The Ibizan Hound is a lean, agile dog of the hound family. There are two hair types of the breed: wire; the more seen type is the smooth. Some consider there to be a third type, but the longhair is most a variation of the wire; the Ibizan Hound is an elegant and agile breed, with an athletic and attractive outline and a ground-covering springy trot. Though graceful in appearance, it is a rugged/hardy breed, its large upright ears - a hallmark of the breed - are broad at the base and frame a long and elegant headpiece. The neck is lean, it has a unique front assembly with well laid-back shoulders and straight upper arm. Coming in both smooth and wire-coated varieties, their coat is a combination of red and white with the nose, eye rims, pads of feet being a light tan color, its eyes have an alert and intelligent expression. The Ibizan may range in height, depending on which Standard you follow, from 22 to 29 inches and weigh from 45 to 65 pounds, males being larger than females. Ibizan Hounds are intelligent and engaging by nature.
They rank 53rd in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, being of average working/obedience intelligence, but many Ibizan owners will enjoy recounting a multitude of examples of their problem-solving abilities. They are true "clowns" of the dog world, delighting in entertaining their people with their antics. Though somewhat independent and stubborn at times, they do take well to training if positive methods are used, but will balk at punitive training methods, they are quiet, but will alarm bark if necessary, so they make good watch dogs. They are sensitive hounds, good around children and other dogs alike, they make good house dogs, but are active and athletic, therefore need a lot of daily exercise. They do not make good kennel dogs. Ibizan hounds are sweet, but they are stubborn and independent. Ibizan Hounds are "escapologists": they are able to jump incredible heights from a standstill, so they need tall fences, they have been known to climb, many can escape from crates, open baby gates and locks.
They have a strong prey drive, therefore they cannot be trusted off leash unless in a safely enclosed area. Once off the leash, they might not come back for a long time. A hound that knows where its home is and the surrounding area will return unscathed; the Ibizan Hound is typical of the Hound Group in that it suffers from hereditary illness. Minor health concerns for the breed include allergies. Ibizan Hound owners should have their dogs' eyes tested by a veterinarian before breeding. CERF and BAER testing is recommended for the breed. Ibizan Hounds are sensitive to barbiturate anesthesia, live between 12 and 14 years; this breed originates in the island of Eivissa and has been traditionally used in the Catalan-speaking areas of Spain, France where it was known under the name of le charnigue, to hunt rabbits and other small game. The Ibizan Hound is a fast dog that can hunt on all types of terrain, working by scent and sight. Hunters run these dogs in female packs, with a male or two, as the female is considered the better hunter.
Traditionally a farmer may have one dog and a well off farmer two dogs to catch rabbits for food. However in the last twenty years it is seen as a sport where between five and fifteen dogs can be seen in the chase of one rabbit; the Ibizan Hound authority Miquel Rosselló has provided a detailed description of a working trial which characterises their typical hunting technique and action, strikingly illustrated with action photos by Charles Camberoque which demonstrate hunt behaviour and typical hunt terrain. While local hunters will at times use one dog or a brace, packs of six to eight or as many as fifteen, the working trial requires an evaluation of one or two braces. A brace is called a colla; the couples should be tested on at least two to five rabbits, without the use of any other hunting aid. An inspection and evaluation of the exterior, fitness and obedience of the dogs is recommended prior to the hunt; the trial is qualified as having 5 parts. The dogs should show: careful tracking and scenting of the rabbit, without being distracted in the least, 0-30 points.
Individual dogs are expected to show a great degree of obedience and co-operation. They should be agile, have good speed and a powerful vertical jump from a stationary position in rough and heavily covered ground, they should have excellent scent-tracking abilities, give tongue at the right time when approaching the game and otherwise be silent so that they can locate the game by sound. The Ibizan Hound is similar in function and type to several breeds, such as the Pharaoh Hound, the Cirneco dell'Etna, the Portuguese Podengo, the Podenco Canario; the Ibizan Hound is the largest of these breeds, classified by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as primitive types. It is believed the Ibizan Hound evolves from the ancient Egyptian hunting dog. Representations of this dog on the walls of ancient tombs show a striking similarity to the modern Ibizan Hound; these dogs would have
Dog types are broad categories of dogs based on form, function or style of work, lineage, or appearance. In contrast, modern dog breeds are particular breed standards, sharing a common set of heritable characteristics, determined by the kennel club that recognizes the breed. Dog types include locally-adapted forms. A dog type can be referred to broadly, as in gun dog, or more as in spaniel. Dogs raised and trained for a specific working ability rather than appearance may not resemble other dogs doing the same work, or any of the dogs of the analogous breed group of purebred dogs; the origin of the domestic dog is not clear. Whole genome sequencing indicates that the dog, the gray wolf and the extinct Taymyr wolf diverged at around the same time 27,000-40,000 years ago; these dates imply that the earliest dogs arose in the time of human hunter-gatherers and not agriculturists. The earliest books in the English language to mention numbers of dog types are from the "Cynegetica", namely The Art of Venery 1327 by the Anglo-French Master of game, Twiti, a treatise which describes hunting with the limer, the pack of running hounds greyhounds, alaunts.
