Place names considered unusual
Unusual place names are names for cities and other regions which are considered non-ordinary in some manner. This can include place names which are swear words, inadvertently humorous or charged words, as well as place names of unorthodox spelling and pronunciation, including short or long names. Inaccessible Island, a remotely located extinct volcanic island in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean, is so named for the difficulty in landing on the island and penetrating its interior because of the rough terrain. Death Valley, one of the hottest locations on Earth, got its English name after 13 pioneers died trying to cross the harsh desert valley during the California Gold Rush of 1849; the highest recorded land temperature, 134 °F, was recorded inside Death Valley at Furnace Creek, California in 1913. Fiddletown, California was a Chinese gold mining settlement and was home to about 235 people according to 2010 census; when the creek went dry the miners were said to be “fiddling around” thus giving the name.
One local civilian lobbied to change the name to Oleta, given after his daughter in 1878 because he was embarrassed to be known as the “Man from Fiddletown.” After his death in 1932, the name was restored. Gardendale, Alabama was named "Jugtown" due to the jug and churn factory around which the town grew. Hettie Thomason Cargo, a local school teacher, proposed the name change in 1906 after being embarrassed to admit she was from "Jugtown" at a regional teachers meeting; the town voted to rename itself Gardendale. Quibbletown, New Jersey known as New Market, is an unincorporated settlement within the township of Piscataway; the name of the settlement originated with a dispute as to whether the Sabbath was on Saturday or Sunday. Rough and Ready, California is on the National List of Historic Places, it gets its name from the founder of the town, A. A. Townsend, who served under General Zachary Taylor in the Blackhawk War. Taylor was nicknamed "Rough and Ready" and was elected president of the United States.
Bell End, Worcestershire, It is situated 3 kilometres south-east of Hagley on the A491, north of Bromsgrove and close to Kidderminster and Halesowen. It lies in the local government district of Bromsgrove. Roanoke, Virginia was first established as the town of Big Lick in 1852 and was named for a large outcropping of salt that drew wildlife to the site near the Roanoke River.. Boring, Oregon is named after William H. Boring; the town name is a homonym for the word boring, the town makes puns based on its name. Boring's town motto is "The most exciting place to live" and it has taken on the named Dull, Scotland as its sister city. Bland Shire, New South Wales, named for founder William Bland, is similarly named. In New South Wales, there lies a town named Orange, founded in 1880. Orange, New South Wales is a sister city to its homonym Orange, itself in the County of Orange. Orange, California, in turn, is a sister city with Orange in Vaucluse, France. Franklin County, includes a town called Orange.
There exists another city called Orange in New Jersey, as well as a West Orange, a South Orange, an East Orange. The county of Essex in southeastern England is home to the village of Ugley, in the county of Hertfordshire, the hamlet of Nasty, which are only a few miles apart. A number of settlements have names that are offensive or humorous in other languages, such as Fucking, Austria. Although as a place name Fucking is benign in German, in English the word is a profanity; when they hear of the French town of Condom, English speakers will associate it with condoms, a form of barrier contraception. Hell, comes from the old Norse word hellir, which means "overhang" or "cliff cave". In modern Norwegian the word helvete means "hell", while the Norwegian word hell can mean "luck". One can cite the mountain named Wank in Bavaria, which in German derives from Middle High German wanken, which means "to stagger". Conversely, a number of place names can be considered humorous or offensive by their inhabitants, such as the German towns Affendorf, Fickmühlen, which appropriately lies at the edge of the Höllental, Lederhose, Neger, Plöd, Regenmantel and Warzen.
The US has the unincorporated community of Hell, the historic community of Penile, Louisville in Kentucky, Pee Pee Township in Ohio. Dildo is a Canadian town and off the coast. Pett Bottom is located 5 miles south of Kent. James Bond lived there with his aunt. Another immaturely considered humorous areas are Butts County and Middelfart. In Croatia, there are places such as Babina Guzica", "Špičkovina" and "Gnojnice"; some placenames are deemed to be offensive or unacceptable through historic semantic changes in what is tolerated. An example of this would be the once common English street name Gropecunt Lane, whose etymology is a historical use of the street by prostitutes to ply their trade. During the Middle Ages the word cunt may have been considered vulgar, having been in common use in its anatomical sense since at least the 13th century, its steady disappearance from the English vernacular may have been the result of a gradual c
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Deuce (playing card)
The Deuce is the playing card with the highest value in German card games. It may have derived its name from dice games in which the face of the die with two pips is called a Daus in German. Unlike the Ace, with which it may be confused, the Deuce represents the 2, why two hearts, etc. are depicted on the card. In many regions it is not only equated to the Ace, but is incorrectly, called an Ace. In the south German area it has been called the Sow and still is today, because of the appearance of a wild boar on the Deuces in early card packs, a custom that has survived on the Deuce of Bells. Ei der Daus! is an expression, similar, to "What the deuce!" in English, which reflects astonishment, bewilderment or anger. It is if wrongly, assumed to be an expression derived from card players' jargon; the word Daus. It comes from the Late Old High German Middle High German word, dûs, borrowed from the North French word, daus; this corresponds to the French word for "two", which in turn came from the Latin duos and duo.
