Signals is the ninth studio album by Canadian rock band Rush, released in September 1982 by Anthem Records. After the release of their previous album, Moving Pictures, the band started to prepare material for a follow-up during soundchecks on their 1981 concert tour and during the mixing of their subsequent live album Exit... Stage Left. Signals demonstrates the group continuing with the use of synthesizers and other electronic instrumentation, it is their last album produced by their longtime associate Terry Brown, who had worked with them since 1974. The album peaked at No. 1 in Canada, No. 3 in the United Kingdom, No. 10 in the United States. In November 1982, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling one million copies in the United States. Rush released three singles from the album: "New World Man", which became the band's highest charting single in the United States and a number-one hit in Canada, as well as "Subdivisions", "Countdown".
The group supported Signals with a concert tour from April 1982 to May 1983. Signals has been reissued several times, including a remaster with a new stereo and 5.1 surround sound mix in 2011. In July 1981, Rush ended their tour in support of their previous album Moving Pictures; the album became their most commercially successful of their history, granting them their first No. 1 album in Canada and selling over one million copies in the United States at the tour's conclusion. Rush took a three-month break, during which they oversaw the production and mixing of their second live release, Exit... Stage Left, at Le Studio in Quebec. In one of drummer and lyricist Neil Peart's diary entries written during this time, he had been cleaning a Hayman drum kit, housed in the studio and, in September 1981, began working out a song with two members of the band's road crew, the unreleased "Tough Break". Peart was working on lyrics, in particular a set which included "Subdivisions", a track the group would record for Signals.
Having arranged some material for their next studio album, Rush toured North America and Europe from October to December 1981 with a setlist that contained "Subdivisions". The group had their sound man capture their soundchecks on tape which provided a method of developing new songs, the case for "Chemistry"; the majority of Signals was written and rehearsed in early 1982. Geddy Lee has said that the group were aware of how easy it would have been to " it safe" and produce another Moving Pictures, a mindset the band was against; the album displays the band continuing to incorporate the synthesizer into their songs with less emphasis on guitar-oriented riffs, the focus of their sound in the 1970s. Lee considered Signals as the beginning of a new era for the band. In hindsight, he said it was difficult to make because it took longer than usual for the band to achieve the right feel for each song; some ideas that Alex Lifeson and Lee had saved for a potential solo album were used on Signals. Writer and journalist Greg Quill noticed a "cyclical framework" in Signals the album opening in suburbia followed by contemplating escape in "The Analog Kid".
"universal human imponderables" are explored through humanity, sex and ageing, which ends in an actual escape in "Countdown". Quill spoke to Peart about this theory. We were hoping. It's so unfashionable these days to construct grand concepts. We're being closed mouthed about it". Recording began at Le Studio in April 1982, ended on 15 July, it is Rush's last album co-produced by their longtime associate Terry Brown, who had worked with them since 1974. He was joined by engineer Paul Northfield with assistance from Robbie Whelan. Rush intended to finish the album in June, but had to spend additional time in the studio which led to a month's reduction in their planned vacation time. Upon completion, the album was mastered by Bob Ludwig at Gateway Mastering Studios. "Subdivisions" was one of the first songs. After Peart devised a set of lyrics and Lee wrote a collection of musical ideas to fit Peart's words. Peart recalled that his bandmates interrupted him as he was cleaning his car and set up a portable cassette player on the driveway outside the studio, played him what they had come up with.
Peart added: "I listened picking up the variations on 7/8 and 3/4, the way the guitar adopts the role of rhythm section while the keyboards take the melody, returning to bass with guitar leading in the chorus the Mini-moog taking over again for the instrumental bridge", told Lifeson and Lee that he liked it."The Analog Kid" originated during the group's stay at Virgin Gorda in the British Virgin Islands in January 1982, travelling on a yacht named Orianda. Peart had written the words to the song as a companion piece to "Digital Man", which Rush had started working on in late 1981, presented it to Lee; the two discussed what could be done with the lyrics in a musical sense, deciding on the opposite on what the words may suggest, with Peart describing the track as "a up-tempo rocker, with some kind of a dynamic contrast for the choruses"."Chemistry" was developed during soundchecks on the Moving Pictures tour in 1981. It was during one particular session during the United States leg whereby, after each member checking each of their instruments separately, "a little spontaneous creation" came about which produced a song without the group realising it.
