Midnight Cowboy is a 1969 American buddy drama film. Based on the 1965 novel of the same name by James Leo Herlihy, the film was written by Waldo Salt, directed by John Schlesinger, stars Jon Voight and Dustin Hoffman, with notable smaller roles being filled by Sylvia Miles, John McGiver, Brenda Vaccaro, Bob Balaban, Jennifer Salt, Barnard Hughes. Set in New York City, Midnight Cowboy depicts the unlikely friendship between two hustlers: naive prostitute Joe Buck, ailing con man "Ratso" Rizzo; the film won three Academy Awards: Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay. Midnight Cowboy is the only X-rated film to win Best Picture, was the first LGBT Best Picture winner, it has since been placed 36th on the American Film Institute's list of the 100 greatest American films of all time, 43rd on its 2007 updated version. In 1994, Midnight Cowboy was deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant" by the Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.
Joe Buck, a young Texan working as a dishwasher, quits his job and heads to New York City to become a prostitute. Unsuccessful, he manages to bed a middle-aged New York woman in her posh apartment, but the encounter ends badly: he gives her money after she is insulted and throws a tantrum when he requests payment. Joe meets Enrico Salvatore "Ratso" Rizzo, a con man with a limp who takes $20 from him by ostensibly introducing him to a pimp. After discovering that the man is an unhinged religious fanatic, Joe flees in pursuit of Ratso but cannot find him. Joe spends his days sitting in his hotel room. Soon broke, he is locked out of his hotel room and his belongings are impounded. Joe tries to make money by receiving oral sex from a young man in a movie theater, but learns after the fact that the young man has no money. Joe threatens him and asks for his watch, but lets him go unharmed; the next day, Joe angrily shakes him down. Ratso offers to share the apartment in a condemned building. Joe reluctantly accepts his offer, they begin a "business relationship" as hustlers.
As they develop a bond, Ratso's health grows worse. In a flashback, Joe's grandmother raises him, he has a tragic relationship with Annie, a mentally unstable girl. Ratso tells Joe his father was an illiterate Italian immigrant shoeshiner whose job led to a bad back and lung damage from long-term exposure to shoe polish. Ratso learned shoeshining from his father but considers it demeaning and refuses to do it. Ratso harbors hopes of moving to Miami, shown in daydreams in which he and Joe frolic carefree on a beach and are surrounded by dozens of adoring middle-aged women. An eccentric man and woman approach Joe in a diner and give him a flyer inviting him to a Warhol-esque party. Joe mistakes starts to hallucinate after taking several long puffs, he leaves the party with Shirley, a socialite who agrees to pay him $20 for spending the night, but Joe cannot perform sexually. They play Scribbage together and the resulting wordplay leads Shirley to suggest that Joe may be gay; the next morning, she sets up her friend as Joe's next client and it appears that his career is taking off.
When Joe returns home, Ratso is feverish. He begs Joe to put him on a bus to Florida. Desperate, Joe picks up a man in an amusement arcade and robs him during a violent encounter in the man's hotel room where Joe brutally beats the man. Joe buys bus tickets with the money. During the trip, Ratso's health deteriorates further: he becomes incontinent and sweat-drenched. At a rest stop, Joe discards his cowboy outfit. On the bus, Joe muses that there must be easier ways to earn a living than hustling, tells Ratso he plans to get a regular job in Florida; when Ratso fails to respond, Joe realizes that he has died. The driver tells Joe there is nothing to do but continue to Miami and asks Joe to close Ratso's eyelids. Joe, with tears welling in his eyes, sits with his arm around his dead friend; the opening scenes were filmed in Texas. A roadside billboard, stating "IF YOU DON'T HAVE AN OIL WELL... GET ONE!" was shown as the New York-bound bus carrying Joe Buck rolled through Texas. Such advertisements, common in the Southwestern United States in the late 1960s and through the 1970s, promoted Eddie Chiles's Western Company of North America.