More in recording the use and description of various dog types, The Master of Game circa 1406 by Edward of York a treatise which describes dogs and their work, such as the alaunt, pack scent hounds and mastiff used by the privileged and wealthy for hunting purposes. "The Master of Game" is a combination of the earlier Art of Venery and the famous French hunting treatise Livre de Chasse by Gaston Phoebus circa 1387. The Boke of St. Albans, published in 1486 a "school" book about hawking, hunting and heraldry, attributed to Juliana Berners, lists dogs of the time by function: " First there is a greyhound, a bastard, a mongrel, a mastiff, a limer, a spaniel, kennets, butcher's hounds, dung-heap dogs, trundel tails and prick-eared curs, small ladies puppies that bear away the fleas and diverse small sorts". 100 years another book in English, De Canibus Britannicus by the author/physician John Caius, translated from Latin in 1576, attempts the first systematic approach to defining different types of dogs in various categories, demonstrating an apparent increase in types, population.
"English dogs": the gentle kind, serving game—harriers, bloodhounds, greyhounds, limers and stealers. "Fowling dogs"—setters and spaniels. As well as the pastoral or shepherd types, mastiffs or bandogs, various village dogs. Sub-types describing the function of dogs in each group were included. In 1758, Carl Linnaeus in Systema naturae named the domestic dog “familiaris” and added other dog classifications or species. More dog types were described as species by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1788, by Robert Kerr in his English translation of Systema naturae in 1792. Today the species Linnaeus named are identifiable as not species or subspecies. Some, such as Canis aegyptius, a hairless dog type of Peru, have been documented and registered as breeds. There are only two categories of domestic dog, Canis lupus familiaris and C. l. dingo, recognized by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Beginning with the advent of dog shows in the mid-19th century in England, dog fanciers established stud books and began refining breeds from the various types of dogs in use.
"It is important," remind Ann Rogers Clark and Andrew Brace, "Not to claim great age for breeds, though it is quite legitimate to claim considerable antiquity for types of dogs." The attempts to classify dogs into different'species' show that dog types could be quite distinctive, from the'Canis melitaeus' of lapdogs descended from ancient Roman pet dogs to the more ancient'Canis molossus', the Molossan types, to the'Canis saultor', the dancing mongrel of beggars. These types were uniform enough to appear to have been selectively bred, but as Raymond Coppinger wrote, "Natural processes can produce, could produce, do produce populations of unusual and uniform dogs, that is, dogs with a distinctive conformation." The human manipulation was indirect. In a few cases, Emperors or monasteries or wealthy hunters might maintain lines of special dogs, from which we have today Pekingese, St. Bernards, foxhounds. At the beginning of the 19th century there were only a few dogs identified as breeds, but when dog fighting was outlawed in England in 1835, a new sport of dog showing began.
