International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication, such as a magazine. The ISSN is helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title. ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, other practices in connection with serial literature; the ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971 and published as ISO 3297 in 1975. ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC 9 is responsible for maintaining the standard; when a serial with the same content is published in more than one media type, a different ISSN is assigned to each media type. For example, many serials are published both in electronic media; the ISSN system refers to these types as electronic ISSN, respectively. Conversely, as defined in ISO 3297:2007, every serial in the ISSN system is assigned a linking ISSN the same as the ISSN assigned to the serial in its first published medium, which links together all ISSNs assigned to the serial in every medium.
The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers. As an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits; the last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the general form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows: NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character, C is in; the ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, C=5. To calculate the check digit, the following algorithm may be used: Calculate the sum of the first seven digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, counting from the right—that is, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, respectively: 0 ⋅ 8 + 3 ⋅ 7 + 7 ⋅ 6 + 8 ⋅ 5 + 5 ⋅ 4 + 9 ⋅ 3 + 5 ⋅ 2 = 0 + 21 + 42 + 40 + 20 + 27 + 10 = 160 The modulus 11 of this sum is calculated. For calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, counting from the right.
The modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker. ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris; the International Centre is an intergovernmental organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, the ISDS Register otherwise known as the ISSN Register. At the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept. An ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole. An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an anonymous identifier associated with a serial title, containing no information as to the publisher or its location. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change. Since the ISSN applies to an entire serial a new identifier, the Serial Item and Contribution Identifier, was built on top of it to allow references to specific volumes, articles, or other identifiable components.
Separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic media versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. A CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved. However, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial; this "media-oriented identification" of serials made sense in the 1970s. In the 1990s and onward, with personal computers, better screens, the Web, it makes sense to consider only content, independent of media; this "content-oriented identification" of serials was a repressed demand during a decade, but no ISSN update or initiative occurred. A natural extension for ISSN, the unique-identification of the articles in the serials, was the main demand application. An alternative serials' contents model arrived with the indecs Content Model and its application, the digital object identifier, as ISSN-independent initiative, consolidated in the 2000s. Only in 2007, ISSN-L was defined in the
In early lumberjack folklore, fearsome critters are fantastical beasts that were said to inhabit the frontier wilderness of North America. Fearsome critters were an integral part of oral tradition in North America lumber camps during the turn of the 20th century, principally as a means to pass time or as a jest for hazing newcomers. In a typical fearsome critter gag, a person would casually remark about a strange noise or sight they encountered in the wild. Meanwhile, an eavesdropper would begin to investigate, as Henry H. Tryon recorded in his book, Fearsome Critters — Sam would lead with a colorful bit of description, Walter would follow suit with an arresting spot of personal experience, every detail being set forth with the utmost solemnity, with the correct degree of emphasis. At the end, so deftly had the cards been played that the listener was convinced of the animal's existence; this method of presentation is used. For the best results, two narrators who can "keep the ball in the air" are necessary, an occasional general question is tossed to someone in the audience, such inquiries being invariably accorded a grave, corroborative nod.
Lumberjacks, who traveled between camps, would stop to swap stories disseminating these myths across the continent. Many fearsome critters were the products of pure exaggeration. For example, the hidebehind served to account for loggers who failed to return to camp, while the treesqueak offered justification for strange noises heard in the woods. A handful mirrored descriptions of actual animals; the mangrove killifish, which takes up shelter in decaying branches after leaving the water, exhibits similarities to the upland trout, a legendary fish purported to nest in trees. In addition, the story of the fillyloo, about a mythical crane that flies upside-down, may have been inspired by observations of the wood stork, a bird, witnessed flying in this manner. In particular instances more elaborate ruses were created using trick photography; the character of the fearsome critters themselves was more comical than frightful. The greater emphasis is placed on behavioral traits with little or no detail mentioned on their appearance, as in the cases of the hidebehind, squidgicum-squee, hangdown.
