The Simpson Desert is a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes in Northern Territory, South Australia and Queensland in central Australia. It is the fourth-largest Australian desert, with an area of 176,500 km2; the desert is underlain by the Great Artesian Basin, one of the largest inland drainage areas in the world. Water from the basin rises to the surface at numerous natural springs, including Dalhousie Springs, at bores drilled along stock routes, or during petroleum exploration; as a result of exploitation by such bores, the flow of water to springs has been decreasing in recent years. It is part of the Lake Eyre basin; the Simpson Desert is an erg. These north-south oriented dunes are static, held in position by vegetation, they vary in height from 3 metres in the west to around 30 metres on the eastern side. The largest dune, Nappanerica or Big Red, is 40 metres in height; the Wangkangurru people lived in the Simpson Desert, using hand-dug wells called mikiri, up until the Federation Drought.
The explorer Charles Sturt, who visited the region from 1844–1846, was the first European to see the desert. In 1880 Augustus Poeppel, a surveyor with the South Australian Survey Department determined the border between Queensland and South Australia to the west of Haddon Corner and in doing so marked the corner point where the States of Queensland and South Australia meet the Northern Territory. After he returned to Adelaide, it was discovered that the links in his surveyor's chain had stretched. Poeppel’s border post was too far west by 300 metres. In 1884, surveyor Larry Wells moved the post to its proper position on the eastern bank of Lake Poeppel; the tri-state border is now known as Poeppel Corner. In January 1886 surveyor David Lindsay ventured into the desert from the western edge, in the process discovering and documenting, with the help of a Wangkangurru Aboriginal man, nine native wells and travelling as far east as the Queensland/Northern Territory border. In 1936 Ted Colson became the first non-indigenous person to cross the desert in its entirety, riding camels.
The name Simpson Desert was coined by Cecil Madigan, after Alfred Allen Simpson, an Australian industrialist, philanthropist and president of the South Australian branch of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia. Mr Simpson was the owner of the Simpson washing machine company. In 1984, Dennis Bartel was the first white man to walk solo and unsupported west-to-east across the Simpson, 390 km in 24 days, relying on old Aboriginal wells for water. In 2006 Lucas Trihey was the first non-indigenous person to walk across the desert through the geographical centre away from vehicle tracks and unsupported, he carried all his equipment in a two-wheeled cart and crossed from East Bore on the western edge of the desert to Birdsville in the east. In 2008, Michael Giacometti completed the first, only, east-to-west walk across the Simpson Desert. Starting at Bedourie in Queensland, he walked solo and unsupported, towing all his equipment and water in a two-wheeled cart to Old Andado homestead. In 2008, Belgian Louis-Philippe Loncke became the first non-indigenous person to complete a north-south crossing of the desert on foot and unsupported and through the geographical centre.
In 2016, explorer Sebastian Copeland and partner Mark George completed the longest unsupported latitudinal crossing of the Simpson They linked the Madigan Line, Colson Track and French Line for the first time, walking from Old Andado homestead to Birdsville, a distance of 650 kilometres in 26 days. In 1967, the Queensland Government established the Munga-Thirri National Park known as the Simpson Desert National Park No maintained roads cross the desert; the Donohue Highway is an unpaved outback track passing from near Boulia towards the Northern Territory border in the north of the desert. There are tracks that were created during seismic surveys in the search for gas and oil during the 1960s and 1970s; these include the French Line, the Rig Road, the QAA Line. Such tracks are still navigable by well-equipped four-wheel-drive vehicles which must carry extra fuel and water. Towns providing access to the South Australian edge of the Simpson Desert include Innamincka to the south and Oodnadatta to the southwest.
