residing in the city; the population density was 202.0 people per square mile. There were 148 housing units at an average density of 53.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 93.24% Native American, 5.34% White, 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population. Of the 142 households 52.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.5% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.96 and the average family size was 4.59.

In the city, the population was spread out with 40.9% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, 5.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 125.7 males

Thomas Marlow

Thomas Marlow was an English cricketer. Marlow was a left-handed batsman, he was born at Leicestershire. Marlow joined the Leicestershire ground staff in 1898, played in the second team, he made his first-class debut against Sussex in the 1900 County Championship at Grace Road. Marlow made fourteen further first-class appearances for the county, the last of which came against Essex in the 1903 County Championship. In his total of fifteen first-class matches, he took 31 wickets at an average of 27.29, with best figures of 6/50. One of two five wicket hauls he took, his best figures came against Hampshire in the 1902 County Championship. A poor tailend batsman, Marlow scored 46 runs at a batting average of 3.28. He died at Leicester, Leicestershire on 13 August 1954. Thomas Marlow at ESPNcricinfo Thomas Marlow at CricketArchive


Dunedevil is a mixed-media project by Converge's frontman Jacob Bannon. The musical component of the project serves as Bannon's second album under the Wear Your Wounds moniker, while the physical mediums were compiled into a companion art book titled Dunedevil: An Artistic Journey Into Abstraction and Isolation. Both pieces were created during a seven-day excursion to Dune Shacks of Peaked Hill Bars Historic District and self-released on May 19, 2017—only one month after Wear Your Wounds' debut album, WYW. After nearly 30 years of creating music for Converge and Irons, in addition to creating artwork not limited to album covers for dozens of bands, Jacob Bannon had an epiphany. "I've had a lot of things going on in my life in the past couple of years that have made me realize that time is not infinite. The songs that you create, the art that you create, needs to go to the public if, the intention." Over his career, Bannon created music, never publicly released, but started to change his mind about these methods.

"When I kept writing songs and filing them away and not sharing them with people, doing me a disservice creatively, so I'm now at a point in my life where I just want to get it out to people."For one week during winter 2016, Bannon rented out one of the Dune Shacks of Peaked Hill Bars Historic District located outside of Provincetown, Massachusetts, a part of the Cape Cod National Seashore. He stayed in the C-Scape Dune Shack. Scattered throughout the National Park, these shacks were built by the United States Life-Saving Service in the 1920s for shipwrecked sailors to seek refuge; some were made from pieces of debris that has washed ashore, none have been modernized with running water or electricity. Over the last century, many famous artists have spent time in the Dune Shacks for creative inspiration, including: playwright Eugene O'Neill and abolitionist Henry David Thoreau, abstract expressionist painter Jackson Pollock and iconoclast novelist Jack Kerouac. During each one of the seven days Bannon spent at C-Scape Dune Shack, he wrote and recorded a piano-driven track through a portable and solar-powered setup.

After he returned home, The Red Chord's Mike McKenzie recorded additional guitars for the final track, "Be Still My Heart". The musical pieces he recorded during the seven-day excursion were compiled into the Dunedevil album, while the visual pieces were compiled into the nearly 300-page Dunedevil book. Commenting on the spontaneity of the project, Bannon said: "I didn't go out there with the intention to make a book, I went there with the intention to make stuff, but I like what I did so I'm going to share it with people." "Invitation" – 4:55 "Great White" – 4:48 "Insects" – 2:51 "Outsiders" – 2:26 "Relic" – 5:07 "Steps" – 4:48 "Be Still My Heart" – 4:30 Dunedevil album personnel adapted from LP liner notes. Jacob Bannon – guitar, electronics and artwork Mike McKenzie – additional guitar on "Be Still My Heart" Brad Boatrightmastering Dunedevil: An Artistic Journey Into Abstraction and Isolation is an art book and journal by Jacob Bannon. Created during the same week-long excursion as the Dunedevil album, the nearly 300-page book features Bannon's abstract paintings, but includes brief daily diary entries and photography.

The diary entries detail his daily activities, which helps to illustrate the context behind the album's track titles. In an excerpt from "Day 2" he wrote: "I crawled into bed and read news of a great white shark seen just four feet from the beach today, it was preying on the seals that have been keeping me company."The book features the work of Bannon, but includes a foreword written by tattoo artist Thomas Hooper and additional photography by Reid Haithcock and his wife Janelle Bannon. Dunedevil on Bandcamp

Japanese submarine I-165

The Japanese submarine I-165 was a Kaidai type of cruiser submarine active in World War II. A KD5 sub-class boat, I-165 was built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during the early 1930s; the submarines of the KD5 sub-class were improved versions of the preceding KD4 sub-class. They displaced 1,732 tonnes surfaced and 2,367 tonnes submerged; the submarines were 97.7 meters long, had a beam of 8.2 meters and a draft of 4.7 meters. The boats had a diving depth of 75 m For surface running, the boats were powered by two 3,400-brake-horsepower diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft; when submerged each propeller was driven by a 900-horsepower electric motor. They could reach 20 knots on 8 knots underwater. On the surface, the KD5s had a range of 10,800 nautical miles at 10 knots; the boats were armed with four in the bow and two in the stern. They carried a total of 14 torpedoes, they were armed with one 100 mm deck gun for combat on the surface, as well as a 13.2 mm anti-aircraft machinegun. Built at the Kure Naval Arsenal, laid down as I-65 on 19 December 1929, launched on 2 June 1931 and completed on 1 December 1932.