Some fearsome critters like flittericks or the goofus appeared to be ordinary animals that just behaved out of the ordinary. The more physically emphasized and improbable creatures seem to be distinguished by how far the storyteller could push the boundaries of biomechanics. Both the tripodero and snoligoster demonstrate facets more in common with mechanical apparatuses than animals, the hugag and sidehill gouger seem to be more a play on applied physics than fanciful inspiration. While much of the literature, written on the subject echoes a naturalist's perspective specifying a range of distribution, behavioral habits, physical appearance, many of these myths were never widespread, it is common to find a lack of consensus on a specific fearsome critter, if not clear contradictions. To illustrate, the wampus cat differs between Vance Randolph's We Always Lie to Strangers and Henry H. Tryon's Fearsome Critters, with Tryon describing a cat with pantographic forelimbs and Randolph portraying it as a supernatural, aquatic panther.
The tendency to description of behavior without image is used to eerie literary effect by Manly Wade Wellman in employing a number of fearsome critters in his 1952 science fiction folk tale "The Desrick on Yandro," as well as commenting on the lack of physical description for one of the beasts: "The Behinder flung itself on his shoulders. I knew why nobody's supposed to see one. I wish. To this day I can see it, as plain as a fence at noon, forever I will be able to see it, but talking about it's another matter. Thank you, I won't try." Agropelter, a beast which amuses itself by hurling twigs and tree branches at passers by. Axehandle hound, reputedly subsisted on axe handles left unattended. Ball-tailed cat, a feline similar to a mountain lion, except with a long tail with a bulbous end used for striking its prey. Cactus cat, feline of the American southwest with hair like thorns that intoxicates itself by the consumption of cactus water. Dungavenhooter, a crocodile creature with no mouth, instead having huge nostrils.
Uses its tail to pound loggers into a gas, which it inhales for sustenance. Glawackus, a fierce brute resembling a combination of a panther, a bear. Goofus bird, a backwards-flying bird that builds its nest upside-down. Gumberoo, rare hairless bear like creature with skin, nearly invulnerable, repelling all attacks except fire which will cause the gumberoo to combust in a massive explosion. Hidebehind, a brute which would seize unwary lumberjacks and devour them, was said to be so swift that it could hide behind the nearest tree before a man turned around. Hodag, a favorite varmint of the Wisconsin swamps affixed with horns and spikes, complemented by a maniacal grin. Jackalope, a rabbit with the antlers of an antelope or deer. Jersey Devil, a predatory creature said to terrorize livestock in the pines of Southern New Jersey. Described as winged and bipedal, sometimes connected to witchcraft and devil worship. Sidehill gouger, a beast legged for hillsides having legs on one side taller than the other, thus always traveling in a circular path.
Snallygaster, a dragon-like beast said to inhabit the hills surrounding Washington and Frederick Counties of M
The jackalope is a mythical animal of North American folklore described as a jackrabbit with antelope horns. The word jackalope is a portmanteau of jackrabbit and antelope. Many jackalope taxidermy mounts, including the original, are made with deer antlers. In the 1930s, Douglas Herrick and his brother, hunters with taxidermy skills, popularized the American jackalope by grafting deer antlers onto a jackrabbit carcass and selling the combination to a local hotel in Douglas, Wyoming. Thereafter, they made and sold many similar jackalopes to a retail outlet in South Dakota, another taxidermist continues to manufacture the horned rabbits in the 21st century. Stuffed and mounted, jackalopes are found in other places in the United States; the jackalope has appeared in published stories, television shows, video games, a low-budget mockumentary film. The Wyoming Legislature has considered bills to make the jackalope the state's official mythological creature; the underlying legend of the jackalope, upon which the Wyoming taxidermists were building, may be related to similar stories in other cultures and other historical times.
Researchers suggest that at least some of the tales of horned hares were inspired by sightings of rabbits infected with the Shope papilloma virus. It causes horn - and antler-like tumors to grow in various places on a rabbit's body. Folklorists see the jackalope as one of a group of fabled creatures common to American culture since Colonial days; these appear in tall tales about hodags, giant turtles and many other mysterious beasts and in novels like Moby-Dick. The tales lend themselves to comic hoaxing by entrepreneurs who seek attention for their products, their persons, or their towns. Jackalope is a portmanteau word that combines two words and antelope. Jackrabbits are hares rather than rabbits though both are mammals in the order Lagomorpha. Wyoming is home to three species of hares, all in the genus Lepus; these are the black-tailed jackrabbit, the white-tailed jackrabbit, the snowshoe hare. The antelope is a pronghorn rather than an antelope, although one of its colloquial names in North America is "antelope".