Each member played a different part. Upon listening to the sound
Dedication 2 is a 2006 mixtape by Lil Wayne, hosted by DJ Drama. It is a sequel to Lil Wayne's previous mixtape, The Dedication, is second in DJ Drama's Gangsta Grillz series with Lil Wayne, it is one of the few mixtapes in the hip hop genre to be both financially successful and critically acclaimed. Despite its illegal use of unlicensed instrumentals and samples, it was sold through iTunes and retail stores such as Best Buy and FYE, was reviewed in the mainstream media, peaked at #69 on Billboard's "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums” chart; the cover shows Lil Wayne with "Fear God" tattooed on his eyelids. Much of the mixtape showcases Lil Wayne's free associating rhymes and "liquid non-sequiturs." Dedication 2 became a acclaimed mixtape by appearing on the year-end top ten lists from the New Yorker critic Sasha Frere-Jones, The New York Times critic Kelefa Sanneh, the Baltimore City Paper's Jason Torres, appearing on a panel of critics at the Washington City Paper. Tom Breihan of The Village Voice proclaimed it the best summer album of 2006, praising DJ Drama's "impeccable beat selection".
"SportsCenter" was complimented for its "free associating brain bursts." The track titled "Georgia... Bush" was acclaimed for its "mesmerizing indictment" of President Bush. In 2009, Rhapsody ranked this album at number 15 on its "100 Best Albums of the Decade" list. All tracks were arranged by DJ Drama. Dedication 2 at Allmusic
"Why Wait" is a song written by Neil Thrasher, Tom Shapiro, Jimmy Yeary and recorded by American country music band Rascal Flatts. It was released in August 2010 as the first single from the band's 2010 album Nothing Like This, it is their first single from Big Machine Records. The music video, directed by William Zabka, was shot in Las Vegas, following a story reminiscent of the comedy film The Hangover. David Arquette plays the man in the video. Rick Harrison, owner of the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop and star of the History Channel original show Pawn Stars, makes a cameo appearance in the video when the Flatts and Arquette stop at the pawn shop to buy an engagement ring. In the video are cameos by Ron White, Carrot Top, Victoria Justice, Wayne Newton, Penn and Teller. Matt Bjorke of Roughstock gave the song four stars out of five, saying that the lyrics "may be'cheesy' to some, but it fits right where we'd expect a Rascal Flatts song to go." Tara Seetharam gave the song a B+ grade, describing it as "a tasteful, vintage-Flatts track marked by an infectious rush of joy."
She positively commented on the production, LeVox's vocals, stating that "the song gets everything right." Ben Foster of "The 1-to-10 Country Music Review" gave it ten stars out of ten, saying, "this is the best that the boys' voices have sounded in years and their signature three-part harmonies are intact and sounding great." "Why Wait" debuted at No. 34 on the U. S. Billboard Hot Country Songs chart for the week of August 14, 2010. For the week of December 18, 2010, the song became the group's eleventh number one hit on the chart
The Hidden Staircase is the second volume in the Nancy Drew Mystery Stories series written under the pseudonym Carolyn Keene, published in 1930 and revised in 1959. The original text was written by Mildred Wirt Benson, she has said that it is her personal favorite of the Nancy Drew Books she wrote; the novel was adapted as a Warner Bros. film, Nancy Drew and the Hidden Staircase, in 1939. Another adaption of the book from Warner Bros. was released on March 15, 2019. At the beginning of the original edition of The Hidden Staircase, Nancy is home alone while her father and their housekeeper, Hannah Gruen, are both out for the day; the doorbell rings and Nancy is introduced to the "rude visitor," Nathan Gombet, who has come to see Carson Drew about some papers. When his persistence irritates and insults Nancy, she grows impatient and angrily tells him to leave and threatens to call the police. Soon after, Nancy is surprised at her house by Allie Horner, whom she aided in The Secret of the Old Clock.
