The Expanse (TV series)
The Expanse is an American science fiction television series developed by Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby, based on The Expanse novels by James S. A. Corey; the series is set in a future where humanity has colonized the Solar System and follows a disparate band of antiheroes – United Nations Security Councilwoman Chrisjen Avasarala, police detective Josephus Miller, ship's officer James Holden and his crew – as they unwittingly unravel and place themselves at the center of a conspiracy which threatens the system's fragile state of Cold War-like peace, the class balance, the survival of humanity. Critics have praised the show for character development and political narrative, it received a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation and three Saturn Award nominations for Best Science Fiction Television Series. Alcon Entertainment finances the series, it sold three seasons to Syfy, which canceled the series in May 2018. Hundreds of years in the future, in a colonized Solar System, police detective Josephus Miller, born on Ceres in the asteroid belt, is sent to find a missing young woman, Juliette "Julie" Andromeda Mao.
James Holden, Executive Officer of the ice hauler Canterbury, is involved in a tragic incident that threatens to destabilize the uneasy peace between Earth and the Belt. On Earth, Chrisjen Avasarala, a United Nations executive, works to prevent war between Earth and Mars by any means necessary. Soon, the three find out that the missing woman and the ice hauler's fate are part of a conspiracy that threatens humanity. Thomas Jane as Josephus "Joe" Aloisus Miller, a Belter detective on Ceres assigned to find Julie Mao Steven Strait as James "Jim" Holden, the Earther captain of the Rocinante the executive officer of the Canterbury Cas Anvar as Alex Kamal, the Martian pilot of the Rocinante the pilot of the Canterbury Dominique Tipper as Naomi Nagata, the Belter engineer of the Rocinante of the Canterbury Wes Chatham as Amos Burton, the Earther mechanic of the Rocinante a mechanic of the Canterbury Paulo Costanzo as Shed Garvey, the Canterbury's medical technician Florence Faivre as Juliette "Julie" Andromeda Mao, the missing daughter of business tycoon Jules-Pierre Mao Shawn Doyle as Sadavir Errinwright, UN Undersecretary of Executive Administration Shohreh Aghdashloo as Chrisjen Avasarala, UN Deputy Undersecretary of Executive Administration Frankie Adams as Roberta "Bobbie" Draper, a Martian Marine gunnery sergeant Chad L. Coleman as Frederick "Fred" Lucius Johnson, "The Butcher of Anderson Station," a former UNN colonel-turned-leader of the OPA Andrew Rotilio as Diogo Harari, a young Belter from Ceres Athena Karkanis as Octavia "Tavi" Muss, Miller's former partner Jared Harris as Anderson Dawes, the OPA's Ceres liaison François Chau as Jules-Pierre Mao, the owner of Mao-Kwikowski Mercantile, its subsidiary Protogen, Julie's father Jay Hernandez as Dmitri Havelock, Miller's Earther partner with Star Helix Security Lola Glaudini as Shaddid, the captain of Star Helix Security's Ceres detachment Kevin Hanchard as "Semi" Sematimba, a detective on Eros, an old friend of Miller's Martin Roach as Souther, UNN admiral, former UNN Fleet Commander, now commander of the UN's Jupiter fleet Daniel Kash as Antony Dresden, Protogen's head of biological research Brian George as Arjun Avasarala, Chrisjen's husband Greg Bryk as K. Lopez, a MCRN lieutenant assigned to the MCRN Donnager Elias Toufexis as Kenzo Gabriel, a corporate spy on Tycho Station, the Protomolecule Hybrids Nick E. Tarabay as Cotyar Ghazi, a security professional working for Avasarala Cara Gee as Camina Drummer, Johnson's Belter second-in-command and captain of the OPAS Behemoth Mpho Koaho as Richard Travis, an Earth-born MMC private in Draper's squad Sarah Allen as Hillman, a MMC private in Draper's squad Dewshane Williams as Sa'id, a MMC corporal in Draper's squad Peter Outerbridge as Martens, a MCRN captain assigned to the MCRN Scirocco Conrad Pla as Janus, a UN colonel assigned to the UNS Arboghast Byron Mann as Augusto Nguyễn, a UNN fleet admiral Ted Whittall as Michael Iturbi, a UNN scientist assigned to the UNS Arboghast Terry Chen as Praxideke "Prax" Meng, a Ganymedian botanist