Some of the largest herds of wild pronghorns, which are found only in western North America, are in Wyoming. The adults grow to about 3 feet tall, weigh up to 150 pounds, can run at sustained speeds approaching 60 miles per hour. Stories or descriptions of animal hybrids have appeared in many cultures worldwide. A 13th-century Persian work depicts a rabbit with a single horn, like a unicorn. In Europe, the horned rabbit appeared in Medieval and Renaissance folklore in elsewhere. Natural history texts such as Historiae Naturalis de Quadrupetibus Libri by Joannes Jonstonus in the 17th century and illustrations such as Animalia Qvadrvpedia et Reptilia: Plate XLVII by Joris Hoefnagel in the 16th century included the horned hare; these early scientific texts described and illustrated the hybrids as though they were real creatures, but by the end of the 18th century scientists rejected the idea of horned hares as a biological species. References to horned rabbits may originate in sightings of rabbits affected by the Shope papilloma virus, named for Richard E. Shope, M.
D. who described it in a scientific journal in 1933. Shope examined wild cottontail rabbits, shot by hunters in Iowa and examined wild rabbits from Kansas, they had "numerous horn-like protuberances on the skin over various parts of their bodies. The animals were referred to popularly as'horned' or'warty' rabbits." Legends about horned rabbits occur in Asia and Africa as well as Europe, researchers suspect the changes induced by the virus might underlie at least some of those tales. In Central America, mythological references to a horned rabbit creature can be found in Huichol legends; the Huichol oral tradition has passed down tales of a horned rabbit and of the deer getting horns from the rabbit. The rabbit and deer were paired, though not combined as a hybrid, as day signs in the calendar of the Mesoamerican period of the Aztecs, as twins, brothers the sun and moon; the New York Times attributes the American jackalope's origin to a 1932 hunting outing involving Douglas Herrick of Douglas, Wyoming.
Herrick and his brother had studied taxidermy by mail order as teenagers, when the brothers returned from a hunting trip for jackrabbits, Herrick tossed a carcass into the taxidermy store, where it came to rest beside a pair of deer antlers. The accidental combination of animal forms sparked Herrick's idea for a jackalope; the first jackalope the brothers put together was sold for $10 to Roy Ball, who displayed it in Douglas' La Bonte Hotel. The mounted head was stolen in 1977; the jackalope became a popular local attraction in Douglas, where the Chamber of Commerce issues Jackalope Hunting Licenses to tourists. The tags are good for hunting during official jackalope season, which occurs for only one day: June 31, from midnight to 2 a.m. The hunter must have an IQ greater than 50 but not over 72. Thousands of "licenses" have been issued. In Herrick's home town of Douglas, there is an 8-foot statue of a jackalope, the town hosts an annual Jackalope Days Celebration in early June. Building on the Herrick's success, Frank English of Rapid City, South Dakota has made and sold many thousands of jackalopes since retiri
The axehandle hound, is an American fearsome critter of Minnesota and Wisconsin. Overall, it resembles a dog with a axe-like shape, it has a head shaped like an axe blade hence the name, complemented by a handle-shaped body atop short stubby legs. It subsists on a diet consisting on the handles of axes which have been left unattended. A nocturnal creature, the axehandle hound travels from camp to camp searching for its next meal. In Minnesota, there is a canoe-access campground named Ax-Handle Hound after the folklore creature, it can be found on the Little Fork River near Voyageurs National Park and near the town of Linden Grove. Fearsome critters Folklore of the United States Baughman, Ernest Warren - Type and Motif-index of the Folktales of England and North America, Mouton 1966, page 533. Botkin, B. A. - The American People: Stories, Tales and Songs, Transaction Publishers, ISBN 1-56000-984-5, page 250. Botkin, B. A. - The Pocket Treasury of American Folklore, Pocket Books 1950 Rose, Carol - Giants and Dragons: An Encyclopedia of Folklore and Myth, W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0-393-32211-4, page 32, 119.
