Brian P. Stack
Brian P. Stack is an American Democratic Party politician who serves in the New Jersey Senate, where he represents the 33rd Legislative District and has served as the Mayor of Union City, New Jersey since 2000. Prior to his election to the Senate, he served in the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature, the General Assembly from 2004 to 2008, he is considered by PolitickerNJ to be one of the most powerful elected officials in Hudson County, New Jersey. In 2012 The Hudson Reporter named him #2 in its list of Hudson County's 50 most influential people, behind North Bergen mayor Nicholas Sacco. In 2013, he and Sacco were tied at #3, in 2015 he was ranked #7. Brian P. Stack was born May 16, 1966, in Jersey City, New Jersey to Edward J. Stack, a PATH train conductor, Margaret Stack, a building superintendent, he and his brother, Edward V. Stack, are of Irish descent. At a young age the Stack family moved to Union City, living in an apartment building at 518 9th Street, on the city's east side, they subsequently moved to 713 Palisade Avenue, where for over twenty years Margaret worked as the superintendent of that building and the other adjoining buildings.
They moved to 1104 Palisade Avenue, which remained their residence until Edward and Margaret's deaths in 2003 and 2015, respectively. Stack credits his involvement in politics to his parents, who took him to political rallies in Union City; the Stacks were active in their community, as their apartment was a hospitable place, likened to "a stop for tenants and neighborhood people seeking assistance or advice." It was with his parents that Stack first began to participate in the practice of providing turkeys and holiday gifts to the needy, a practice that Stack would institute as Mayor As Stack explained to a reporter when he was 19, "I remember when I was about 6 or 7 years old being at the Doric Temple polling place on election day just sitting and listening to the local politicians. I would say I dedicated my high school years to politics when I guess I should have been more into school activities. My classmates would call me'mayor', but I always believed. We are the future."Stack graduated from Emerson High School.
He attended Jersey City State College, graduating with an M. A. in criminal justice. Stack began volunteering on campaigns for William Musto as a young boy, was present at age 16 at Musto's sentencing for racketeering and fraud. Musto's conviction shocked many in the community, and Stack and his family corresponded with Musto. Stack would honor Musto by naming the William V. Musto Cultural Center on 15th Street after his former mentor. Stack continued his involvement in politics through his criticism of the administration of Mayor Arthur Wichert. Stack served as an aide in the 33rd Legislative District office from 1983 to 1984 and from 1986 to 1988, he became a tenant advocate in 1985. In Union City, he served as an administrative assistant to the Commissioner of Parks and Public Property from 1986 to 1990, as Deputy Director of Public Affairs from 1995 to 1996. In 1996 Stack and his wife, established the Brian P. Stack Civic Association, through which they aided residents with issues such as housing and immigration.
Stack became leader of a civic organization called Union City First, for his public criticism of the administration of Mayor Rudy Garcia. Stack served as a Commissioner from 1997 to 1998, was appointed to replace Garcia as mayor in October 2000, after Garcia resigned in the face of Stack's call for a recall election. Stack was elected unopposed to the Board of Commissioners in a special election in November 2001 and in May 2002 he and his ticket for the city's Board of Commissioners all ran unopposed. Stack won the 7th District seat on the Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders, where he served from 2000 until his swearing into the Assembly in 2004. Stack relinquished his Freeholder position when he was sworn into the New Jersey State Assembly on January 13, 2004. Stack was reelected in 2005 and served in the Assembly until 2007. Stack was reelected Mayor on May 9, 2006, winning 9,058 votes, 85% of the vote, compared to the 1,647 votes won by his opponent, Little Ferry Superintendent of Schools Frank Scarafile.
