Gilbert Gaul (artist)
William Gilbert Gaul was a late 19th and early 20th century American painter and illustrator of military subjects ranging from the American Civil War to World War I, as well as American Western vistas and scenes. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, on March 31, 1855 to George W. and Cornelia A. Gaul, he attended school in Newark, at the Claverack Military Academy. In New York, he began studying art under L. E. Wilmarth at the National Academy of Design school from 1872 until 1876, he studied with John George Brown and at the Art Students' League of New York when it opened in 1875. In 1876 Gaul visited the American West, on his return began to exhibit military and western paintings at the National Academy and elsewhere. To supplement his income, he provided numerous illustrations to Century Magazine at a time when it was publishing Civil War memoirs, his work attracted some interest and he was elected as an associate of the National Academy in 1879 for his painting The Stragglers, in 1882, was elected a full academician for Charging the Battery, being the youngest to achieve that honor.
The same year, his painting entitled Holding the Line at All Hazards was awarded the gold medal by the American Art Association, in 1889, he received the bronze medal at the Paris Exposition for Charging the Battery. He won further medals at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, at the Buffalo Exposition in 1902. Besides spending time in New York City, he had built a log cabin and studio near Fall Creek Falls in Van Buren County, Tennessee, on land he had inherited from his uncle, Hiram Gilbert, he spent some time in 1890 as a special agent for the federal census among the Native Americans in North Dakota making sketches for the "Report on Indians Taxed and Indians Not Taxed." Following this, he traveled to Mexico, Nicaragua, the Caribbean, South America. He married late in life, in September 1898, Marian Halstead, daughter of a British Vice-Admiral G. A. Halstead, R. N. A descendant of Lawrence Halsted. By the turn of the century, his work was falling out of favor and he turned to teaching at Cumberland Female College in McMinnville.
He still maintained a studio in Nashville where he worked on a series for a portfolio published in 1907 titled With the Confederate Colors. It failed to attract much attention, by 1910, Gaul had moved to Ridgefield, New Jersey, he did tackle the Great War but with little success, he died on December 21, 1919 of tuberculosis after a long illness. In 1882, William Gilbert Gaul was elected to the National Academy of Design when he was 27 years old, he was awarded the medal of the American Art Association, the medal of the Paris Exposition in 1889, two bronze medals of the Chicago Exposition in 1893, the medal of the Buffalo Exposition in 1901, a gold medal at the Appalachian Exhibition of 1910 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Today, Gilbert Gaul's paintings can be found in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Corcoran Gallery of Art, West Point Museum, Yale University Art Gallery, Birmingham Museum of Art, National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Sid Richardson Museum and in the Johnson Collection in Spartanburg, South Carolina, among other museums and private collections.
Gaul's farm in Van Buren County now is a part of Fall Creek Falls State Park, which has a designated Gilbert Gaul Trail. D. W. H. "William Gilbert Gaul," Dictionary of American Biography, page 193. Gilder, Jeannette L. "A Painter of Soldiers," The Outlook, July 2, 1898, pp. 570–573. Lathrop, George Parsons, "An American Military Artist," The Quarterly Illustrator, Vol. I, No. 4, Oct–Dec. 1893, pp. 234–240. Reeves, John F. Gilbert Gaul. Exhibition catalogue and Huntsville Museum of Art, 1975. Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Summer 1985, page 90. Works by Gilbert Gaul at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Gilbert Gaul at Internet Archive Memorial exhibition of paintings by Gilbert Gaul, N. A. at Braus Galleries, Inc. New York, Thomas J. Watson Library, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area in the U. S. state of Texas. It is the largest hub for American Airlines, headquartered near the airport, it is the fourth busiest airport in the world by aircraft movements and the fourteenth busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in 2017. It is second busiest in Texas. With nearly 900 daily flights, American Airlines at DFW is the second largest airline hub in the world and the United States, behind Delta's Atlanta hub. Located halfway between the major cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, DFW spills across portions of Dallas and Tarrant counties, includes portions of the cities of Irving, Euless and Coppell. At 17,207 acres, DFW is larger than the island of Manhattan, is the second largest airport by land area in the United States, after Denver International Airport, it has its own post office ZIP code, 75261, United States Postal Service city designation, as well as its own police, fire protection and emergency medical services.
