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Shwedagon Pagoda

The Shwedagon Pagoda named Shwedagon Zedi Daw and known as the Great Dagon Pagoda and the Golden Pagoda, is a gilded stupa located in Yangon, Myanmar. The 326-foot-tall pagoda is situated on Singuttara Hill, to the west of Kandawgyi Lake, dominates the Yangon skyline. Shwedagon Pagoda is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in Myanmar, as it is believed to contain relics of the four previous Buddhas of the present kalpa; these relics include the staff of Kakusandha, the water filter of Koṇāgamana, a piece of the robe of Kassapa, eight strands of hair from the head of Gautama. Historians and archaeologists maintain that the pagoda was built by the Mon people between the 6th and 10th centuries AD. However, according to legend, the Shwedagon Pagoda was constructed more than 2,600 years ago, which would make it the oldest Buddhist stupa in the world. According to tradition and Bhallika — two merchant brothers from the north of Singuttara Hill what is Yangon met the Lord Gautama Buddha during his lifetime and received eight of the Buddha's hairs.

The brothers returned to Burma and, with the help of the local ruler, King Okkalapa, found Singuttara Hill, where relics of other Buddhas preceding Gautama Buddha had been enshrined. When the king opened the golden casket in which the brothers had carried the hairs, incredible things happened: The stupa fell into disrepair until the 14th century, when King Binnya U rebuilt it to a height of 18 m. A century Queen Binnya Thau raised its height to 40 m, she terraced the hill on which it stands, paved the top terrace with flagstones, assigned land and hereditary slaves for its maintenance. Binnya Thau yielded up the throne to her son-in-law Dhammazedi in 1472. During her last illness she had her bed placed so that she could look upon the gilded dome of the stupa; the Mon face of the Shwedagon inscription catalogues a list of repairs beginning in 1436 and finishing during Dhammazedi's reign. By the beginning of the 16th century, Shwedagon Pagoda had become the most famous Buddhist pilgrimage site in Burma.

A series of earthquakes during the following centuries caused damage. The worst damage was caused by a 1768 earthquake that brought down the top of the stupa, but King Hsinbyushin raised it to its current height of 99 m. A new crown umbrella was donated by King Mindon Min in 1871 after the annexation of Lower Burma by the British. An earthquake of moderate intensity in October 1970 put the shaft of the crown umbrella visibly out of alignment. A scaffold was erected and extensive repairs were made. From 22 February 2012 to 7 March 2012, devotees celebrated the annual Shwedagon Pagoda Festival for the first time since 1988, when it was banned by the governing State Law and Order Restoration Council. Celebrations began at the Rahu corner of the pagoda's yinbyin platform, at the Maha Pahtan and Aung Myay central platforms, at 9 am. on 22 February. The Shwedagon Pagoda Festival, the largest pagoda festival in the country, begins during the new moon of the month of Tabaung in the traditional Burmese calendar and continues until the full moon.

The pagoda is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List. The stupa's plinth is made of bricks covered with gold plates. Above the base are terraces that other males can access. Next is the bell-shaped part of the stupa. Above, the turban the inverted almsbowl and upright lotus petals, the banana bud and the umbrella crown; the crown is tipped with 2,317 rubies. Before the diamond bud is a flag-shaped vane; the top—the diamond bud—is tipped with a 76 carat diamond. The gold seen on the stupa is made of genuine gold plates, covering the brick structure and attached by traditional rivets. People all over the country, as well as monarchs in its history, have donated gold to the pagoda to maintain it; the practice continues to this day after being started in the 15th century by the Queen Shin Sawbu, who gave her weight in gold. There are each leading up a flight of steps to the platform on Singuttara Hill. A pair of giant leogryphs guards each entrance; the eastern and southern approaches have vendors selling books, good luck charms, images of the Buddha, gold leaf, incense sticks, prayer flags, miniature umbrellas and flowers.

It is customary to circumnavigate Buddhist stupas in a clockwise direction. In accordance with this principle, one may begin at the eastern directional shrine, which houses a statue of Kakusandha, the first Buddha of the present kalpa. Next, at the southern directional shrine, is a statue of the second Buddha, Koṇāgamana. Next, at the western directional shrine, is that of the third Buddha, Kassapa. At the northern directional shrine, is that of the fourth Buddha, Gautama. Most Burmese people are Theravada Buddhists, many follow practices which originated in Hindu astrology. Burmese astrology recognizes the seven planets of astrology — the Sun, Mercury, Mars and Saturn. In addition, it recognizes two other planets and Ketu. All the Burmese names of the planets are borrowed from Hindu astrology, but the Burmese Rahu and Ketu are different from the Hindu Rahu and Ketu; the Burmese consider them to be distinct and separate planets, whereas Hindu astrology considers them to be either the Dragon's Head and Tails, or Ascending and Descending Nodes.