In 2007, Stack ran for the New Jersey Senate in the primary election for the Senate seat held by retiring State Senator Bernard Kenny, with a team of eight other 33rd District Assembly candidates vying for nine legislative seats, under the banner Democrats for Hudson County. Their main opposition was the Hudson County Democratic Organization, headed by West New York Mayor and then-33rd Legislative District Assembly member Silverio Vega. On June 5, 2007, Stack won the primary, beating his opponents by a wide margin of 18,213 votes to Vega's 5,582, though only three of the candidates in Stack's column, including himself, were victorious. Stack and running mates Ruben Ramos and Caridad Rodriguez subsequently swept the state Senate and state Assembly in the November 6, 2007 general election, he has served in the Senate since January 8, 2008. Stack was reelected on November 8, 2011, garnering 18,244 votes over opponent Beth Hamburger's 2,815 votes. Stack represents the 33rd District, one of the 40 districts in the New Jersey Legislature, each of which has one representative in the New Jersey Senate and two members in the New Jersey General Assembly.
The other representatives serving in the legislature alongside Stack from the 33rd District for the 2012-2013 Legislative Session are Assemblyman Ruben J. Ramos and Assemblyman Sean Connors. Stack holds a seat in the New Jersey Senate and as Mayor; this dual position
Hudson County, New Jersey
Hudson County, a county in the U. S. state of New Jersey, lies west of the lower Hudson River, named for Henry Hudson, the sea captain who explored the area in 1609. Part of New Jersey's Gateway Region in the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City is its largest city and county seat; as of the 2017 Census estimate, Hudson County was the fastest-growing county in New Jersey compared to 2010. Hudson County is the fourth-most populous county in the state. Hudson County is the geographically smallest and most densely populated county in New Jersey and the sixth-most densely populated county in the United States with 13,731.4 residents per square mile of total area in 2010, 14,973.9 per square mile in 2017. There are 12 municipalities in Hudson County, listed with area in square miles and 2010 Census data for population and housing. North Hudson and West Hudson each comprise municipalities in their distinct areas. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 62.31 square miles, including 46.19 square miles of land and 16.12 square miles of water.
Based on land area, it is the smallest of New Jersey's 21 counties, less than half the size of the next smallest and the eighth-smallest of all counties in the United States. Hudson is located in the heart of New York metropolitan area in northeastern New Jersey, it is bordered by Upper New York Bay to the east. The topography is marked by the New Jersey Palisades in the north with cliffs overlooking the Hudson to the east and less severe cuesta, or slope, to the west, they level off to the southern peninsula, coastal and flat. The western region, around the Hackensack and Passaic is part of the New Jersey Meadowlands. Much of the land along the county's extensive shoreline and littoral zone was created by land reclamation; the highest point, at 260 feet above sea level, is in West New York. North Bergen is the city with the second most hills per square mile in the United States behind San Francisco. Ellis Island and Liberty Island, opposite Liberty State Park, lie within Hudson County's waters, which extend to the New York state line.
Liberty Island is wholly part of New York. Created through land reclamation, Ellis Island covers a land area of 27.5 acres, with the 2.74-acre natural island and contiguous areas comprising an 3.3 acres exclave of New York. Shooters Island, in the Kill van Kull, is shared with New York. Robbins Reef Light sits atop a reef which runs parallel the Jersey City waterfront. Much of the county lies between the Hackensack and Hudson Rivers on geographically long narrow peninsula, a contiguous urban area where it's difficult to know when one's crossed a civic boundary; these boundaries and the topography-including many hills and inlets-create distinct neighborhoods. Kennedy Boulevard runs the entire length of the peninsula. Numerous cuts for rail and vehicular traffic cross Bergen Hill. Counties adjacent to Hudson are New York New York and Kings County, New York to the east. Given its proximity to Manhattan, it is sometimes referred to as New York City's sixth borough. At the time of European contact in the 17th century, Hudson County was the territory of the Lenape, namely the bands known as the Hackensack, the Tappan, the Raritan, the Manhattan.
They were a seasonally migrational people who practiced small-scale agriculture augmented by hunting and gathering which given the topography of the area, included much fishing and trapping. These groups had frequent trading contact with Europeans, their Algonquian language can still be inferred in many local place names such as Communipaw, Hackensack, Weehawken and Pamrapo Henry Hudson, for whom the county and river on which it sits are named, established a claim for the area in 1609 when anchoring his ship the Halve Maen at Harsimus Cove and Weehawken Cove. The west bank of the North River and the cliffs and marshlands abutting and beyond it, were settled by Europeans from the Lowlands around the same time as New Amsterdam. In 1630, Michael Pauw received a land patent, or patroonship and purchased the land between the Hudson and Hackensack Rivers, giving it the Latin-ized form of his name, Pavonia, he was forced to return his holdings to the Dutch West India Company. Homesteads were established at Communipaw, Paulus Hook and Hoebuck.