Last fuel on the western side is at store. Before 1980, a section of the Commonwealth Railways Central Australian line passed along the western side of the Simpson Desert; the desert is popular with tourists in winter, popular landmarks include the ruins and mound springs at Dalhousie Springs, Purnie Bore wetlands, Approdinna Attora Knoll and Poeppel Corner. Because of the excessive heat and inadequately experienced drivers attempting to access the desert in the past, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources has decided since 2008-2009 to close the Simpson Desert during the summer — to save unprepared "adventurers" from themselves; the area has an hot, dry desert climate. Rainfall is minimal, averaging only about 150 mm per year and falling in summer. Temperatures in summer can approach 50 °C and large sand storms are common. Winters are cool, heatwaves in the middle of July are not unheard of; some of the heaviest rain in decades occurred during 2009-2010, has seen the Simpson Desert burst into life and colour.
In early March 2010, Birdsville recorded more rain in 24 hours. Rain inundated Queensland’s north-west and Gulf regions. In total, 17 million
An arts council is a government or private non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the arts. They operate at arms-length from the government to prevent political interference in their decisions; the International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies maintains a list of national arts councils on its website. Canada CouncilProvincialBritish Columbia Arts Council Alberta Foundation for the Arts Saskatchewan Arts Board Manitoba Arts Council Ontario Arts Council Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec Prince Edward Island Council of the ArtsMunicipalCouncil for the Arts in Ottawa Kingston Arts Council Sudbury Arts Council Arts Council~Haliburton Highlands National Endowment for the Arts Regional councilsSoutheast Southern Arts Federation Mid-Atlantic Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation Northeast New England Foundation for the Arts Mid-America Mid-America Arts Alliance Mid-West Arts Midwest West Western States Arts Federation California Arts Council Alameda County: Alameda County Arts Commission City of Alameda: Alameda Arts Council Amador County: Amador County Arts Council Calaveras County: Calaveras County Arts Council Contra Costa County: Arts and Culture Commission of Contra Costa County El Dorado County: El Dorado Arts Council Humboldt County: Humboldt Arts Council Inyo County: Inyo Council for the Arts Lake County: Lake County Arts Council Los Angeles County: LA County Arts Commission City of Los Angeles: City of Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Department Madera County: Madera County Arts Council Marin County: Marin Arts Council Mariposa County: Mariposa County Arts Council Mendocino County: Arts Council of Mendocino County Merced County: Merced County Arts Council Modoc County: Modoc County Arts Council Monterey County: Arts Council for Monterey County Napa County: Arts Council of Napa Valley Nevada County: Nevada County Arts Council Orange County: Arts Orange County Placer County: Arts Council of Placer County Riverside County: Riverside Arts Council Sacramento County: Sacramento Metropolitan Arts Commission San Bernardino County: Arts Council for San Bernardino County San Diego County: City of San Diego Commission for Arts and Culture San Francisco County: San Francisco Arts Commission San Luis Obispo County: San Luis Obispo County Arts Council Santa Barbara County: Santa Barbara County Arts Commission Santa Clara County: Arts Council Silicon Valley Siskiyou County: Siskiyou Arts Council Solano County: Solano County Arts Council Sonoma County: Cultural Arts Council of Sonoma County Sutter County: Yuba-Sutter Regional Arts Council Tulare County: Arts Council of Tulare County Tuolumne County: Central Sierra Arts Council Ventura County: Ventura County Arts Council Yolo County: Yolo County Arts Council Yuba County: Yuba-Sutter Regional Arts Council Florida Keys Council of the Arts Minneapolis Arts Commission New York State Council on the Arts Bronx County: Bronx Council on the Arts Queens County: Queens Council on the Arts Sullivan County: Delaware Valley Arts Alliance Hillsborough Arts Council The Arts Council of Winston-Salem and Forsyth County Oregon Arts Commission Arts Council of Lake Oswego Utah Arts Council National Culture Fund of Bulgaria Akademie der Künste Kulturstiftung des Bundes Arts Council of Ireland Isle of Man Arts Council Norsk Kulturråd Swedish Arts Council Arts Council of Great Britain - broken up in 1994 into the following three: Arts Council England Scottish Arts Council Arts Council of Wales Arts Council of Northern Ireland Cayman National Cultural Foundation, Cayman Islands Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts Arts Council of Pakistan Pakistan National Council of the Arts National Commission for Culture and the Arts National Arts Council Bomas of Kenya Baraza la Sanaa la Taifa, Tanzania National Arts Council of Zimbabwe Australia Council for the Arts Regional Arts Australia Creative New Zealand Gibans, Nina Freedlander.
