Outlander (TV series)
Outlander is a drama television series based upon author Diana Gabaldon's historical time travel book series of the same name. Developed by Ronald D. Moore and produced by Sony Pictures Television and Left Bank Pictures for Starz, the show premiered on August 9, 2014, it stars Caitriona Balfe as Claire Randall, a married World War II nurse who in 1945 finds herself transported back to 1743 Scotland, where she encounters the dashing Highland warrior Jamie Fraser and becomes embroiled in the Jacobite risings. The second season of 13 episodes, based on Dragonfly in Amber, premiered on April 9, 2016. On June 1, Starz renewed the series for a third and fourth season, which adapt the third and fourth Outlander novels and Drums of Autumn; the 13-episode third season premiered on September 10, 2017. The 13-episode fourth season premiered on November 4, 2018, Starz has renewed the series for a fifth and sixth season. In 1946, former World War II nurse Claire Randall and her husband Frank are visiting Inverness, when she is carried back in time to the 18th century from the standing stones at Craigh na Dun.
She falls in with a group of rebel Scottish Highlanders from Clan MacKenzie, who are being pursued by English redcoats led by Captain Jonathan "Black Jack" Randall, Frank's ancestor. She marries a Highlander, Jamie Fraser, out of necessity, but they fall in love; the Clan suspect her of being a spy, retain her as a healer, preventing her from attempting to return to her own time. Knowing that the Jacobite cause is doomed to fail, Claire tries to warn against pursuing a rebellion. Jamie rescued by Claire and his clansmen. Claire and Jamie set sail for France. In Paris and Jamie try to thwart the Jacobites by subverting the funds that King Louis XV of France is to provide. Jamie becomes the confidante of Charles Stuart. Randall reappears in Paris, but Claire makes Jamie swear to keep him alive until Frank's ancestry is assured, which she achieves by convincing Randall to marry Mary Hawkins. Claire loses her baby, she and Jamie return to Scotland; the Jacobites win the Battle of Prestonpans. Before the Battle of Culloden, Jamie convinces Claire, pregnant again, to return to the 20th century.
Twenty years after Claire's return, Frank has died, Claire takes her daughter Brianna to Scotland. Claire discovers that Jamie did not die at Culloden, vows to return to him. Jamie kills Randall at Culloden, but is gravely injured, spared execution. At Ardsmuir prison, he befriends the governor Lord John Grey, who paroles him to work at an English estate, where Jamie fathers an illegitimate son, Willie. Jamie becomes a printer. Meanwhile, in 1948, Claire enrolls in medical school as she and Frank raise Jamie's daughter, Brianna, in Boston, Massachusetts. Frank is killed in a car accident. With the help of Roger Wakefield during a trip to Scotland with Brianna, Claire learns some clues to Jamie's whereabouts after Culloden, returns to the 18th century to find him, she discovers that Jamie has married a widowed Laoghaire, though Claire's presence nullifies the union. Jamie and Claire try to retrieve some hidden treasure so Jamie can placate Laoghaire with a settlement, but during the attempt his nephew Ian is captured by pirates and carried off to the Caribbean.
Jamie and Claire follow, manage to rescue him from Geillis, who had escaped burning at the stake. Claire and Jamie are shipwrecked in the American colony of Georgia. In the American colony of North Carolina and Jamie work to find a way to return to Scotland with Fergus and Young Ian, they visit the plantation of Jamie's aunt Jocasta Cameron, witness slavery firsthand. Claire and Jamie decide to leave and make a new life for themselves elsewhere, claim a piece of land they call Fraser's Ridge. On their new land, tensions rise with the local Cherokees. Jamie reunites with Murtagh, now a blacksmith in a nearby town and leader of the Regulator movement. Lord John surprises Claire by appearing on Fraser's Ridge with Jamie's secret son, Willy. Meanwhile, in the 1970s, Brianna rejects Roger's marriage proposal. After learning her parents will die in a fire, Brianna goes to Inverness and travels through the stones. Roger is given a letter from Brianna stating she has gone through the stones, he follows her.