David Crockett was an American folk hero, frontiersman and politician. He is referred to in popular culture by the epithet "King of the Wild Frontier", he represented Tennessee in the U. S. House of Representatives and served in the Texas Revolution. Crockett grew up in East Tennessee, where he gained a reputation for storytelling, he was made a colonel in the militia of Lawrence County and was elected to the Tennessee state legislature in 1821. In 1827, he was elected to the U. S. Congress where he vehemently opposed many of the policies of President Andrew Jackson the Indian Removal Act. Crockett's opposition to Jackson's policies led to his defeat in the 1831 elections, he was re-elected in 1833 narrowly lost in 1835, prompting his angry departure to Texas shortly thereafter. In early 1836, he took part in the Texas Revolution and was killed at the Battle of the Alamo in March. Crockett became famous during his lifetime for larger-than-life exploits popularized by stage plays and almanacs. After his death, he continued to be credited with acts of mythical proportion.
These led in the 20th century to television and movie portrayals, he became one of the best-known American folk heroes. The Crocketts were of French-Huguenot ancestry, although the family had settled in Ireland before migrating to the Americas; the earliest known paternal ancestor was Gabriel Gustave de Crocketagne, whose son Antoine de Saussure Peronette de Crocketagne was given a commission in the Household Troops under French King Louis XIV. Antoine married Louise de Saix and immigrated to Ireland with her, changing the family name to Crockett, their son Joseph Louis was married Sarah Stewart. Joseph and Sarah emigrated to New York, where their son William David was born in 1709, he married Elizabeth Boulay. William and Elizabeth's son David was married Elizabeth Hedge, they were the parents of William, David Jr. Robert, James and John, the father of David Crockett who died at the Alamo. John was born c. 1753 in Virginia. The family moved to North Carolina c. 1768. In 1776, the family moved in the area now known as Hawkins County.
John was one of the Overmountain Men who fought in the Battle of Kings Mountain during the American Revolutionary War. He was away as a militia volunteer in 1777 when David and Elizabeth were killed at their home near today's Rogersville by Creeks and Chickamauga Cherokees led by war chief Dragging Canoe. John's brother Joseph was wounded in the skirmish, his brother James was held for seventeen years. John married Rebecca Hawkins in 1780, their son David was born August 17, 1786, they named him after John's father. David was born in what is now Greene County, close to the Nolichucky River and near the community of Limestone. John continually struggled to make ends meet, the Crocketts moved to a tract of land on Lick Creek in 1792. John sold that tract of land in 1794 and moved the family to Cove Creek, where he built a gristmill with partner Thomas Galbraith. A flood destroyed the Crockett homestead; the Crocketts moved to Mossy Creek in Jefferson County, but John forfeited his property in bankruptcy in 1795.
The family next moved on to property owned by a Quaker named John Canady. At Morristown in the Southwest Territory, John built a tavern on a stage coach route; when David was 12 years old, his father indentured him to Jacob Siler to help with the Crockett family indebtedness. He helped tend Siler's cattle as a buckaroo on a 400-mile trip to near Natural Bridge in Virginia, he was well treated and paid for his services but, after several weeks in Virginia, he decided to return home to Tennessee. The next year, John enrolled his sons in school, but David played hookey after an altercation with a fellow student. Upon learning of this, John was outrun by his son. David joined a cattle drive to Front Royal, Virginia for Jesse Cheek. Upon completion of that trip, he joined teamster Adam Myers on a trip to Gerrardstown, West Virginia. In between trips with Myers, he worked for farmer John Gray. After leaving Myers, he journeyed to Christiansburg, where he apprenticed for the next four years with hatter Elijah Griffith.