The Community Arts Council Movement: History, Issues. New Academia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9777908-3-8
The Faculty of Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine operates under the Society of Apothecaries though it is considered a separate organisation with its own registered charity status. It was established in 2005, shortly after the London bombings where on review it was felt that medical organisations would benefit from training in dealing with extreme situations i.e. Conflict and Catastrophe Medicine; the main focus of the Faculty is the provision of education through its year-long postgraduate diploma Conflict and Catastrophe course. The faculty awards a student elective prize every year; the Faculty of Conflict and Catastrophe hold. The Faculty has hosted Ari Leppaniemi on the topic of advancements in surgery Kate Adie Stephanie Simmonds – on the topic of humanitarian Aid as a donor, UN and NGO stakeholder' Dr Roel Coutinho on the topic of Infectious Diseases in a Global Setting Dr Emer McGilloway on the topic of History and Recent Advances in the Rehabilitation of Brain Injured Personnel Society of Apothecaries Apothecaries' Rose Prize Apothecaries' Hall entrance
WBDK is a radio station broadcasting an oldies format branded as "Relaxing Radio". Licensed to Algoma, United States, the station serves Brown and Kewaunee counties; the station is owned by Nicolet Broadcasting, Inc. The station went on the air as WOMA on 5 November 1986 on the 96.5 MHz frequency by D & M Broadcasting. The station struggled for years and was sold in 1989 to Wheeler Broadcasting in Shawano, WI, who introduced country music format by mixing it with its then-oldies format and progressed to make it all-country. Due to the large distance of other Wheeler Broadcasting holdings in relation to WOMA, Wheeler unloaded it to Nicolet Broadcasting in 1992 for $150,000. Shortly after the sale, offices were moved to Luxemburg, Wisconsin to be closer to Green Bay, Wisconsin; the format changed to a "soft oldies". The frequency was changed to 96.7 MHz in order to increase their broadcast range and call sign changed to the current WBDK. WBDK features a classic country format on its secondary HD2 channel.
The HD2 programming is relayed on translator W277BP 103.3 FM, licensed to Sturgeon Bay. W277BP was a translator of religious broadcaster WRVM Suring, Wisconsin. Query the FCC's FM station database for WBDK Radio-Locator information on WBDK Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WBDKQuery the FCC's FM station database for W277BP Radio-Locator information on W277BP
The Carmen Thyssen Museum is an art museum in the Spanish city Málaga. The main focus of the museum is 19th-century Spanish painting, predominantly Andalusian, based on the collection of Carmen Cervera, fifth wife of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza. Since 1992 the Thyssen family's art collection has been on display at the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid. However, Carmen Thyssen has been an art collector in her own right since the 1980s, her personal collection is shown separately. In 1999, she agreed to display many items from her collection in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum for a period of twelve years. Meanwhile, a home for her collection was sought in Málaga; this museum, a conversion of a sixteenth-century building, opened to the public on 24 March 2011. The purpose-built museum was developed by RG Arquitectos Asociados around the 16th century Baroque Palacio de Villalón, reconstructed on this occasion; the exhibition spaces, three rooms for the permanent collection and two for temporary exhibitions, were newly built next to the palace, which houses the Old Masters collection.
Overall, the museum covers 7,147 square metres. Niccolò Frangipane, Penitent, 1574 Francisco de Zurbarán, Saint Marina, c. 1640-1650 Alfred Dehodencq, A Confraternity in Procession along Calle Génova, 1851 Marià Fortuny, Bullfight. Wounded Picador, c. 1867 Manuel Ussel de Guimbarda, Rosquillo Sellers in Seville, 1881 Guillermo Gómez Gil, The Reding Fountain.