Brianna makes her way to the colonies, while Roger does the same on a ship captained by Stephen Bonnet. Brianna finds her parents while in Wilmington, discovers she is pregnant. Roger comes to Fraser's Ridge, Jamie mistakes him as the one who raped Brianna, he beats Roger, Young Ian sells him to the Mohawk. After they discover their mistake, Claire and Young Ian set off to rescue Roger, he and Brianna are reunited at Jocasta's plantation. Jamie receives instructions from the governor to capture Murtagh, a fugitive; the following actors are credited in the opening titles of single episodes in which they play a significant role: Clive Russell as Simon Fraser, Lord Lovat Billy Boyd as Gerald Forbes Yan Tual as Father Alexandre Ferigault Sera-Lys McArthur as Johiehon In July 2012, it was reported that Sony Pictures Television had secured the rights to Gabaldon's Outlander series, with Moore attached to develop the project and Jim Kohlberg producing. Sony closed the deal with Starz in November 2012, Moore hired a writing team in April 2013.
That June, Starz picked up the Outlander project for a sixteen-episode order, in August it was announced that John Dahl would be directing the first two episodes. Starz CEO Chris Albrecht said that
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay. S. states of Maine, New Hampshire and New York. It shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by its second-largest administrative division, it is and politically considered to be part of Central Canada. Quebec is the second-most populous province of Canada, after Ontario, it is the only one to have a predominantly French-speaking population, with French as the sole provincial official language. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Half of Quebec residents live in the Greater Montreal Area, including the Island of Montreal. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, Gaspé regions.
The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited by Aboriginal peoples. The climate around the major cities is four-seasons continental with cold and snowy winters combined with warm to hot humid summers, but farther north long winter seasons dominate and as a result the northern areas of the province are marked by tundra conditions. In central Quebec, at comparatively southerly latitudes, winters are severe in inland areas. Quebec independence debates have played a large role in the politics of the province. Parti Québécois governments held referendums on sovereignty in 1980 and 1995. Although neither passed, the 1995 referendum saw the highest voter turnout in Quebec history, at over 93%, only failed by less than 1%. In 2006, the House of Commons of Canada passed a symbolic motion recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada". While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace and communication technologies and the pharmaceutical industry play leading roles.
These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become an economically influential province within Canada, second only to Ontario in economic output. The name "Québec", which comes from the Algonquin word kébec meaning "where the river narrows" referred to the area around Quebec City where the Saint Lawrence River narrows to a cliff-lined gap. Early variations in the spelling of the name included Kébec. French explorer Samuel de Champlain chose the name Québec in 1608 for the colonial outpost he would use as the administrative seat for the French colony of New France; the province is sometimes referred to as "La belle province". The Province of Quebec was founded in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 after the Treaty of Paris formally transferred the French colony of Canada to Britain after the Seven Years' War; the proclamation restricted the province to an area along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the province to include the Great Lakes and the Ohio River Valley and south of Rupert's Land, more or less restoring the borders existing under French rule before the Conquest of 1760.
The Treaty of Paris ceded territories south of the Great Lakes to the United States. After the Constitutional Act of 1791, the territory was divided between Lower Canada and Upper Canada, with each being granted an elected legislative assembly. In 1840, these become Canada East and Canada West after the British Parliament unified Upper and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada; this territory was redivided into the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario at Confederation in 1867. Each became one of the first four provinces. In 1870, Canada purchased Rupert's Land from the Hudson's Bay Company and over the next few decades the Parliament of Canada transferred to Quebec portions of this territory that would more than triple the size of the province. In 1898, the Canadian Parliament passed the first Quebec Boundary Extension Act that expanded the provincial boundaries northward to include the lands of the local aboriginal peoples; this was followed by the addition of the District of Ungava through the Quebec Boundaries Extension Act of 1912 that added the northernmost lands of the Inuit to create the modern Province of Quebec.