In the film, Joe stays at the Hotel Claridge, at the southeast corner of Broadway and West 44th Street in Midtown Manhattan. His room overlooked the northern half of Times Square; the building, designed by D. H. Burnham & Company and opened in 1911, was demolished in 1972. A motif featured three times throughout the New York scenes was the sign at the top of the facade of the Mutual of New York Building at 1740 Broadway, it was extended into the Scribbage scene with Shirley the socialite, when Joe's incorrect spelling of the word "money" matched that of the signage. Despite his portrayal of Joe Buck, a character hopelessly out of his element in New York, Jon Voight is a native New Yorker, hailing from Yonkers. Dustin Hoffman, who played a grizzled veteran of New York's streets, is from Los Angeles. Voight was paid "scale", or the Screen Actors Guild minimum wage, for his portrayal of Joe Buck, a concession he willingly made to obtain the part; the line "I'm walkin' her
Birth is a 2004 American drama film directed by Jonathan Glazer, starring Nicole Kidman, Lauren Bacall, Danny Huston and Cameron Bright, it follows Anna, who becomes convinced that her deceased husband, has been reincarnated as a 10-year-old boy. Distributed by New Line Cinema, the film received mixed reviews from critics and was a box office failure grossing $23.9 million against its $20 million budget. Sean and Anna are a married couple living in New York City. While scenes of Central Park are shown on screen, Sean is heard lecturing to an unseen audience, explaining that he does not believe in reincarnation. After the lecture he goes jogging and dies. Ten years Anna has accepted a marriage proposal from her boyfriend, Joseph; when Clifford, Sean's brother, arrives at Anna's engagement party, his wife Clara excuses herself, saying she forgot to wrap Anna's gift. Instead, she buys a replacement after hurriedly burying the original gift while a young boy secretly looks on. At a party for Anna's mother, the boy, who has followed Clara, claims to be Anna's deceased husband and warns her not to marry Joseph.
At first Anna dismisses the boy's claim. When Anna receives a letter from him the next day warning her not to marry Joseph she realizes the boy believes he is her reincarnated husband; that night Joseph discuss the letter. Since the building watchman seems to know the boy and that his name is Sean, Joseph calls to get more information; when Sean answers the phone, Joseph rushes downstairs to confront him. He takes him to the three of them order Sean to leave Anna alone. Sean refuses to recant his story and Anna watches Sean collapse in his father's arms. Sean leaves a message on Anna's answering machine; that day at lunch, Anna's mother mentions that Sean wants to meet Anna in the park and that she will know whereabouts. Anna finds Sean waiting in the spot where her husband died, he offers to submit to questioning. Anna's brother-in-law Bob, a doctor, talks to Sean. Sean answers all the questions giving intimate details of Anna and Sean's sex life. Sean is brought to Anna's by his mother and he is able to identify parts of the apartment.
Everyone except Anna remains doubtful. Anna's family become worried her sister Laura, who treats Sean with contempt; when Anna misses an appointment with her fiancé to spend time with Sean, Joseph begins feeling worried, not about the boy but about Anna's odd behavior. His jealousy is made plain; when Sean runs out, Anna follows. Anna asks Clara and Clifford to meet him. Clara asks him to visit her later; when he visits he brings a backpack full of Anna's love letters to Sean. This package was Clara's spiteful engagement gift, which the boy had secretly unearthed and read the night of the party. We learn that Clara had been Sean's lover before his death, that he gave the letters to her unopened as proof of his love. Clara had been jealous that Sean would not leave Anna, but at the last moment abandoned her plan to give Anna the letters; when Clara points out to Sean that if he were a reincarnation he would have come to her first, Sean runs out, confused. When Anna finds Sean, she suggests they marry when he is of legal age.
He tells Anna. Anna apologizes to Joseph, they are married at the beach. Sean writes a long letter apologizing to Anna, wondering why he had the delusion of being her husband. Anna wades into the sea in anguish after the ceremony. Joseph pulls her back to the shore and whispers into her ear. Director Jonathan Glazer was interested in making a film about "the idea of eternal love" and a "mystery of the heart". While writing the script, he was not interested in making a ghost story or a "paranormal piece", he envisioned a fairy tale structure early on. The initial idea for the film came to him one day when he was in his kitchen: "There's this little kid and he tells a woman he's her dead husband - and he's ten years old.". Glazer went to Paris to discuss the idea with French screenwriter Jean-Claude Carrière at his producer's recommendation. Carrière acted as a script consultant; the director spent eight months going back and forth to Paris every weekend turning one paragraph into three acts. The script went through 21 drafts as co-screenwriter Milo Addica worked on the story.