Along with this sport came rules and written records and closed stud books. Some of the old types no longer needed for work were remade and kept from extinction as show dogs, other old types were refined into many new breeds. Sometimes multiple new breeds might be born in the same littler of puppies. In 1873 only 40 breeds and varieties were known. Dog types today are recognized in Section categories of dog breed registries, but dog types have not disappeared. Types of feral dogs are being discovered and registered as breeds, as with the New Guinea Singing Dog and Carolina Dog. Types re-emerge like the Longdogs from Lurchers and Greyhounds. Named types of dogs that are not dog breeds are still being used where function or use is more important than appearance for herdi
The Hortaya borzaya is an old Asian sighthound breed originating in the former Kievan Rus Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Russian Empire. It is a dog of large size, of lean but at the same time robust build, of elongated proportions. In its everyday life the hortaya is balanced, it has a piercing sight, capable of seeing a moving object at a far distance. In spite of its calm temperament the dog has a active reaction to running game. Hortaya are excellent, enduring hunting dogs endowed with a good, basic obedience and lacking aggression towards humans; the Hortaya is a sight hound of a large to large size depending on breed type. The breed has five distinct types, with at least as many subtypes to each main type; the result of this is a broad variability, adapting the breed to the large variety of geography and prey found across the huge expanse of its habitat. All breed standards for Hortaya are performance based, rather than appearance based, but because certain characteristics make for skilled hunting dogs, most Hortaya are similar in shape and build.
The legs are long, the spine flexible, the chest disproportionately deep in comparison to the waist, in order to accommodate large, powerful lungs. Small ears and a long, narrow skull are typical. Hortaya males range from females from 24 to 28 inches; the weight depends on type and can range from 18 kilograms up to 35 kilograms. In general, the Hortaya is heavier; when not hunting, the typical gait of the breed is a fluid and effortless trot. When chasing the prey, Hortaya gallop in fast leaps of great length; the short, dense fur can come in any color, as the only breed standards for the Hortaya are health and skill. Dark-coloured dogs have a black nose, while light-coloured dogs have a brown nose. Eyes may be any color, have a black or dark rim. Starting in the 2000s, some Hortaya were exported to parts of Europe and North America, where a breed standard for a new, as-yet unnamed subtype was established. Among these dogs, coat colour and colour combinations are restricted to a few types: white, cream of all shades, red and brindle, solid or piebald.
A black overlay and black mask, grey or red tan markings are normal. Atypical colours and markings, like brown or chocolate, a saddle or dapple pattern, diluted colors with blue or light eyes are not allowed; this subtype is still being defined, further restrictions may be implemented, but the standard of the original Hortaya remains unchanged. The Hortaya borzaya is of a distinctly Asian character, it is never aggressive or fierce towards humans though quite vigilant. Due the rigorous selection on hunting in a team with its owner, the Hortaya belongs to the trainable sight hounds, showing a good basic obedience and high intelligence, it is close to wolves in its pack behaviour. Thus it is no problem to keep larger groups of Hortaya together in a kennel; as rural people in Eurasia do not at all tolerate dogs which harm their livestock, properly socialized Hortaya do not hunt domestic animals and can be taught which animals are off limits to them. The breed is late in development vigorous and long-lived.
It is not rare that older dogs, retired from active hunting, start their breeding career at an age of 8 or 9 years in perfect health and without any impairment. Breed-specific illnesses or hereditary diseases, such as hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia, are so far unknown; the life expectancy of the Hortaya borzaya depends on its use. In regions where they are hunted on large prey predators, there may be quite some dogs killed young during the hunt. If you subtract these dangers, 14-15 healthy years as an average is not uncommon. However, great care has to juvenile; the breed was formed on a meagre basic and low diet with but rare and small amounts of meat high quality meat. Most of the year Hortaya get little more than the scraps from the table, a gruel of oats, bread soaked in milk and whatever rodents they can hunt for themselves around the house. Only during the spring slaughter/lambing season and the main hunting season do they get more meat: the innards and offals from what they hunt for their masters.
As a result, this breed has no tolerance for high quality, high protein dog foods and supplements, the young, still growing dogs will suffer irreversible and lethal damage to their bone structure and cartilage when faultily fed. In its original habitat, the Hortaya borzaya is still purely a hunting sight hound, it is used on all game living in the steppe for hunting hares, foxes and Saiga antelopes. It is enduring, capable of working from early morning to late evening. Up to 8–10 runs on game in a day is a feasible workload. Unlike the Whippet or Greyhound, the Hortaya is not a short distance sprinter. Game is chased for distances up to 4 km on the open steppe, a Hortaya can repeat such runs after only a short rest. Unlike most sight hounds, the Hortaya does not hunt using sight alone. Hortaya hunt singly on smaller game, or as pairs and larger groups on wolves and dee
The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC. Seleucus received Babylonia and from there expanded his dominions to include much of Alexander's near-eastern territories. At the height of its power, the Empire included central Anatolia, the Levant and what is now Kuwait and parts of Pakistan and Turkmenistan; the Seleucid Empire became a major center of Hellenistic culture – it maintained the preeminence of Greek customs where a Greek political elite dominated in the urban areas. The Greek population of the cities who formed the dominant elite were reinforced by immigration from Greece. Seleucid expansion into Anatolia and Greece halted abruptly in the early 2nd century BC after decisive defeats at the hands of the Roman army. Seleucid attempts to defeat their old enemy. Having come into conflict in the East with Chandragupta Maurya of the Maurya Empire, Seleucus I entered into an agreement with Chandragupta whereby he ceded vast territory west of the Indus, including the Hindu Kush, modern-day Afghanistan, the Balochistan province of Pakistan and offered his daughter in marriage to the Maurya Emperor to formalize the alliance.