In 1927, the border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was established by the British Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. Quebec disputes this boundary. Located in the eastern part of Canada, part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of, sparsely populated, its topography is different from one region to another due to the varying composition of the ground, the climate, the proximity to water. The Saint Lawrence Lowland and the Appalachians are the two main topographic regions in southern Quebec, while the Canadian Shield occupies most of central and northern Quebec. Quebec has one of the world's largest reserves of fresh water, occupying 12% of its surface, it has 3 % of the world's renewable fresh water. Mor
Clan Fraser of Lovat
Clan Fraser of Lovat is a Highland Scottish clan. The Clan Fraser of Lovat has been associated with Inverness and the surrounding area since the Clan's founder gained lands there in the 13th century, but Lovat is in fact a junior branch of the Clan Fraser who were based in the Aberdeenshire area. Both the Clan Fraser and the Clan Fraser of Lovat have their own separate clan chiefs who are recognized by the Lord Lyon King of Arms under Scottish law; the Clan Fraser of Lovat in Inverness-shire has dominated local politics and been active in every major military conflict involving Scotland. It has played a considerable role in most major political turmoils.'Fraser' remains the most prominent family name within the Inverness area. The Clan's current chief is Simon Fraser, the 16th Lord Lovat, 26th Chief of Clan Fraser; the exact origins of the surname'Fraser' can not be determined with any great certainty. Traditionally it is thought to have originated in France, but the Oxford Dictionary of Family Names notes there is no place name in France corresponding with the earliest spellings of the name - "de Fresel", "de Friselle", "de Freseliere" - and suggests the possibility it represents a Gaelic name'corrupted beyond recognition by Anglo-Norman scribes'.
The first definite record of the name in Scotland occurs in the mid-12th century as "de Fresel", "de Friselle", "de Freseliere", appears to be an Angevin name. The French surname "Frézelière" or "de la Frézelière" or "Frézeau de la Frézelière", exists in France to this day, is still concentrated in the area of Anjou, it corresponds with the Scottish version in its spelling. Belief in the name's Angevin origin has been held by the Frasers themselves. Whilst in exile in France, Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat "entered into a formal league of amnity" and "declared an alliance" with the French Marquis de la Frézelière and claimed common origin from the "les seigneurs de la Frézelière"; the first annual gathering of the Clan Fraser in Canada in 1894 recalls this connection. There is other evidence of an ancient connection with Anjou. An 18th century document La Dictionnaire de la Noblesse states that a Simon Frezel was born to the knightly Frezel family from Anjou and, sometime after the year 1030, established himself in Scotland.
It states that Simon Frezel's descendants multiplied and became known as Frasers. This would explain the prevalence of the name Simon throughout clan history, as all Frasers would have the knight Simon Frezel as a distant but common ancestor. There are other suggested links with France, but these are more in the realm of myth than history: The surname "Frysel" is recorded on the Battle Abbey Roll – a list of William the Conqueror's companions, preserved at Battle Abbey, on the site of his great victory over Harold. However, the authenticity of the manuscript is doubted. Another story claims the name derives from a Frenchman called "Pierre Fraser, Seigneur de Troile", who came to Scotland in the reign of Charlemagne to form an alliance with the mythical King Achaius. Pierre's son became thane of the Isle of Man in 814. One tradition suggests that the surname is derived from the French words fraise, meaning strawberry, fraisiers, strawberry plants. There is a fabled account of the Fraser coat of arms which asserts that during the reign of Charles the Simple of France, a nobleman from Bourbon named Julius de Berry entertained the King with a dish of fine strawberries.
De Berry was later knighted, with the knight taking strawberry flowers as his Arms and changing his name from'de Berry' to'Fraiseux' or'Frezeliere'. His direct descendants were to become the lords of Neidpath Castle known as Oliver; this origin has been disputed, seen as a classic example of canting heraldry, where heraldic symbols are derived from a pun on similar-sounding surname:. Around the reign of William the Lion, there was a mass of "Norman" immigration into Scotland. Thomas Grey, a 14th-century English knight, listed several "Norman" families which took up land during William's reign. Among those listed, the families of Moubray, Laundells, Valognes and Fraser are or introduced under King William; the earliest written record of Frasers in Scotland is in 1160, when a Simon Fraser held lands in East Lothian at Keith. In that year, he made the gift of a church to the Tironensian monks at Kelso Abbey; the Frasers moved into Tweeddale in the 12th and 13th centuries and from there into the counties of Stirling, Angus and Aberdeen.