With only a few weeks before principal photography was to begin, the two writers decided to refocus the entire film. The script was about the boy and they changed it to be about the woman instead. Actress Nicole Kidman read the screenplay and wanted to do the film when she found out that Glazer was directing as she loved his previous film, Sexy Beast, she approached the director about doing the film. At first, he resisted because he felt that "her celebrity is so everywhere that I thought it could only hurt the delicate nature of this character". However, he met with Kidman and realized that "she was ready to inhabit the role"; the more he talked to Kidman about her character, he would rewrite the script on weekends, tailoring it for her. To show Anna in mourning both externally and internally, Glazer gave her short hair, spare wardrobe and short, clipped speech; the director explained Anna's appearance as "somebody who had sort of let all glamor go and sexuality go". Kidman said that Glazer instructed her to do personal reactions.
She found the character to be all-consuming. To research for the role, K
Fosse/Verdon is an American biographical miniseries starring Sam Rockwell as director–choreographer Bob Fosse, Michelle Williams as actress and dancer Gwen Verdon. The series, which tells the story of the couple's troubled personal and professional relationship, is based on the biography Fosse by Sam Wasson, it premiered on April 9, 2019, on FX. Fosse/Verdon tells the story of "the romantic and creative partnership between Bob Fosse and Gwen Verdon, he was a one of theater's most influential choreographers and directors. Together, they changed the face of American entertainment — at a perilous cost." Sam Rockwell as Bob Fosse Michelle Williams as Gwen Verdon Margaret Qualley as Ann Reinking Norbert Leo Butz as Paddy Chayefsky Aya Cash as Joan Simon Nate Corddry as Neil Simon Susan Misner as Joan McCracken Bianca Marroquín as Chita Rivera Kelli Barrett as Liza Minnelli Evan Handler as Hal Prince Rick Holmes as Fred Weaver Paul Reiser as Cy Feuer Ethan Slater as Joel Grey Byron Jennings as George Abbott Laura Osnes as Shirley MacLaine Juliet Brett as Nicole Fosse Brandon Uranowitz as Dustin Hoffman Tyler Hanes as Jerry Orbach Stephen Plunkett as Paul Grantner The rights to produce a series based on Sam Wasson's biography Fosse were sold to FX by executive producer George Stelzner, who pursued Lin-Manuel Miranda and Thomas Kail to join the project.
On July 5, 2018, FX announced an eight-episode order for a limited series to be called Fosse/Verdon, with Sam Rockwell playing the role of Bob Fosse and Michelle Williams playing the role of Gwen Verdon. Tony Award-winner Steven Levenson is the showrunner and wrote the pilot, directed by Thomas Kail. Executive producers include Miranda, Levenson, Rockwell and Stelzner. Nicole Fosse and Verdon's daughter, was a co-executive producer, choreographer Andy Blankenbuehler was a co-producer. Production companies included Fox 21 Television Studios, FX Productions, Kail's Old 320 Sycamore, Stelzner's West Egg Studios. On October 25, 2018, it was reported that Kail would direct at least four of the series' eight episodes. A day it was announced that Joel Fields joined the production as an additional writer and executive producer. On January 23, 2019, the premiere date of April 9, 2019 was announced. Alongside the series order announcement, it was confirmed that Rockwell and Williams had been cast in the lead roles.