Antiochus III the Great attempted to project Seleucid power and authority into Hellenistic Greece, but his attempts were thwarted by the Roman Republic and by Greek allies such as the Kingdom of Pergamon, culminating in a Seleucid defeat at the 190 BC Battle of Magnesia. In the subsequent Treaty of Apamea in 188 BC, the Seleucids were compelled to pay costly war reparations and relinquished claims to territories west of the Taurus Mountains; the Parthians under Mithridates I of Parthia conquered much of the remaining eastern part of the Seleucid Empire in the mid-2nd century BC, while the independent Greco-Bactrian Kingdom continued to flourish in the northeast. However, the Seleucid kings continued to rule a rump state from Syria until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great in 83 BC and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey in 63 BC. Contemporary sources, such as a loyalist degree from Ilium, in Greek language define the Seleucid state both as an empire and as a kingdom.
Seleucid rulers were described as kings in Babylonia. Starting from the 2nd century BC, ancient writers referred to the Seleucid ruler as the King of Syria, Lord of Asia, other designations, he refers to either Alexander Balas or Alexander II Zabinas as a ruler. Alexander, who conquered the Persian Empire under its last Achaemenid dynast, Darius III, died young in 323 BC, leaving an expansive empire of Hellenised culture without an adult heir; the empire was put under the authority of a regent in the person of Perdiccas, the territories were divided among Alexander's generals, who thereby became satraps, at the Partition of Babylon, all in that same year. Alexander's generals jostled for supremacy over parts of his empire. Ptolemy, a former general and the satrap of Egypt, was the first to challenge the new system. Ptolemy's revolt led to a new subdivision of the empire with the Partition of Triparadisus in 320 BC. Seleucus, "Commander-in-Chief of the Companion cavalry" and appointed first or court chiliarch received Babylonia and, from that point, continued to expand his dominions ruthlessly.
Seleucus established himself in Babylon in 312 BC, the year used as the foundation date of the Seleucid Empire. The rise of Seleucus in Babylon threatened the eastern extent of Antigonus I territory in Asia. Antigonus, along with his son Demetrius I of Macedon, unsuccessfully led a campaign to annex Babylon; the victory of Seleucus ensured his claim of legitimacy. He ruled not only Babylonia, but the entire enormous eastern part of Alexander's empire, as described by Appian:Always lying in wait for the neighboring nations, strong in arms and persuasive in council, he acquired Mesopotamia, Armenia,'Seleucid' Cappadocia, Parthia, Arabia, Sogdia, Arachosia and other adjacent peoples, subdued by Alexander, as far as the river Indus, so that the boundaries of his empire were the most extensive in Asia after that of Alexander; the whole region from Phrygia to the Indus was subject to Seleucus. In the region of Punjab, Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire in 321 BC. Chandragupta conquered the Nanda Empire in Magadha, relocated to the capital of Pataliputra.