Leah Jung as Mei Meng, Prax's daughter Ted Atherton as Lawrence Strickland, a Protogen pediatrician on Ganymede Jonathan Whittaker as Esteban Sorrento-Gillis, UN Secretary General Elizabeth Mitchell as Rev. Dr. Annushka "Anna" Volovodov, a Europan Methodist pastor David Strathairn as Klaes Ashford, a former Belter pirate and now the second-in-command of OPAS Behemoth Anna Hopkins as Monica Stuart, a journalist from Earth filming a documentary on the crew of Rocinante Brandon McGibbon as Cohen, a cameraman from Earth filming a documentary on Rocinante with Monica Nadine Nicole as Melba Alzbeta Koh / Clarissa Mao, a mysterious newly appointed technician aboard UNN Thomas Prince Genelle Williams as Tilly Fagan, a rich heiress who travels to The Ring seeking adventure and excitement, who befriends Anna The Expanse is based on the novel series of the same name by James S. A. Corey, a pen name of the authors Daniel Abraham and Ty Franck, who serve as writers and producers for the show.
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
House of Sand and Fog (film)
House of Sand and Fog is a 2003 American drama film directed by Vadim Perelman. The screenplay by Perelman and Shawn Lawrence Otto is based on the novel of the same name by Andre Dubus III; the story concerns the battle between a young woman and an immigrant Iranian family over the ownership of a house in Northern California, which leads to the destruction of four lives. The film was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Actor, Best Supporting Actress, Best Original Score. Abandoned by her husband, recovering drug addict Kathy Nicolo, living alone in a small house near the San Francisco Bay Area, ignores eviction notices erroneously sent to her for nonpayment of business taxes. Assuming the misunderstanding was cleared up months ago, she is surprised when Sheriff's Deputy Lester Burdon arrives to forcibly evict her. Telling Kathy that her home is to be auctioned off, Burdon feels sympathy for her, helps her move out, advises her to seek legal assistance to regain her house. A former Imperial Iranian Army Colonel Massoud Amir Behrani who fled his homeland with his family, now lives in the Bay Area working multiple menial jobs.
Living beyond his means, he maintains the façade of a respectable businessman so as not to shame his wife Nadereh, son Esmail, daughter Soraya. Seeing the auction of Kathy's house in the newspaper, he buys it for a quarter of its actual value, intending to improve and sell the house. Meanwhile, Kathy is evicted from the motel. Having nowhere else to go, she spends the night in her car outside her home; the next morning Kathy is angered to see her house being renovated and confronts the workers, injuring her foot. Nadereh and Esmail treat her wound, but her jealousy at seeing how the Behranis have settled in only makes her more determined to get her house back. Taking Lester's advice, Kathy finds an attorney who assures her that because of the county's mistake, they will return Massoud's money and the house will be restored to her. Massoud, having spent money on improving the house, is unwilling to accept anything less than the much higher appraised value of the property, which the county refuses to pay.
Informed that her only option is to sue the county, which will take much longer, Kathy instead tries to convince Massoud to sell back the house for what he paid by telling him she and her brother inherited it from their father. Massoud angrily forces Kathy back into her car. Desperate for help, Kathy seeks out Lester and seduces him into abandoning his wife and children and becoming her protector. Using a pseudonym, Lester confronts Massoud and threatens to have him deported if he refuses to sell the house back to the county. Massoud reports this to the police and identifies Lester from a photo, resulting in a reprimand by internal affairs, gives Kathy a furious warning to back off and leave him and his family alone. Now aware that Lester is in trouble, Kathy calls her brother Frank, but cannot bring herself to admit that she is homeless, he is unable to help her. Despondent, Kathy first considers driving to the house and burning it, but after becoming drunk attempts suicide in the driveway with Lester's sidearm instead.
