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Shoalwater Bay

Shoalwater Bay is a large bay on the Capricorn Coast of Central Queensland, Australia 100 km north of the coastal town of Yeppoon and 628 km north-north-west of the state capital, Brisbane. Since 1966, the land surrounding Shoalwater Bay has been under the ownership of the Australian Defence Force, for the purpose of military training exercises. Shoalwater Bay is a noted dugong habitat and is part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park; the bay is bounded by the Torilla Peninsula to the west and the Warginburra Peninsula and Leicester and Townshend islands to the east. The traditional inhabitants of Shoalwater Bay are the Darumbal people; the Darumbal language region includes the city of Rockhampton extending south towards Raglan Creek and north towards the Styx River and inland along the Broad Sound Ranges. The first recorded European to sight Shoalwater Bay was British navigator James Cook on 28 May 1770. Cook referred to the entire region, from Cape Palmerston to Cape Townshend, including Shoalwater Bay, as the "Bay of Inlets", a name, no longer in use.

Cook bestowed the name "Shoalwater Bay" on the southeasternmost of these bays, a reference to the number of sandbars in the bay. Following Cook, Matthew Flinders conducted further exploration of Shoalwater Bay in 1802, landing on Akens Island and exploring the head of the bay. Flinders described the land as such: The hills are stony, but some of them are clothed with grass and wood, the pine grows in the gullies between them; the low land is stony, but covered with wood & herbage. Fresh water stands in ponds at the foot of the hills. Settlement of the Rockhampton region commenced in 1853. By 1860, vast areas of the Shoalwater Bay region has been claimed by settlers; this settlement resulted in the dispersal—often violently—of the traditional inhabitants of Shoalwater Bay, the Darumbal people. The Shoalwater Bay Military Training Area encompasses 4,545 km2, which includes the Warginburra Peninsula, the Torilla Peninsula east of the Stanage Bay Road and Leicester Islands, a sizable chunk of the Shoalwater Bay hinterland north of the village of Byfield.

Suggestions that the Shoalwater Bay region be acquired for the purpose of a training ground first appeared in 1960. The army formally took control of the land on 1 July 1965; the training area was used by troops. In 2005 the federal government entered into a long-term agreement with the US over the use of Shoalwater Bay for military training purposes. Similar agreements over a shorter time span have been agreed to with the Singapore Ministry of Defence. Military exercises with team United States have aroused considerable controversy in the Rockhampton-Yeppoon area, due to the threat of environmental damage to the Shoalwater Bay region. In recent years, concern has been raised about the possibility of depleted uranium weaponry been used during training exercises at Shoalwater Bay. Peace activists protesting Exercise Talisman Saber were arrested in 2009. Support for a permanent US presence has been expressed by the former Rockhampton mayor, Brad Carter in 2011, by current mayor, Margaret Strelow.

August 7, 2017: "The Australian Navy has located a missing US military aircraft that crashed off Australia's east coast on Saturday, Defense Minister Marise Payne said in a statement Monday. Three US Marines have been missing since what the Marine Corps calls a "mishap" with an MV-22 aircraft. Twenty-three of the 26 personnel on board the aircraft were rescued, the Corps said." The bay contains one of the most important seagrass habitats in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. A plan of management for the bay's dugong population was released in 1997 to protect the dugong population and reduce impacts on the seagrass meadows. A 483 km2 area of the bay and its surrounds, covering all the habitat types suitable for migratory waders, or shorebirds, has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it supports over 1% of the world populations of pied oystercatchers, Far Eastern curlews and grey-tailed tattlers, over 1% of the East Asian – Australasian Flyway populations of bar-tailed godwits, Eurasian whimbrels and Terek sandpipers.

It contains populations of beach stone-curlews and mangrove honeyeaters. Shoalwater Bay is mentioned in "I Was Only Nineteen", the #1 single by Redgum from the 1983 album Caught in the Act, it is mentioned in the video game ARMA 2, when a USMC private named Kowalski mentions he had a fun time with the "Aussies at Shoalwater Bay". Exercise Talisman Saber Island Head Williamson Airfield—a military airfield located within the Shoalwater Bay Military Training Area Cosgrove, B.. Shoalwater Bay: Settlers in a Queensland Wilderness. Central Queensland University Press, Rockhampton. ISBN 1-875998-16-0. Damaging fossil fuel projects rejected in QLD

Citro├źn Survolt

The Citroën Survolt is a concept electric racing car produced by Citroën and presented at the 2010 Frankfurt Motor Show. The Survolt is a full-sized racing car based on the earlier electric concept car Citroën Revolte presented at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show; because the car runs on batteries, it is classed as a zero-emissions vehicle. The Survolt is 3.85 meters long, 1.87 meters wide and 1.20 meters high and features a design with the front dominated by the vehicle's badge located above the large oval-shaped grille. The car has horizontal LED headlamps which have lower power consumption than traditional filament bulbs — important in a battery-operated vehicle. At the back, the Survolt maintains the light cluster design used on the REVOLTe, has a spoiler to increase rear downforce. An Art Car based on the Survolt has been designed with the collaboration of Françoise Nielly in 2011; the Survolt is powered by a pair of electric motors with a combined power output of 300 bhp. Its top speed is 260 km/h, it can accelerate from 0–100 km/h in less than 5 seconds.