During the Scottish Wars of Independence, Sir Simon Fraser, known as "the Patriot", fought first with the Red Comyn, with Sir William Wallace and Robert the Bruce. Sir Simon is celebrated for having defeated the English at the Battle of Roslin in 1303, with just 8,000 men under his command. At the Battle of Methven in 1306, Sir Simon Fraser led troops along with Bruce, saved the King's life in three separate instances. Simon was awarded the 3 Crowns which now appear in the Lovat Arms for these three acts of bravery, he was however captured by the English and executed with great cruelty by Edward I of England in 1306, in the same barbaric fashion as Wallace. At the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, Sir Simon's cousin, Sir Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie, was much more fortunate, he fought at Bannockburn, married Bruce's sister, became Chamberlain of Scotland. The Frasers of Philorth who are chiefs of the senior Clan Fraser trace their lineage from this Alexander. Alexander's younger brother, another Sir Simon Fraser, was the an
Inverallochy and Cairnbulg
The villages of Inverallochy and Cairnbulg lie some four miles east of Fraserburgh, in North East Scotland. Cairnbulg Castle, one of The Nine Castles of Knuckle dated to the 13th century and parts of the current construction are believed to date to an earlier period but whereas the land of Inverallochy was granted by Earl Alexander to Jordan Comyn in 1277, there is no indication that the now-ruined Inverallochy Castle was built at such an early date. Cairnbulg Castle was a stronghold of the Comyns, but was given by Robert the Bruce to the Earls of Ross in 1316 following the Harrying of Buchan passed to the Frasers from 1375 until 1666; the current construction is a late 19th-century re-build following a century of abandonment and dereliction. Well-established fishing communities were in place in the area by the early 16th century, but after an epidemic of cholera in the 1860s wiped out the "collections of huts next to which fishing boats were dragged out of reach of the tide", planned fishing settlements were recreated at Inverallochy and the twinned village Cairnbulg.
As a result of this planning, within 20 years over 200 boats were based here, although in recent years this has dwindled to zero as larger, commercial operations became focused on the nearby ports of Fraserburgh and Peterhead. Cairnbulg railway station was opened on 1 July 1903, it was named Inverallochy, but was renamed on 1 September, two months after it opened. The station closed in 1965. Philorth Bridge Halt was located near the Water of Philorth at the entrance to Cairnbulg Castle. Owing to the close proximity of the villages to one another, the name Invercairn has in recent years become used on a local basis to represent both. Maggie's Hoosie is a preserved 19th century fishwife's cottage. Cairnbulg harbour, built in the 1920s as a single pier, was developed in the early 1980s using WW2 tank traps to create an enclosed harbour basin. Inverallochy School was established in 1841 as a 36 × 20 feet building. Increased attendance demanded further funding in 1866 to seat 130 scholars and 240 in 1872.
It re-opened in 1965 after a substantial extension to include eight new classrooms, a general purpose room, a school meal scullery, an assembly hall–gymnasium and an art room. The eight old classrooms were turned into homecraft rooms with housewifery area, science rooms and library. Invercairn Gala Web Historian site for the Fishing Villages of the North East
Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland from its position on the Castle Rock. Archaeologists have established human occupation of the rock since at least the Iron Age, although the nature of the early settlement is unclear. There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century, the site continued to be a royal residence until 1633. From the 15th century the castle's residential role declined, by the 17th century it was principally used as military barracks with a large garrison, its importance as a part of Scotland's national heritage was recognised from the early 19th century onwards, various restoration programmes have been carried out over the past century and a half. As one of the most important strongholds in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century to the Jacobite rising of 1745.
Research undertaken in 2014 identified 26 sieges in its 1100-year-old history, giving it a claim to having been "the most besieged place in Great Britain and one of the most attacked in the world". Few of the present buildings pre-date the Lang Siege of the 16th century, when the medieval defences were destroyed by artillery bombardment; the most notable exceptions are St Margaret's Chapel from the early 12th century, regarded as the oldest building in Edinburgh, the Royal Palace and the early-16th-century Great Hall, although the interiors have been much altered from the mid-Victorian period onwards. The castle houses the Scottish regalia, known as the Honours of Scotland and is the site of the Scottish National War Memorial and the National War Museum of Scotland; the British Army is still responsible for some parts of the castle, although its presence is now ceremonial and administrative. Some of the castle buildings house regimental museums which contribute to its presentation as a tourist attraction.
