Silja Line is a Finnish cruiseferry brand operated by the Estonian ferry company AS Tallink Grupp, for car and passenger traffic between Finland and Sweden. The former company Silja Oy—today Tallink Silja Oy—is a subsidiary of the Tallink Grupp, handling marketing and sales for Tallink and Silja Line brands in Finland as well as managing Tallink Silja's ship employees. Another subsidiary, Tallink Silja AB, handles marketing and sales in Sweden. Strategical corporate management is performed by Tallink Grupp which own the ships; as of 2009 four ships service two routes under the Silja Line brand, transporting about three million passengers and 200,000 cars every year. The Silja Line ships have a market share of around 50 percent on the two routes served; the history of Silja Line can be traced back to 1904 when two Finnish shipping companies, Finland Steamship Company and Steamship Company Bore, started collaborating on Finland–Sweden traffic. The initial collaboration agreement was terminated in 1909, but re-established in 1910.
After World War I in 1918 a new agreement was made that included the Swedish Rederi AB Svea. The collaboration agreement applied only on service between Turku and Stockholm, but was applied to the Helsinki–Stockholm in 1928; as a precursor to the policies adopted by Silja Line, each of the three companies ordered a near-identical ship for Helsinki–Stockholm service to coincide with the 1952 Summer Olympics, held in Helsinki. Only Finland SS Co.'s SS Aallotar was ready in time for the olympics. At this time the city of Helsinki constructed the Olympia Terminal in Helsinki's South Harbour, that Silja Line's ships still use. Realising that car-passenger ferries would be the dominating traffic form in the future, the three collaborating companies decided to form a daughter company, Oy Siljavarustamo / Siljarederiet Ab; the new company started out with used ships which were not well-fitted for the role they were meant for, but that changed when in 1961 Silja took delivery of the new MS Skandia, the first purpose-built car-passenger ferry in the northern Baltic Sea.
Skandia's sister MS Nordia followed the next year and the era's giant MS Fennia in 1966. Two more ships based on the Skandia design, MS Botnia and MS Floria were delivered in 1967 and 1970, respectively. Despite the establishment of Silja, FÅA, Bore and Svea continued to operate on the same routes with their own ships; this led to a somewhat complex situation. In Finland they went by the name Ruotsinlaivat whereas in Sweden the preferred terms were Det Samseglande, Finlandsbåten or Sverigebåten. In both countries the names of all four companies were displayed alongside the group identity. In 1967 three of Silja's rival companies had formed a joint marketing and coordination company, Viking Line, to become Silja Line's main rival for the next two decades. FÅA, Bore and Svea soon realised that a similar arrangement would be preferable to their current fragmented image, in 1970 a big change was carried out within the organisations: Silja Line was established as a joint marketing and coordination company between FÅA, Bore and Svea, the ships of Siljavarustamo were divided between these three.
All Silja Line's ships were painted in the same colour scheme, with a white hull and superstructure, with the dark blue "Silja Line" text on the side, alongside the now-famous seal's head logo. Each company retained their own funnel colours, so it was easy to distinguish which ship belonged to which company from a distance: Svea's funnels where white with a large black S on them, FÅA's were black with two white brands around the funnel, Bore's were yellow with a blue/white cross. Before the reorganisation Silja had ordered two new ships from Dubigeon-Normandie S. A. Nantes, France to begin year-round traffic from Helsinki to Stockholm. In 1972 these were delivered to Svea as MS Aallotar and MS Svea Regina, respectively. Passenger numbers on the Helsinki route grew fast and in 1973 it was decided that the three companies would each order a ship of identical design from the same shipyard to replace the current Helsinki–Stockholm ships; the first two of these was delivered in 1975. The last sister, MS Bore Star, was delivered in December of the same year.
