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Silverstone Circuit

Silverstone Circuit is a motor racing circuit in England located next to the Northamptonshire villages of Silverstone and Whittlebury. Silverstone is the current home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted in 1948; the 1950 British Grand Prix at Silverstone was the first race in the newly created World Championship of Drivers. The race rotated between Silverstone and Brands Hatch from 1955 to 1986, but relocated permanently to Silverstone in 1987; the circuit hosts the British round of the MotoGP series. On 30 September 2004 British Racing Drivers' Club president Jackie Stewart announced that the British Grand Prix would not be included on the 2005 provisional race calendar and, if it were, would not occur at Silverstone. However, on 9 December an agreement was reached with Formula One rights holder Bernie Ecclestone ensuring that the track would host the British Grand Prix until 2009 after which Donington Park would become the new host. However, the Donington Park leaseholders, Donington Ventures Leisure, ran into severe financial problems and went into administration, resulting in the BRDC signing a 17-year deal with Ecclestone to hold the British Grand Prix at Silverstone.

The escalating costs of the British Grand Prix led to the BRDC triggering a break clause in their contract, meaning that the 2019 British Grand Prix, would be the last at the Silverstone Circuit. Although there was speculation of a street race in London, lengthy negotiations with Liberty Media have led to a new agreement for Silverstone to continue to host the British Grand Prix for a further five years after 2019. News of the new contract was announced at a Press Conference on 10 July 2019. Silverstone is at the centre of a motorsport hub, with their own driving experiences centre, a Porsche Centre and Handling Track, an Aston Martin Test and Development Centre based at the Stowe Circuit, a conference and exhibition facility in the Wing, Heritage Experience Centre and soon to be opened the Hilton Garden Inn Hotel; the Silverstone circuit is on the site of a World War II Royal Air Force bomber station, RAF Silverstone, which opened in 1943. The station was the base for No. 17 Operational Training Unit.

The airfield's three runways, in classic WWII triangle format, lie within the outline of the present track. The circuit straddles the Northamptonshire and Buckinghamshire border and is accessed from the nearby A43; the Northamptonshire towns of Towcester and Brackley and Buckinghamshire town of Buckingham are close by, the nearest large towns are Northampton and Milton Keynes. Silverstone was first used for motorsport by an'ad hoc' group of friends who set up an impromptu race in September 1947. One of their members, Maurice Geoghegan, lived in nearby Silverstone village and was aware that the airfield was deserted, he and eleven other drivers raced over a two-mile circuit, during the course of which Geoghegan himself ran over a sheep that had wandered onto the airfield. The sheep was killed and the car written off, in the aftermath of this event the informal race became known as the Mutton Grand Prix; the next year the Royal Automobile Club took a lease on the airfield and set out a more formal racing circuit.

Their first two races were held on the runways themselves, with long straights separated by tight hairpin corners, the track demarcated by hay bales. However, for the 1949 International Trophy meeting, it was decided to switch to the perimeter track; this arrangement was used for the 1951 Grands Prix. In 1952 the start line was moved from the Farm Straight to the straight linking Woodcote and Copse corners, this layout remained unaltered for the following 38 years. For the 1975 meeting a chicane was introduced to try to tame speeds through Woodcote Corner, Bridge Corner was subtly rerouted in 1987; the track underwent a major redesign between the 1990 and 1991 races, transforming the ultra-fast track into a more technical track. The reshaped track's first Formula One race was won by Nigel Mansell in front of his home crowd. On his victory lap back to the pits Mansell picked up stranded rival Ayrton Senna to give him a lift on his side-pod after his McLaren had run out of fuel on the final lap of the race.

Following the deaths of Senna and fellow Grand Prix driver Roland Ratzenberger at Imola in 1994, many Grand Prix circuits were modified in order to reduce speed and increase driver safety. As a consequence of this the entry from Hangar Straight into Stowe Corner was modified in 1995 to improve the run off area. In addition, the flat-out Abbey kink was modified to a chicane in just 19 days ready for the 1994 Grand Prix. Parts of the circuit, such as the starting grid, are 17 metres wide, complying with the latest safety guidelines. After a new pit building, the Silverstone Wing was completed in time for the 2011 British Grand Prix; the starting grid for the full Grand Prix Circuit was relocated to between Club Corner and Abbey Corner. Flat out, the right-hander of Abbey leads into the left-hander of Farm before cars brake into the third-gear right-hander Village Corner; the slower left-hander of the Loop comes after, leads into the flat-out left-hander of Aintree, before cars head down the DRS zone of the Wellington Straight, designed in 2010 to promote overtaking at the track.