Allie knows because he stole eggs from her farm. When Carson Drew arrives home, he explains his history with Gombet: Gombet signed over his land to build a railroad and decided after the construction that he had been cheated out of money; the following day, Allie introduces Nancy to the Turnbull sisters and Floretta. They ask Nancy to help them learn the cause of the mysterious "hauntings" of their mansion in Cliffwood, several miles from River Heights; the sisters explain that numerous valuable items have gone missing from their Civil War-era mansion, but they cannot understand how any person could have entered the locked home during these different instances to commit the thefts. Nancy stays overnight with the Turnbull sisters for over a week to determine the source of their problems, she has her own bedroom. Before she leaves, her father gives her a revolver from his desk to protect herself, he explains that he will be out of town on business in Chicago for a few days but no more than a week.
They decide that when he knows the day of his arrival back in River Heights, Nancy will pick him up at the train station to discuss her findings at the Turnbull mansion. Before Nancy leaves for Cliffwood, she receives a threatening letter telling her to stay away from the Turnbull mansion. While she is there more items are stolen and at one point they find a couple of canaries flying about the mansion; when Nancy notices a stone mansion across a hill, identical to the Turnbull Mansion, the Turnbull sisters tell her that both mansions were built at the same time by distant relatives of theirs. They explain that none other than Nathan Gombet owns the other stone mansion, he has asked to purchase their house. Armed with this knowledge, Nancy is certain that Nathan Gombet is the culprit behind the thefts and is determined to prove it. Meanwhile, her father, who sent a telegram to Nancy to pick him up on a certain day at the station for their meeting, disembarks to find Nathan Gombet waiting for him.
Nathan confuses Carson and leads him to believe that Nancy has had an accident near Gombet’s mansion and is waiting there, in trouble. Distraught and believing Gombet, Carson Drew rides back to Gombet’s mansion, where he is held, prisoner. Nancy never receives the telegram from Carson Drew and worries that something is wrong since she cannot reach him. Late one night, once the Turnbull sisters are asleep, convinced that there is some passage between the two mansions, Nancy ventures out to Gombet’s mansion in the dark, rainy night, armed with her revolver and a flashlight. While she is running through the rain, she sees Gombet walking toward the Turnbull mansion, she decides that this is her only opportunity to get into his house and resists her urge to follow him. After sneaking through a cellar window of Gombet’s house, Nancy is discovered twice by his servant. Upon the second search by Gombet’s servant, Nancy is narrowly saved from discovery but ends up locked in an upstairs room. In the closet of this room, Nancy finds a knob and after pulling it, discovers a hidden staircase.
The stone staircase, as it turns out, leads to a large tunnel that splits off at various points, all of which lead into different rooms in the Turnbull mansion. The next morning and the Turnbull sisters go to the sheriff, who brings the police force to Gombet’s mansion, they find the cell where he is holding Carson Drew as prisoner and arrest Gombet. In the beginning of The Hidden Staircase Nancy gets a call from her friend Helen Corning, telling her of a possible mystery to be solved. Nancy is introduced to Mrs. Flora Turnbull and Mrs. Rosemary Hayes by Helen, the great-granddaughter of Miss Flora and great niece of Aunt Rosemary. Miss Flora believes that Twin Elms, is haunted. Nancy has just agreed to help solve the mystery of Twin Elms when a man named Nathan Gomber tells Nancy that her father, Carson Drew, is in great danger. Gomber represents a client and other land owners who are dissatisfied with the proceeds of land purchases for a new railroad. Mr. Drew tells Nancy to go to Twin Elms with Helen and help Miss Flora and Mrs. Hayes, as he will be traveling to Chicago during the first part of Nancy's stay at the old estate, will join her later.
After an enjoyable dance with her former prom date and her father inspect the railroad construction near the river, but are forced to swim to safety when a runaway truck nearly runs them down. Nancy and Helen pack their bags and head off to Twin Elms, with Helen announcing the news of her engagement to her boyfriend Jim Archer over the weekend, en route. At Twin Elms, Miss Flora explains her theory of a ghost, explains the disappearance of items both
Dorethea van der Merwe was the first woman hanged under the Union of South Africa. In 1921 she was convicted of the murder of Louis Tumpowski, he had been murdered on her farm, Treurfontein, in Lichtenburg, Transvaal in 1918. The present-day town of Coligny is situated on Treurfontein farm, it has been the site of tragic events both after the murder of Louis Tumpowski. In 1914 General Louis Botha announced his intention to invade South West Africa referred to locally as German West Africa, as part of the assistance of Great Britain during the First World War. Koos de la Rey was amongst those opposed to it and travelled to a meeting in Potchefstroom, via a gathering at the farm, where he was to meet senior military officials, he was killed at a police road-block near the farm. Official accounts of the incident vary, with some stating that de la Rey did not stop at the road-block, while others state that his vehicle was mistaken for one belonging to the Foster gang; the day after the funeral a meeting was held at the farm and tensions ran high as it was suspected that de la Rey had been killed deliberately.
