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Sinclair Broadcast Group

Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc. is a publicly traded American telecommunications conglomerate, controlled by the family of company founder Julian Sinclair Smith. Headquartered in the Baltimore suburb of Hunt Valley, the company is the second-largest television station operator in the United States by number of stations, owning or operating a total of 193 stations across the country in over 100 markets, many of which are located in the South and Midwest, is the largest owner of stations affiliated with Fox, ABC and The CW. Sinclair owns four digital multicast networks, sports-oriented cable networks, a streaming service, owns or operates four radio stations in the Pacific Northwest. Among other non-broadcast properties, Sinclair owns the professional wrestling promotion Ring of Honor and its streaming service Honor Club. Sinclair has faced scrutiny from some media critics, as well as some of its station employees, for the conservative slant of their stations' news reporting and other programming decisions, how the company's rapid growth has aided the airing of content that supports these views.

Sinclair has faced criticism over business practices that circumvent concentration of media ownership regulations the use of local marketing agreements, accusations that the company had been currying favor with the Trump administration in order to loosen these rules and about its management lacking diversity and being controlled by a single family. Critics including former CBS Evening News anchor Dan Rather have described Sinclair's practices as being "an assault on our democracy" by disseminating what they perceive to be Orwellian-like propaganda to its local stations; the company's roots date back to 1958, when Julian Sinclair Smith, an electrical engineer, along with a group of shareholders, formed the Commercial Radio Institute, a broadcasting trade school in Baltimore, Maryland. Commercial Radio Institute applied to build an FM radio station and construction permit was granted the following year, WFMM-FM signed on the air in February 1960. By 1967, Smith had applied for, was granted, a construction permit for UHF channel 45 in Baltimore.

Chesapeake Engineering Placement Service changed its name to Chesapeake Television Corporation, launched its founding television station property, WBFF in Baltimore, Maryland, on April 11, 1971. The Commercial Radio Institute, by a division of Chesapeake Television Corporation founded WPTT in Pittsburgh, in 1978. All three stations were independents, though WBFF and WTTE became charter affiliates of the Fox Broadcasting Company at its launch in 1986, while the Fox affiliation in Pittsburgh went to higher-rated WPGH-TV, which would be purchased by Sinclair in 1990. Smith's son David D. Smith began taking a more active role in the company in the 1980s. In 1985, the Chesapeake Television Corporation changed its name to the Sinclair Broadcast Group. In 1990, David Smith and his three brothers bought their parents' remaining stock and went on a buying spree that made it one of the largest station owners in the country, through the purchases of groups such as Act III Broadcasting and River City Broadcasting.

Sinclair pioneered the concept of the local marketing agreement in American television in 1991, when it sold WPTT to its general manager Eddie Edwards in order to purchase fellow Pittsburgh station WPGH-TV to comply with FCC ownership rules of the time that prohibited duopolies, while agreeing to allow Sinclair to retain operational responsibilities for the station. However, while LMAs would become an integral part of the company's business model in subsequent years, Sinclair's plans to acquire KOKH-TV in Oklahoma City through Glencairn, which would subsequently attempt to sell five of its 11 existing LMA-operated stations to Sinclair outright in turn was challenged by the Rainbow/PUSH coalition to the Federal Communications Commission in 1998, citing concerns over a single company controlling two broadcast licenses in the same market in violation of FCC rules; the coalition argued that Glencairn passed itself off as a minority-owned company which, since the Smith family controlled most of the company's stock, was technically a Sinclair arm that planned to use the LMA with KOKH to gain control of the station and create an illegal duopoly with KOCB.