The castle, in the care of Historic Environment Scotland, is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction, with over 2 million visitors in 2017 and over 70 percent of leisure visitors to Edinburgh visiting the castle. As the backdrop to the Edinburgh Military Tattoo during the annual Edinburgh Festival the castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland; the castle stands upon the plug of an extinct volcano, estimated to have risen about 350 million years ago during the lower Carboniferous period. The Castle Rock is the remains of a volcanic pipe, which cut through the surrounding sedimentary rock before cooling to form hard dolerite, a type of basalt. Subsequent glacial erosion was resisted by the dolerite, which protected the softer rock to the east, leaving a crag and tail formation; the summit of the Castle Rock is 130 metres above sea level, with rocky cliffs to the south and north, rising to a height of 80 metres above the surrounding landscape. This means that the only accessible route to the castle lies to the east, where the ridge slopes more gently.
The defensive advantage of such a site is self-evident, but the geology of the rock presents difficulties, since basalt is impermeable. Providing water to the Upper Ward of the castle was problematic, despite the sinking of a 28-metre deep well, the water supply ran out during drought or siege, for example during the Lang Siege in 1573. Archaeological investigation has yet to establish when the Castle Rock was first used as a place of human habitation. There is no record of any Roman interest in the location during General Agricola's invasion of northern Britain near the end of the 1st century AD. Ptolemy's map of the 2nd century AD shows a settlement in the territory of the Votadini named "Alauna", meaning "rock place", making this the earliest known name for the Castle Rock; this could, refer to another of the tribe's hill forts in the area. The Orygynale Cronykil of Andrew of Wyntoun, an early source for Scottish history, names "Ebrawce", a legendary King of the Britons, as having "byggyd Edynburgh".
According to the earlier chronicler, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Ebraucus had fifty children by his twenty wives, was the founder of "Kaerebrauc", "Alclud" and the "Maidens' Castle". The 16th-century English writer John Stow, credited Ebraucus with building "the Castell of Maidens called Edenbrough" in 989 BC; the name "Maidens' Castle" occurs up until the 16th century. It appears in charters of his successors, although the reason for it is not known. William Camden's survey of Britain, records that "the Britans called Castle Myned Agned, the Scots, the Maidens Castle and the Virgins Castle, of certaine young maidens of the Picts roiall bloud who were kept there in old time". According to the 17th-century antiquarian Father Richard Hay, the "maidens" were a group of nuns, who were ejected from the castle and replaced by canons, considered "fitter to live among soldiers". However, this story was considered "apocryphal" by the 19th-century antiquarian Daniel Wilson and has been ignored by historians since.
The name may have been derived from a "Cult of the Nine Maidens" type of legend. Arthurian legends suggest that the site once held a shrine to one of nine sisters. St Monenna, said to be one of nine companions, reputedly invested a church at Edinburgh, as well as at Dumbarton and other places. Similar names are shared by many other Iron Age hillforts and may have described a castl
Beaufort Castle, Scotland
Beaufort Castle is a Baronial style mansion built in 1880 and incorporating older building work. It is situated on the right bank of the River Beauly near the town of Beauly in Inverness-shire and is 1 mile north of Kiltarlity and 13 mi west of Inverness. There has been a castle on the site since the 12th century. Beaufort is the traditional seat of the Lords Lovat; the earliest mention of the site, as Downie or Dounie Castle, occurs in the reign of Alexander I, when a siege took place. The original castle was built by the Byset family; the castle came into the hands of the Frasers in the late 13th century. English forces besieged the castle in 1303. In the 1650s Dounie was attacked and burned by the forces of Oliver Cromwell during their invasion of Scotland; the Fraser estates were inherited by Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat, in 1699. Known as'The Fox', Lovat became involved in the Jacobite cause, which aimed to restore the deposed House of Stuart to the thrones of Scotland and England. Exiled to France, Lovat joined James Stuart, the Old Pretender, converted to Catholicism.
He attempted to recruit Scottish nobles to the cause, carrying messages to Scotland, but his dealings led to ten years imprisonment in France. Returning in 1714, he renounced the Jacobite cause in return for possession of his estates. In the 1740s he commissioned William Adam to design a new house at Dounie. Adam's last work, the project only progressed to the supply of stonework to the site: construction never started since the Jacobite Rising of 1745 intervened. Lovat, changing allegiance again, supported the Jacobites, but was captured and executed after the Battle of Culloden. Dounie Castle was razed by the Duke of Cumberland, the estate was declared forfeit. From 1746 the estate was run by the Forfeited Estates Commissioners, appointed by Parliament to dispose of confiscated estates, a small house was built on the site of the demolished castle to house the factor. In 1774 the estate was returned to Lovat's son, Simon Fraser of Lovat, who had raised and commanded the 78th Fraser Highlanders for the British Army.