Massoud finds her in her car drunkenly unable to discharge the gun, brings her inside. Kathy again tries to kill herself with pills; as she and her husband carry Kathy to the bedroom, Lester breaks into the house, retrieves his sidearm, sees Kathy unconscious, locks the Behranis in their own bathroom, refusing to let them out until Massoud agrees to relinquish the house. Massoud offers to sell the house back to the county for the price he paid and will give Kathy the money in exchange for her putting the house in his name. Lester agrees to take Massoud and Esmail to the county office to finalize the transaction, Kathy reluctantly goes along with the plan. Outside the office, Lester begins to manhandle Massoud and Esmail seizes Lester's gun and aims it at him. Massoud grabs hold of Lester and screams for help, drawing the attention of nearby police officers who misinterpret the situation and shoot Esmail instead of Lester. Massoud is released after Lester confesses and is incarcerated. Massoud rushes to the hospital and while he is there he prays, begging God to save his son and vowing to make whatever changes he needs to in his life.
But he finds. Distraught and grief-stricken, Massoud goes home and, believing they have nothing left to live for, kills Nadereh by lacing her tea with pills, he dons his old military uniform, tapes a plastic dust cover over his head, asphyxiates himself while clutching his wife's hand. Kathy discovers the couple and frantically attempts to resuscitate Massoud but she is too late; as the bodies of Massoud and Nadereh are taken away by paramedics, a policeman asks Kathy if the house is hers. After a long pause, she replies, "No, it's not my house." Jennifer Connelly as Kathy Nicolo Ben Kingsley as Colonel Massoud Amir Behrani Shohreh Aghdashloo as Nadereh "Nadi" Behrani Ron Eldard as Lester Burdon Frances Fisher as Connie Walsh Jonathan Ahdout as Esmail Behrani Kim Dickens as Carol Burdon Carlos Gómez as Lieutenant Alvarez Navi Rawat as Soraya Behrani Shohreh Aghdashloo was a respected actress in Iran before emigrating to the United States. When the film roles offered to her were limited to terrorists and other assorted villains, she turned to a career in the theatre.
This film marked her return to the screen after nearly two decades. Jonathan Ahdout, whose previous acting experience was limited to school plays, was cast as Esmail Behrani two days prior to the start of filming, his original audition had not impressed Vadim Perelman, but when he began to have doubt
George Washington University
The George Washington University is a private research university in Washington, D. C, it was chartered in 1821 by an act of the United States Congress. The university is organized into 14 colleges and schools, including the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, the Elliott School of International Affairs, the GW School of Business, the School of Media and Public Affairs, the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration, the GW Law School and the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design. George Washington's main Foggy Bottom Campus is located in the heart of Washington, D. C. with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank located on campus and the White House and the U. S. Department of State within blocks of campus. GWU hosts numerous research centers and institutes, including the National Security Archive and the Institute for International Economic Policy. GWU has two satellite campuses: the Mount Vernon Campus, located in D. C.'s the Virginia Science and Technology Campus.
It is the largest institution of higher education in the District of Columbia. George Washington, the first President of the United States, advocated the establishment of a national university in the U. S. capital in his first State of the Union address in 1790 and continued to promote this idea throughout his career and until his death. In his will, Washington left shares in the Potomac Company to endow the university. However, due to the company's financial difficulties, funds were raised independently. On 9 February 1821, the university was founded by an Act of Congress, making it one of only five universities in the United States with a Congressional charter. George Washington offers degree programs in seventy-one disciplines, enrolling an average of 11,000 undergraduate and 15,500 post-graduate students from more than 130 countries; the Princeton Review ranked GWU 1st for Top Universities for Internship Opportunities. As of 2015, George Washington had over 1,100 active alumni in the U. S. Foreign Service, the nation's diplomatic corps.