Citroën claims. The DS Survolt made its first appearance on a racetrack at Le Mans on 12 July 2010. Vanina Ickx was the first driver to get behind the wheel of the Survolt. Although it has not been confirmed that the Survolt will be produced, there are rumors that Citroën wants to create a limited-production of a compact-sized concept based on this car, start a one-make racing series; the DS Survolt makes an appearance in Asphalt 6: Adrenaline, Asphalt 8: Airborne and GT Racing 2: The Real Car Experience, all of which are mobile racing games by Gameloft. It's available on Driveclub for PlayStation 4 as a free downloadable content; the British automobile test-driving show Top Gear has driven the car around their famous test track and has given it high marks except for the fact that it is exceptionally hard to climb in and out of. Citroën DS Automobiles Top Gear drives the Citroën Survolt


Bryopsidales is an order of green algae, in the class Ulvophyceae. The thallus may be packed into a mass, it is coenocytic, having multi-nucleate cells consisting of cytoplasm contained within a cylindrical cell wall. There are no septae and the many discoid chloroplasts and other organelles are free to move through the organism; the whole organism may consist of a single cell and in the genus Caulerpa this may be several metres across. In the genus Halimeda, whole seabed meadows may consist of an individual, single-celled organism connected by filamentous threads running through the substrate. Propagation is vegetative from small fragments which grow into new individuals. Under certain conditions sexual reproduction occurs in a process called holocarpy. All of the cytoplasm in the thallus is converted into biflagellate gametes, which are discharged into the sea through papillae. After fertilisation, the zygote becomes a protonema and this in turn develops into a new thallus

Franklin Azzi

Franklin Azzi, is a French architect. He is a graduate from the École Spéciale d'Architecture, the Glasgow School of Art, he is the founder of an agency based in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris. During his years of obligatory military service, Azzi did his first architectural works, in India and Turkey, he studied at the ESA École Spéciale d'Architecture, where he had a significant encounter with Paul Virilio, a French cultural theorist and urbanist. His practice mixing different areas of applied arts with architecture was inspired by his time at the Glasgow School of Art, where interdisciplinary studies are encouraged. Since 2006, Azzi has been head of Franklin Azzi Architecture, a multidisciplinary team, including architects, interior designers, graphic designers, art historians, parametric design researchers, his first project with public funding was the Center for American Francophonie in Québec City. He completed other public projects, the restoration of the Alstom halls in Nantes, which now hosts the school of the fr:École supérieure des beaux-arts de Nantes Métropole.

In 2013, he worked with the City of Paris on the redevelopment of the Banks of the Seine, turning 2,5 kilometers of embankment into a pedestrian area. He completed private projects: the Docks in Saint-Ouen, the seat of La Française Group, in Paris, the first Mama Shelter tower in Dubai, for the AccorHotels group, he took part in the Grand Paris Express project with the Chevilly-Larue station. In 2017, he was chosen to lead « the Tour Montparnasse metamorphosis », with the Nouvelle AOM team. Azzi has always considered his work as "global architecture", as he has had a multidisciplinary background. In 2014, he founded Franklin Azzi Design, with Noemie Goddard, he collaborated with artists like Tatiana Trouvé, designers like Robert Carr, but fashion designers, such as Bali Barret, Christophe Lemaire and Isabel Marant. Laureate of the international contest for the rehabilitation of the Tour Montparnasse, with the Nouvelle AOM group, France. In July 2016, an international contest was launched for the metamorphosis of the Tour Montparnasse, with 700 international architecture agencies participating.