In 1802, David journeyed by foot back to his father's tavern in Tennessee. His father was in debt to Abraham Wilson for $36, so David was hired out to Wilson to pay off the debt, he worked off a $40 debt to John Canady. Once the debts were paid, John Crockett told his son. David returned to Canady's employment. Crockett fell in love with John Canady's niece Amy Summer, engaged to Canady's son Robert. While serving as part of the wedding party, Crockett met Margaret Elder, he persuaded her to marry him, a marriage contract was drawn up on October 21, 1805. Margaret had become engaged to another young man at the same time and married him instead, he met her mother Jean at a harvest festival. Although friendly towards him in the beginning, Jean Finley felt Crockett was not the man for her daughter. Crockett declared his intentions to marry Polly, regardless of whether the ceremony was allowed to take place in her parents' home or had to be performed elsewhere, he arranged for a justice of the peace and took out a marriage license on August 12, 1806.
On August 16, he rode to Polly's house with family and friends, determined to ride off with Polly to be married elsewhere. Polly's father pleaded with Crockett to have the wedding in the Finl
Mike Fink, called "king of the keelboaters", was a semi-legendary brawler and river boatman who exemplified the tough and hard-drinking men who ran keelboats up and down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Mike Fink was born at Fort Pitt in present-day Pittsburgh and served as an Indian scout in his teenage years; as a teenager, he was an unbeatable marksman, he earned the name "Bangall" among militiamen at Fort Pitt. When the Indian wars of the region ended, in the early 1790s, like many other scouts, spurned a sedentary life as a farmer. Instead, he drifted into the transport business on the Ohio and Mississippi—and picked up a new nickname: "the Snapping Turtle." When he began his career in navigation, he became notorious, both for his practical jokes, for his willingness to fight anyone, not amused. His 180-pound frame stretched 6'3″ in height, the muscles required to force a keelboat upstream would have made him a formidable opponent to most, it was said. The redoubtable but semi-mythical Mike Fink, joker and king of the boatmen, voiced the sentiments of his class when he bellowed his boast: Im a Salt River Roarer!
Im a ring-tailed squealer! I'm a reg'lar screamer from the ol' Massassip'! WHOOP! I'm the infant that refused his milk before its eyes were open, called out for a bottle of old Rye! I love the women an' I'm chockful o' fight! I'm half wild horse and half cockeyed-alligator and the rest o' me is crooked snags an' red hot snappin' turtle. I can hit like fourth-proof lightnin' an' every lick I make in the woods lets in an acre o' sunshine. I can out-run, out-jump, out-shoot, out-brag, out-drink, an' out fight, rough-an'-tumble, no holts barred, ary man on both sides the river from Pittsburg to New Orleans an' back again to St. Louiee. Come on, you flatters, you bargers, you milk-white mechanics, an' see how tough I am to chaw! I ain't had a fight for two days an' I'm spilein' for exercise. Cock-a-doodle-doo! He and his friends were supposed to have amused themselves by shooting cups of whiskey from each other's heads. Other repeating episodes, of the Mike Fink legends, include a tale where he shoots the scalp lock from the head of an Indian, a story in which he shoots the protruding heel from the foot of an African-American slave with surgical precision.
Hauled into court, he pointed out to a judge that his victim would never have been able to wear a fashionable boot if a good Samaritan, namely himself, had not intervened on the man's behalf. Besides imagined feats making part of the legend of Mike Fink, it may have been woven from two men with the same name. Mike Fink formed a part of the band that built Fort Henry. If this man had been the one born at Fort Pitt about 1770, he would have been, at least, 50 years old; such an advanced age, in that group of teenage boys, would have been remarked on. Hugh Glass, the mountain man who survived a grizzly bear mauling, was called "Old Hugh", for being in his early 40s. No journal mentions Fink's advanced age, so it may have been a younger Mike Fink who joined the expedition of the Ashley Rocky Mountain Fur Company. Davy Crockett is supposed to have described him as "half horse and half alligator." Fink wore a red feather in his cap, to signal his defeat of every strong man, down the river. Henry Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio contained an 1806 interview with Capt.