GWU is ranked by The Princeton Review in the top "Most Politically Active" Schools. George Washington is home to extensive student life programs, as well as a strong Greek culture, over 450 other student organizations; the school's athletic teams, the George Washington Colonials, play in the Atlantic 10 Conference. GW is known for the numerous prominent events it holds yearly, from hosting U. S. presidential debates and academic symposiums to the being the host of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund's Annual Meetings in DC, since 2013. George Washington alumni and affiliates include numerous prominent politicians, including the current U. S. Attorney General, heads of state and government, CEOs of major corporations, Nobel laureates, MacArthur fellows, Olympic athletes, Academy Award and Golden Globe winners and Time 100 notables. Historical records have shown that the first president of the United States, President George Washington, had made indications to Congress that he aspired to have a university established in the capital of the United States.
He included the subject in his last will and testament. Baptist missionary and leading minister Luther Rice raised funds to purchase a site in Washington, D. C. for a college to educate citizens from throughout the young nation. A large building was constructed on College Hill, now known as Meridian Hill, on February 9, 1821, President James Monroe approved the congressional charter creating the non-denominational Columbian College; the first commencement in 1824 was considered an important event for the young city of Washington, D. C. In attendance were President Monroe, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Marquis de Lafayette and other dignitaries; the George Washington University, like much of Washington, D. C. traces many of its origins back to the Freemasons. The Bible that the President of the George Washington University use to swear an oath on upon inauguration is the Bible of Freemason George Washington. Freemasonry symbols are prominently displayed throughout the campus including the foundation stones of many of the university buildings.
During the Civil War, most students left to join the Confederacy and the college's buildings were used as a hospital and barracks. Walt Whitman was among many of the volunteers to work on the campus. Following the war, in 1873, Columbian College became the Columbian University and moved to an urban downtown location centered on 15th and H streets, NW. In 1904, Columbian University changed its name to the George Washington University in an agreement with the George Washington Memorial Association to build a campus building in honor of the first U. S. President. Neither the university nor the association were able to raise enough funds for the proposed building near the National Mall; the university moved its principal operations to the D. C. neighborhood of Foggy Bottom in 1912. Many of the Colleges of the George Washington University stand out for their history; the Law School is the oldest law school in the District of Columbia. The School of Medicine and Health Sciences is the 11th oldest medical school in the nation.
The Columbian College was founded in 1821, is the oldest unit of the university. The Elliott School of International Affairs was formalized in 1898; the majority of the present infrastructure and financial stability at GW is due to the tenures of GW Presidents Cloyd Heck Marvin, Lloyd Hartman Elliott and Stephen Joel Trachtenberg. In the 1930s, the university was a major center for theoretical physics; the cosmologist George Gamow produced critica
Will & Grace
Will & Grace is an American sitcom created by Max Mutchnick and David Kohan. Set in New York City, the show focuses on the friendship between best friends Will Truman, a gay lawyer, Grace Adler, an interior designer; the show was broadcast on NBC from September 21, 1998, to May 18, 2006, for a total of eight seasons, returned to NBC on September 28, 2018. Will & Grace has been one of the most successful television series with gay principal characters. Despite initial criticism for its stereotypical portrayal of homosexual characters, it went on to become a staple of NBC's Must See TV Thursday night lineup and was met with continued critical acclaim, it was ensconced in the Nielsen top 20 for half of its 1998–2006 network run. The show was the highest-rated sitcom among adults 18–49 from 2001 to 2005. Will & Grace earned 83 nominations; each main actor received an Emmy Award throughout the series. In 2014 the Writers Guild of America placed the sitcom at number 94 in their list of the 101 best-written TV series of all time.