Chandragupta redirected his attention back to the Indus and by 317 BC he conquered the remaining Greek satraps left by Alexander. Expecting a confrontation, Seleucid marched to the Indus, it is said that Chandragupta himself fielded an army of 9,000 war elephants. Mainstream scholarship asserts that Chandragupta received vast territory, sealed in a treaty, west of the Indus, including the Hindu Kush, modern day Afghanistan, the Balochistan province of Pakistan. Archaeologically, concrete indications of Mauryan rule, such as the inscriptions of the Edicts of Ashoka, are known as far as Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. According to Appian: He [Sel
The borzoi called the Russian wolfhound, is a breed of domestic dog. Descended from dogs brought to Russia from central Asian countries, it is similar in shape to a greyhound, is a member of the sighthound family; the system by which Russians over the ages named their sighthounds was a series of descriptive terms, not actual names. Borzói is the masculine singular form of an archaic Russian adjective that means "fast". Borzáya sobáka is the basic term used by Russians, though sobáka is dropped; the name psovaya derived from the word psovina, which means "wavy, silky coat", just as hortaya means shorthaired. In Russian today the breed we know as the borzoi is known as russkaya psovaya borzaya. Other Russian sighthound breeds are stepnaya borzaya, called stepnoi; the most used plural form is the regular formation borzois, the only plural cited in most dictionaries. However, the Borzoi Club of America and the Borzoi Club UK both prefer borzoi as the form for both singular and plural forms. Borzois are large Russian sighthounds that resemble some central Asian breeds such as the Afghan hound and the Kyrgyz Taigan.
Borzois can be described as "long-haired greyhounds". Borzois come in any colour; the borzoi coat is silky and flat wavy or curly. The long top-coat is quite flat, with varying degrees of waviness or curling; the soft undercoat thickens during winter or in cold climates, but is shed in hot weather to prevent overheating. In its texture and distribution over the body, the borzoi coat is unique. There should be a frill on its neck, as well as feathering on its hindquarters and tail. Borzoi males weigh more than 100 pounds. Males stand at least 30 inches at the shoulder. Despite their size, the overall impression is of streamlining and grace, with a curvy shapeliness and compact strength; the borzoi is an independent breed of dog. Most borzois are quiet, barking on rare occasions, they do not have strong territorial drives and cannot be relied on to raise the alarm upon sighting a human intruder. The borzoi requires experienced handling, they are gentle and sensitive dogs with a natural respect for humans, as adults they are decorative couch potatoes with remarkably gracious house manners.
Borzois do not display dominance or aggression towards people, but can turn aggressive if handled roughly. They are rather reserved with strangers but affectionate with people they know well, their sensitivity to invasion of their personal space can make them nervous around children unless they are brought up with them. Borzois adapt well to suburban life, provided they have a spacious yard and regular opportunities for free exercise. A common misunderstanding about the intelligence of breeds in the Hound group stems from their independent nature, which conflicts with the frequent confusion between the concepts of "intelligence" and "obedience" in discussions of canine brainpower. Stanley Coren's survey of canine obedience trainers published in The Intelligence of Dogs reported that borzois obeyed the first command less than 25% of the time. Coren's test, was by his own admission weighted towards the "obedience" interpretation of intelligence and based on a better understanding of "working" breeds than hounds.
The publicity given to this report has led to unfair denigration of breeds which are under-represented in obedience clubs and poorly understood by the average obedience trainer. "Work" for hound breeds is done out of hearing and out of sight of the human companion. In terms of obedience, borzois are selective learners who become bored with repetitive pointless and they can be stubborn when they are not properly motivated. For example, food rewards, or "baiting", may work well for some individuals, but not at all for others. Borzois are capable of enjoying and performing well in competitive obedience and agility trials with the right kind of training. Like other sighthounds, they are sensitive and do not cope well with harsh treatment or training based on punishment, will be unhappy if raised voices and threats are a part of their daily life. However, like any intelligent dog, borzois respond well to the guidance and clear communication of a benevolent human leadership. Borzois were bred to pursue or "course" game and have a powerful instinct to chase things that run from them, including cats and small dogs.
Built for speed and endurance, they can cover long distances in a short time. A fenced yard is a necessity for maintaining any sighthound, they are independent and will range far and wide without containment, with little regard for road traffic. For off-leash exercise, a borzoi needs a large field or park, either fenced or well away from any roads, to ensure its safety. Borzois are born with specialized coursing skills, but these are quite different from the dog-fighting instincts seen in some breeds, it is quite common for borzois at play to course another dog, seize it by the neck and hold it immobile. Young pups do this with their littermates, trading off as to, the prey, it is not a fighting or territorial domination behavior. Borzois can be raised successfully to live with cats and other small animals provid
The Afghan Hound is a hound, distinguished by its thick, silky coat and its tail with a ring curl at the end. The breed is selectively bred for its unique features in the cold mountains of Afghanistan, its local name is Tāžī Spay or Sag-e Tāzī. Other names for this breed areTāzī, Balkh Hound, Baluchi Hound, Barakzai Hound, Shalgar Hound, Kabul Hound, Galanday Hound or sometimes incorrectly African Hound; the Afghan Hound has been identified as a basal breed that predates the emergence of the modern breeds in the 19th Century. It is most related to the Saluki. Today's modern purebred Afghan Hound descends from dogs brought to Great Britain in the 1920s which King Amanullah of the Afghan Royal Family gave away as gifts; some had been kept as others as guardians. Although the breed is demonstrably ancient, verifiable written or visual records that tie today's Afghan Hound breed to specific Afghan owners or places are absent. There is much speculation about the breed's origin and possible connections with the ancient world among fanciers and in non-scientific breed books and breed websites.
