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Wilbur F. Davidson House

The Wilbur F. Davidson House is a private house located at 1707 Military Street in Port Huron, Michigan, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. Wilbur F. Davidson was born in Adrian in 1852, he graduated from Howell High School in 1870, in 1882 he opened a large dry goods store in Port Huron. In 1883 Davidson installed an electric light plant in his store, it was the first such plant in St. Clair County, proved so successful that Davidson soon organized the Port Huron Light and Power Company, turned his efforts from dry goods to the electricity business. Over the rest of his life, Davidson organized a number of power companies and electric railways, branched into other real estate and financial businesses in Port Huron. In 1890, Davidson constructed this house for his family, he lived there until his death in 1912, after which his daughter Cornelia moved in with her husband, Alfred West. They lived there until Alfred's death in 1950. Don Hampton purchased the house in 1951.

In 1970, preservationists sought to restore the house, renovations continued during the early 1970s. The Wilbur F. Davidson House is one-half story frame Queen Anne house; the first floor has clapboard siding, scalloped shingles are above. Raised wood decorations on the gables creates a half-timbered effect, it has 23 rooms, including basement billiard room. There are seven fireplaces in the house; the original trim is still extant, includes walnut, butternut and cherry woods. The floors are hardwood throughout; the foyer is beamed and paneled, contains a prominent staircase with serpentine balusters

History of forensic photography

Forensic science holds the branch of forensic photography which encompasses documenting both suspected and convicted criminals, the crime scenes and other evidence needed to make a conviction. Although photography was acknowledged as the most accurate way to depict and document people and objects, it was not until key developments in the late 19th century that it came to be accepted as a forensic means of identification. Forensic photography resulted from the modernization of criminal justice systems and the power of photographic realism. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, these two developments were significant to both forensic photography and police work in general, they can be attributed to a desire for accuracy. First, government bureaucracies became more professionalized and thus collected much more data about their citizens. Criminal justice systems began incorporating science into the procedures of police and judiciaries; the main reason, for the acceptance of police photography, is a conventional one.

Other than its growing popularity, the widespread notion of photography was the prominent belief in the realism of the medium. The earliest evidence of photographic documentation of prison inmates dates back to 1843-44 in Belgium and 1851 in Denmark. This, was experimental and was yet to be ruled by technical or legal regulations; the shots ranged to prisoners in their cells. There was no training required and pictures were taken by amateurs, commercial photographers, policemen or prison officials. By the 1870s, the practice had spread to many countries, though limited to larger cities. Professional photographers would be employed to take posed portraits of the criminals; this was early evidence that led to the standard mug shot known today and was unlike any known portraiture. Though there was no set standard yet, there was creativity employed with lighting or angle; this was not like photographing portraits of children. These were documenting criminals, it was one of the first times. Though these were adapted to police regulations, photographing criminals and suspects was widespread until the latter part of the 19th century, when the process of having one's picture taken and archived was limited to individuals convicted of serious offenses.

This was, by discretion of the police. As the number of criminals climbed, so too did the number of photographs. Organizing and storing the archives became a problem. Collections called, "Rogues Galleries" classified criminals according to types of offenses; the earliest evidence of these galleries was found in England in the 1850s. Shortly after this were initial attempts at standardizing the photographs. French photographer, Alphonse Bertillon was the first to realize that photographs were futile for identification if they were not standardized by using the same lighting and angles, he wanted to replace traditional photographic documentation of criminals with a system that would guarantee reliable identification. He suggested anthropological studies of full-face shots to identify criminals, he published La Photographie Judiciaire, which contained rules for a scientifically exact form of identification photography. He stated that the subjects should be well lit, photographed full face and in profile, with the ear visible.

Bertillon maintained that the precepts of commercial portraits should be forgotten in this type of photography. By the turn of the century, both his measurement system and photographic rules had been accepted and introduced in all states. Thus, Bertillon is credited with the invention of the mug shot; some people believe that Bertillon's methods were influenced by crude Darwinian ideas and attempted to confirm assumptions that criminals were physically distinguishable from law-abiding citizens. It is speculated in the article, "Most Wanted Photography," that it is from this system that many of the stereotype looks of criminals in movies and comics were founded. Although the measurement system was soon replaced by fingerprinting, the method of standardized photographs survived. On the other side of the spectrum of forensic photography, is the crime photography that involves documenting the scene of the crime, rather than the criminal. Though this type of forensic photography was created for the purpose of documenting and convicting, it allows more room for creative interpretation and variance of style.