Since the final episode of the 1998–2006 run aired, the sitcom has been credited with helping and improving public opinion of the LGBT community, with former U. S. Vice President Joe Biden commenting that the show "probably did more to educate the American public" on LGBT issues "than anything anybody has done so far". In 2014, the Smithsonian Institution added an LGBT history collection to their museum which included items from Will & Grace; the curator Dwight Blocker Bowers stated that the sitcom used "comedy to familiarize a mainstream audience with gay culture" in a way, "daring and broke ground" in American media. During its original run, Will & Grace was filmed in front of a live studio audience on Tuesday nights, at Stage 17 in CBS Studio Center. Will and Grace's apartment was put on display at the Emerson College Library, donated by series creator Max Mutchnick; when the set was removed in 2014, rumors came up about a cast reunion, but the actors involved denied that such a reunion was planned, explaining it was being moved.
A long-running legal battle between both the original executive producers and creators and NBC took place between 2003 and 2007. In September 2016, the cast reunited for a 10-minute special, urging Americans to vote in the 2016 presidential election. After its success, NBC announced that the network was exploring the idea of putting Will & Grace back into production. In January 2017, NBC confirmed the series' return for a ninth season, for the 2017–18 television season, expanded to 16 episodes; this was followed by renewals for 18-episode eleventh seasons. Will & Grace is set in New York City and focuses on the relationship between Will Truman, a gay lawyer, his best friend Grace Adler, a Jewish woman who owns an interior design firm. Featured are their friends Karen Walker, an alcoholic socialite, Jack McFarland, a flamboyantly gay actor; the interplay of relationships features the trials and tribulations of dating, marriage and casual sex. Eric McCormack as Will Truman: The first titular protagonist in the show, Will is a gay man, a successful corporate lawyer who studied at Columbia University, where he met Grace as a freshman.
He is precise and obsessive when it comes to certain tasks cleaning and decorating. However, Will does have a patient and compassionate nature towards those close to him to a fault. Though Will is gay, he sometimes tries to pass as straight. Several characters commented that his relationship with Grace is more like that of a married couple than two friends. Will serves as Grace's rock most times. Debra Messing as Grace Adler: The other titular protagonist in the show, Grace is a straight interior decorator with a fondness for food, she has been Will's best friend since roommate throughout most of the show. Grace does not practice her religion staunchly, she plays as a neurotic counterbalance for Will's more everyman character. Grace tends to rely on Will for moral and emotional support after a break-up. Megan Mullally as Karen Walker: Karen "works" as Grace's assistant, making "Grace Adler Designs" popular among her socialite acquaintances, she is the wife of the wealthy Stanley Walker. Karen is known for casually downing alcohol and prescription medication and can be uncaring.
However, she is close to Jack, is friends with Grace, throughout the show's run warms to Will. Though she is silly at times, Karen has shown bouts of intelligence: having a working knowledge of business/real-estate market economics, a moderate understanding of computers, a flair for interior design, she is a certified public notary and an aficionado of various liquors and prescription drugs. Despite this, she is unaware of or ambivalent toward habits of the working and middle classes criticizing and mocking what she fails to understand. Sean Hayes as Jack McFarland: Will's other best friend since college. Jack is flamboyantly gay and free-spirited, having been so from a young age, he drifts from man to man and changes occupations being fickle when it comes to both. He has worked as a struggling actor, an acting instructor, a back-up dancer for Jennifer Lopez and Janet Jackson, a sales associate at Banana Republic and Barneys New York, a cater-waiter, a student nurse, Junior V
Brunel University London
Brunel University London is a public research university located in Uxbridge, West London, United Kingdom. It was named after the Victorian engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel, it is organised into three colleges and three major research institutes, a structure adopted in August 2014 which changed the university's name to Brunel University London. Brunel has over 12,900 students and 2,500 staff, had a total income of £200.7 million in 2014/15, of which 25% came from grants and research contracts. Brunel College of Technology separated from Acton Technical College in 1957, focused on the education of engineers. Brunel College of Technology was awarded the status of College of Advanced Technology in 1960 and became Brunel College of Advanced Technology in 2018. In June 1966 Brunel College of Advanced Technology was awarded a royal charter and became Brunel University London, it is described as a British plate glass university. Brunel is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, Universities UK.