To the Burmese people, Ketu is the king of all planets. As in many other languages, the Burmese name the seven days of their week after the seven planets, but Burmese astrology recognizes an

Cinder Block (musician)

Cinder Block is an American punk rock vocalist and visual artist. Cinder sang for Fat Wreck Chords band, Tilt from 1992 to 2001, she sang with the all-female band Fabulous Disaster for a short time. She would go on to form the hardcore punk band, Retching Red, her lyrics focus on left wing political themes and other irreverent topics. She was married to Jeffrey Bischoff, former Tilt guitarist, with whom she co-founded a licensing and merchandising store, Cinder Block Inc. Cinder makes silkscreens and has been doing so for two decades, she worked for Fabula magazine and Punk Rock Confidential. Cinder earned a BFA in Theatre from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Cinder Block on IMDb Tilt on Myspace Retching Red on Myspace

Sweet Frog

Sweet Frog is a chain of frozen yogurt retail restaurants owned and operated by Sweet Frog Enterprises, LLC. Sweet Frog customers create their own soft-serve frozen yogurt with numerous flavors and toppings from which to choose. Derek Cha, who immigrated to the United States from South Korea at the age of 12, is the founder of Sweet Frog, he opened the first Sweet Frog shop in Richmond, Virginia in 2009, at a time when the United States economy was in a recession. Cha founded Sweet Frog on Christian principles; the "FROG" part of the name, according to Cha, is an acronym for "Fully Rely on God". The Sweet Frog restaurant's interiors are painted pink and green, the typical store consists of seven or eight frozen yogurt machines, toppings bars, merchandise, much of, centered on Sweet Frog's mascots "Scoop" and "Cookie."In the Fall of 2018, SweetFrog was acquired by a wholly owned subsidiary of Canada-based MTY Food Group Inc. of Montreal, Quebec. Based in Scottsdale, Arizona, at the time of its acquisition by MTY Food Group, the chain operated 332 locations in the United States and abroad, most of which are franchised.

Derek Cha started Sweet Frog with only one restaurant in 2009, in four years Sweet Frog has grown to over 215 stores in 25 states in the U. S. with more stores located internationally in the Dominican Republic, the United Kingdom, Egypt. In its first 3 years of franchising, over 60 Sweet Frog stores were opened. By the spring of 2012, it was reported that Sweet Frog had 100 stores, expected to have 200 by the end of the calendar year Cha's goal was to have 200 Sweet Frog stores by the end of 2012. A 24 April 2013 article reported that Sweet Frog had 240 stores at the time of that writing, which would include corporate-owned and franchised locations, it added that Sweet Frog had grown from 130 stores only seven months earlier in October 2012. By 2020, Cha stated that he would like to have 1,000 U. S. locations and 1,000 international locationsOn April 17, 2012, Boxwood Capital Partners, LLC announced that it had made a growth capital investment in sweetFrog Enterprises, LLC. Boxwood's minority investment is being used to help fund Sweet Frog's expansion plans across the country and internationally.

Subsequent to the investment, James Patrick Galleher, the Managing Director at Boxwood Capital Partners became the Chief Executive Officer of Sweet Frog Enterprises, LLC. In 2014, sweetFrog was listed #22 on the Inc. 500 list of fastest growing private companies in 2014 with revenues of $34.4 million. On February 2, 2015, it was announced that Boxwood Capital Partners, LLC had acquired sweetFrog Enterprises, LLC; the table below shows the Year, how many stores Sweet Frog opened during that year and the total number of stores that Sweet Frog had open and was operating by the end of that calendar year: On April 18, 2016, it was announced by BK Racing that sweetFrog would be sponsoring David Ragan and the No. 23 Toyota Camry for the Toyota Owners 400 at Richmond International Raceway. SweetFrog returned to sponsor Ragan's No. 23 for the Federated Auto Parts 400 at Richmond in August. SweetFrog appeared in the video game NASCAR Heat Evolution. List of frozen yogurt companies Official website