Lt Cdr Hankyu Sasaki was her first commanding officer and she was assigned to Submarine Division 30. On 20 August 1941, just prior to the outbreak of the war in the Pacific, Lt Cdr Harada Hakue is appointed commanding officer, she was part of the 5th Submarine Squadron. Her first mission was on 8 December 1941 as part of Operation "E" – the Japanese invasion of Malaya. Together with I-165 she was assigned to patrol the South China Sea about 50 miles east of Trengganu, Malaya; the following day at 1415 hours near Poulo Condore Island I-65 reported sighting Force Zs battleships HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse. On 13 December 1941 she provided cover for Japanese landings on North Borneo. On 9 January 1942 while on patrol in the Java Sea she torpedoed and sank the 1,003-ton Dutch steamship Benkoelen, en route from Soemenep to Cheribon at 04-50S, 112-50E. On 14 January 1942 at 0217 in the Indian Ocean west of the Mentawai Islands at 00-12S, 97-00E she torpedoed and sank the 5,102-ton British-Indian armed merchant Jalarahan, en route from Singapore to Calcutta.

She returned to Penang on 20 January 1942 becoming the first Japanese submarine to arrive there. On her third patrol between 5 February and 28 February she torpedoed and damaged the British converted boom carrier Laomedon 45 miles SE of Ceylon. In the Arabian Sea on 15 February she torpedoed and sank the 4,681-ton Johanne Justesen and on 20 February in the Indian Ocean and sank the 5,280-ton British merchant Bhima, she missed with her torpedoes. Redesignated I-165 on 20 May, she was moved to Kwajalein on 24 May and was put on patrol during the Battle of Midway north of Kure Island. On 30 June Commander Torisu Kennosuke became the commanding officer and on 10 July she was reassigned to the Southwest Area Fleet. Returning to Penang on 6 August she began a new patrol of the Indian Ocean on 11 August. On 25 August sank the 5,237-ton British armed merchant Harmonides. A short time she suffered storm damage and was forced to return to Penang having avoided a searching flying boat and British destroyer.

She arrived at Penang on 31 August. With the damage repaired she left Penang on 16 September with five Indian National Army insurgents on board, they were to be landed on the north-west coast of India. On the way torpedoed and sank the American armed freighter Losmar and claimed to have sunk another merchant ship the following day, she reached her destination 5 miles off the coast of Gujarat and west of Junagadh after sunset on 28 September. The insurgents were landed in an inflatable without being observed, she returned to Penang. In November and December she was based in Surabaya to counter a rumoured American landing on Timor; the landing did not eventuate and she returned to Penang. In January she was sent to bombard Geraldton, Western Australia as a diversionary raid to assist with the evacuation of Japanese troops through the Sunda Strait. After narrowly avoiding patrolling destroyers and aircraft Kennosuke decided to attack nearby Port Gregory instead, he mistook the local fish cannery for an ammunition plant and bombarded it with 10 shells from the submarines Type 88 4.7-inch deck gun.

The gun had a 16 km range. She returned to Surabaya on 16 February. On 25 May Lt Cdr Shimizu Tsuruzo becomes its commanding officer and on 9 October she reassigned to 8th Submarine Squadron. On 16 December, while sailing from Singapore to Penang she was attacked by an Allied submarine; the submarines torpedoes missed and she arrived safely on 18 December. On 18 March she torpedoed and sank the 3,916-ton British armed merchant Nancy Moller at 02-14N, 78-25E, she surfaced, Able Seaman Gunlayer Dennis Fryer prisoner, while killing two Chinese seamen and releasing three other seamen. Before departing I-165 machine gunned the lifeboats killing 32; the British light cruiser HMS Emerald rescued 32 of the crew. On 12 August she was sent from Surabaya on a resupply mission to Korim Bay, she arrived on 18 August and after unsuccessfully attempting to contact the troops at Korim Point came under attack by three subchasers. She was depth-charged and developed a major leak to her engine room

William Henry Harrison

William Henry Harrison was an American military officer and politician who served as the ninth president of the United States in 1841. He died of typhoid, pneumonia or paratyphoid fever 31 days into his term, becoming the first president to die in office, his death sparked a brief constitutional crisis regarding succession to the presidency, because the Constitution was unclear as to whether Vice President John Tyler should assume the office of president or execute the duties of the vacant office. Tyler claimed a constitutional mandate to become the new president and took the presidential oath of office, setting an important precedent for an orderly transfer of the presidency and its full powers when the previous president fails to complete the elected term. Harrison was born in Charles City County, the son of Founding Father Benjamin Harrison V and the paternal grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States, he was the last president born as a British subject in the Thirteen Colonies before the start of the Revolutionary War in 1775.