It includes taking pictures of the victim for the purpose of conviction. The development of this type of forensic photography is responsible for radical changes in the field, including public involvement and new interpretations and purposes of the field. Bertillon was the first to methodically photograph and document crime scenes, he did this both at ground level and overhead, which he called "God's-eye-view." While his mug shots encourage people to find differences in physical characteristics of criminals, his crime scene photographs revealed similarities to the public. This made people question, when looking in a newspaper at pictures of a murder that took place in a home that resembles their own, "could this happen to me?" For the first time, people other than criminologists, police or forensic photographers were seeing the effects of crime through forensic photography

NV Energy

NV Energy is a public utility which generates and distributes electric service in northern and southern Nevada, including the Las Vegas Valley, provides natural gas service in the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area of northern Nevada. Based in Las Vegas, Nevada, it serves about 1.3 million customers and over 40 million tourists annually. MidAmerican Energy Holdings Company, a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, acquired NV Energy in a transaction completed on December 19, 2013. NV Energy will continue to be based in Las Vegas under its current name. Prior to the acquisition by MidAmerican, the company's common stock was listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol NVE. NV Energy is the product of the 1998 merger of the two major utilities in Nevada—northern Nevada's Sierra Pacific Power, based in Reno, Las Vegas' Nevada Power. Sierra Pacific Power was founded in 1928 from a merger of several companies dating back to the gold rush of the 1850s. In 1984, it reorganized as Sierra Pacific Resources.

Nevada Power was formed in 1906 as the Consolidated Telephone Company of Nevada. It sold off its telephone operations in 1929 and became Southern Nevada Power, changing its name to Nevada Power in 1961. A year it became the first Nevada-based company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1999, Sierra Pacific and Nevada Power merged. Sierra Pacific Resources was the nominal survivor, with Nevada Power joining Sierra Pacific Power as one of its operating companies. However, headquarters moved from Reno to Nevada Power's old campus in Las Vegas; the merger created a company with a service territory stretching over 44,400 square miles—nearly all of Nevada's densely populated area. On September 22, 2008, Nevada Power and Sierra Pacific Power began doing business as NV Energy; this is the result of the corporate decision to unify its image under a single brand. Sierra Pacific Resources changed its corporate name to NV Energy, Inc. In 2009, NV Energy sold its California operations to a partnership of Algonquin Power & Utilities and Emera.

Algonquin bought out Emera. In February 2010, NV Energy entered a 20-year agreement with Pattern Energy to be the sole purchaser of power generated by Pattern's Spring Valley Wind Farm, which opened in August 2012; the wind farm generates power for NV Energy customers in the Las Vegas Valley. In July 2018, NV Energy launched an electric vehicle infrastructure program; the Nevada Public Utilities Commission authorized the company to invest $15 million to incentivize the development of publicly available charging stations. The program was authorized by the state legislature and "integrated with a broad, years-old $295 million legislative mandate that includes solar incentives and other renewables." Based on the reliability of electric distribution service, NV Energy ranked among the best 10% of electric utilities nationwide in 2012, 2011 and 2010, was the best in the nation in 2009. The rankings are based on interruption frequency and interruption duration compared to a peer group constructed by the Edison Electric Institute.

The company serves its customers through a variety of sources including natural gas and renewable energy. The company is exceeding Nevada's renewable portfolio standard, of 18 percent of its total energy sales. NV Energy’s northern Nevada operating company achieved a 33.6 percent renewable energy and renewable energy credit level, southern Nevada achieved a 20.2 percent renewable portfolio standard. In 2019, NV Energy announced its three new solar projects, totaling 1,200 megawatts paired with 590 megawatts of battery storage; the projects will be developed by 8minute Solar Energy, EDFG Renewables, Quinbrook Infrastructure and Arevia Power, are set to be completed by 2023. In 2006, the company announced plans to construct the Ely Energy Center near Nevada; the project would consist of two 750 megawatt pulverized coal generation units, but was delayed for 10 years in February 2009. In May 2011, the company completed construction of the Harry Allen gas-fired generating plant below budget and ahead of schedule.

