Sidney Gillman was an American football player and executive. Gillman's insistence on stretching the football field by throwing deep downfield passes, instead of short passes to running backs or wide receivers at the sides of the line of scrimmage, was instrumental in making football into the modern game that it is today. Gillman played football as an end at Ohio State University from 1931 to 1933, he played professionally for one season in 1936 with the Cleveland Rams of the second American Football League. After serving as an assistant coach at Ohio State from 1938 to 1940, Gillman was the head football coach at Miami University from 1944 to 1947 and at the University of Cincinnati from 1949 to 1954, compiling a career college football record of 81–19–2, he moved to the ranks of professional football, where he headed the NFL's Los Angeles Rams, the American Football League's Los Angeles and San Diego Chargers, the NFL's Houston Oilers, amassing a career record of 123–104–7 in the National Football League and the American Football League.
Gillman's 1963 San Diego Chargers won the AFL Championship. Gillman was inducted as a coach into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1983 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1989, he is the sole coach in the history of American football to have earned both honors. Born in Minneapolis, Gillman played college football at Ohio State University under coach Sam Willaman, forming the basis of his offense, he was a team captain and All-Big Ten Conference end in 1933. While attending Ohio State University, Gillman was a brother of the Nu chapter of the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity. Always interested in the game, while working as a movie theater usher, he removed football segments from newsreels that the theater would show, so that he could take them home and study them on a projector he had bought; this dedication to filmed football plays made Gillman the first coach to study game footage, something that all coaches do today. Gillman played one year in the American Football League for the Cleveland Rams became an assistant coach at Denison University, Ohio State University, was an assistant coach to Earl Blaik of Army head coach at Miami University and the University of Cincinnati.
His record over 10 years as a college head coach were 81–19–2. He returned to professional football as a head coach with the Los Angeles Rams, leading the team to the NFL's championship game, moved to the American Football League, where he coached the Los Angeles and San Diego Chargers to five Western Division titles and one league championship in the first six years of the AFL's existence, his greatest coaching success came after he was persuaded by Barron Hilton the Chargers' majority owner, to become the head coach of the AFL franchise he planned to operate in Los Angeles. When the team's general manager, Frank Leahy, became ill during the Chargers' founding season, Gillman took on additional responsibilities as general manager; as the first coach of the Chargers, Gillman gave the team a mercurial personality that matched his own. He had much to do with the AFL being able to establish itself. Gillman was a thorough professional, in order to compete with him, his peers had to learn pro ways.
They learned, the AFL became the genesis of modern professional football. "Sid Gillman brought class to the AFL", Oakland Raiders managing general partner Al Davis once said of the man he served under on that first Chargers team. "Being part of Sid's organization was like going to a laboratory for the developed science of professional football." Through Gillman's tenure as head coach, the Chargers went 87–57–6 and won five AFL Western Division titles. In 1963 they captured the only league championship the club won by outscoring the Boston Patriots, 51–10, in the American Football League championship game in Balboa Stadium; that game was a measure of Gillman's genius. He crafted a game plan he entitled "Feast or Famine" that used motion seldom seen, to negate the Patriots' blitzes, his plan freed running back Keith Lincoln to rush for 206 yards. In addition to Lincoln, on Gillman's teams through the'60s were these notable players: wide receiver Lance Alworth. Gillman was one of only two head coaches to hold that position for the entire 10-year existence of the American Football League.
Gillman approached then-NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle in 1963 with the idea of having the champions of the AFL and the NFL play a single final game, but his idea was not implemented until the Super Bowl was played in 1967. Following his tenure with San Diego, he coached the Houston Oilers for two years from 1973 to 1974, helping bring the club out of the funk it had been in for many seasons prior, closer to playoff contention, he served as the offensive coordinator for the Chicago Bears in 1977 and as a consultant for Dick Vermeil's Philadelphia Eagles in 1980. In July 1983, at age 71, Gillman came out of retirement after an offer from Bill Tatham, Sr. and Bill Tatham, Jr. owners of the United States Football League expansion team the Oklahoma Outlaws. Gillman agreed to serve as Director of Operations and signed quarterback Doug Williams, who led the Washington Redskins to victory in Super Bowl XXII. Although Gillman signed a roster of players to play for the Tulsa, Oklahoma-based franchise, he was fired by Tatham six months in a dispute over
Bivol.bg known as Bivol, is an investigative media based in Bulgaria, part of the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project network and an official partner of WikiLeaks. Its team comprises Dimitar Stoyanov and Assen Yordanov. Tchobanov is a member of the executive committee of the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project; the European Commission has referred to one of Bivol's investigations known as Yaneva Gate in their 2016 report on Bulgaria under the Mechanism for Cooperation and Verification. This mechanism measures the country's progress in the area of corruption and judicial independence. In 2010, Assen Yordanov from Bivol.bg received a Leipzing Media Award, meant to "honor journalists, publishers and institutions from all over the world who dedicate themselves to ensuring and developing the freedom of the press by demonstrating willingness to take risks, strong personal commitment, persistence and democratic conviction." Yordanov was nominated for an award by Reporters Without Borders in 2013.