The members of the airport's board of directors are appointed by the "owner cities" of Dallas and Fort Worth, with a non-voting member chosen from the airport's four neighboring cities on a rotating basis. As of April 2019, DFW Airport has service to 249 destinations, including 62 international and 187 domestic destinations within the U. S. In surpassing 200 destinations, DFW joined a small group of airports worldwide with that distinction; as early as 1927, before the area had an airport, Dallas proposed a joint airport with Fort Worth. Fort Worth declined the offer and thus each city opened its own airport, Love Field and Meacham Field, each of which had scheduled airline service. In 1940 the Civil Aeronautics Administration earmarked $1.9 million for the construction of a Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport. American Airlines and Braniff Airways struck a deal with the city of Arlington to build an airport there, but the governments of Dallas and Fort Worth disagreed over its construction and the project was abandoned in 1942.
After World War II, Fort Worth annexed the site and developed it into Amon Carter Field with the help of American Airlines. In 1953 Fort Worth transferred its commercial flights from Meacham Field to the new airport, 12 miles from Dallas Love Field. In 1960 Fort Worth purchased Amon Carter Field and renamed it Greater Southwest International Airport GSW in an attempt to compete with Dallas' airport, but GSW's traffic continued to decline relative to Dallas Love Field. By the mid-1960s Fort Worth was getting 1% of Texas air traffic while Dallas was getting 49%, which led to the virtual abandonment of GSW; the joint airport proposal was revisited in 1961 after the Federal Aviation Administration refused to invest more money in separate Dallas and Fort Worth airports. Although the Fort Worth airport was abandoned, Dallas Love Field became congested and had no more room to expand. Following an order from the federal government in 1964 that it would unilaterally choose a site if the cities could not come to an agreement, officials from the two cities agreed on a location for a new regional airport, north of the abandoned GSW and equidistant from the two city centers.
The land was purchased by the cities in 1966 and construction began in 1969. Voters went to the polls in cities throughout the Dallas/Ft Worth area to approve the new North Texas Regional Airport, named after the North Texas Commission, instrumental in the regional airport coming to fruition; the North Texas Commission formed the North Texas Airport Commission to oversee the planning and construction of the giant airport. Area voters approved the airport referendum and the new North Texas Regional Airport would become a reality. Under the original 1967 airport design, DFW was to have pier-shaped terminals perpendicular to a central highway. In 1968, the design was revised to provide for semicircular terminals, which served to isolate loading and unloading areas from the central highway, to provide additional room for parking in the middle of each semicircle; the plan proposed thirteen such terminals. DFW held an open house and dedication ceremony on September 20–23, 1973, which included the first landing of a supersonic Concorde in the United States, an Air France aircraft en route from Caracas to Paris.
The attendees at the airport's dedication included former Texas Governor John Connally, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, U. S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen and Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe; the airport opened for commercial service as Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport on January 13, 1974, at a cost of $700 million. The first flight to land was American Airlines Flight 341 from New York, which had stopped in Memphis and Little Rock; the name change to Dallas/Fort Worth International did not occur until 1985. When it opened, DFW had four terminals, numbered 2W, 2E, 3E and 4E. During its first year of operations, the airport was served by American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Ozark Air Lines, Rio Airways and Texas International Airlines; the Wright Amendment of 1979 banned long distance flights into Love Field, leaving Southwest Airlines as Love Field's only jet airline and operating as an intrastate air carrier in the state of Texas.