Relations were tenuous with the Lenape, led to Kieft's War, which began as a slaughter by the Dutch at Communipaw and is considered to be one of the first genocides of Native Americans by Europeans. A series of raids and reprisals across the province lasted two years, ended in an uneasy truce. Other homesteads were established at Constable Hook and other lands at Achter Col on Bergen Neck. In 1658, Director-General Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherland negotiated
Union City, New Jersey
Union City is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. According to the 2010 United States Census the city had a total population of 66,455, reflecting a decline of 633 from the 67,088 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 9,076 from the 58,012 counted in the 1990 Census; as of the 2010 Census it was the most densely populated city in the United States, with a density of 51,810.1 per square mile. Union City was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on June 1, 1925, with the merger of Union Hill and West Hoboken Township; the city's name marks the combination of the two municipalities. Two major waves of immigration, first of German speakers and of Spanish speakers influenced the development and character of Union City, its two nicknames, "Embroidery Capital of the United States" and "Havana on the Hudson", reflect important aspects of that history. Thousands make a pilgrimage to Union City each year to see the nation's longest-running passion play and the annual Cuban Day Parade of New Jersey.
The city is notable for being the location where Mallomars were first sold and the site of the first lunch wagon built by Jerry and Daniel O'Mahoney and John Hanf, which helped spark New Jersey's golden age of diner manufacturing, made the state the diner capital of the world. The area of what is today Union City was inhabited by the Munsee-speaking branch of Lenape Native Americans, who wandered into the vast woodland area encountered by Henry Hudson during the voyages he conducted from 1609 to 1610 for the Dutch, who claimed the area and named it New Netherland; the portion of that land that included the future Hudson County was purchased from members of the Hackensack tribe of the Lenni-Lenape and became part of Pavonia, New Netherland. The relationship between the early Dutch settlers and Native Americans was marked by frequent armed conflict over land claims. In 1658 by New Netherland colony Director-General Peter Stuyvesant re-purchased the territory; the boundaries of the purchase are described in the deed preserved in the New York State Archives, as well as the medium of exchange: "80 fathoms of wampum, 20 fathoms of cloth, 12 brass kettles, 6 guns, one double brass kettle, 2 blankets, one half barrel of strong beer."
In 1660, he ordered the building of a fortified village at Bergen to protect the area. It was the first permanent European settlement in New Jersey, located in what is now the Journal Square area of Jersey City near Academy Street. In 1664, the British captured New Netherland from the Dutch, at which point the boundaries of Bergen Township encompassed what is now known as Hudson County. North of this was the unpopulated Bergen Woods, which would be claimed by settlers, after whom a number of Union City streets today are named, including Sipp Street, Brown Street, Golden Lane, Tournade Street and Kerrigan Avenue, named after J. Kerrigan, the owner of Kerrigan Farm, who donated the land for Saint Michael's Monastery; the area that would one day be Union City, remained sparsely populated until the early 19th century. The British granted Bergen a new town charter in 1668. In 1682 they created Bergen County, named to honor their Dutch predecessors; that county comprised all of present-day Hudson and Passaic counties.
Sparsely inhabited during the 17th and 18th centuries, the southeast section of Bergen County had grown by the early 19th century to the point where it was deemed necessary to designate it a separate county. The New Jersey legislature created Hudson County in 1840, in 1843, it was divided into two townships: Old Bergen Township and North Bergen Township, separated into Hudson County's present day municipalities: Hoboken in 1849, Weehawken and Guttenberg in 1859, West Hoboken and Union Township. West Hoboken was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 28, 1861, from portions of North Bergen Township; the township was reincorporated on April 6, 1871, again on March 27, 1874. Portions of the township were ceded to Weehawken in 1879. On June 28, 1884, West Hoboken was reincorporated as a town, based on an ordinance passed nine days earlier; the town was reincorporated on April 24, 1888, based on the results of a referendum passed 12 days earlier. Union Township, or Union, was formed through the merger of a number of villages, such as Dalleytown, Buck's Corners and Cox's Corners.