In 2001, the FCC levied a $40,000 fine against Sinclair for illegally controlling Glencairn. Sinclair became a publicly listed company in 1995, while the Smith family retained a controlling interest. In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 14, 2009, Sinclair stated that if the company could not refinance its $1.33 billion debt or if Cunningham Broadcasting became insolvent due to nonpayment on a loan worth $33.5 million, Sinclair may be forced to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. However, the company recovered its financial fortunes enough, as it would begin a major string of acquisitions involving television stations and other properties two years later. On September 8, 2011, Sinclair entered into an agreement to purchase all of the assets of Four Points Media Group from Cerberus Capital Management for $200 million; the Federal Trade Commission gave its antitrust approval of the deal in late September.

John Kerr (British politician)

John Kerr was a British businessman and a Conservative Party politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Preston in Lancashire from 1903 to 1906. Kerr, who lived in East Lothian, was the principal owner of Dick and Company Ltd, which carried out large contracts for the construction of tram and cable lines in London and other cities, he unsuccessfully contested the 1900 general election in his home area of Haddingtonshire. In April 1903 Robert William Hanbury, the Conservative MP for Preston, died aged 58. In the preceding years, Kerr's company had opened extensive tram and electrical equipment factories in Preston, employing nearly 2,000 people, he was selected as the Conservative candidate for the resulting by-election in May 1903; the Times newspaper reported that he described himself as a firm supporter of the government and as "a thorough Imperialist, believing the maintenance of the Empire as a whole to be essential to the prosperity, if not continued existence, of Britain as an independent Power".

The Liberal Party backed the Labour candidate, trade unionist John Hodge, who had the support of the local temperance movement and reported the defection of many local working-class Conservatives to the Labour cause. However, Kerr won the seat with a majority of 14 % of the votes over his sole opponent. Kerr held the Preston seat until his defeat at the 1906 general election, after which he did not stand for Parliament again, his daughter, married the British Army officer and first-class cricketer Henry Baird in 1905. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Kerr

Corticomesencephalic tract

In neuroanatomy, corticomesencephalic tract is a descending nerve tract that originates in the frontal eye field and terminate in the midbrain. Its fibers mediate conjugate eye movement; the corticomesencephalic tract originates from the frontal eye field in the caudal part of the middle frontal gyrus and the inferior frontal gyrus. It runs rostral to the pyramidal tract in the posterior limb of the internal capsule, it courses posteriorly toward the nuclei of the oculomotor nerve, trochlear nerve and abducens nerve, the three cranial nerves that mediate eye movements. At the level of the caudal midbrain, corticomesencephalic fibers descend through the tegmentum in the medial lemniscus toward the oculomotor and the trochlear nuclei on the contralateral side. However, the fibers to the abducens nucleus do not terminate directly onto the nucleus. Instead, they terminate onto the paramedian pontine reticular formation; the PPRF contains excitatory “burst” neurons that transmit the pulse to the ipsilateral abducens nucleus.

The fibers of the corticomesencephalic tracts are involved in the control of the conjugate eye movement. The fibers to the oculomotor nucleus control the medial rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique muscles. Fibers to the trochlear nucleus control the superior oblique muscle. Fibers to the paramedian pontine reticular formation project to the abducens nucleus, which controls the movement of the lateral rectus muscle. Fibers to the paramedian pontine reticular formation mediates the movements with the oculomotor and trochlear nerves through the medial longitudinal fasciculus; the MLF coordinates the interaction between the oculomotor and the abducens nuclei, which create bilateral conjugate horizontal eye movements. Frontal eye field Cranial nerves Pyramidal tracts

Swann in Love (film)

Swann in Love, is a 1984 Franco-German film directed by Volker Schlöndorff. It is based on Marcel Proust's novel sequence In Search of Lost Time the first volume the title of which translates as Swann's Way, it was nominated for 2 BAFTA Film Awards. Swann, an eligible bachelor in the best circles of fin-de-siècle Paris, has some more vulgar but rich friends, the Verdurins. Through them he meets a courtesan, with whom he falls hopelessly in love, she seems to enjoy his company, for which he pays, but considers herself free to socialise and sleep where she pleases with a rival called de Forcheville. Swann’s passion turns to consuming jealousy, which leads him to accept the social stigma of marrying her. One old friend, the overtly gay Charlus, stays sympathetic. Director Volker Schlöndorff commented about Proust's Swann in Love as follows: "I must have been sixteen or seventeen... I devoured "Un amour de Swann" in one weekend, lying appropriately under the apple trees in the garden of my boarding school....