Connections with other types and breeds from the same area may provide clues to the history. A name for a desert coursing Afghan hound, suggests a shared ancestry with the similar Tasy breed from the Caspian Sea area of Russia and Turkmenistan. Other types or breeds of similar appearance are the Taigan from the mountainous Tian Shan region on the Chinese border of Afghanistan, the Barakzay, or Kurram Valley Hound. There are at least 13 types known in Afghanistan, some are being developed into modern purebred breeds; as the lives of the peoples with whom these dogs developed change in the modern world these landrace types of dogs lose their use and disappear. Once out of Afghanistan, the history of the Afghan Hound breed became entwined with that of the earliest dog shows and the Kennel Club. Various sighthounds were brought to England in the 1800s by army officers returning from British India and Persia, were exhibited at dog shows, which were just becoming popular, under various names, such as Barukzy hounds.
They were called "Persian Greyhounds" by the English, in reference to their own indigenous sighthound. One dog in particular, was brought in 1907 from India by Captain Bariff, became the early ideal of breed type for what was still called the Persian Greyhound. Zardin was the basis of the writing of the first breed standard in 1912, but breeding of the dogs was stopped by World War I. Out of the longhaired sighthound types known in Afghanistan, two main strains make up the modern Afghan Hound breed; the first were a group of hounds brought to Scotland from Balochistan by Major and Mrs. G. Bell-Murray and Miss Jean C. Manson in 1920, are called the Bell-Murray strain; these dogs were of the lowland or steppe type called kalagh, are less coated. The second strain was a group of dogs from a kennel in Kabul owned by Mrs. Mary Amps, which she shipped to England in 1925, she and her husband came to Kabul after the Afghan war in 1919, the foundation sire of her kennel in Kabul was a dog that resembled Zardin.
Her Ghazni strain were the more coated mountain type. Most of the Afghans in the United States were developed from the Ghazni strain from England; the first Afghans in Australia were imported from the United States in 1934 of the Ghazni strain. The French breed club was formed in 1939; the mountain and steppe strains became mixed into the modern Afghan Hound breed, a new standard was written in 1948, still used today. The afghan hound can come with a much more "patterned" coat; this descends from the Bell-Murray's and the Ghazni lines, is displayed in much lighter feathering of coat, deeper saddle and much shorter hair on the face and neck. It is believed that these particular afghan hounds were a product of much hotter parts of the country; the spectacular beauty of Afghan Hound dogs caused them to become desirable showdogs and pets, they are recognised by all of the major kennel clubs in the English-speaking world. One of the Amps Ghazni, won BIS at Crufts in 1928 and 1930. An Afghan hound was featured on the cover of Life Magazine, November 26, 1945.
Afghan Hounds were the most popular in Australia in the 1970s…and won most of the major shows. An Afghan Hound won BIS at the 1996 World Dog Show in Budapest. Afghan hounds were BIS at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1957 and again in 1983; that win marked the most recent win at Westminster for breeder-owner-handler, Chris Terrell. The Afghan Hound breed is no longer used for hunting, although it can be seen in the sport of lure coursing; the Afghan Hound is tall, standing in height 61–74 cm and weighing 20–27 kg. The coat may be any colour, but white markings on the head, are discouraged. A specimen may have facial hair; the mustache is called "mandarins." Some Afghan Hounds are white, but parti-color hounds are penalized in the AKC standard, but not by the FCI. The long, fine-textured coat requires considerable grooming; the long topknot and the shorter-haired saddle on the back of the dog are distinctive features of the Afghan Hound coat. The high hipbones and unique small ring on the end of the tail are characteristics of the breed.
