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Shri transliterated as Shree, Sri, or Sree, is an Indian word denoting wealth and prosperity used as a honorific. In Devanagari script for Sanskrit, Hindi and other languages, the word ⟨श्री⟩ is combination of three sounds: श्, र् and ई. There are two conventions in India to transliterate the syllable श to English; some use the convention of sa, although incorrect, for transcribing श as in Sri Lanka and Srinagar, while others use the convention of sha for transcribing श as in Shimla and Shimoga. री is transliterated to English in two different ways as ri and ree, although the latter is non-standard. Hence, in English, the spelling of this word श्री varies from Shri to Shree through Sree. Whatever be the transliteration, the pronunciation is the same. Sanskrit is written in many Indian scripts as well, in which case there are corresponding letters which have the exact same values as the Devanagari, so the Sanskrit pronunciation remains the same regardless of script; the word is used in South and Southeast Asian languages such as Indonesian, Balinese, Thai, Telugu, Malayalam and Malay.

It is transliterated as Sri, Shri, Si, or Seri based on the local convention for transliteration. Hindus use a popular "yantra", or mystical diagram, called Shri Yantra, to worship the goddess of wealth; the term is used in Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia as a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms." in written and spoken language, but as a title of veneration for deities. Monier-Williams Dictionary gives the meaning of the root verb śrī as "to cook, boil, to burn, diffuse light", but as a feminine abstract noun, it has received a general meaning of "grace, beauty; the word śrī may be used as an adjective in Sanskrit, the origin of the modern use of shri as a title. From the noun, is derived the Sanskrit adjective “śrīmat”, by adding the suffix indicating possession “radiance-having”; this is used in modern vernacular as form of address Shrimati for married women, while Sushri, can be used for women in general. Shri is a polite form of address equivalent to the English "Mr." or "Ms.".

Shri is frequently used as an epithet of some Hindu gods, in which case it is translated into English as Holy. In language and general usage, Shri, if used by itself and not followed by any name, refers to the supreme consciousness, i.e. God. Shri Devi is the devi of wealth according to Hindu beliefs. Among today's orthodox Vaishnavas, the English word "Shree" is a revered syllable and is used to refer to Lakshmi, while "Sri" or "Shri" is used to address humans. Shri is one of the names of the Hindu god of prosperity. Shri is used as a title of the Hindu deities Rama, Krishna and sometimes Durga. Shri may be repeated depending on the status of the person. Shri: for anybody Shri 2: honorific, guru, e.g. Ravi Shankar Shri 3: title used by former Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski and PMs of Nepal Shri 5: title used by former King of Nepal (e.g. Shri pānch ko sarkār Shri 108: used by spiritual leaders Shri 1008: used by spiritual leaders There is a common practice of writing Shri as the first word centralised in line at the beginning of a document.

During the Vidyāraṃbhaṃ ceremony, the mantra "Om hari shri ganapataye namah" is written in sand or in a tray of rice grains by a child, under the supervision of a Guru or Priest. Another usage is as an emphatic compound in princely styles, notably in Darbar Shri, Desai Shri, Thakur Shri or Shrii Shrii Anandamurti, the founder of the social and spiritual movement Ananda Marga; the honorific can be applied to objects and concepts that are respected, such as the Sikh religious text, the Shri Guru Granth Sahib. When the Ramlila tradition of reenacting the Ramayana is referred to as an institution, the term Shri Ramlila is used; the use of the term is common as a prefix or postfix. Some examples are Shree, Dhanashree, Jayantashree and Shree ranjani; the honorific is incorporated into many place names. A partial list follows: Srimangal, Bangladesh Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh, a Siva temple one of the holiest places of worship for Hindus. Srikakulam, a town in northern Andhra Pradesh. Sri City, an integrated township located on the Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu border.

Shri Khetra, name of the Puri Jagannath Dham, Odisha. One of the four Dhams in the Hindu religion. Sree Mandira is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Jagannath and located in the coastal town of Puri in Odisha. Sri Lanka, an island country at the southern tip of India. Sri Perumbudur, a town in the state of Tamil Nadu Sri Rangam, an island zone in the city of Tiruchirapalli, in Tamil Nadu. Sri Nagar, nagar meaning "city", is the capital of the northernmost Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, the administrative capital of Sri Lanka. Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred fig

Brush bronzewing

The brush bronzewing is a species of bird in the pigeon family, Columbidae. It is endemic to Australia, with two biogeographically distinct subspecies; the brush bronzewing is one of around 310 species in the family Columbidae and can be classified into two distinct subspecies, P. elegans elegans and P. elegans occidentalis. P. elegans was first described by C. J. Temminck in 1810; the brush bronzewing is similar in size and shape to the related common bronzewing, however it's shorter and stockier in appearance. These birds are small and range in size from 25–33 cm. Sexual dimorphism is apparent in these birds. Both sexes are dark-olive brown on top, rich chestnut in colour along the nape and shoulder with blue-grey underparts; the brush bronzewing is named for the iridescent bars of blue and green across the inner secondary feather of each wing. The brush bronzewing is endemic to Australia, found in the South-West and South-East of the mainland with populations in Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania.