North Forest Independent School District was a school district in northeast Houston, Texas. Established in the early 1920s in a low-income white area, it became majority-black and black-run; the district had a history of financial and academic issues from the late 1980s until 2013. On July 1, 2013, it was closed by order of the state and absorbed into the Houston Independent School District; the district was established sometime around 1923 as the Northeast Houston Independent School District. It was named the East and Mount Houston Independent School District, it began with a single school. The district had a low-income rural white population. Schools were segregated until the late 1960s. By the 1970s, when the area was suburban and still white, the state mandated racial integration of schools. African-American families moved to North Forest for the perceived quality of the schools. After desegregation, many white families moved to other communities along U. S. Highway 59, such as Aldine and Porter, African-American families became the majority and gained political control of NFISD.
By the late 1970s it was one of the largest black-run school districts in the state. In the 1970s Billy Reagan, the superintendent of the Houston Independent School District, considered bringing North Forest into his district, but the Texas Education Agency told him that desegregation laws made it illegal for two minority-population school districts to merge. In addition, area residents wanted to maintain local control of their schools. According to Reagan, he asked the superintendent of the Humble Independent School District to check whether the state would allow Humble to annex NFISD, but no action resulted. In 1979 NFISD area residents discovered that a proposed landfill had been misrepresented to them by developers as a housing development; the landfill was about 1,400 feet from the NFISD administration building, an NFISD high school, the NFISD sports stadium, an NFISD track field. At the time the high school did not have air conditioning. Seven NFISD schools were within a 2-mile radius of the landfill.
Residents sued the landfill company in federal court, but lost the suit in 1985. As a result of the case, remedies were passed at the state and municipal levels. In 1981 the NFISD Police Department was established. In 1991 voters approved an $40 million NFISD bond, in 1997 another bond, leading to the construction of four schools. On March 1, 1998, the district issued $46.9 million worth of the approved bonds. It used $5 million to refund older bonds at a favorable interest rate and the remainder to construct B. C. Elmore Middle School, East Houston Intermediate School, Keahey Intermediate School, Shadydale Elementary School. In 1999 voters approved another about $40 million NFISD bond. In June 2001 Tropical Storm Allison hit Houston. Forest Brook High School sustained heavy damage; the Federal Emergency Management Agency said that it would pay 75% of the damage costs sustained as a result of Allison. On March 18, 2003 NFISD had a budget of $65 million during that year. On July 20, 2007, teenagers vandalized Forest Brook High School with a water hose.
Forest Brook students shared the campus of the district's other high school, M. B. Smiley High School, until Forest Brook re-opened in the spring. In March 2008 North Forest ISD announced that it would consolidate the two high schools to form North Forest High School and close Tidwell Elementary School, merging it into Hilliard. Pupils zoned to Tidwell started being a part of the Hilliard zone in August 2008. From the late 1980s, the district had experienced recurring academic problems. In 1988 the TEA assigned a monitor to NFISD to deal with the finances. On October 12, 1989, the Houston Chronicle printed an article, "North Forest district shows off its'other' side in tour", about the district trying to create a positive impression in the media; the state again monitored the district in 2001. Ericka Mellon of the Houston Chronicle wrote in 2007: "The story has been the same for years in this small, poor black school district in northeast Houston: Financial problems, shoddy recordkeeping and low test scores prompt sanctions from the state.
Employees get indicted on criminal charges. The school board fires the superintendent; the district might improve some but falls again." Joshua Benton of The Dallas Morning News wrote the same year: "n many ways, its schools are to Houston what the since-closed Wilmer-Hutchins schools were to Dallas: the ones that were always in trouble." John Sawyer, the head of the Harris County Department of Education compared North Forest to Wilmer-Hutchins, another predominantly black school district, which the state had closed. The district had the highest March 1986 TECAT failure rate of any large school district. 25% of the district's administrators and teachers did not pass. In 1997 an editorial appeared with the title "Clouds hover over northeast Houston district again". Graduation rates, test scores, financial record keeping improved during the tenure as district superintendent of Carrol Thomas, from 1988 to 1996, but the district began to decline again after he left to become superintendent of the Beaumont Independent School District.
In a 2006 article Todd Spivak of the Hous