Braniff International Airways was a major operator at DFW in the airport's early years, operating a hub from Terminal 2W with international flights to South America and Mexico from 1974, London from 1978 and Europe and Asi
Westover Hills, Texas
Westover Hills is a town in Tarrant County, United States. The population was 682 at the 2010 census. Westover Hills, as of 2000, was the wealthiest location in Texas by per capita income and the 12th highest-income place in the United States. However, since it has been surpassed in Texas by both Piney Point Village and Barton Creek, it is still the wealthiest suburb of Texas. Westover Hills is located at 32°44′44″N 97°24′54″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 658 people, 258 households, 211 families residing in the town; the population density was 920.9 people per square mile. There were 273 housing units at an average density of 382.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.33% White, 0.76% Asian, 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population. There were 258 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.1% were married couples living together, 1.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.2% were non-families.
15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.86. In the town, the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 2.0% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 35.4% from 45 to 64, 21.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was in excess $200,000, as is the median income for a family. Males had a median income of over $100,000 versus $45,417 for females; the per capita income for the town was $133,558. About 1.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over. Westover Hills is in the Fort Worth Independent School District. Westover Hills is served by: Mary Louise Phillips Elementary School Phillips was built in 1949.
It was named after Mary Louise Phillips, the first female board member of FWISD. Monnig Middle School Arlington Heights High SchoolHowever, most families choose to send their children to private schools Fort Worth Country Day School, but All Saints' Episcopal SchoolTrinity Valley School, all three of which participate in the Southwestern Preparatory Conference. Town of Westover Hills official website
William Robinson Leigh
William Robinson Leigh was an American artist who specialized in Western scenes. He was born at Berkeley County, West Virginia, he entered the Maryland Institute at age 14 attended the Royal Academy in Munich. He returned to the United States after twelve years abroad and worked painting cycloramas and as a magazine illustrator, he married twice, fathered William Colston Leigh, Sr.. In 1906, Leigh maintained a studio in New York City. In 1926 he travelled to Africa at the invitation of Carl Akeley for the American Museum of Natural History, from this experience wrote and illustrated Frontiers of Enchantment: An Artist's Adventures in Africa. In 1933, he illustrated The Western Pony, his adventures were chronicled in a number of popular magazines including Life, the Saturday Evening Post, Colliers. He is known for painting the Grand Canyon and Yellowstone National Park, but his primary interest were the Hopi and Navajo Indians. In 1953 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member and became a full Academician in 1955.
Leigh made astrobiological art for the March 1908 issue of Cosmopolitan, with four full-page illustrations of an article written by H. G. Wells, "The Things that Live on Mars", which speculated about Martian life. Science fiction writer Edmond Hamilton, born October 1904, described looking and re-looking at the issue as a defining experience in his life. "I wasn't yet able to read it, to read the article, but those pictures!"After his death, Leigh's New York studio was given to the Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Leigh, William Robinson, Autobiography, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University. Biography at Medicine Man Gallery Artist Bio at Ackerman's Fine Art, LLC Bears in the Path, 1904 at Sid Richardson Museum – with biography The Hold Up, 1903 at Sid Richardson Museum William Robinson Leigh at Library of Congress Authorities, with 8 catalog records
A museum is an institution that cares for a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, historical, or scientific importance. Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary; the largest museums are located in major cities throughout the world, while thousands of local museums exist in smaller cities and rural areas. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public; the goal of serving researchers is shifting to serving the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, children's museums. Amongst the world's largest and most visited museums are the Louvre in Paris, the National Museum of China in Beijing, the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C. the British Museum and National Gallery in London, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and Vatican Museums in Vatican City.
According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries. The English "museum" comes from the Latin word, is pluralized as "museums", it is from the Ancient Greek Μουσεῖον, which denotes a place or temple dedicated to the Muses, hence a building set apart for study and the arts the Musaeum for philosophy and research at Alexandria by Ptolemy I Soter about 280 BC. The purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public. From a visitor or community perspective, the purpose can depend on one's point of view. A trip to a local history museum or large city art museum can be an entertaining and enlightening way to spend the day. To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the economic health of a city, a way to increase the sophistication of its inhabitants. To a museum professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museum's mission, such as civil rights or environmentalism.
Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge. In 1829, James Smithson's bequest, that would fund the Smithsonian Institution, stated he wanted to establish an institution "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge."Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of each classification of a field of knowledge for research and for display was the purpose; as American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students. By the last quarter of the 19th century, the scientific research in the universities was shifting toward biological research on a cellular level, cutting edge research moved from museums to university laboratories. While many large museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, are still respected as research centers, research is no longer a main purpose of most museums. While there is an ongoing debate about the purposes of interpretation of a museum's collection, there has been a consistent mission to protect and preserve artifacts for future generations.
Much care and expense is invested in preservation efforts to retard decomposition in aging documents, artifacts and buildings. All museums display objects; as historian Steven Conn writes, "To see the thing itself, with one's own eyes and in a public place, surrounded by other people having some version of the same experience can be enchanting."Museum purposes vary from institution to institution. Some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects, they displayed objects as well as their functions. One exhibit featured a historic printing press that a staff member used for visitors to create museum memorabilia; some seek to reach a wide audience, such as a national or state museum, while some museums have specific audiences, like the LDS Church History Museum or local history organizations. Speaking, museums collect objects of significance that comply with their mission statement for conservation and display.
Although most museums do not allow physical contact with the associated artifacts, there are some that are interactive and encourage a more hands-on approach. In 2009, Hampton Court Palace, palace of Henry VIII, opened the council room to the general public to create an interactive environment for visitors. Rather than allowing visitors to handle 500-year-old objects, the museum created replicas, as well as replica costumes; the daily activities, historic clothing, temperature changes immerse the visitor in a slice of what Tudor life may have been. This section lists the 20 most visited museums in 2015 as compiled by AECOM and the Themed Entertainment Association's annual report on the world's most visited attractions. For 2016 figures see List of most visited museums; the cities of London and Washington, D. C. contain more of the 20 most visited museums in the world than any others, with six museums and four museums, respectively. Early museums began as the private collections of wealthy individuals, families or institutions of art and rare or curious natural objects and artifacts.
These were displayed in so-called wonder rooms or cabinets of curiosities. One of the oldest museums known is Ennigaldi-Nanna's museum, built by Princess Ennigaldi at the end of the Neo-Babylonian Empire; the site dates from c. 530 BCE, contained artifacts from earlier M
History of Fort Worth, Texas
The history of Fort Worth, Texas, in the United States is intertwined with that of northern Texas and the Texan frontier. From its early history as an outpost and a threat against Native American residents, to its days as a booming cattle town, to modern times as a corporate center, the city has changed although it still preserves much of its heritage in its modern culture; the Treaty of Bird's Fort between the Republic of Texas and several Indian tribes was signed in 1843 at Bird's Fort in present-day Euless, Texas. Article XI of the treaty provided that no one may "pass the line of trading houses" without permission of the President of Texas, may not reside or remain in the Indians' territory; these "trading houses" were established at the junction of the Clear Fork and West Fort of the Trinity River, where Fort Worth was built by the US Army. At this river junction, the U. S. War Department established Fort Worth in 1849 as the northernmost of a system of forts for protecting the American Frontier after the end of the Mexican–American War.
The City of Fort Worth continues to be known as "where the West begins." In January 1849, U. S. Army General William Jenkins Worth, a veteran of the Mexican–American War, proposed building ten forts to mark and protect the west Texas frontier, situated from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. Worth died on 7 May 1849 from cholera. General William S. Harney was assigned to Worth's position, he ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the confluence of the Clear Forks. On 6 June 1849, Arnold established a post on the banks of the Trinity and named it Camp Worth in honor of the late General Worth. In August 1849, Arnold moved the camp to a north-facing bluff that overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork; the US War Department granted the name "Fort Worth" to the post on 14 November 1849. Although Native Americans were still attempting to defend and maintain their traditional territory, European-American pioneers settled near the fort. In the process of relocating the camp to the bluff, Arnold found George "Press" Farmer living there and allowed him to open the first sutler's store.