The temperament of the typical Afghan Hound can be aloof and dignified
The Portuguese Podengo is an ancient multi-sensory hound breed of dog from Portugal. As a breed, the Podengo is divided into three size categories that are not interbred: small and large, their coats are either short and'smooth', or longer and'wired'. The smooth coated variety is traditional, dating back to the 5th century, whereas the wire coated variety is an outcome of the assimilation of various other breeds during the 20th century. In general, the breed is healthy. All Podengo types are hardy and lively dogs, excelling at agility and making fine companions. Loyal and fearless, Podengos are good house guards and are amenable to training by dog experienced people and those that enjoy primitive dog behavior. Keen hunting dogs, the Podengo has an affinity for game regardless of size; the dogs hunt in a pack with their handler following. When game is found, they flush it towards the hunter to be shot; each size category traditionally hunts game appropriate to their size and temperament.. The Portuguese Podengo in the UK is represented by The Portuguese Podengo Club of Great Britain and The Northern Portuguese Podengo Association, the Podengo Pequeno was recognized by the Kennel Club in 2003.
The Breed Standard was approved on January 1, 2006. The Podengo Pequeno was transferred from the Import Register into the Breed Register on January 1, 2008 at the Kennel Club; the Podengo Pequeno now has its own breed classes at Open Shows. The Podengo Pequeno was shown at Crufts for the first time in 2009. There are 500 Podengos now resident in the UK. All three sizes and varieties of the Portuguese Podengo have been registered at the United Kennel Club since 2004 and are in the Sighthound & Pariah Group; the Podengo Pequeno became AKC is now registered there. Incorporated in 2009, Portuguese Podengo Pequenos of America is the AKC club for the breed in the US and is in a few western states and the Midwest; the Portuguese Podengo Pequeno Club of America, founded in 2001, is the first and largest club of Podengo Pequeno owners in the US and is in 40 states. They are the smooth coat varieties of the breed; the PPPCA was incorporated in January 2003 in Newport, Rhode Island and 85% of its members own Portuguese Podengo Pequenos.
Other organizations that recognize the Podengo in the US are the United Kennel Club, American Rare Breed Association, North American Kennel Club and The American Sighthound Field Association. The Portuguese Podengo Medio and Grande are represented in the United States by The American Portuguese Podengo Medio/Grande Club; the United Kingdom registers the most Podengos, followed by the United States and Portugal. In Europe, the Podengo is classified by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as Group 5: Spitz and primitive type, Section 7: Primitive type hunting dogs; the FCI breed standard, which originates in Portugal, governs all types and varieties of the Portuguese Podengo. In both the United States and the UK the Portuguese Podengo is classified in the Hound Group. There are three sizes of Podengos: Podengo Medio and Podengo Grande. Within each size type are two varieties: wire. All of these types are called'Portuguese Podengo' as a'breed,' although none of these six types are interbred.
Portuguese Podengo Pequeno Portuguese Podengo Pequeno Portuguese Podengo Medio Portuguese Podengo Medio Portuguese Podengo Grande Portuguese Podengo Grande In its home country, the Podengo is referred to as Small, Medium or Large Podengo. It is acceptable for the hair description to come after the ` type' name. In the United States, the American Kennel Club split the Podengo Pequeno from the other two sizes as a separate breed; this was done to prevent the interbreeding of the Pequeno with the Medio. The Grande was developed for wild boar hunting, it will hold down the prey and await the hunter's gun. The Grande is now rare in its home country; the Medio was developed for rabbit chasing, flushing and retrieval. Its hunting style includes catlike stalking and, similar to the Ibizan Hound, it jumps above the prey before landing on or near it to flush it out of dense brush, rock crevices or burrows, it will dig. The Pequeno was developed for flushing rabbits from cover, it is a good mouser and was kept on board explorer ships when the Portuguese initiated the European worldwide explorations in the 15th and 16th centuries.
In the United States, the United Kennel Club represents the breed as shown in Portugal and all FCI countries — the three sizes, all with two coat varieties — as one breed. The American Kennel Club has divided the breed into the Portuguese Podengo Pequeno and the Portuguese Podengo; this breed. The Pequeno entered the AKC Misc class in January 2011 and entered the Hound Class in January 2013; the Portuguese Podengo, will enter AKC Miscellaneous Class on January 1, 2014. The Portuguese Podengo Pequeno is characterized by a wedge shaped head, with erect e