The farm belonged to Dorethea van der Merwe, using the name Dorethea Kraft. Records of her early life are not available but it is believed that she had either been divorced or widowed and was trying to eke out an existence on the farm with the help of her daughter and the black labourers. Several seasons of severe drought coupled with poor soil quality had resulted in her efforts being reduced to subsistence farming, further exacerbated by the common practice amongst the farm workers of being recalcitrant and not accepting instructions from women. Louis Tumpowski was a Jewish immigrant from the United States of America who arrived in South Africa in 1887 at the age of twenty-five, he made his way to Johannesburg, a small but expanding mining town at that time, with the intention of selling general provisions to the gold mine workers and prospectors. As his business prospered he would still visit farms and smallholdings in the area to obtain fresh supplies and this was how the 54 year old Tumpowski met Dorethea Kraft.
Although Kraft had little to sell to Tumpowski, she engaged him in conversation and she asked him to find a manager to run the farm for her. He returned with the proposal that he would rent the farm for £25 a year while Kraft and her daughter could remain on the farm, she was pleased with this idea and on 21 May 1914 she signed the lease-agreement that Tumpowski's lawyers had written, without reading the fine-print. As an added bonus for him, Tumpowski not only managed the farm but "kept Dorethea's bed warm at night."The situation at the farm did not improve and Kraft decided that it would be better for her, for her daughter, to sell the farm as the land prices had increased dramatically. She would be able to make a large enough profit for them to live on. Furthermore, Tumpowski did not seem inclined to marry her. However, on learning of Kraft's plan, Tumpowski showed her the contract she had signed that would allow him to buy the land at less than half of its value at that time. Kraft was angry.
She decided to use "her feminine wiles" to convince Tumpowski to marry her and would nullify the contract in their pre-nuptial agreement. Tumpowski refused. Kraft decided that she needed the assistance of a local witchdoctor, a coloured man named Jim Bird who lived on a neighbouring farm, she got a love potion from him but Tumpowski proved to be immune to it. The only effect it had was to cause an upset stomach. Tumpowski accused Kraft of trying to kill him and from on refused to eat or drink anything she had made. A second attempt at a magical potion was made by Jim Bird, which involved a lock of Tumpowski's hair mixed with the magic potion, placed in a matchbox and buried under his door; this potion was supposed to kill Tumpowski but it had no effect. In 1918, Hermanus Lambertus Swartz, an army deserter came to Treurfontein looking for work and Kraft saw this as an opportunity. Swartz soon became Polly's suitor but slept with Kraft on occasion. Swartz saw the opportunity to become the owner of Treurfontein if he married Polly and got rid of Tumpowski.
He suggested to Kraft that she stop trying to just kill Tumpowski. He suggested that Jim Bird would commit the murder. Bird agreed, for the price of £100. On the evening of 2 February 1918 a heavy thunderstorm broke over the farm. Kraft, Swartz and three labourers gathered in the farmhouse kitchen while Polly remained in her bedroom. Swartz shoved Bird into the room. Bird attacked the man with a knopkierie and tried to leave but Swartz wasn't convinced that Tumpowski was dead and kept sending him back to finish the job. Kraft held Tumpowski's hands while Swartz strangled him with a leather thong and cut his throat. Kraft asked bird to use his magic to hide Tumpowski's blood and offered to pay him an additional £100 but Bird fled the scene. Kraft and the labourers buried Tumpowski's body outside near a rubbish dump. While they were digging the grave a knocking was heard at the front door of the house, it was a couple with a sick child. No one answered the lights in the house were turned off; the couple left but they had heard the sounds of the digging.