Brunel is one of a number of British universities which were established in the 1960s following the Robbins Report on higher education. It is sometimes described as a "plate glass university"; the university's origins lie in Acton Technical College, split into two in 1957: Acton Technical College continued to cater for technicians and craftsmen, the new Brunel College of Technology was dedicated to the education of chartered engineers. The campus buildings were designed in the Brutalist style of architecture by Richard Sheppard, Robson & Partners, Architects. In 1960 Brunel College of Technology was awarded the status of College of Advanced Technology, it was decided that it should expand at another site in order to accommodate the extra buildings that would be needed. Uxbridge was chosen to house the new buildings, construction work hadn’t begun before the Ministry of Education changed the College’s status: it was named Brunel College of Advanced Technology in 1962 – the tenth Advanced Technology College in the country, the last to be awarded this title.
The Uxbridge railway branch line was closed in 1964, the college purchased the land adjacent to its site where the railway had run for £65,000 from the local council. The royal charter granting university status was awarded on 9 June 1966; the university continued to use both campuses until 1971. In 1980 the university merged with Shoreditch College of Education, located at Cooper's Hill, Runnymede; this became Brunel's second campus. In 1995 the university expanded again, integrating the West London Institute of Higher Education, adding campuses in Osterley and Twickenham; this increased the number of courses. Traditionally the university's strengths were in engineering, science and social sciences but with the addition of the West London Institute, new departments such as arts, humanities and earth science and sports science were added, the size of the student body increased to over 12,000. Brunel has been the subject of controversy as its approach to higher education has been both market-driven and politically conservative.
The decision to award an honorary degree to Margaret Thatcher in 1996, following the University of Oxford's refusal to do so, provoked an outcry by staff and students, as a result the ceremony had to be held in the House of Lords instead of on campus. In the late 1990s, the Departments of Physics and Materials Engineering were all closed, and, in 2004, the Vice-Chancellor Steven Schwartz, initiated the reorganisation of the university's faculties and departments into schools, closed the Department of Geography and Earth Sciences; the succeeding Vice-Chancellor, the sociologist Christopher Jenks, took office in 2006. and he was followed by Julia Buckingham at Imperial College London, who took up the position of Vice Chancellor at Brunel in October 2012. In June 2011, Brunel University London licensed Creative Barcode, an automated idea sharing platform which protects ownership of early stage ideas. In the late 1990s Brunel devised a £ 250 million masterplan for the campus; this involved selling off campus sites at Runnymede and Twickenham and using the revenue from the sales to renovate and update the buildings and facilities on the Uxbridge campus.
Works carried out included a library extension, a state-of-the-art sports complex, renovated students' union facilities, a new Health Sciences teaching centre, the construction of more halls of residence. The Brunel campus has appeared in several films, most famously in Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange, large parts of which were filmed on campus, it has featured in several UK television series including Spooks, Silent Witness,The Sweeney and Inspector Morse. Brunel has three constituent Academic Colleges: College of Engineering and Physical Sciences Computer Science Design Electronic and Computer Engineering Mathematics Mechanical and Aerospace Civil EngineeringCollege of Business and Social Sciences Brunel Business School Brunel Law School Arts and Humanities Economics and Finance Education Social and Political SciencesCollege of Health and Life Sciences Clinical Sciences Life Sciences Research at Brunel has been organised into three institutes: Institute of Energy Futures Institute of Environment and Societies Institute of Materials and Manufacturing Brunel exists by virtue of a royal charter first granted in 1966 and it has the status of an exempt charity as defined by the Charities Act 2006.