The Silures were a powerful and warlike tribe or tribal confederation of ancient Britain, occupying what is now south east Wales and some adjoining areas. They were bordered to the north by the Ordovices. According to Tacitus's biography of Agricola, the Silures had a dark complexion and curly hair. Due to their appearance, Tacitus believed they had crossed over from Spain at an earlier date."... the swarthy faces of the Silures, the curly quality, in general, of their hair, the position of Spain opposite their shores, attest to the passage of Iberians in old days and the occupation by them of these districts. Jordanes, in his Origins and Deeds of the Goths, describes the Silures. "The Silures have swarthy features and are born with curly black hair, but the inhabitants of Caledonia have reddish hair and large loose-jointed bodies. They are like the Gauls or the Spaniards." The Iron Age hillfort at Llanmelin near Caerwent has sometimes been suggested as a pre-Roman tribal centre, but the view of most archaeologists is that the people who became known as the Silures were a loose network of groups with some shared cultural values, rather than a centralised society.

Although the most obvious physical remains of the Silures are hillforts such as those at Llanmelin and Sudbrook, there is archaeological evidence of roundhouses at Gwehelog and elsewhere, evidence of lowland occupation notably at Goldcliff. The Latin word Silures is of Celtic origin derived from the Common Celtic root *sīlo-,'seed'. Words derived from this root in Celtic languages are used to mean'blood-stock, lineage, offspring', as well as'seed' in the vegetable sense.'Silures' might therefore mean'Kindred, Stock' referring to a tribal belief in a descent from an originating ancestor. Patrizia de Bernardo Stempel hypothesises that the Silures were silo-riks,'rich in grain'; the Silures fiercely resisted Roman conquest about AD 48, with the assistance of Caratacus, a military leader and prince of the Catuvellauni, who had fled from further east after his own tribe was defeated. The first attack on the Welsh tribes was by the legate Publius Ostorius Scapula about AD 48. Ostorius first attacked the Deceangli in the north-east of what is now Wales, who appear to have surrendered with little resistance.

He spent several years campaigning against the Silures and the Ordovices. Their resistance was led by Caratacus, who had fled from the south-east when it was conquered by the Romans, he first led the Silures moved to the territory of the Ordovices, where he was defeated by Ostorius in AD 51. The Silures were not subdued and waged effective guerrilla warfare against the Roman forces. Ostorius had announced that they posed such a danger that they should be either exterminated or transplanted, his threats only increased the Silures' determination to resist and a large legionary force occupied in building Roman forts in their territory was surrounded and attacked, rescued only with difficulty and considerable loss. They took Roman prisoners as hostages and distributed them amongst their neighbouring tribes in order to bind them together and encourage resistance. Ostorius died with the Silures still unconquered and, after his death, they defeated the Second Legion, it remains unclear whether the Silures were militarily defeated or agreed to come to terms, but Roman sources suggest rather opaquely that they were subdued by Sextus Julius Frontinus in a series of campaigns ending about AD 78.

The Roman Tacitus wrote of the Silures: non atrocitate, non clementia mutabatur – the tribe "was changed neither by cruelty nor by clemency". To aid the Roman administration in keeping down local opposition, a legionary fortress was planted in the midst of tribal territory; the town of Venta Silurum was established in AD 75. It became a Romanized town, not unlike Calleva Atrebatum, but smaller. An inscription shows that, under the Roman Empire, it was the capital of the Silures, whose ordo provided local government for the district, its massive Roman walls still survive, excavations have revealed a forum, a temple, amphitheatre and many comfortable houses with mosaic floors, etc. In the late 1st and early 2nd centuries, the Silures were given some nominal independence and responsibility for local administration; as was standard practice, as revealed by inscriptions, the Romans matched their deities with local Silurian ones, the local deity Ocelus was identified with Mars, the Roman god of war.

Caerwent seems to have continued in use in the post-Roman period as a religious centre and the territory of the Silures became the 5th century Welsh Kingdoms of Gwent and Gwynllŵg. Some theories concerning King Arthur make him a leader in this area. There is evidence of cultural continuity throughout the Roman period, from the Silures to the kingdom of Gwent in particular, as shown by leaders of Gwent using the name "Caradoc" in remembrance of the British hero Caratacus. Reference is made to this period of Celtic history by the use of terms such as "Silurian"; the poet Henry Vaughan called himself a "Silurist", by virtue of his roots in South Wales. The geological period Silurian was first described by Roderick Murchison in rocks located in the original lands of the Silures, hence the name; that period postdates the Cambrian and Ordovician periods, whose names are derived from ancient Wales


