Shrek is a 2001 American computer-animated comedy film loosely based on the 1990 fairytale picture book of the same name by William Steig. Directed by Andrew Adamson and Vicky Jenson in their directorial debuts, it stars Mike Myers, Eddie Murphy, Cameron Diaz, John Lithgow as the voices of the lead characters. In the story, an ogre called Shrek finds his swamp overrun by fairy tale creatures who have been banished by the corrupt Lord Farquaad aspiring to be king. Shrek makes a deal with Farquaad to regain control of his swamp in return for rescuing Princess Fiona, whom Farquaad intends to marry. With the help of Donkey, Shrek embarks on his quest but soon falls in love with the princess, hiding a secret that will change his life forever; the rights to Steig's book were purchased by Steven Spielberg in 1991. He planned to produce a traditionally-animated film based on the book, but John H. Williams convinced him to bring the film to the newly-founded DreamWorks in 1994. Jeffrey Katzenberg began active development of the film in 1995 following the studio's purchase of the rights from Spielberg.
Chris Farley was cast as the voice for the title character, recording nearly all of the required dialogue. After Farley died in 1997 before the work was finished, Mike Myers stepped in to voice the character, changed to a Scottish accent in the process; the film was intended to be motion-captured, but after poor results, the studio decided to hire Pacific Data Images to complete the final computer animation. Shrek premiered at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival, where it competed for the Palme d'Or, making it the first animated film since Disney's Peter Pan to receive that honor, it was praised as an animated film that featured adult-oriented humor and themes, while catering to children at the same time. The film was theatrically released in the United States on May 18, 2001, grossed $484.4 million worldwide against production budget of $60 million. Shrek won the first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature and was nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay, it earned six award nominations from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts winning Best Adapted Screenplay.
The film's success helped establish DreamWorks Animation as a prime competitor to Pixar in feature film computer animation, three sequels were released—Shrek 2, Shrek the Third, Shrek Forever After —along with two holiday specials, a spin-off film, a stage musical that kickstarted the Shrek franchise. Although plans for a fifth film were canceled prior to the fourth film's release, the project was revived in 2016 and has since stalled, with production and a potential release date getting pushed back. Shrek, a mean-spirited and territorial green ogre who loves the solitude of his swamp, finds his life interrupted when he is befriended by a talkative Donkey, one of countless fairytale creatures exiled to Shrek's swamp by the fairytale-hating and vertically-challenged Lord Farquaad of Duloc. Angered by the intrusion, he decides to ask Farquaad to exile them elsewhere, bringing Donkey along as he is the only one willing to guide him to Duloc. Meanwhile, Farquaad's torture of the Gingerbread Man for the location of the remaining fairytale creatures is interrupted when his guards present him with a Magic Mirror.
He asks the Mirror if his kingdom is the fairest of them all but is told that he is not a king, that he must marry a princess. Farquaad resolves to marry Princess Fiona, locked in a castle tower guarded by a dragon. Unwilling to perform the task himself, he organizes a tournament wherein the winner gets the "privilege" of rescuing Fiona for him. Shrek and Donkey arrive during the tournament, ignorantly defeat Farquaad's knights. Farquaad proclaims them the champions, compels them under threat of death to rescue Fiona, promising to move the fairytale creatures from Shrek's swamp if he succeeds. Shrek and Donkey travel to the castle to find Fiona, they are attacked by a Dragon. In desperation, he sweet-talks the beast. Dragon carries him to her chambers. Meanwhile, Shrek finds Fiona, appalled at his lack of romanticism and surprised he had not slain Dragon, they leave after rescuing Donkey, Fiona is thrilled to be rescued but is disappointed when Shrek reveals he is an ogre. Despite her demands that Farquaad come get her in person, Shrek forcibly carries her as he ventures back to Duloc with Donkey.
At night, Shrek explains to Donkey his frustration at. The three encounter Robin Hood on their way back, where it is revealed that Fiona is an expert martial artist. Shrek and Fiona find they begin to fall in love; when the trio is at Duloc, Fiona takes shelter in a windmill for the evening. Donkey investigates, finding Fiona transformed into an ogress. Fiona reveals that she was cursed during childhood to transform every night, that only her true love's kiss will change her to "love's true form". Meanwhile, Shrek is about to confess his feelings to Fiona, but overhears part of their conversation and becomes upset after mistaking her calling herself an "ugly beast" as disgust towards him. At Donkey's suggestion, Fiona vows to tell Shrek about her curse, but sees that Shrek has brought Lord Farquaad to the windmill. Confused and hurt by Shrek's sudden cold disposition towards her, Fiona accepts Farquaad's marriage proposal and requests they be married before nightfall; the couple return to Duloc, while Shrek angrily abandons Donkey and returns to his now-vacated swamp.