On November 19, 2018, it was announced Margaret Qualley and Norbert Leo Butz had been cast in series regular roles and that Aya Cash, Nate Corddry, Susan Misner, Bianca Marroquín, Kelli Barrett, Evan Handler, Rick Holmes, Paul Reiser, Ethan Slater, Byron Jennings, Laura Osnes had joined the cast in a recurring capacity. Principal photography for the series commenced in November 2018 in New York City, lasted until March 2019. On January 6, 2019, a teaser trailer for the series was released. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the series holds an approval rating of 81% based on 54 reviews, an average rating of 7.25/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Sam Rockwell and Michelle Williams give viewers plenty of razzle and dazzle in Fosse/Verdon -- a straightforward miniseries, hampered by rote biographical tropes, but still shimmies with the requisite glitz and all that jazz audiences crave." Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the series a score of 68 out of 100, based on 34 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Official website Fosse/Verdon on IMDb
Meet the Parents
Meet the Parents is a 2000 American comedy written by Jim Herzfeld and John Hamburg and directed by Jay Roach. Starring Robert De Niro and Ben Stiller, the film chronicles a series of unfortunate events that befall a good-hearted but hapless nurse while visiting his girlfriend's parents. Teri Polo, Blythe Danner, Owen Wilson star. Meet the Parents is a remake of a 1992 film of the same name directed by Greg Glienna and produced by Jim Vincent. Glienna—who played the original film's main protagonist—and Mary Ruth Clarke co-wrote the screenplay. Universal Pictures purchased the rights to Glienna's film with the intent of creating a new version. Jim Herzfeld expanded. Jay Roach read the expanded script and expressed his desire to direct the film but Universal declined him. At that time, Steven Spielberg was interested in directing the film while Jim Carrey was interested in playing the lead role; the studio only offered the film to Roach once Carrey left the project. Released in the United States and Canada on October 6, 2000 and distributed by Universal Pictures, the film earned back its initial budget of $55 million in only eleven days.
It went on to become one of the highest-grossing films of 2000, earning over $160 million in North America and over $330 million worldwide. Meet the Parents was well received by film critics and viewers alike, winning several awards and earning additional nominations. Ben Stiller won two comedy awards for his performance and the film was chosen as the Favorite Comedy Motion Picture at the 2001 People's Choice Awards; the success of Meet the Parents inspired two film sequels, namely Meet the Fockers and Little Fockers released in 2004 and 2010 respectively. Meet the Parents inspired a reality television show titled Meet My Folks and a situation comedy titled In-Laws, both of them debuting on NBC in 2002. Gaylord "Greg" Focker is a nurse living in Chicago, he intends to propose to his girlfriend Pam Byrnes, but his plan is disrupted when he and Pam are invited to the wedding of Pam's sister, Debbie, at Pam's parents' house on Long Island. Greg decides to propose to Pam in front of her family but this plan is put on hold when the airline company loses his luggage which contains the engagement ring.
At the Byrnes family home, Greg meets mother Dina and their beloved cat Mr. Jinx. Jack takes an instant dislike towards Greg and criticizes Greg for his choice of career as a male nurse and anything else he sees as a difference between Greg and the Byrnes family. Greg tries to impress Jack but his efforts fail. Greg becomes more uncomfortable after he receives an impromptu lie detector test from Jack and learns from Pam that her father is a retired CIA operative. Meeting the rest of Pam's family and friends, Greg still feels like an outsider. Despite efforts to impress the family, Greg's inadvertent actions make him an easy target for ridicule and anger. During a volleyball game he causes Debbie a broken nose and a black eye, uses a malfunctioning toilet which floods the Byrnes' back yard with sewage, sets on fire the wedding altar, several misunderstandings cause Jack to believe Greg is a marijuana user. Greg loses Jinx and replaces him with a stray whose tail he spray paints to make him look like Mr. Jinx.
By now, the entire Byrnes family, including Pam, agrees that it is best for Greg to leave Long Island until the wedding concludes. Unwillingly, Greg goes to the airport where he is detained by airport security for insisting that his bag stays with him rather than be checked. Back at the Byrnes household, Jack tries to convince Pam that Greg was lying to her about everything, he claims to be unable to find proof of anyone named "Greg Focker" taking the Medical College Admission Test which Greg claimed he had passed with the initial intention of becoming a doctor. Upon learning that Greg's real first name is Gaylord, being presented with proof from Pam that he did in fact pass the test, Jack rushes to the airport, convinces airport security to release Greg and brings him back to the Byrnes household; as Greg is proposing to Pam and Dina listen in on their conversation from another room, agreeing that they should now meet Greg's parents. After Debbie's wedding, Jack views footage of Greg recorded by hidden cameras that he had placed strategically around the house.