By the next day the storm had washed all traces of the murder away. Polly left the next day for Johannesburg and Kraft complained
Jennifer Mather Saul is a philosopher working in philosophy of language and philosophy of feminism. Saul is a professor of philosophy at the University of Waterloo. Jennifer Saul holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Rochester and a master's degree and PhD from Princeton University, where she studied under Scott Soames. Saul has co-written a report for the British Philosophical Association and Society for Women in Philosophy UK with Helen Beebee titled Women in Philosophy in the UK: A Report. Saul writes comments on women in philosophy, in a variety of non-academic publications. In December 2011, Jennifer Saul was awarded the Distinguished Woman Philosopher award in Washington, D. C. by the Society for Women in Philosophy. In response to her Distinguished Woman Philosopher Award Saul said, "I'm honored and stunned by this. It’s wonderful to be recognized as making a difference in people's lives by doing philosophy. For me, that's the highest honor there could be." Saul is co-founder and co-blogger for the Feminists Philosophers, a forum that focuses on gender biases.
The forum's Gender Conference Campaign aims to highlight the lack of participation and representation of female philosophers at world events. Saul's primary research is in analytic philosophy of feminist philosophy. In her most recent book, Lying and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics, she argues that the distinction between lying and misleading is theoretically significant and illuminates a variety of issues in philosophy of language concerning semantic content and assertion. Moreover, because it is an ethically meaningful distinction, it demonstrates some ways in which communication and speech are apt for ethical analysis. Saul argues. Luvell Anderson, in his review of the book, says that "Her book is an excellent addition to a growing literature of what might be considered applied philosophy of language."In philosophy of language, Saul is known for her work on substitution of co-referential terms in simple sentences. Although it is universally accepted that substitution fails in propositional attitude contexts, Saul argues that substitution can fail in sentences that have no psychological verbs whatsoever.
This raises questions about dominant accounts of attitude reports. In 2007, Saul published Simple Sentences and Intuitions in which she develops her views on these issues with attention to their methodological implications. Jennifer Duke-Yonge says of the book, "Saul advances the study of simple sentence substitution failure by demonstrating the inadequacy of existing accounts, but more this book brings into focus crucial questions about the problematic role of semantic intuitions used without question in philosophy of language. In an area like philosophy of language where intuitions are the primary kind of data we have available, this focused study of their role and nature is to be welcomed." In feminist philosophy, Saul is known for her book Feminism: Issues & Arguments, Oxford University Press, an introductory text that explores a variety of feminist views and explores their application to controversies over such topics as pornography and veiling. Louise Antony says, "Saul's accessible and engaging introduction to philosophical issues in feminism will challenge students of all political persuasions.
Modelling good philosophical method all the way, Saul draws her readers into some of the most important and interesting controversies of contemporary gender studies." She has done important work on pornography and the history of the vibrator. From 2011-2013, Saul was Director of the Leverhulme-funded Implicit Bias and Philosophy International Research Project; the project brought together nearly 100 researchers in philosophy and psychology to explore the implications of research on implicit bias and related topics for epistemology, philosophy of mind, moral/political philosophy. Lying and What is Said: An Exploration in Philosophy of Language and in Ethics Substitution, Simple Sentences and Intuitions Feminism: Issues & Arguments, Oxford University Press. "Politically Significant Terms and Philosophy of Language: Methodological Issues" Anita Superson and Sharon Crasnow, Analytic Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy, Oxford University Press 2012. "Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat and Women in Philosophy" forthcoming in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?, Edited by Fiona Jenkins and Katrina Hutchison, Oxford University Press.
“Just Go Ahead and Lie”, January 2012. “Rankings of Quality and Rankings of Reputation: Problems for both from Implicit Bias”, Journal of Social Philosophy 2012. “Maker’s Knowledge or Perpetuator’s Ignorance?” Jurisprudence 2012. “Conversational Implicature, Speaker Meaning, Calculability” Klaus Petrus Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on H. Paul Grice, Palgrave MacMillan 2010 “Conversational Implicature, Speaker Meaning, Calculability”, Klaus Petrus Meaning and Analysis: New Essays on H. Paul Grice, Palgrave 2010, 170-183. “Speaker Meaning, What is Said, What is Implicated”, Noûs, Vol.36 No.2, 2002, pp. 228–248. "What is Said and Psychological Reality: Grice's Project And Relevance Theorists' Criticisms", Linguistics & Philosophy, 25, 2002, pp. 347–372. "What are Intensional Transitives?", Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 2002, Supplementary Volume LXXVI, 2002, pp. 101–120. (wit