Turn 6, the left hander of Brooklands, is taken by drivers in second gear and leads into Luffield, another second-gear curve, a right-hand hairpin. The right-handed kink of Woodcote leads cars down the old p

From my cold, dead hands

"I'll give you my gun when you pry it from my cold, dead hands" is a slogan popularized by the National Rifle Association on a series of bumper stickers. It is a variation of a slogan mentioned in a 1976 report from the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency: "I Will Give Up My Gun When They Peel My Cold Dead Fingers From Around It." The original version did not originate with the NRA, but with another gun rights group, the Citizens Committee for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, based in Bellevue, Washington. It, along with "If guns are outlawed, only outlaws will have guns", is a slogan, used by gun owners and their supporters in criticisms of proposals of gun control in the United States. A year after the Columbine High School massacre, the phrase gained newfound popularity following the 129th NRA convention, in Charlotte, North Carolina on May 20, 2000, when actor and then-president of the NRA, Charlton Heston, ended a speech by concluding: For the next six months, is going to smear you as the enemy.

He will slander you as gun-toting, knuckle-dragging, bloodthirsty maniacs who stand in the way of a safer America. Will you remain silent? I will not remain silent. If we are going to stop this it is vital to every law-abiding gun owner in America to register to vote and show up at the polls on Election Day. Heston paused to pick up a replica of a flintlock long rifle and continued: So, as we set out this year to defeat the divisive forces that would take freedom away, I want to say those fighting words for everyone within the sound of my voice to hear and to heed, for you, Mr. Gore:'From my cold, dead hands!' Heston repeated the phrase at the end of each NRA convention over. When he announced his retirement in 2003, he concluded by repeating "From my cold, dead hands." The phrase has been used by numerous pro-gun rights groups including The National Rifle Association, National Association for Gun Rights. The term lends itself to the Second Amendment for-profit corporation Cold Dead Hands. In the 1984 film Red Dawn, Communist paratroopers invade middle United States.

A bumper sticker with the statement on it is shown, the camera pans to an M1911A1 pistol clutched in its dead owner's hand. One of the paratroopers takes the gun from his dead hands, shoves it in his own belt, leaves. In the 1997 film Men in Black, Edgar, an upstate New York farmer, tells a landed alien when asked to drop his shotgun, "You can have my gun when you pry it from my cold, dead fingers." The alien responds, "Your proposal is acceptable." Edgar is killed, the alien uses his skin as a disguise. The phrase is used to introduce Heston to viewers of Michael Moore's 2002 documentary film Bowling for Columbine. In 2005, the phrase was parodied by The Onion in their "300th Anniversary" issue dated June 22, 2056. A small item on the page claimed: "Grave robbers pry valuable rifle from Charlton Heston's cold, dead hands". In 2008, shortly after Charlton Heston's death, The Onion again parodied the phrase in a photo caption; the 2012 update Mann vs Machine for the video game Team Fortress 2 contains a parody of the phrase as one of the Soldier character responses: "You can have this when you pry it from my cold, dead hands.

And then, good luck! Because I will have glued it to my cold, dead hands!"In 2013, Jim Carrey with The Eels created a single and accompanying music video "Cold Dead Hand", ridiculing gun culture in the United States and Charlton Heston, declaring that he could not enter Heaven as angels could not pry the gun from his hands. Anthony Jeselnik, on his 2013 TV show, The Jeselnik Offensive, said, "They can have my gun when they pry it from my curious six-year-old's cold dead hands." Molon labe, a similar classical phrase "Come and take it", a slogan used in 1835 during the Texas Revolution They shall not pass Not one step back

Rue Spears

Rue Spears is a street in Beirut, Lebanon, named after British General Edward Spears who in 1941 liaised with General Charles de Gaulle and his Free French movement to liberate the Levant. He was appointed the British minister in Beirut in 1942. Spears would also urge the Lebanese and Syrians to claim independence from France after being converted to the Arab nationalist vision. Due to his initiatives, Great Britain recognized a de facto independent Lebanon in 1942. Rue Spears is a one-way street that runs west-east, beginning at the intersection of Rue de Rome and ending at Rue Fakhreddine. René Moawad Garden is located on the street and so is the National Library, National Radio Station, Ministry of Interior, Chamber of Commerce, Future Television studios, Helem Center, the Middle-East's first gay rights organization. Ras Beirut Beirut