Proust revealed three worlds to me: the French language, the corresponding society and the unknown regions of love and jealousy.... At the time, I, like Charles Swann, had only one desire: to become assimilated in France.... When I was offered "Un amour de Swann", I didn't hesitate for a second. I accepted without reading the book again.... I saw images in my mind's eye: a man wandering at night across the boulevards, from one bar to the next, in a feverish state of euphoria, searching for a woman who eludes him, he knocks late at night on a window, not hers. One afternoon, he subjects her to a long session of questioning, he tortures her with his jealousy and takes enjoyment in his own suffering. Odette and Paris: a woman, larger than life, a city, the epitome of all cities, as well as the man who tries to possess them both - that for me is "Un amour de Swann". Roger Ebert gave the film a positive review and wrote that "Jeremy Irons is perfect as Charles Swann, deep-eyed, feverish with passion."

Nominee Best Costume Design - BAFTA Nominee Best Foreign Language Film - BAFTA Winner Best Production Design - Cesar Awards Winner Best Costume Design - Cesar Awards Swann in Love on IMDb Swann in Love at AllMovie Swann in Love at Rotten Tomatoes Summary


Metropolitan College or Metro-College for short is a collaboration of Jefferson Community and Technical College, University of Louisville, state government, local government, UPS in an effort to help students attend college. The program was founded in 1998 and offers students working for UPS free tuition at the colleges in the program. Students are eligible if they work the shifts between 10 p.m. and 4 a.m. and they will get a book allowance and housing subsidy. Other benefits include services such as: tutoring, career counseling center, personal counseling services, Student Activates Center at U of L, U of L gymnasium, ACCESS Center, Deaf Student Service Offices, a disability resource center. In order to stay in the MC program one must obtain at least a C in each class; every semester that he/she wishes to participate in the program a new contract must be signed. It is not like the FAFSA; the student can major in any subject that either of the two schools offer and that they are "academically qualified" for.

It is not required for a student to be full-time, however in order to receive the academic bonuses, they must be enrolled in a minimum of 6 credit hours a semester. If a student plans on attending graduate school the MC program will only pay the undergraduate instate rate, the rest is left to the student to pay for. Transferring to any of the three participating schools is allowed, but it is recommended to first see a Metro-College representative. MC does not provide transportation to and from the UPS facilities but with the students school ID or sticker obtained through the MC program, the TARC is available. Metro-College official site

Arolik, Alaska

Arolik is a former Inuit settlement and ghost town in Bethel Census Area, United States. It was located at the North mouth of Arolik River adjacent to the shore of Kuskokwim Bay; the site is 4 miles south of the city of Quinhagak. It was first surveyed for the 1880 U. S. Census by Ivan Petroff and reported as "Agaligamute". In 1913, it was published as "Arolic" by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey on Chart T-3399; the Inuit name was reported to mean "moon." The place is no longer permanently inhabited. This may be the site of the burnt village reported to be at the north mouth of Arolik River; the Inuit name of the Arolik River is "Aalalik," meaning "ashes," and refers to ashes of the village at its mouth. A 1951 USGS topographical map of Arolik showed a cluster of buildings still extant. However, by 2019, the aerial map of the location indicated no buildings present and the USGS 2017 Goodnews Bay C-8 topographical map omitted the locale entirely; the site is accessible by gravel road from Quinhagak.

Arolik first appeared on the 1880 U. S. Census as the Inuit village of "Agaligamute" with 120 residents, all Inuit, it returned in 1890 as "Aguliagamiut" with an all-native population. This included 15 families living in 7 houses, it did not report on the census again after 1890