The subspecies P. elegans occidentalis occurs as a geographically distinct population, in the southwest of WA. This species favours dense coastal heathland, wet or dry sclerophyll forests and some mallee areas. Habitats with dense shrub layers and foliage, including native species such as Banksia, Melaleuca or Leptospermum, allow these cautious birds to find cover; this bird feeds on seeds and small insects. Local movements are a response to food and habitat availability. Unlike the common bronzewing, feeding doesn't occur in small flocks with birds foraging singly or in pairs. To that species, the brush bronzewing drinks at dawn or dusk, approaching watering holes cautiously after landing a short distance away; the Brush Bronzewing exhibits a breeding display similar to the common bronzewing, including a courtship display of bowing and a vocal advertisement of a low repeated'hoop' or'whoo' call. Breeding occurs between September - January, however incubation of eggs and hatchlings has been observed all year round.

Young are semi-altricial and nidicolous, requiring warmth, nourishment and a high level of parental care. The clutch usuallu consists of two eggs, which will be incubated for 17 days and fledge after 16–20 days. Adult pairs will resume breeding 3 --. Due to the shy and cautious nature of these birds, they will flush from their nests abruptly when they perceive a potential threat; this may be the cause of their low nesting success, with one study finding that seven young hatched from 29 eggs across 15 nests, of which only three survived to fledge. Birds tend to reside within their local habitats, with no long distance banding recoveries being and no large scale migrations apparent. In a study from 1967, one bird was recovered just 25 km from the initial banding site; these birds are seen in flocking formation, preferring to move singly, in pairs or small family groups. The brush bronzewing is listed as a species of Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and considered by BirdLife Australia to have secure populations in all states it occurs in.

Like many other ground-dwelling bird species, the bronze brushwing is threatened by introduced predators such as cats and foxes. Like several other species, it appears to have increased toxicity to non-native mammalian predators due to feeding on Gastrolobium plants, which may contribute to the maintenance of biodiversity in south-west Western Australia


The Retizhe is a river in south-western Bulgaria, a right tributary of the Mesta. The river drains parts of the eastern slopes of the Pirin mountain range; the river takes its source from Pirin's largest and deepest glacial lake, Popovo, at an altitude of 2,234 m. At an altitude of 2,174 m near the Fish Popovi Lakes it is joined by two mountain streams — one from the north sloping down the summit of Polezhan, one from the west coming from the Polezhanski Lakes. Further downstream another stream coming from the Kremenski Lakes flows into the Retizhe, it flows in north-eastern direction in a deep valley, forming rapids and small waterfalls. Downstream the valley is covered with dense forests; some four kilometres before its mouth the Retizhe turns in eastern direction and forms a deep impassable canyon. It flows into the Mesta at Momina Klisura Gorge at an altitude of 646 m near the village of Mesta, Bansko Municipality; the village is the only settlement along the course of the river. Its drainage basin covers 1.33 % of Mesta's total.

The main tributary is the Kremeshnitsa, which flows into the Retizhe close to its confluence with the Mesta. The river has predominantly snow-rain feed with low water in winter; the average annual flow is 1.33 m3/s. Only a small part of the river's water resources are utilised for hydroelectricity. There are five small hydro power stations with a combined installed capacity of 10 MW; the river sustains large populations of brown trout. Retizhe Cove in Antarctica is named after the river. Мичев, Николай. Географски речник на България. София: Наука и култура. Душков, Добри. Пирин. Туристически речник. София: Наука и култура

Arnold Walker (RAF officer)

Arnold Edgar "Blondie" Walker DFC & Bar was a British fighter pilot during World War II who flew 169 sorties, was shot down three times, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross twice. Born in Warley Edge, West Yorkshire, the son of a stonemason and builder, youngest of three children, Walker was educated at Heath Grammar School but left school early, aged 15, to join his father's building firm. However, at the age of 18 his father died. At the outbreak of war, construction was deemed a reserved occupation, but he was "mad keen on flying" and volunteered for the Royal Air Force. Walker undertook pilot training in Canada under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. On completion of his training he was a sergeant, he was commissioned into the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve as a pilot officer on probation on 1 December 1941. He converted to the Hurricane, he was sent to the Middle East, sailing to Freetown in Sierra Leone before flying across the desert to Khartoum and on to Port Said where he was protecting convoys.