Artradis Fund Management, founded in 2002, was an Asian long volatility biased multi strategy alternative asset manager with operations centered in Singapore and presence in the BVI and Switzerland. Its flagship funds, Barracuda and AB2, conducted market-neutral trading strategies including index arbitrage, warrant arbitrage, stock class arbitrage, convertible bond arbitrage, volatility arbitrage, volatility dispersion, dividend arbitrage. A common theme through these strategies was to be long tail risk through volatility; the company was founded by Richard Anthony Magides and Stephen Charles Diggle in May 2002 and grew assets under management from USD 4 million to USD 4.7 billion at its peak in 2008, principally in its flagship Barracuda and AB2 funds. These funds halved in size to USD 2 billion in 2009 as a result of withdrawals and underperformance, more than halved again in 2010 to USD 800 million, were closed in early 2011. Over the life of the funds the net profit to investors exceeded USD 2.7 billion, all in years leading to 2007 and 2008, which "were spectacular" according to Mr. Diggle, the founders made Forbes' Wall Street's 20 Highest Earners by earning USD 90 million each in a single year, 2008.

Following the performance in 2007, Artradis’ AB2 fund won the ‘best Asian hedge fund’ award at the Asian Masters of Hedge awards. The AB2 fund won Eurekahedge’s ‘best Asian hedge fund’ award for the performance the subsequent year; the Barracuda fund won the AsiaHedge ‘fund of the year’ award in 2008 as well as the Asian Investor fund of the year 2007. Investors who purchased units in 2008 or subsequent year lost a significant part of their investment before the funds were shut down: the AB2 Fund was down 23 percent in 2010 and 27.5 percent in 2009, while the Barracuda fund lost 17 percent in 2010 and nearly 14 percent in 2009

West Florida High School of Advanced Technology

West Florida High School of Advanced Technology is a magnet high school located in Pensacola, Florida. It is part of the Escambia County School District. West Florida High School of Advanced Technology opened in August 2001 with 324 ninth graders. Today, the current enrollment is 1,253 students, ninth through twelfth grade. Academy of Information Technology Aerospace Engineering Agricultural Biotechnology Biomedical Sciences Civil Engineering and Architecture Cox Telecommunications Academy Criminal Justice Emergency Medicine/Fire Rescue Services Gulf Power Academy Multimedia Academy Pre-Professional Nursing Sports MedicineWFHS is on a modified block schedule. On calendar days numbered classes meet. On odd calendar days, odd numbered classes meet; the one exception is. Seniors may elect to participate in the A. C. E. Program, which allows students to get on the job training while getting paid by participating in internships; each student completes a Capstone project—a display of comprehension and mastery of a given field - that focuses on a field-related topic.

A student's technical courses. The project is separated into three parts: technical paper product or project-related community service presentation with visual aidesThis Capstone project is completed during the 11th grade year only. West Florida High provides many sports such as football, baseball, softball, cross-country and field, soccer, weightlifting, lacrosse and golf. With the first new sport addition in the last few years, lacrosse has been made an official sport for both boys and girls in the 2014-2015 school year; the West Florida softball team brought the school its first team state championship in the 2013–2014 year. In the 2011 - 2012 year, the Jaguars Freshman football team went 9-1, claiming the district championship; the 2013 - 2014 team fell just short of another district championship. After being ranked No. 1 in the state for a few weeks to start the season, the team lost to the No. 2 ranked Catholic High. They still made the playoffs, but they were thwarted by Catholic again with an overtime loss in the second round of the playoffs.

They did beat Tallahassee Godby in the first round, a major accomplishment considering the fact that Godby had knocked them out of the playoffs the previous two years. In the 2016 - 2017 school year, the Freshman and Junior Varsity football teams went undefeated, along with a 6-2 record for Varsity. Girls' soccer has won consecutive district titles in 2012 and 2013. Boys' soccer won its first district championship in 2018 after defeating Choctawhatchee 2-0 in the District 1-3A Championship game. West Florida knocked off #2 in the state Gulf Breeze High School in the district semifinal with a score of 2-0, Pensacola High 5-0 in the opening round of the tournament. WFHS added a marching band for the 2010-2011 school year. Known as the Sound of the Jags, they are now led by Peter Krostag. During 2007–2008, in only its ninth year in existence, WFHS served as the President school of the Florida Association of Student Councils. Since the Student Government Association has earned a Gold Medallion every year.

The organization's main project for 2016–2017 involves a local nursing home, Bayside Manor. All SGA members volunteer there for four hours per nine weeks. Official website