Prior to 2013, the company's northern and southern Nevada electric grids were not connected, ran as separate systems. This changed in late 2013, when the company completed a transmission line running from the Harry Allen plant north to Ely, Nevada; the 500-kilovolt One Nevada Transmission Line is expected to improve electric service reliability, reduce costs and allow development of renewable energy sources, such as wind and geothermal generating units, in remote parts of the state. Eagle Shadow Mountain is a 300 MW solar PV project built for NV Energy. NV Energy buys solar power from the 100 MW Playa Solar 2 project at $0.0378/kWh in a 20-year power purchase agreement. In 2019, NV Energy announced development of nearly 1.2 GW of solar projects in and around the Moapa River Indian Reservation. The Gemini Solar + Battery Storage Project includes 690 MW solar PV and a 380 MW / 1,400 MWh battery. Nevada Power Company Sierra Pacific Power Company NV Energy website Sources of power Sierra Pacific Power Company records, NC1195.

Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno

Ajman Castle

Ajman Castle is a 17th-century manor located near the settlement of Sveti Duh in the Municipality of Škofja Loka, Slovenia. The late-renaissance castle was built in 1679 by the governor of the Škofja Loka lordship, Franc Matija the noble Lampfrizhaimb. Successive owners included the noble families of Angerburg, Widmannsstätten, Zanetti and Dienzl; the manorial chapel of the Holy Virgin was built in 1733 and contains an altar-wall mural by Franc Jelovšek, one of the more prominent Slovene painters of the eighteenth century. Commissioned between 1739 and 1746 by its owner Kristof Laurenz von Flachenfeld, the painting features the Virgin flanked by St. John Nepomuk and St. Francis Xavier. In 1746 the manor was sold to Adam Dinzl Angerburg. In the late 18th century it obtained its current name, Ajman Castle, after another owner named Heimann. In 1918 it passed into the hands of Marija Guzelj, to the Demšar family, which held it until World War II. On 30 April 1944 the Partisans burned the manor down.

It was renovated some decades later. Today it houses an Ursuline monastery

Baron Raimund von Stillfried

Baron Raimund von Stillfried known as Baron Raimund von Stillfried-Rathenitz, was an Austrian photographer. He was son of Baron August Wilhelm Stillfried von Rathenitz and Countess Maria Anna Johanna Theresia Walburge Clam-Martinitz. After leaving his military career, Stillfried moved to Yokohama and opened a photographic studio called Stillfried & Co. which operated until 1875. In 1875, Stillfried formed a partnership with Hermann Andersen and the studio was renamed, Stillfried & Andersen; this studio operated until 1885. In 1877, Stillfried & Andersen bought the stock of Felice Beato. In the late 1870s, Stillfried visited and photographed in Dalmatia and Greece. In addition to his own photographic endeavours, Stillfried trained many Japanese photographers. In 1886, Stillfried sold the majority of his stock to his protégé, the Japanese photographer Kusakabe Kimbei, he left Japan, he left Japan forever in 1881. After travelling to Vladivostock, Hong Kong and Bangkok, he settled in Vienna in 1883.

He received an Imperial and Royal Warrant of Appointment as photographer. Artnet, s.v. "Raimund von Stillfried". Accessed 11 December 2006. Canadian Centre for Architecture. "Baron Raimund von Stillfried". Accessed 14 April 2011. Gartlan, Luke. A Career of Japan: Baron Raimund von Stillfried and Early Yokohama Photography. Brill: Photography in Asia, Vol 1. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016, 384 pp. 163 illus. ISBN 978-90-04-28932-1. Nagasaki University Library. "Stillfried". Accessed 12 February 2007. Union List of Artists Names, s.v. "Stillfried-Rathenitz, Raimund von, Baron". Accessed 11 December 2006. Specific Stillfried collection at Smithsonian Institution