John Fink, who said that Mike Fink was a relative. When I was a lad," John told me, "about ten years of age, our family lived four miles up river from Wheeling, on the river. Mike laid up his boat near us, though he had two boats; this was his last trip, he went away to the far West. This was about 1815. In the management of his business Mike Fink was a rigid disciplinarian, he always had his woman along with him, would allow no other man to speak with her. She was sometimes a subject for his wonderful skill in marksmanship with the rifle, he would have her hold on the top of her head a tin cup filled with whiskey, which he would put a bullet through. Another of his feats was to have her hold it between her knees, as in a vise, shoot. According to the Miami Valley Historical Society, until 1815, when he moved west, Mike Fink did not operate keel boats on the Ohio but on the Great Miami River from the Ohio River to Fort Loramie, where portage was made to the Maumee River in order to continue going on up to Lake Erie.
If it was indeed he who joined Ashley's Hundred, Fink died in the Rocky Mountains in 1823, during the course of Ashley's expedition. Some say. Timothy Field, in 1829, said that in a drunken stupor, when aiming at a mug of beer from the head of his longtime friend, a companion named Carpenter, he shot low; the recorded exploits of Mike Fink featured in American broadside ballads, dime novels, other subliterary texts from before the Civil War era. The first known reference to the character is in The Pedlar by Alphonso Wetmore. Here, Fink appears as braggart, he appears in stories involving the Davy
Wisconsin Historical Society
The Wisconsin Historical Society is a state agency and a private membership organization whose purpose is to maintain and spread knowledge relating to the history of North America, with an emphasis on the state of Wisconsin and the trans-Allegheny West. Founded in 1846 and chartered in 1853, it is the oldest historical society in the United States to receive continuous public funding; the society's headquarters are located in Madison, Wisconsin, on the campus of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The Wisconsin Historical Society is organized into four divisions: the Division of Library-Archives, the Division of Museums and Historic Sites, the Division of Historic Preservation-Public History, the Division of Administrative Services; the Division of Library-Archives collects and maintains books and documents about the history of Wisconsin, the United States, Canada. The society's library and archives, which together serve as the library of American history for the University of Wisconsin–Madison, contain nearly four million items, making the society's collection the largest in the world dedicated to North American history.
The Wisconsin Historical Society's extensive newspaper collection is the second largest in the United States after the Library of Congress. The society's archives serve as the official repository for state and local government records; the society coordinates an Area Research Center Network, an alliance between the Historical Society in Madison and four-year campuses of the University of Wisconsin System throughout the state, to make most of the archival collections accessible to state residents. The Division of Museums and Historic Sites operates the Wisconsin Historical Museum in downtown Madison and 11 historic sites throughout the state; the museum has an archaeology program in collaboration with the Department of Transportation and the Department of Natural Resources that undertakes research, collects and preserves historical artifacts. The other historic sites are tourist attractions that display historic buildings reflecting Wisconsin history and provide exhibitions and demonstrations of state history, such as ethnic settlement, farming, fur trading and pioneering life.
The Division of Historic Preservation-Public History administers the state's historic preservation program, the state’s burial sites preservation program, the Wisconsin Historical Society Press, which publishes books on Wisconsin and American history and a quarterly magazine, the Wisconsin Magazine of History. The division provides outreach to local historical societies; the Wisconsin Magazine of History is a quarterly journal published by the WHS since September 1917. The society maintains a digitized archive that contains more than 2,000 feature articles totaling more than 30,000 pages; the Division of Administrative Services provides planning for the WHS and its divisions. The society's website include a large, searchable collection of historical images and a vast digital archive containing thousands of scanned documents relating to Wisconsin history. Wisconsin Historical Society employees are employees of the State of Wisconsin. John Givan Davis Mack, professor of engineering and curator of the WHS library Google Books Library Project Buck, Solon J.
"Recent Activities of the Wisconsin Historical Society." Minnesota History Bulletin: 94-108. In JSTOR Schumacher, Ryan. "The Wisconsin Magazine of History: A Case Study in Scholarly and Popular Approaches to American State Historical Society Publishing, 1917–2000." Journal of Scholarly Publishing 44.2: 114-141. Official website Wisconsin Magazine of History archive of scholarly articles Legislators’ Guide to the Wisconsin Historical Society Historical Society in The Buildings of the University of Wisconsin Teachinghistory.org review of WHS website, American Journeys