During his early military career, he participated in the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, an American military victory that ended the Northwest Indian War. He led a military force against Tecumseh's Confederacy at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, where he earned the nickname "Old Tippecanoe", he was promoted to major general in the Army in the War of 1812, in 1813 led American infantry and cavalry at the Battle of the Thames in Upper Canada. Harrison began his political career in 1798, when he was appointed Secretary of the Northwest Territory, in 1799 he was elected as the territory's delegate in the House of Representatives. Two years President John Adams named him governor of the newly established Indiana Territory, a post he held until 1812. After the War of 1812, he moved to Ohio where he was elected to represent the state's 1st district in the House in 1816. In 1824, the state legislature elected him to the U. S. Senate. Afterward, he returned to private life in North Bend, Ohio until he was nominated as the Whig Party candidate for president in the 1836 election.

Four years the party nominated him again with John Tyler as his running mate, the Whig campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too". They defeated Van Buren in the 1840 election. At 68 years, 23 days of age at the time of his inauguration, Harrison was the oldest person to assume the U. S. presidency, a distinction he held until 1981, when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated at age 69 years, 349 days. Due to his brief tenure and historians forgo listing him in historical presidential rankings. However, historian William W. Freehling calls him "the most dominant figure in the evolution of the Northwest territories into the Upper Midwest today". Harrison was the seventh and youngest child of Benjamin Harrison V and Elizabeth Harrison, born on February 9, 1773 at Berkeley Plantation, the Harrison family home along the James River in Charles City County, Virginia, he was a member of a prominent political family of English descent whose ancestors had been in Virginia since the 1630s and the last American president born as a British subject.

His father was a Virginia planter who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and who signed the Declaration of Independence. His father served in the Virginia legislature and as the fifth governor of Virginia in the years during and after the American Revolutionary War. Harrison's older brother Carter Bassett Harrison represented Virginia in the House of Representatives. Harrison was tutored at home until age 14 when he entered Hampden–Sydney College, a Presbyterian college in Virginia, he studied there for three years, receiving a classical education which included Latin, French and debate. His Episcopalian father removed him from the college for religious reasons, he attended a boys' academy in Southampton County, Virginia before being transferred to Philadelphia in 1790, he boarded with Robert Morris and entered the University of Pennsylvania in April 1791, where he studied medicine under Doctor Benjamin Rush and William Shippen Sr. His father died in the spring of 1791, shortly.

He was only 18 and Morris became his guardian. Governor Henry Lee III of Virginia was a friend of Harrison's father, persuaded Harrison to join the military. On August 16, 1791, Harrison was commissioned as an ensign in the Army in the 1st Infantry Regiment within 24 hours of meeting Lee, he was 18 years old at the time. He was assigned to Fort Washington, Cincinnati in the Northwest Territory where the army was engaged in the ongoing Northwest Indian War. Harrison was promoted to lieutenant after Major General "Mad Anthony" Wayne took command of the western army in 1792 following a disastrous defeat under Arthur St. Clair. In 1793, he learned how to command an army on the American frontier. Harrison was a signatory of the Treaty of Greenville as witness to Wayne, the principal negotiator for the U. S. Under the terms of the treaty, a coalition of Indians ceded a portion of their lands to the fe

Oakleigh House School

Oakleigh House School is a co-educational independent primary school in Swansea, Wales. The school is owned and operated by the Cognita Group, is situated in the Uplands area of the city. Oakleigh House School was established in 1919. In 1995, it became part of the Ffynone House School Trust, in 2007 it joined the Cognita Group of Schools. In 2016, the School received the NACE Cymru Challenge Award. Facilities in Oakleigh House include a hall, outdoor areas, a nursery, ICT rooms and on site catering. Pupils follow a defined curriculum which incorporates key elements of the Foundation Phase but is not bound by it. Oakleigh House offers a variety of sports along, with fixtures against other schools taking place on a regular basis, team sports being represented at all levels. From Year 3 pupils travel to Swansea University for their twice-weekly games lessons, where they have exclusive use of the indoor track and outdoor pitches, they have swimming lessons at Wales National Pool. Prominent former pupils of the school include: Michael Heseltine Eddie Izzard Alun Wyn Jones Oakleigh House School