Alister Henry Cumming is a Canadian linguist. He is a professor emeritus at the University of Toronto, he is most noted for early studies of composing processes in a second language in the 1980s, establishing that writing skills transfer from first to second languages, adopting Goal Theory from educational psychology to the study of second language writing research, for his contributions to language testing. Along with Ken Hyland, Judit Kormos, Rosa Manchón, Paul Kei Matsuda, Lourdes Ortega, Charlene Polio, Neomy Storch, Marjolijn Verspoor, Cumming is considered to be one of the most prominent researchers on second language writing. Cumming obtained his Bachelor of Arts at the University of British Columbia in 1975, a Master of Arts in 1979, he received his PhD at the University of Toronto in 1988. He has been a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Second Language Writing and a dozen other scholarly and professional journals, including Language Learning, which he edited in the 1990s and for which he was its Executive Director until 2015.
He was a member of the project, Encouraging The Culture Of Evaluation Among Professionals. Cumming's research is on language writing research, he adopted Goal Theory from educational psychology to study second language writing development. His main claim was that goals can emerge in three different ways: intention, or outcome, he claimed that goals play an important role in the development of second language writing. In his paper entitled "Learning to write in a second language: Two decades of research," he identified three main areas of research on second language writing: 1. Textual features, 2. Composing processes 3. Sociocultural context. 2014: Changjiang Scholarship from the Chinese Ministry of Education 2016: TÜBİTAK scholarship at Yeditepe University 2009: Honorary doctorate from the University of Copenhagen Goals for Academic Writing. Adolescent Literacies in a Multicultural Context; as of 11 September 2018. "Learning to write in a second language: Two decades of research." "The contribution of studies of foreign language writing to research and policies."
"What needs to be developed to facilitate classroom-based assessment?" "Assessing academic writing in foreign and second languages." "Language assessment in education: Tests and teaching." "Comparative research, research syntheses, adopting instruments in second language writing." "Multiple Dimensions of Academic Language and Literacy Development." "Assessing integrated writing tasks for academic purposes: Promises and perils." "Design in four diagnostic language assessments." "Research for and Within Literacy Instruction in Secondary Schools." Official website
Hollywood Inn F. C. was a U. S. soccer team which played in New York during the early twentieth century. While an amateur team for much of its existence, it played a single season in the professional National Association Football League. In 1913, it went to the final of the American Amateur Football Association Cup where it lost to Yonkers F. C; the team played its first game in September of that year. In October 1902, Hollywood Inn F. C. played the Union Settlement Athletic Club as part of the Greater New York Irish Athletic Association games.. In 1904 Hollywood Inn joined the established Metropolitan Association Football League, going to the league cup final in 1905. After three seasons in the MAFL, Hollywood Inn moved to the National Association Football League; the team finished second from the bottom of the standings and moved back the amateur leagues the next season. In 1908, they joined the New York State Football Association known as the New York Amateur League; this league had one which played on Saturday and the other on Sunday.
Hollywood Inn won the Saturday League defeated New York Clan MacDonald of the Sunday League in the champion game. They finished runner up to Brooklyn F. C. in the league cup. In 1911, the New York Amateur League adopted the unwieldy title, the New York and District Amateur Association Foot Ball League but returned to its original name the next season. Hollywood Inn finished a lowly eighth in the league standings for the 1911-1912 season, but made up for it when it went to the semifinals of the newly established American Amateur Football Association Cup; the AAFA would soon evolve into the United States Football Association and gain entry into FIFA in 1913. However, in the summer of 1913, AAFA held one more Cup; this year, Hollywood Inn went to the finals where it fell to Yonkers F. C; when the AAFA became the USFA, it ended its cup and introduced the National Challenge Cup, which became the U. S. Open Cup. In 1914, Hollywood Inn lost in the second round of the inaugural cup. There is no mention of the team after 1915.
League Championship Winner: 1909American Amateur Football Association Cup Runner Up: 1914Metropolitan Association Football League Cup Runner Up: 1905New York State Association Cup Winner: 1910, Runner Up: 1909 National Association Football League standings