In 2019, Bivol's journalist Dimitar Stoyanov received the Axel Springer Award for investigative journalism together with a colleague from the RISE Project Romania. In 2015, Bivol started publishing leaked recordings of conversations between two judges from the Sofia City Court, Rumyana Chenalova and Vladimira Yaneva, the lawyer Momchil Mondeshki: the wiretaps were dubbed Yaneva Gate; the conversations show influence peddling, illegitimate pressure on the judiciary by Bulgaria's Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, media mogul and politician Delyan Peevski and General Prosecutor Sotir Tsatsarov and moral degradation of the courts, including sex against career promotion. According to the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, "the wiretaps have once again raised questions about the judiciary’s practices, lack of separation of powers, questionable adherence to rule of law." Yaneva Gate reached the European Commission which asked Bulgarian authorities to carry out an investigation. The President of Bulgaria's Supreme Court of Cassation Lozan Panov publicly called for an independent investigation because Yaneva Gate "put a stain on the courts".
However, Bulgaria's Prosecutor's Office and the Ethics Committee of the Supreme Judicial Council refused to investigate because they deemed the recordings were manipulated. By contrast, an independent examination by a foreign laboratory which Bivol contacted showed the recordings were authentic. One of the judges in the conversation confirmed. Hristo Ivanov, Minister of Justice at the time, has referred to these recordings as а "mega corruption scandal." In principle, an investigation is difficult because of the vertical structure of Bulgaria's Prosecutor's Office, which means that the General Prosecutor has to investigate himself. In 2018, Bivol.bg published their investigation known as GP Gate, a joint project with RISE Project Romania. Arguably, it "exposed a complex network of consultants and public officials that evidence indicates feasted without public oversight on projects funded by the European Union." While working on their investigation in September 2018, journalist from Bivol Dimitar Stoyanov and Attila Biro from RISE Project Romania were detained by Bulgarian authorities.
The head of the Directorate for Combating Organized Crime Ivaylo Spiridonov denied that an arrest took place. Subsequently, the Court of Pernik established not only there was an arrest, but that the detainment was illegal. In response to the arrest, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe said it was concerned by the "verbal and physical intimidation" of the journalists by Bulgarian authorities; the Council of Europe issued an alert and monitored the case. Reporters Without Borders publicly condemned the arrests. In 2018, Bivol.bg gained access to the Panama Papers under an agreement with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and subsequently published a story about the offshore company Viafot, attempting to acquire a key asset of Bulgaria's defense industry, namely the arms producer Dunarit. The Panama Papers show that Viafot is owned by Alexander Angelov, the lawyer of media mogul Delyan Peevski. Other Bulgarian media had reported how mysteriously all state institutions help Viafot acquire Dunarit through illegitimate means.
However, the Prosecutor's Office has not started an inquiry. Bivol.bg have shed light on the corrupt practices of Bulgaria's Prosecutor's Office by interviewing investigator Boyko Atanasov. Atanasov was subjected to pressure because he exposed the existence of a special secret unit "directly subordinate to General Prosecutor Sotir Tsatsarov, Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and controversial businessman, media mogul and lawmaker Delyan Peevski." Atanasov claims the unit "deals with concealing crimes and tipoffs against people close to the government, at the same time, uses signals and tipoffs to blackmail the inconvenient." Atanasov revealed that "the members of the special unit can’t pursue cases based on their own judgment, but must work according to Tsatsarov’s orders and instructions, otherwise they face salary reduction, disciplinary proceedings and work overload.” The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project has reported that "Atanasov took a TV crew to show them trash containers at the Sofia Investigation Office filled with shredded business contracts and documents from interrogations, including the collapse of Corporate Commercial Bank, the fourth largest private lender in Bulgaria.
He insisted that the documents were destroyed after he gave his first interview to Bivol."In 2019, Bivol interviewed a second investigator, Radiana Abdulova, who confirmed there was a special u
47th Street is a commuter rail station within the city of Chicago that serves the Metra Electric Line north to Millennium Station and south to University Park, Blue Island and the neighborhood of South Chicago. This station is a flag stop picking up passengers only when visible to train conductor and discharging passengers only when conductors are notified. Passengers can only exit the train from the first car; the first station at this location was built by the Illinois Central Railroad. CTA 2 Hyde Park Express 6 Jackson Park Express 28 Stony Island 47 47th Metra – Stations – 47th Street Station from Google Maps Street View