The largest of these villages, Union Hill, became the colloquial name for the merged town of Union itself. The northern section of Union Township was incorporated as West New York in 1898. Union City was incorporated on June 1, 1925, by merging the two towns of West Hoboken and Union Hill; the name of one of the city's schools, Union Hill Middle School, recalls the former town. In the 18th century and English merchants first settled the area. German immigrants immigrated from Manhattan. Irish, Armenians, Eastern European Jews and Italians followed. In 1851, Germans moved across the Hudson River from New York City in search of affordable land and open space. During the Civil War a military installation, Camp Yates, covered an area now bounded by Bergenline and Palisade Avenues from 22nd to 32nd Street. Germans began to settle what would become Union Hill in 1851, some descendants of the immigrants of this period live in the city today. Although the area's diversity was represented by the more than 19 nationalities that made their home in the Dardanelles from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century, German Americans and Dutch dominated the area.
Along with Swiss and Austrian immig
The Jersey Journal
The Jersey Journal is a daily newspaper, published from Monday through Saturday, covering news and events throughout Hudson County, New Jersey. The Journal is a sister paper to The Star-Ledger of Newark, The Times of Trenton and the Staten Island Advance, all of which are owned by Advance Publications, which bought the paper in 1945. Founded by Civil War veterans William Dunning and Z. K. Pangborn, the Jersey Journal was known as the Evening Journal and was first published on May 2, 1867; the newspaper's first offices were located at 13 Exchange Place in Jersey City with a reported initial capitalization of $119. The newspaper built a new office building on 37 Montgomery Street in 1874. Editor Joseph A. Dear changed the Evening Journal to its current name in 1909; the paper relocated again, to a building at the northeast corner of Bergen and Sip avenues. This building was demolished in 1923 to make room for Journal Square, which took its name from the newspaper; the Journal made its home at 30 Journal Square for the next 90 years.
Its weekly Spanish-language publication, El Nuevo Hudson, ceased publication after the February 26, 2009 edition. In December 2012, it was announced that the newspaper would sell the building and relocate to another location in Hudson County. In August 2013, the paper announced it would move to Secaucus, which it did in January 2014; the Jersey Journal's Newspapers in Education Program, supported with an additional sponsorship, comprises three annual events and awards: the Hudson County Science Fair, the Hudson County Spelling Bee, the Everyday Heroes Awards. 1867-1909: The newspaper is published as The Evening Journal. 1909: The name is changed to The Jersey Journal. 1911: The headquarters are moved to Journal Square. 1951: The paper merges with The Jersey Observer. 2014: The paper's offices move from Jersey City to Secaucus. Official website The Jersey Journal at the Library of Congress History of the Journal "The Jersey Journal turns 150"; the Jersey Journal. May 2, 2017
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
Matanzas is the capital of the Cuban province of Matanzas. Known for its poets and Afro-Cuban folklore, it is located on the northern shore of the island of Cuba, on the Bay of Matanzas, 90 kilometres east of the capital Havana and 32 kilometres west of the resort town of Varadero. Matanzas is called the City of Bridges, for the seventeen bridges that cross the three rivers that traverse the city. For this reason it was referred to as the "Venice of Cuba." It was called "La Atenas de Cuba" for its poets. Matanzas is known as the birthplace of rumba. Matanzas was founded in 1693 as San Carlos y San Severino de Matanzas; this followed a royal decree issued on September 25, 1690, which decreed that the bay and port of Matanzas be settled by 30 families from the Canary Islands. Matanzas was one of the regions that saw intensive development of sugar plantations during the colonial era. Many African slaves were imported to support the sugar industry during the first half of the nineteenth century. For example, in 1792 there were 1900 slaves in Matanzas 30% of its population.