However, there weren't enough passengers during the winter for all three ships, as a result the Bore Star was chartered to Finnlines during the winters of 1975–76 and 1976–77. In 1976 Finland SS Co changed its name to Effoa. During the latter part of the 1970s Effoa's old ferries MS Ilmatar and MS Regina made cruises around Baltic Sea, Norwegian fjords and the Atlantic under the marketing name Silja Cruises. In the 1979 Svea and Effoa decided again to order new ships for the Helsinki–Stockholm route, which would be the largest ferries of their time. Bore however decided not to participate in building new ships, in 1980 opted to bow out of passenger traffic altogether, their two ships were sold to Effoa and their shares of Silja Line split between the two other companies. In Finland, in Sweden, a large maritime strike in spring 1980 stopped ferry traffic completely; this prompted Effoa to terminate the Silja Cruises service. Despite the difficulties Silja's first real cruiseferries Finlandia and MS Silvia Regina entered traffic in 1981, which led to a 45% raise in passenger numbers.
Late in the same year Johnson Line purcha
Craveman is the twelfth studio album by the American hard rock guitarist Ted Nugent, released in 2002. The album continues the trend, started in the mid-1990s, of Nugent returning to the rawer, harder-rocking sound that made him famous in the 1970s; this stands in sharp contrast to the synth-pop of his 1980s work, the romantic AOR power-ballads of his early 1990s band Damn Yankees. This album contains some material from an unreleased Damn Yankees album, Bravo. Critic Eduardo Rivadavia of Allmusic gave Craveman a positive 4 stars out of a possible 5, declaring it Nugent's "fiercest effort in decades, his heaviest ever." All songs are written by Ted Nugent, except where noted, "Klstrphnky" – 3:55 "Crave" – 6:19 "Rawdogs & Warhogs" – 3:37 "Damned If Ya Do" – 4:21 "At Home There" – 3:49 "Cum N Gitya Sum-o-This" – 2:37 "Change My Sex" – 3:03 "I Won’t Go Away" – 5:32 "Pussywhipped" – 3:00 "Goin' Down Hard" – 4:13 "Wang Dang Doodle" – 2:58 "My Baby Likes My Butter on Her Gritz" - 3:52 "Sexpot" – 3:11 "Earthtones" – 5:39 Ted Nugent – guitars, lead vocals, producer Marco Mendoza – bass guitar, backing vocals, lead vocals on "At Home There" Tommy Clufetos – drums, backing vocals Chris Peters – producer Drew Peters – producer, engineer Ben Began – engineer, mixing Joe Lambert – mastering
Delia is a feminine given name, either taken from an epithet of the Greek moon goddess Artemis or else representing a short form of Adelia, Cordelia or Odelia. According to records for the 1901 Irish census, there were 6,260 persons named Delia living that year in all 32 counties of Ireland, with 256 more bearing the full forename Bedelia; these related names originated as English renderings of the Irish name Brighid meaning "exalted one", which belonged to a pagan fertility goddess. In most cases, the name Delia refers to the tiny Greek island of Delos, the birthplace of Artemis and her twin brother Apollo. Delia Akeley, American explorer Delia Arnold, Malaysian professional squash player Delia Bacon, American author and Shakespearean scholar Delia Boccardo, Italian actress Didi Contractor, German-American architect Delia Derbyshire, British musician and composer of electronic music Delia Ephron, American author and playwright Delia Fiallo, Cuban romance novelist and screenwriter Delia Garcés, Argentine film actress Delia Gonzalez, American boxer Delia Green, teenage African-American murder victim, reported inspiration for several traditional blues songs Delia Grigore, Romanian Romani writer, philologist and Romani rights activist Delia Opekokew, Cree lawyer and writer Delia Lawrie, Australian politician Delia Matache, Romanian pop singer Delia Mathews, New Zealand-born ballet dancer Deliana Delia Meulenkamp known by her married name Delia Dooling, Dutch-born American swimmer Delia Parodi, Argentine politician Delia Scala, Italian ballerina and actress Cordelia Delia Sherman, American fantasy writer and editor Delia Smith, English celebrity chef and cookery writer Delia Vaudan, Italian luger who competed from the late 1970s to the early 1990s Delia Villegas Vorhauer, Latina social worker Delia Webster, American teacher, author and abolitionist Delia Brown, on the American TV show Everwood Delia Banks, on the TV show Ghost Whisperer Delia Busby, from the television show Call the Midwife Delia Cahel, from the William Butler Yeats play Cathleen ni Houlihan Delia Deetz, from the 1988 movie Beetlejuice, played by Catherine O'Hara Delia Ketchum from Pokémon, the mother of Ash Ketchum Delia Dantes, in Tui T. Sutherland and Kari Sutherland's Menagerie book trilogy Delia York, in the made-for-TV movie Omen IV: The Awakening Delia Jones, the main character in Zora Neal Hurston's short story Sweat Delia, a player character in the Korean MMO Vindictus.