His agency joined two other Parisian agencies to form the Nouvelle AOM group, submit a proposition. They set their design workshop in the 44th floor of the Tower. In September 2017, the Nouvelle AOM group won and revealed their rehabilitation project, focusing on redefining the visual identity of the Tower, but on comfort and energetic performances issues; the construction works are planned to last from 2019 to 2023, so that the Tower will be ready for the 2024 Olympics in Paris. Mama Shelter Tower for the AccordHotels group, Dubai Technicolor headquarters, rue du Renard, Paris Arche de la Défense Campus, France& Workstation Tower, La Défense, France Bac Raspail Grenelle - Emerige, France Grand Paris Express Station, France 2007 Center for American Francophonie, Québec City, Canada 2009: Saint Sauveur Station, France 2010: Tri postal, France 2015: Mame Printing Houses, France His first stores for Bali Barret in Japan were inaugurated in 2004. Since he achieved many projects for Isabel Marant, Christophe Lemaire, John Galliano, H&M or Lacoste.

2012: Isabel Marant headquarters, France 2013: Docks en Seine, Saint-Ouen, France 2015: La Française headquarters, France 2010: « Théâtre du Renard », France 2013: Le Yoyo - Palais de Tokyo, France& 2016: Holiday Café, France 2017: Blend Restaurants, France 2007: Maison VW, France 2013: Cardinet Chalabre, France 2013: Berges de Seine, France 2017: Halles Alstom, île de Nantes, France 2009: Installations in the Grands Moulins, France 2010: Pavillon Lille Europe for the Universal Exhibition, China 2007: Exo-Architecture at the Pavillon de l'Arsenal 2014: "One building, how many lives?" at the Cité de l'Architecture et du Patrimoine IN/OUT: Franklin Azzi Architecture, Ante Prima/AAM editions, 2014 2008: You can be young and an architect, based on the true story of Lan Architecture, p. 8-27. 2008: Les salons de l'IFA, p. 100-105. 2008: Strike a pose: eccentric architecture and spectacular spaces, p. 190-193. 2010: 150 Best Eco House Ideas, p. 412-419. 2014: Sports: Portrait d'une métropole, p. 115-119.

2015: One building, how many lives?, p. 94-95. 2015: Lille respire - Concours Bas Carbone 2015 22008: AJAP Award, presented by the Culture and Communication Ministry. Official website

Patrick Bell

Rev Patrick Bell was a Church of Scotland minister and inventor. Born in the rural parish of Auchterhouse in Angus, into a farming family, Bell chose to study divinity at the University of St Andrews, he was Carmyllie parish minister from 1843 until his death. Bell invented the reaping machine while working on his father's farm, his interest in mechanics led him to work on a horse powered mechanical reaper for speeding up the harvest. In 1828 his machine was used with others in the district; this reaping machine used a revolving 12 vane reel to pull the crop over the cutting knife, made from triangular reciprocating blades over fixed triangular blades. A canvas conveyor moved the grain and stalks to the side in a windrow; this machine ran on 2 wheels. Bell never sought a patent for his reaping machine. Being a man of God, he believed; therefore he never made any financial gain from its success throughout the world. On May 3, 1831, a patent was issued in the United States to William Manning for the reaper of the same design.

On December 31, 1833, a similar cutter patent was issued to Obed Hussey. A vibrating cutter was patented by Cyrus McCormick on June 21, 1834. McCormick with his brothers mass-produced the machines and developed what became the International Harvester Company. Http://

Pierre Varignon

Pierre Varignon was a French mathematician. He was educated at the Jesuit College and the University of Caen, where he received his M. A. in 1682. He took Holy Orders the following year. Varignon gained his first exposure to mathematics by reading Euclid and Descartes' La Géométrie, he became professor of mathematics at the Collège Mazarin in Paris in 1688 and was elected to the Académie Royale des Sciences in the same year. In 1704 he held the departmental chair at Collège Mazarin and became professor of mathematics at the Collège Royal, he was elected to the Berlin Academy in 1713 and to the Royal Society in 1718. Many of his works were published in Paris three years after his death, his lectures at Mazarin were published in Elements de mathematique in 1731. Varignon was a friend of Newton and the Bernoulli family. Varignon's principal contributions were to graphic mechanics. Except for l'Hôpital, Varignon was the earliest and strongest French advocate of infinitesimal calculus, exposed the errors in Michel Rolle's critique thereof.

He recognized the importance of a test for the convergence of series, but analytical difficulties prevented his success. He simplified the proofs of many propositions in mechanics, adapted Leibniz's calculus to the inertial mechanics of Newton's Principia, treated mechanics in terms of the composition of forces in Projet d'une nouvelle mécanique in 1687. Among Varignon's other works was a 1699 publication concerning the application of differential calculus to fluid flow and to water clocks. In 1690 he created a mechanical explanation of gravitation. In 1702 he applied calculus to spring-driven clocks. In 1704, he invented the U-tube manometer. Varignon's theorem Varignon's theorem List of Roman Catholic scientist-clerics An original entry was based on the book A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by W. W. Rouse Ball. Pierre Varignon at the Mathematics Genealogy Project