In 1817, the slave population of Matanzas had grown to 10,773, comprising nearly 50% of the overall population. By 1841, 53,331 slaves made up 62.7% of the population of Matanzas. Census figures for 1859 put the Matanzas slave population at 104,519. Matanzas was the site of several slave insurrections and plots, including the infamous Escalera conspiracy. Due to the high number of both slaves and free Afro-Cubans in Matanzas, the retention of African traditions is strong there. In 1898, Matanzas became the location of the first action in the Spanish–American War; the city was bombarded by American Navy vessels on April 25, 1898, just after the beginning of the war. The name Matanzas means "massacre" and refers to a putative slaughter at the port of the same name, in which 30 Spanish soldiers tried to cross one of the rivers to attack an aboriginal camp on the far shore; the Spanish soldiers had no boats, so they enlisted the help of native fishermen. However, once they reached the middle of the river, the fishermen flipped the boats, due to the Spanish soldiers' heavy metal armor, most of them drowned.
Only two women—one said to be the beautiful María de Estrada—survived, the result of being "taken" by a Cacique. De Estrada is said to have escaped the "power of the Cacique" and married Pedro Sánchez Farfán in the city of Trinidad; the city is located on the north shore of the island of Cuba, on all three sides of the Bay of Matanzas. The bay cuts deep in the island, three rivers flow in the bay inside city limits. To the south-east, the landscape rises into a hill called Pan de Matanzas, divided from the Atlantic coast by the Yumuri Valley and a coastal ridge; the city of Matanzas is divided into three neighborhoods: Versalles and Pueblo Nuevo. The municipality is divided into the barrios of Bachicha, Bailén, Bellamar, Camarioca, Cárcel, Ceiba Mocha, Colón, Corral Nuevo, Guanábana, Ojo de Agua, San Luis, San Severino, Simpson y Monserrate and Yumurí; the Aqueduct of Matanzas, today a national monument, was built in 1870 and is still providing the City with Water from the spring Manantial de Bello.
An ingenious construction built 1912 till 1912 by Fernando Heydrich and Company. TransportationMatanzas is served by Juan Gualberto Gómez Airport, 15 km east of the city; the city has two railway stations. The main station is on the main line from Havana to Santiago de Cuba; the electrified Hershey train operates by a different route to Havana from a separate station in the barrio of Versalles. Matanzas is served by Viazul and Astro buses; the Via Blanca highway connects the city with Varadero in the east. EducationThe University of Matanzas is the province's high learning education institution. Pharmaceutical Museum - established in 1882 Museo Historico Provincial de Matanzas - Provincial History Museum Sauto Theater - Teatro Sauto - Opened in 1863, the theatre hosts plays, opera and symphonic concerts, it is a National Monument of Cuba. Catedral San Carlos De Borromeo nearby Bellamar caves a National Monument of Cuba. Boating on the Canimar River Matanzas bridges Casino Español - Now being restored.
Matanzas High School Necropolis de San Carlos Borromeo Quinta de Bellamar, heritage house and church In 2004, the municipality of Matanzas had a population of 143,706. With a total area of 317 km2, it has a population density of 453.3/km2. Eufemio Abreu, Negro league baseball player Bernardo Benes, exiled Cuban born lawyer and civic leader in Miami Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons - Afro-Cuba Artist-photography, audiovisual media, sculpture, born in Matanzas in 1959 José Cardenal - MLB player for the San Francisco Giants, California Angels, Cleveland Indians, St. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies, New York Mets, the Kansas City Royals Jesus Cabrera - Leading Cuban Pathologist was born in Matanzas in 1929 Leo Cárdenas - Former major league baseball player and 5-time All-Star was born in Matanzas in 1938 Rafael Cruz - Born in Matanzas in 1939. S. Senator Ted Cruz Luis García - Undefeated Light Heavyweight boxer, idle since 2011. Carlos Lamar - Olympic fencer was born in Matanzas in 1908 Héctor Lombard - Mixed martial artist, born in Matanzas in 1978 Humberto López y Guerra - Film director, born in Matanzas in 1945 Sonora Matancera, Popular
Union City High School
Union City High School is a three-year comprehensive public high school serving students in tenth through twelfth grades from Union City, in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, operating as part of the Union City Board of Education. The four-story school is located between Kennedy Boulevard and Summit Avenue, from 24th to 26th Street, with additional facilities a block south on Kerrigan Avenue; the school has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1928. As of the 2015-16 school year, the school had an enrollment of 2,723 students and 178.0 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 15.3:1. There were 2,042 students eligible for 240 eligible for reduced-cost lunch; the school opened in September 2009, merging the student bodies of the city's prior two high schools, Union Hill High School and Emerson High School, marking the first high school opened in the city in 90 years. The school, built on the site of the former Roosevelt Stadium, cost $180 million, covers 4.5 acres and includes a rooftop football field.