The San Francisco Dragons were a professional field lacrosse team based in San Francisco and San Jose, California. From 2006–2008, they played in Major League Lacrosse and they ceased operations before the 2009 season due to the economic situation in the United States; the San Francisco Dragons were awarded an MLL franchise in July 2005. The original owners were Michael Levitt, Chris Bulger, Charley Biggs; the inaugural season commenced on May 2006, against the Denver Outlaws. They lost the game 15–11, but went on to beat the Outlaws two times in the season; the Dragons spent their first 2 seasons in Kezar Stadium. The Dragons had a strong inaugural season led by league MVP and Offensive Player of the Year, Ryan Powell, they finished the season a playoff team. They lost in the semifinals to emerging rivals the Denver Outlaws, 23–14. On April 4, 2007 the Dragons were acquired by a local Bay Area investment group from the Dragons' previous East Coast owner; the 2007 season began on May 19, with a loss in Denver to the Denver Outlaws, 14–21.
The 2007 Home Opener was played on June 2 to a loss against the Long Island Lizards, 12-14. For the 2008 season it was announced the Dragons would be moving 50 miles south to San Jose, California to play at Spartan Stadium and kept their name. 2006 San Francisco Dragons season 2007 San Francisco Dragons season 2008 San Francisco Dragons season President – Henry "Hank" Molloy Executive VP/General Manager – Doug Locker VP/Sales - James Martin Head Coach – Tom Slate Assistant Coach – Ned Webster Director of Game Ops – Gary Podesta Ticket Sales Manager – Neil Hueston Media Relations Manager – Mandy Marks
Jan Żabiński and his wife Antonina Żabińska were a Polish couple from Warsaw, recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations for their heroic rescue of Jews during the Holocaust in Poland. Jan Żabiński was a zoologist and zootechnician by profession, a scientist, organizer and director of the renowned Warsaw Zoo before and during World War II, he became director of the Zoo before the outbreak of war but during the occupation of Poland held a prestigious function of the Superintendent of the city's public parks in 1939–1945. A street in Warsaw is named after him. Jan and his wife Antonina and their son Ryszard used their personal villa and the zoo itself to shelter hundreds of displaced Jews. Additionally, Jan fought during the Warsaw Uprising, was subsequently injured and became a prisoner of war. After his liberation Żabiński became a member of the State Commission for the Preservation of Nature. Jan Żabiński authored 60 popular science books, his wife Antonina authored several children’s books written from the perspective of animals.
Jan Żabiński was born in Warsaw, the son of Józef Żabiński and his wife Helena née Strzeszewska who taught him the love of animals. Jan joined the nascent Polish Army in 1919 and took part in the Polish–Soviet War of 1920, for which he was awarded his first Cross of Valour. In the reconstituted sovereign Poland of the interwar period, Żabiński became an agricultural engineer with the Doctoral Degree in Zoology, he was employed at the Institute of Zoology and Physiology of Animals of the Warsaw University of Life Sciences, met Antonina Erdman, his future wife there. He was the co-founder of the Warsaw Zoo, served as its director for a decade from 1929 until the German invasion of Poland in 1939, he taught geography at the private Kreczmar Secondary. In 1937 Żabiński supervised the birth of "Tuzinka", the 12th elephant born in captivity. After the liberation of Poland in 1945, he soon resumed his position of the Warsaw Zoo director, served there until March 1951. For his Holocaust rescue, he was posthumously awarded the Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta with the Star, by President Lech Kaczyński in 2008.