Other early settlers were Howard W. Peak, Ed Terrell, George W. Terrell, Ephraim M. Daggett; when a new line of forts was built further west, the U. S. Army evacuated Fort Worth on 17 September 1853; the settlers decided to take possession of the fort site. John Peter Smith opened a school in 1854 to twelve students. Julian Feild opened a flour mill and general store in 1856, the Butterfield Overland Mail and the Southern Pacific Stage Line used the town as their western terminus on the westward journey to California. In 1855, a battle over the placement of the county seat erupted. Since 1849 the county seat had been Birdville, but in 1855 Fort Worth citizens decided that they wanted to claim the county seat. After a long fight, Fort Worth gained the title in 1860 and construction began on a stone county courthouse. After a delay due to the Civil War, the courthouse was completed in the 1870s. Fort Worth settlers held slaves in its antebellum period. In 1860, Tarrant County had 850 slaves; when the question came to secede from the Union, most citizens were for secession, Tarrant County voted for it.
The effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction nearly wiped Fort Worth off the map during the 1860s. The city's population dropped as low as 175 and food and money shortages burdened the citizens; as the War's effects began to fade, so did the city's hardships. It began to revive in the 1870s. By 1872, William C. Boaz, William Henry Davis, Jacob Samuels opened general stores. In 1873, Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, Company, which became the Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. Barrooms such as Tom Prindle's Saloon and Steele's Tavern welcomed many travelers. In 1876, future Denver, Colorado crime boss, Soapy Smith arrived in Fort Worth and began his criminal career, operating his famous soap sell confidence tricks on the unwary. Weekly newspapers included the Democrat. Schools reopened after the war. In 1869 Randolph and Ida Clark taught six students in a local church; the cattle industry was key to producing the economic boom years of Fort Worth and its association as "Cowtown."
Fort Worth was a good resting point for cowboys driving their cattle to Kansas. As many northern cattle buyers established headquarters in Fort Worth, new businesses set up in the city, including Pendery and Wilson's Liquor Wholesale, B. C. Evans dry goods, Martin B. Loyd's Exchange Office. In 1873 Fort Worth was incorporated with a mayor-council government, W. P. Burts was elected as the city's first mayor. In 1875, the Dallas Herald published an article by a former Fort Worth lawyer, Robert E. Cowart, noting the drop in population due to the Panic of 1873 and harsh winter, had dealt a severe blow to the cattle industry; the railroad company had stopped laying track 30 miles outside of Fort Worth, Cowart said the city was so torpid that he saw a panther asleep in the street outside the courthouse. Although an intended insult, the nickname Panther City was embraced by residents as Fort Worth recovered the next year from the depression. In 1876, the Texas and Pacific Railway arrived in Fort Worth, causing a boom and transforming the Fort Worth Stockyards into a premier cattle industry center of wholesale trade.
The arrival of the railroad ushered in an era of tremendous growth, as migrants from other areas of the war-torn South continued to swell the population. Newly dubbed the "Queen City of the Prairies", Fort
Crawford Farms, Fort Worth, Texas
Crawford Farms is a neighborhood, located in north Fort Worth, Texas and is bound by Golden Triangle on the north and Old Denton Road on the west. It is adjacent to the Sunset Hills and Vista Meadows neighborhoods. Timberview Middle School is physically located adjacent to the Crawford Farms neighborhood, it is a 1,072 home residential community. Homeowner Association membership is automatic. 2016 Mayor's Health and Wellness Award, Fort Worth Neighborhood Award 2016 Neighborhood Newsletter Award, Fort Fort Worth Neighborhood Award The neighborhood is zoned to schools in the Keller ISD and is served by: Eagle Ridge Elementary School, Fort Worth Timberview Middle School, Fort Worth Timber Creek High School, Fort Worth The community provides several amenities, including swimming pools, a covered playground, walking trails, an outdoor basketball court, an outdoor tennis court, a fishing pond, an outdoor gym. List of Neighborhoods in Fort Worth, Texas Crawford Farms HOA