Greg Focker is a middle-class Jewish nurse whose social and cultural position is juxtaposed against the Byrnes family of upper-class White Anglo-Saxon Protestants. With respect to Greg as a Jew and a nurse when compared to the Byrnes and Banks families, a distinct cultural gap is created and subsequently widened; the cultural differences are highlighted, Greg made aware of them. This serves to achieve comedic effect through character development and has been commented upon as being indicative of thematic portrayal of Jewish characters' roles in modern film as well as being a prime example of how male nurses are portrayed in media. Speaking about character development in Meet the Parents, director Jay Roach stated that he wanted an opportunity to "do character-driven comedy" and "to create realistic characters, but heighten the comedic situations and predicaments."Vincent Brook observes mainstream Hollywood cinema's tendency since the 1990s of incorporating Jewish liminality and "popularizing the Jew."
He explains the "manly Jewish triumph" of characters like Jeff Goldblum's David Levinson in Independence Day and labels it as a "certain answer to America's yearnings for a new Jewish hero." This stands in direct contrast to the schlemiel or "the Jewish fool", seen to have been revitalized in the mid-1990s after faltering since the 1960s. The sc
Gossip Girl is an American teen drama television series based on the book series of the same name written by Cecily von Ziegesar. The series, created by Josh Schwartz and Stephanie Savage ran on The CW network for six seasons from September 19, 2007, to December 17, 2012. Narrated by the omniscient blogger "Gossip Girl", the series revolves around the lives of privileged upper-class adolescents living in Manhattan's Upper East Side; the series begins with the return of Upper East Side teenage it girl Serena van der Woodsen from a mysterious absence. She is reunited with her frenemy Blair Waldorf and her mother Lily van der Woodsen, while she meets Dan Humphrey, an aspiring writer from Brooklyn. Other main characters are played by Chace Crawford, Ed Westwick, Taylor Momsen, Jessica Szohr, Matthew Settle and Kaylee DeFer; the success of Gossip Girl led to adaptations outside the United States. The show has received numerous award nominations; the CW renewed Gossip Girl for a sixth and final season on May 11, 2012.
The final season, consisting of 10 episodes, premiered on October 8, 2012 and ended on December 17, 2012. The Gossip Girl book series was supposed to be adapted into a film starring Lindsay Lohan with head Gilmore Girls creator Amy Sherman-Palladino; when the film project did not get off the ground, Stephanie Savage and Josh Schwartz took over the project to create a television series. As of October 2006, Schwartz was working on the pilot, he said, "I was skeptical. I don't want to do The O. C. NYC, but I thought. The characters are worldly in a way that Orange County kids aren't." The characteristics for each character in the pilot were based on the first Gossip Girl book. In January 2007, the show was given the green light by The CW; the O. C. creator Josh Schwartz and fellow writer Stephanie Savage served as the show's executive producers throughout the series' run, followed by Bob Levy and Leslie Morgenstein of Alloy Entertainment, who were assigned in aiding the adaptation of the novels into the series.
Following the success of Gossip Girl, Gilmore Girls co-producer, John Stephens was approached by Schwartz and Savage, having worked with him on The O. C. and hired him as an executive producer. Joshua Safran, who started as a writer/consulting producer before becoming co-executive producer, was added as an executive producer. On April 24, 2012, it was announced that he would leave the show at the end of the fifth season to be the new showrunner of NBC's now-cancelled musical series Smash. To fill in Safran's void, co-executive producer Sara Goodman was promoted to executive producer for the sixth season. Alexandra Patsavas who worked with Schwartz on The O. C. was in charge of the music. Eric Daman was at the head of the costume department. Featuring nine regular speaking roles, the majority of the ensemble cast was assembled from February to April 2007. Leighton Meester and Blake Lively–who started auditioning in December 2006–were the first two actresses to be chosen in February for the lead roles of Blair Waldorf and Serena van der Woodsen, respectively.