On the introduction of playing cards into the German language area at the end of the 14th century, the word was transferred to the cards with the value 2. This card became the highest value playing card in the German card deck, the equivalent to the Ace in the French deck. On the German playing card with the 2, the deuce, there is a picture of a hog or sow. While Friedrich Kluge is unsure, how the card came to be called the Daus, because he avers that there are no game rules that have survived from the Middle Ages, Marianne Rumpf is clear: The word'Daus' is a term, taken over from the dice game. However, unlike dice games, in which the 2 was a low throw and did not count for much, the deuce card played a special role as a trick card, because it could beat the King; the Early New High German author, Johann Fischart, says thus: "I have thrown out the Ace and Deuce of Bells, Hearts respectively. The name Schwein was used for the deuce as may be read in the Reimchronik über Herzog Ulrich von Württemberg, which reveals that the Deuce, like the Ace in the modern game of Skat, was worth 11 points: "The King ought to beat all the cards.
That is apart from the Hog. It wants to be worth 11."Early evidence of the depiction of a hog on the card is found as early as the 15th century, from which Deuces of Bells and Acorns have survived on which there is a wild boar. Decks with a hog or sow on the card along with the 2 of Bells have survived from the year 1525 in the Swiss State Museum in Zürich and in a deck dating to 1573 made by the Viennese artist, Hans Forster. There is a deck of cards by a Frankfurt manufacturer dating to 1573, on which the hog is found on a 2 of Hearts; the link between the Deuce and the Sow is evinced by Johann Leonhard Frisch in his 1741 German-Latin dictionary: "Sow in card game, from the figure of a sow, painted on the Deuce of Acorns, whence the other deuces are called Sows." How the boar ended up on the playing card is unknown. Hellmut Rosenfeld suspects that it was derived from the prize sow that played a role in local shooting festivals and, linked with the last sheaf of the harvest; the description Sau may have been a corruption of the word Daus, the depiction of a boar on the playing cards was a pictorial illustration of this etymological development.
According to Marianne Rumpf, the name comes from a Baden dialect in which the "S" is spoken like a "Sch" and the word Dausch is used for a female pig or sow. can... with a little imagination, picture that the players, in the excitement of the game when playing the trump card... loudly emphasize their triumph by saying the name of the card. The Brothers Grimm state in their dictionary, that the word Tausch was used for the four cards; the word Dausch inspired card artists who illustrated the free space under the coloured symbols with a sow. The language of card players may have given rise to the expression Däuser for'coins', recorded since the 19th century, because in a game played for money, the aces are worth cash. Quite similar is the saying Däuser bauen Häuser, used since 1850, because with a trick with several aces, one scores the points needed to win. Marianne Rumpf: Zur Entwicklung der playing cardsnfarben in der Schweiz, in Deutschland und in Frankreich. In: „Schweizerisches Archiv für Volkskunde“ 72, 1976, pp. 1–32 Skat deck Pip cards
Navajo County, Arizona
Navajo County is located in the northern part of the U. S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 107,449; the county seat is Holbrook. Navajo County comprises Arizona Micropolitan Statistical Area. Navajo County contains parts of the Hopi Indian reservation, the Navajo Nation, Fort Apache Indian Reservation. Navajo County was split from Apache County on March 21, 1895; the first county sheriff was Commodore Perry Owens, a legendary gunman who had served as the sheriff of Apache County. It was the location for many of the events of the Pleasant Valley War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 9,960 square miles, of which 9,950 square miles is land and 9.3 square miles is water. Navajo County offers not only the Monument Valley, but Keams Canyon, part of the Petrified Forest National Park, one of the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in North America. Apache County - east Graham County - south Gila County - southwest Coconino County - west San Juan County, Utah - north Navajo County has 6,632.73 square miles of federally designated Indian reservation within its borders, the third most of any county in the United States.
In descending order of territory within the county, the reservations are the Navajo Nation, Hopi Indian Reservation, Fort Apache Indian Reservation, all of which are located within Navajo County. Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest Navajo National Monument Petrified Forest National Park As of the 2000 census, there were 97,470 people, 30,043 households, 23,073 families residing in the county; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 47,413 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 47.74% Native American, 45.91% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.15% from other races, 55.94% from two or more races. 8.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.77% reported speaking Navajo at home, 5.94% other Southern Athabaskan languages, 4.71% Spanish, 3.23% Hopi. There were 30,043 households out of which 40.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 16.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.20% were non-families.
19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.68. In the county, the population was spread out with 35.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, 10.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,569, the median income for a family was $32,409. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $21,621 for females; the per capita income for the county was $11,609. About 23.40% of families and 29.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.60% of those under age 18 and 20.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 107,449 people, 35,658 households, 25,923 families residing in the county; the population density was 10.8 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 56,938 housing units at an average density of 5.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 49.3% white, 43.4% American Indian, 0.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 3.4% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 13.7% were German, 12.5% were English, 9.3% were Irish, 2.3% were American. Of the 35,658 households, 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.50. The median age was 34.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,774 and the median income for a family was $45,906. Males had a median income of $41,516 versus $28,969 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,745.
About 19.1% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.6% of those under age 18 and 12.4% of those age 65 or over. Navajo County leans towards the Republican Party. Although its Native American population makes up nearly half of the county, a demographic that politically favors those of the Democratic Party, the county has a strong The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints presence that allows Republican candidates to carry the county by small margins. However, in the 2018 gubernatorial election, the county voted Republican over Democrat by a large margin. School districts that serve the county include: The following public-use airports are located within the county: Cibecue Airport – Cibecue Holbrook Municipal Airport – Holbrook Kayenta Airport – Kayenta Polacca Airport – Polacca Show Low Regional Airport – Show Low Taylor Airport – Taylor Whiteriver Airport – Whiteriver Winslow-Lindbergh Regional Airport – Winslow Holbrook Show Low Winslow Pinetop-Lakeside Snowflake Taylor Brigham Obed Sunset Wilford Zeniff List of Ghost Towns in Arizona Oraibi Fort Apache Indian Reservation Hopi Reservation Navajo Nation The population