Proposals for a new house on the site were not executed. In 1815 the estate was inherited by Thomas Fraser of Strichen, reinstated to the Lordship of Lovat in 1854. In 1839 he commissioned William Burn to extend the house, improved the grounds and estate, his son Simon Fraser, 13th Lord Lovat, built the present Beaufort Castle, to designs by James Maitland Wardrop, incorporating part of the 18th-century house. The castle was sold in 1994 to Stagecoach director Ann Gloag by the 15th Lord Lovat, to meet inheritance taxes; the Baronial mansion incorporates a private Roman Catholic chapel. The remains of Dounie Castle stand beside the house, comprise a single wall, 11 metres long and 1.5 metres high, with a plaque stating that it is "the ruin of Castle Downie, the ancient stronghold of the Frasers of Lovat, built c. 1400, destroyed by Cumberland after the battle of Culloden". The house is a category A listed building; the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, the national listing of significant gardens in Scotland.
Castles in Great Britain and Ireland List of castles in Scotland Media related to Beaufort Castle at Wikimedia Commons
Catriona is an 1893 novel written by Robert Louis Stevenson as a sequel to his earlier novel Kidnapped. It was first published in the magazine Atalanta from December 1892 to September 1893; the novel continues the story of the central character in David Balfour. The book begins where Kidnapped ends, at 2 pm on 25 August 1751, outside the British Linen Company in Edinburgh, Scotland; the first part of the book recounts the attempts of the hero, David Balfour, to gain justice for James Stewart, arrested and charged with complicity in the Appin Murder. David makes a statement to a lawyer and goes on to meet William Grant of Prestongrange, the Lord Advocate of Scotland, to press the case for James' innocence. However, his attempts fail, as after being reunited with Alan Breck he is once again kidnapped, confined on the Bass Rock, an island in the Firth of Forth, until the trial is over, James is condemned to death. David meets and falls in love with Catriona MacGregor Drummond, the daughter of James MacGregor Drummond, known as James More held in prison, whose escape she engineers.
David receives some education in the manners and morals of polite society from Barbara Grant, Prestongrange's daughter. In the second part and Catriona travel to Holland, where David studies law at the University of Leyden. David takes Catriona under his protection. James More arrives and proves something of a disappointment, drinking a great deal and showing no compunction against living off David's largesse. At this time, David learns of the death of his uncle Ebenezer, thus gains knowledge that he has come into his full, substantial inheritance. David and Catriona, fast friends at this point, begin a series of misunderstandings that drive her and James More away, although David sends payment to James in return for news of Catriona's welfare. James and Catriona find their way to Dunkirk in northern France. Meanwhile, Alan Breck joins David in Leyden, he berates David for not understanding women. It's this way about a man and a woman, ye see, Davie: The weemenfolk have got no kind of reason to them.
Either they like the man, a' goes fine. There's just the two sets of them – them that would sell their coats for ye, them that never look the road ye're on. That's a'. Prodded thus, at an invitation from James More and Alan journey to Dunkirk to visit with James and Catriona, they all meet one evening at a remote inn and discover the following day that James has betrayed Alan into the hands of a British warship anchored near the shore. The British attempt to capture Alan, who flees with David and Catriona, now reconciled and shamed by James More's ignominy; the three flee to Paris, where Catriona are married. James More dies from an illness, David and Catriona return to Scotland to raise a family; the characters of Alan Breck Stewart, Lord William Grant Prestongrange, James of the Glens, James MacGregor Drummond, the 3rd duke of Argyll, Simon Fraser of Lovat, Prophet Peden and Hugh Palliser were real people and the frigate HMS Seahorse existed. However, the heroine who gives her name to the novel is a fictional character.
The real James MacGregor had seven sons and six daughters, none of them named Catriona. The 1971 film Kidnapped was based on the first half of Catriona. David Balfour, Second Part at The Project Gutenberg Digitised copy of Catriona Cassell, London 1893 Digitised copy of David Balfour being memoirs of his adventures at home and abroad from the Charles Scribner's Sons edition from National Library of Scotland. JPEG, PDF, XML versions