The school's colors are navy silver. Union City High School holds Sophomore through Senior students; the Academy for Enrichment and Advancement, housed one block south on Kerrigan Avenue between 22nd and 23rd Streets, is a special interest academy, part of the high school. The AEA provides classes for students of grades 9 - 12 who show interest in the fields of science and engineering. Since its inaugural school year, Union City High School has offered college-level courses to students, through its partnerships with nearby colleges and universities, increased the number of such courses for the 2010–2011 school year, enabling students to accumulate up to 12 - 15 college credits by graduation that can be transferred to New Jersey public colleges. In addition to Liberal Arts courses, students can take advanced placement biology, physics, anatomy & physiology, forensic science, geometry, algebra 2, calculus at the AEA. Students preparing for civil engineering and architecture careers can take pre-engineering, computer networking and computer aided design at the AEA.
The AEA offers a course in Mandarin Chinese added in 2016, making it one of the few high schools in New Jersey to do so. The Advanced Placement participation rate in the school was 13%; the site on which Union City High School sits was acquired by the city in the 1930s, having been the location of the Hudson County Consumers Brewery Company, which opened in 1901 and closed in 1928. Through the efforts of Director of Public Affairs Harry J. Thorout and the Federal Works Progress Administration, which awarded the project $172,472, as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, it was turned into the art deco Roosevelt Stadium, which opened in 1937. Though a football stadium that served as a home to future National Football League greats Lou Cordileone and Frank Winters and College Football Hall of Famer Ed Franco, the stadium housed events in semi-pro baseball, track, boxing, as well as numerous special events, such as an exhibition baseball game featuring Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig. Roosevelt Stadium was the home to the annual Thanksgiving Turkey Game between rivals Emerson High School and Union Hill High School, the two high schools that served the city.
The last Turkey Game was hosted by the stadium in 2004. Three subsequent Turkey Games were held at the Midtown Athletic Complex until 2007, after which the two high schools would be converted into middle schools. José Martí Middle School, located on Summit Avenue at 18th Street, was converted into José Martí Freshman Academy. On July 11, 2005, acting New Jersey Governor Richard Codey and Union City Mayor Brian P. Stack, along with other officials, broke ground in preparation for the new complex, budgeted at $180 million. $172 million of the funds were provided by the state, with Union City providing the remaining $8 million, making it one of the most expensive schools in New Jersey. Cliffside Park-based RSC Architects, in partnership with architecture firm HOK New York, designed the 360,000-square-foot school, which includes 66 classrooms. Piscataway-based Epic Management served as the construction manager for the project. In early March 2006, a large piece of the Hudson Brewery's original brick foundation was found intact, along with the base of a manhole still connected to an original sewer that opened underneath the brewery.
The artifacts were removed for historic preservation. Union City High School opened for students on September 3, 2009, marking the first high school built in Union City in 90 years; the school's inaugural principal was David Wilcomes. A ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on September 25, attended by Union City Mayor Brian P. Stack, New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine and Senator Bob Menendez. A subsequent opening gala was held September 26, featured appearances from celebrities such as Harry Carson of the New York Giants and actor and Union Hill High School graduate Bobby Cannavale, a performance by musician Tito Puente Jr. A performance by Cuban singer Cucu Diamantes was cancelled by the city's Board of Education, causing controversy; the Board cancelled the performance in response to threats of protest by anti-Castro activists over Diamantes' performance in a concert in Havana, Cuba days earlier. The commencement ceremony for the school's first graduating class was held June 23, 2010. Delivering the keynote speech to the 600-plus graduates was New Jersey State Associate Supreme Court Justice Roberto A.
Rivera-Soto. Subsequent commencement keynotes have been delivered by Judge Esther Salas, former New Jersey Governor Jim McGreevey. On