His first kill was a Junkers Ju 88. In August 1942, Walker joined No. 94 Squadron, which soon received four Hawker Hurricanes donated by Lady MacRobert, whose three sons had died while serving in the RAF, one of them with No. 94 Squadron. Their names and coat of arms were painted on the nose of the aircraft, Walker was allocated "Sir Roderic", which he flew during the North African campaign, he was promoted war substantive flying officer on 1 October 1942. After his experiences flying with No. 94 Squadron, Walker was offered an instructor's job. He did not want this, so volunteered to transfer to No. 6 Squadron RAF who were preparing to join the war in Italy. He was promoted to war substantive flight lieutenant on 1 December 1943. On 8 August 1944, he was awarded an "immediate" Distinguished Flying Cross, a field award; the KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards in recognition of gallantry displayed in flying operations against the enemy. Distinguished Flying Cross. Flight Lieutenant Arnold Edgar WALKER, R.

A. F. V. R. 6 Sqn. This officer has achieved much success in attacks on shipping, railway communications and mechanical transport, he has displayed the greatest determination throughout and his example in the face of the enemy has been most inspiring. One night in June 1944, he caused the destruction of a lighter; the following night, Flight Lieutenant Walker participated in a most successful attack on a small convoy consisting of 10 small craft, all of which were attacked with destructive effect. His keenness and devotion to duty have been outstanding. On 14 November 1944 he was awarded a bar to his DFC. However, on his return from operations in October 1944, Blondie was posted as an instructor on the Hawker Typhoon, based in the New Forest, he was released from RAF service in 1946. Walker returned to Halifax to re-establish the family building company, Joseph Walker & Son, shut down during the war, he wrote a short memoir of his wartime experiences with the dedication: "To my two ground crew – without your fabulous service of my aircraft I would not be alive today".

After the war, Joseph Walker & Son built more than 2,000 council houses and 1,000 private houses. He continued to build houses in the Calderdale area of West Yorkshire for the next half-century, he had building interests in Perth, Western Australia, where he would move to. He was a Liberal councillor for Warley Ward in Halifax during the early 1950s and was elected president of the Halifax Building Trades Council. Walker was known to be a fierce competitor in sport and life, he played golf off a handicap of four, was captain of West End Golf Club and made an honorary member of The Royal Perth Golf Club. He skied every year in Kitzbühel from 1948 until he was 80 years old, he was known in Kitzbühel as "Halifax", some locals assuming he was the Earl of Halifax. He married three times, he married Maisie, who he had known since he was 18 before being sent to the Middle East in 1941. He had a son, Johnny who predeceased him in 2007, a daughter, three stepsons and two grandchildren and Daniel. In life, Walker lived nine months of the year in Perth, spending the remainder in his hometown of Halifax, West Yorkshire.

Telegraph Obituary Yorkshire Post Obituary Halifax Courier Obituary Halifax Courier Announcement

Germán Abad Valenzuela

Germán Abad Valenzuela was an Ecuadorian radiologist. He served as the doctor to 20 Ecuadorian presidents including. Mariano Suárez Veintimilla Abad was born August 10, 1919 in Guayaquil to Juana Valenzuela Garaycoa and mariner Benigno Abad Lara, he attended primary school in Quito and in Guayaquil. In high school, he was athlete, he attended Guayaquil's Vicente Rocafuerte School and Quito's Cristóbal Colón School, graduating from Vicente Rocafuerte. He graduated from the University of Guayaquil in 1948. While studying, he received important prizes from the Medical School Association and the Guayas Philanthropical Society, he worked in Luis Vernaza Hospital, León Becerra Hospital, Alejandro Mann Hospital. He played an important role in the installation of radiological facilities in the Social Security Clinic and Lorenzo Ponce Hospital, he founded the Guayaquil Posorja Yola Regatta as a medical student in 1940. This rowing race is consider the longest competition in the world with an extension of 49 nautic miles.

He received awards including the Orden Nacional Al Mérito in the Comendador grade. He was married to Lidia Rodríguez, with whom he had five children, Germán, Juan José, Francesca and Víctor Alfonso. Germán Abad Valenzuela in the Biographical Dictionary of Ecuador Linaje Valenzuela: Dr. Germán Abad Valenzuela

16th TVyNovelas Awards

The 16th TVyNovelas Awards, is an Academy of special awards to the best of soap operas and TV shows. The awards ceremony took place on 1998 in the México D. F.. The ceremony was televised in the Mexico by Canal de las estrellas. Fernando Colunga and Sebastian Ligarde hosted the show. Esmeralda won 5 awards including Best Telenovela of the most for the evening. Other winners Pueblo chico, infierno grande won 4 awards, Te sigo amando won 3 awards, Mirada de mujer won 2 awards and Alguna vez tendremos alas, Mi pequeña traviesa, María Isabel, Mi querida Isabel, El alma no tiene color and Salud, dinero y amor won one each