His wife Antonina was awarded the Commander's Cross. Following the German takeover of Warsaw in September 1939, Żabiński, a Zoo director, was appointed by the new Nazi administration as the superintendent of the public parks as well. An employee of the Warsaw municipality, he was allowed to enter the Warsaw Ghetto when the ghetto was founded in 1940. Jan and his wife Antonina began helping their many Jewish friends right away. Availing himself of the opportunity to visit the Warsaw ghetto ostensibly to inspect the state of the flora within the ghetto walls, Żabiński maintained contact with his Jewish colleagues and friends from before the invasion, helped them escape and find shelter on the "Aryan" side of the city. Among the many Jews he saved were sculptor Magdalena Gross with her husband Maurycy Paweł Fraenkel, writer Rachela Auerbach and Samuel Kenigswein with children, Eugenia Sylkes, Marceli Lewi-Łebkowski with family, Marysia Aszerówna, the Keller family, Professor Ludwik Hirszfeld as well as Leonia and Irena Tenenbaum and daughter of entomologist Szymon Tenenbaum, as well as numerous others.
During the German air assault on Warsaw in September 1939, many animal enclosures had been emptied and the zoo specimens taken elsewhere. The Żabińskis decided to utilize the clean pens and stalls as the hiding places for fleeing Jews. Over the course of three years, hundreds of Jews found temporary shelter in these abandoned cages on the eastern bank of the Vistula River until finding refuge elsewhere. In addition, close to a dozen Jews were sheltered in Żabiński's two-story private home on the zoo's grounds. In this dangerous undertaking he was helped by his wife, Antonina, a recognized author, their young son, who nourished and looked after the needs of the many distraught Jews in their care. At first, Żabiński paid from his own funds to subsidize the maintenance costs. An active member of the Polish underground resistance movement Armia Krajowa in the rank of lieutenant, Żabiński participated in the Warsaw Polish Uprising in August and September 1944. Upon its suppression, he was taken as a prisoner to camps in Germany.
His wife continued their work, looking after the needs of some of the Jews left behind in the ruins of the city. On October 30, 1968 a tree planting ceremony was held at Yad Vashem honoring Righteous Among the Nations, including Jan and Antonina Żabiński. In 2007, an American poet and writer Diane Ackerman published The Zookeeper's Wife, a book about the Żabiński family's wartime activities that draws upon Antonina Żabińska's diary; the Polish film director Maciej Dejczer has announced plans for a film about Żabiński's wartime activities. A war drama about the Żabiński couple based on the book by Ackerman, The Zookeeper's Wife, was filmed in 2015 and released on March 31, 2017, with American actress Jessica Chastain portraying Antonina and Belgian actor Johan Heldenbergh cast as Jan. "Żabiński Jan". WIEM Encyklopedia. Retrieved 2006-11-18. Frank Fox: Jews and Buffaloes, Victims of Nazi Pseudo-science Jan and Antonina Zabinski at Yad Vashem website ZOO, a Stories From The Eastern West podcast about the Żabinskis
The St Lucia Presbyterian Church is a heritage-listed church at 7 Hawken Drive, St Lucia, City of Brisbane, Australia. Built in 1952, it was designed by Ronald Martin Wilson trading as R. Martin Wilson and Architectural Engineers; the church was commissioned for the St Lucia congregation of Presbyterians, subsequently becoming the property of the Uniting Church of Australia. This church was the first substantial commission awarded to R. Martin Wilson after World War II, it is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register. Before the commission for this church during 1949, the Presbyterian community of St Lucia were forced to worship at the nearby Toowong Presbyterian Church; as the congregation grew in size it became apparent that a church for the St Lucia community became necessary. During the late 1940s, many young Presbyterians from the local area received religious instruction at a room within the local primary school, Ironside State School; however during August 1947, the State Moderator of the Presbyterian Church, Rt.