Penn Badgley, who had worked with Stephanie Savage on The Mountain, Taylor Momsen, Chace Crawford, Kelly Rutherford, Connor Paolo auditioned and landed roles in the series in March, as did Florencia Lozano who appeared only in the pilot, was replaced by Margaret Colin. Badgley at first turned down the part of Dan, as did Lively—who planned to attend college—for the role of Serena. Actors for the roles of Chuck Bass and Rufus Humphrey were found in April when English actor Ed Westwick, Matthew Settle were cast. Westwick first read for the role of Nate but was asked to try Chuck; as rumors swirled about the impending cancellation of Veronica Mars, it was revealed at The CW's 2007 Upfronts on May 17, 2007, that Kristen Bell had narrated the pilot, thus making her the title character of another show on the network. Jessica Szohr was signed on to portray the recurring role of Vanessa Abrams and received regular status during the fourteenth episode of the first season. Kaylee DeFer joined the series in the eighteenth episode of the fourth season and was promoted to series regular for the show's fifth season.
At the conclusion of the fourth season, who went on an indefinite hiatus during the season while retaining regular billing, Jessica Szohr both left the show. Throughout the series' run, Connor Paolo declined to elevate his recurring role of Eric van der Woodsen to regular status, citing personal reasons for his decision. After becoming a regular on the ABC series Revenge, Paolo confirmed his departure from Gossip Girl in August 2011; as the show progressed, numerous recurring guest stars appeared in the show. Michelle Trachtenberg signed on to portray Georgina Sparks; the role had been offered to Mischa Barton who declined the role. Francie Swift and Sam Robards took the parental roles of Howard Archibald, respectively. Caroline Lagerfelt portrayed Celia "CeCe" Rhodes and Eric's grandmother and Lily's mother. Sebastian Stan made several appearances as Carter Baizen throughout the show's first three seasons. Filming in New York, Gossip Girl has been declared by New York Magazine as the "Most Restauranty Show Since Sex and the City", citing the pilot episode filming locales such as the Japanese restaurant, the Campbell Apartment where Nate and Serena were filmed having sex and the New York Palace Hotel bar Gilt.
Other New York City landmarks and well-known establishments were filmed throughout the first season. Victor/Victrola filmed the fictiona
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, in the U. S. state of New York. It is south of Westchester County. Since 1914, the borough has had the same boundaries as Bronx County, the third-most densely populated county in the United States; the Bronx has a land area of 42 square miles and a population of 1,471,160 in 2017. Of the five boroughs, it has the fourth-largest area, fourth-highest population, third-highest population density, it is the only borough predominantly on the U. S. mainland. The Bronx is divided by the Bronx River into a hillier section in the west, a flatter eastern section. East and west street names are divided by Jerome Avenue—the continuation of Manhattan's Fifth Avenue; the West Bronx was annexed to New York City in 1874, the areas east of the Bronx River in 1895. Bronx County was separated from New York County in 1914. About a quarter of the Bronx's area is open space, including Woodlawn Cemetery, Van Cortlandt Park, Pelham Bay Park, the New York Botanical Garden, the Bronx Zoo in the borough's north and center.
These open spaces are situated on land deliberately reserved in the late 19th century as urban development progressed north and east from Manhattan. The name "Bronx" originated with Jonas Bronck, who established the first settlement in the area as part of the New Netherland colony in 1639; the native Lenape were displaced after 1643 by settlers. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bronx received many immigrant and migrant groups as it was transformed into an urban community, first from various European countries and from the Caribbean region, as well as African American migrants from the southern United States; this cultural mix has made the Bronx a wellspring of hip hop and rock. The Bronx contains the poorest congressional district in the United States, the 15th, but its wide diversity includes affluent, upper-income, middle-income neighborhoods such as Riverdale, Spuyten Duyvil, Pelham Bay, Pelham Gardens, Morris Park, Country Club; the Bronx the South Bronx, saw a sharp decline in population, livable housing, the quality of life in the late 1960s and the 1970s, culminating in a wave of arson.