Rev. Norman Leslie Douglas Webster, dedicated a relocated army hut as a place of worship for the St Lucia congregation. While Rev. James Frederick McKay would preach from this space, the army hut was still considered an extension of the Toowong Church; the Presbyterian Church of Queensland did consider this a temporary resolution to the needs of a growing congregation and thus it was revealed that plans were to be drawn up for a permanent church. This church, with a budget of £6000, was to be located on two adjoining allotments on Hawken Drive in St Lucia, proximate to the temporary place of worship. Ronald Martin Wilson, the primary architect for the Brisbane-based family practice of R. Martin Wilson and Architectural Engineers; the Wilson family had relocated to a home in St Lucia in 1937 and were among the members of the congregate at the nearby Toowong Presbyterian Church. The combination of Wilson's close ties to the community and his standing within the Presbyterian church made him an appropriate choice as project architect for the church.
In an interview with his son, Blair Mansfield Wilson, it was revealed that commissions in Queensland were awarded based on community ties and friendships, were not a competition between a series of different entries by other firms. Wilson had demonstrated an aptitude towards ecclesiastical design, with his design for the Ithaca Presbyterian Church of 1927 at La Trobe Terrace in Ithaca being a source of inspiration for the architectural firm of the church at St Lucia; this church was the first major ecclesiastical work to be completed by the firm after the death of Wilson's father Alexander Brown Wilson’s in 1938, as well as after the completion of World War II. Over the course of the next few decades, Wilson completed a variety of other commissions for the Presbyterian Church of Queensland, including the design of the W. R. Black Home for Girls, the Blackheath Home for Boys and the ‘Hometown’ Home for Elderly Men; as such, this church represents a significant stage of the firm’s work after the war.
Presbyterian architecture in Queensland is the result of slavishly following older ecclesiastical traditions. By contrast, the St Lucia Presbyterian Church makes certain steps towards addressing the needs of a Presbyterian congregation while overcoming the scarcity of construction materials after World War II. Wilson's son Blair has acknowledged that despite the relative rarity of bricks and other construction materials, his father was able to source them for the church despite their impact on the efficiency of the church construction; this tradition of brick construction resonates in work by his son Blair, such as the Kindler Memorial Theatre and the La Boite Theatre in the 1970s. In responding to the needs of the Presbyterian congregation, Wilson made concessions towards two key considerations of the Presbyterian faith. Firstly, the Presbyterian faith is one of equality, thus the design produced by Wilson is based around a pulpit, negligibly raised above the level of the congregation creating equality between every individual of the church.
There is little ornamentation added to the pulpit. Secondly, the ability to hear the word of God during sermons is crucial, thus the resultant church is based around a short Latin cross plan form with the transepts housing the organ and choir; this more intimate scale of church, combined with dark finish of the interior brickwork, creates a place of worship where the congregation should feel intimately linked to the minister and sermon. As thanks for his work on the church, the congregation constructed a dedication stone thanking Wilson; as with many ecclesiastical works, the relationship between the local congregation or community and the architecture is a close one. Before the design and construction of the current St Lucia Presbyterian Church, the congregation took their involvement in their place of worship seriously, it was noted that when the army hut was to be moved from its home in Enoggera in the northern suburbs of Brisbane to St Lucia, many of the members of the congregate volunteer to aid the process.
While the congregation were unable to assist in the construction, Mansergh Shaw, Professor of Engineering at the nearby University of Queensland, built the belfry in his spare time and donated it to the new church during 1953. The tower no longer remains; the church was significant to the community. At the official opening ceremony, more than 150 people were forced to sit outside the building as the interior was packed to capacity. Since its construction during