Since the communities have shown significant redevelopment starting in the late 1980s before picking up pace from the 1990s until today. The Bronx was called Rananchqua by the native Siwanoy band of Lenape, while other Native Americans knew the Bronx as Keskeskeck, it was divided by the Aquahung River. The origin of the person of Jonas Bronck is contested; some sources claim he was a Swedish born emigrant from Komstad, Norra Ljunga parish in Småland, who arrived in New Netherland during the spring of 1639. Bronck became the first recorded European settler in the area now known as the Bronx and built a farm named "Emmanus" close to what today is the corner of Willis Avenue and 132nd Street in Mott Haven, he leased land from the Dutch West India Company on the neck of the mainland north of the Dutch settlement in Harlem, bought additional tracts from the local tribes. He accumulated 500 acres between the Harlem River and the Aquahung, which became known as Bronck's River or the Bronx. Dutch and English settlers referred to the area as Bronck's Land.
The American poet William Bronk was a descendant of Pieter Bronck, either Jonas Bronck's son or his younger brother. The Bronx is referred to with the definite article as "The Bronx", both and colloquially; the County of Bronx does not place "The" before "Bronx" in formal references, unlike the coextensive Borough of the Bronx, nor does the United States Postal Service in its database of Bronx addresses. The region was named after the Bronx River and first appeared in the "Annexed District of The Bronx" created in 1874 out of part of Westchester County, it was continued in the "Borough of The Bronx", which included a larger annexation from Westchester County in 1898. The use of the definite article is attributed to the style of referring to rivers. Another explanation for the use of the definite article in the borough's name stems from the phrase "visiting the Broncks", referring to the settler's family; the capitalization of the borough's name is sometimes disputed. The definite article is lowercase in place names except in official references.
The definite article is capitalized at the beginning of a sentence or in any other situation when a lowercase word would be capitalized. However, some people and groups refer to the borough with a capital letter at all times, such as Lloyd Ultan, a historian for The Bronx County Historical Society, the Great and Glorious Grand Army of The Bronx, a Bronx-based organization; these people say. In particular, the Great and Glorious Grand Army of The Bronx is leading efforts to make the city refer to the borough with an uppercase definite article in all uses, comparing the lowercase article in the Bronx's name to "not capitalizing the's' in'Staten Island.'" European colonization of the Bronx began in 1639. The Bronx was part of Westchester County, but it was ceded to New York County in two major parts before it became Bronx County; the area was part of the Lenape's Lenapehoking territory inhabited by Siwanoy of the Wappinger Confederacy. Over
The Impostors is a 1998 American farce motion picture directed and produced by Stanley Tucci, starring Oliver Platt, Alfred Molina, Tony Shalhoub, Steve Buscemi, Billy Connolly. The film, in which Oliver Platt and Stanley Tucci play a Laurel and Hardy-like odd couple of out-of work actors, is set in the depression-era 1930s; the opening silent sequence harks back to the golden days of silent film. The film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival. In New York City, 1938 Arthur and Maurice scrape a living by petty swindles, practicing their acting technique whenever they can. Following a drunken confrontation with pretentious and dreadful Shakespearean actor Sir Jeremy Burtom, they are forced to hide as stowaways on an ocean liner. For the duo, Burtom himself turns out to be a passenger on the ship, along with a vividly diverse ensemble of larger-than-life characters: a suicidal crooner named Happy Franks sobs through a song. Mistaken identities, slapstick, outrageous dialogue, general mayhem ensue.
Oliver Platt — Maurice Stanley Tucci — Arthur David Lipman — Baker in Kramer's Pastries Alfred Molina — Sir Jeremy Burtom Michael Emerson — Burtom's Assistant Matt Malloy — Mike who plays Laertes in "Hamlet" Lili Taylor — Lily a.k.a.'Lil' Tony Shalhoub — Voltri, First Mate Teagle F. Bougere — Sheik Elizabeth Bracco — Pancetta Leaky Steve Buscemi — Happy Franks Dana Ivey - Mrs. Essendine Hope Davis - Emily Essendine Allison Janney — Maxine Matt McGrath — Detective Marco Richard Jenkins — Johnny Leguard Isabella Rossellini — The Veiled Queen Allan Corduner - Captain Campbell Scott — Meistrich Billy Connolly — Mr. Sparks, the Tennis Pro Lewis J. Stadlen - Bandleader Woody Allen — Audition Director The Impostors holds a 62% rating on Rotten Tomatoes; the Impostors on IMDb