Dudhauli is a municipality of the Sindhuli District in the Janakpur Zone of south-eastern Nepal. It was a village development committee but changed to a Municipality, it merged Dudhauli VDC, Ladavir VDC, Tandi VDC and Sirthouli, Harsai, Arunthakur and Jinakhu VDCs. Dudhauli Bazar, Dadatol, Kartha, Arunthakur, Hatpate, Harsai, Sirthauli, Tandi etc are the main villages of Dudhauli. Central police training center Kogati Maini Mela Major parts of Alternative Highway Dudhauli Bazar Ladavir school Kamala multiple campus Kamala H. S. School, Maini At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 65,302 living in more than 4,000 households, it has in total 14 wards. The people are from Brahmin, Dalit, Lama, Tamang and other communities, it has substantial resources such as productive soil, calcium and forests. After the formation of the municipality, the development of physical infrastructure and social development activities is increasing. - Higher level of illiteracy, it means quality of education to people.
No Good higher education, no technical education facilities, Highest level of school dropouts by the lower level families' children due to their family problems and illiteracy. - No good Roads are here and connectivity to big cities are much poorer. Due to many rivers here much Bridges are needed. - No Hospital with Health facilities, too poor status. - Poor condition of farmers, Lack of irrigation to lands, No cashcrops production. - Unemployment - No factories and Entrepreneurship development. - Low development of infrastructures. - lower level of economic and social development of People inside here. UN map of the municipalities of Sindhuli District Sindhuli District full Information
South Asia or Southern Asia, is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land by West Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, Southeast Asia; the current territories of Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, India and Sri Lanka form South Asia. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is an economic cooperation organisation in the region, established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia. South Asia covers about 5.2 million km2, 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area. The population of South Asia is about 1.891 billion or about one fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.
Overall, it accounts for about 39.49% of Asia's population, over 24% of the world's population, is home to a vast array of people. In 2010, South Asia had the world's largest population of Hindus and Sikhs, it has the largest population of Muslims in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as over 35 million Christians and 25 million Buddhists. The total area of South Asia and its geographical extent is not clear cut as systemic and foreign policy orientations of its constituents are quite asymmetrical. Aside from the central region of South Asia part of the British Empire, there is a high degree of variation as to which other countries are included in South Asia. Modern definitions of South Asia are consistent in including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Maldives as the constituent countries. Myanmar is included in Southeast Asia by others; some do not include Afghanistan, others question whether Afghanistan should be considered a part of South Asia or the Middle East. The current territories of Bangladesh and Pakistan, which were the core of the British Empire from 1857 to 1947, form the central region of South Asia, in addition to Afghanistan, a British protectorate until 1919, after the Afghans lost to the British in the Second Anglo-Afghan war.
The mountain countries of Nepal and Bhutan, the island countries of Sri Lanka and Maldives are included as well. Myanmar is added, by various deviating definitions based on substantially different reasons, the British Indian Ocean Territory and the Tibet Autonomous Region are included as well; the common concept of South Asia is inherited from the administrative boundaries of the British Raj, with several exceptions. The Aden Colony, British Somaliland and Singapore, though administered at various times under the Raj, have not been proposed as any part of South Asia. Additionally Burma was administered as part of the Raj until 1937, but is now considered a part of Southeast Asia and is a member state of ASEAN; the 562 princely states that were protected by but not directly ruled by the Raj became administrative parts of South Asia upon joining Union of India or Dominion of Pakistan. Geopolitically, it had formed the whole territory of Greater India,The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, a contiguous block of countries, started in 1985 with seven countries – Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka – and added Afghanistan as an eighth member in 2007.
China and Myanmar have applied for the status of full members of SAARC. This bloc of countries include two independent countries that were not part of the British Raj – Nepal, Bhutan. Afghanistan was a British protectorate from 1878 until 1919, after the Afghans lost to the British in the Second Anglo-Afghan war; the World Factbook, based on geo-politics and economy defines South Asia as comprising Afghanistan, Bhutan, British Indian Ocean Territory, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The South Asia Free Trade Agreement incorporated Afghanistan in 2011, the World Bank grouping of countries in the region includes all eight members comprising South Asia and SAARC as well, the same goes for the United Nations Children's Fund; the United Nations Statistics Division's scheme of sub-regions include all eight members of the SAARC as part of Southern Asia, along with Iran only for statistical purposes. Population Information Network includes Afghanistan, Burma, Nepal and Sri Lanka as part of South Asia.
Maldives, in view of its characteristics, was admitted as a member Pacific POPIN subregional network only in principle. The Hirschman–Herfindahl index of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific for the region includes only the original seven signatories of SAARC; the British Indian Ocean Territory is connected to the region by a publication of Jane's for security considerations. The region may include the disputed territory of Aksai Chin, part of the British Indian princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, but is now administered as part of the Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang; the inclusion of Myanmar in South Asia is without consensus, with many considering it a part of Southeast Asia and others including it within South Asia. Afghanistan was of importance to the British colonial empire after the Second Anglo-Afghan War over 1878–1880. Afghanistan remained a British protectorate until 1919, when a treaty with Vladimir Lenin included the granting of independe
Orders of magnitude (area)
This page is a progressive and labelled list of the SI area orders of magnitude, with certain examples appended to some list objects. Orders of magnitude
Kamalamai is a municipality in Sindhuli District, in the Janakpur zone of central south Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 39,413 people in 9,304 households; the city is located in the Sindhuli Valley of central south Nepal. The historic symbol of the valley, Sindhuli Gadhi fort, is at the peak of a hill of the Mahabharata range; the city is in the plain valley made by the Kamla River. Kamalamai Municipality is the largest municipality of Nepal according to area; the occupation of the Kuti Pass in about 1756 stopped the valley's trade with Tibet. King Prithvi Narayan Shah entered the valley after the victory of Kirtipur. King Jaya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu sought help from the British and so the East India Company sent a contingent of soldiers under Captain Kinloch in 1767; the British force was defeated at Sindhuli by Prithvi Narayan Shah's army. It was the first time; the British soldiers were taken aback by the geography of the place. They were equipped with modern arms and ammunition like guns and cannons but the Gorkha army was brave and they had a better understanding of the terrain.
The place where the army of the British Empire was defeated has gained popularity. It is of great historic significance to Nepal. Rice and maize are the major productions in this area. Kamalamai Siddhababa Rameshwar Dham Ganesh Than Maisthan Kalimai Rakta Mala Sibalaya Gayadevi Madhi Bazaar Ratamata Krishna Nagar, Panitanki Kailash Nagar 2 no. Bazar Gayari Bazar Laxman chowk Majhitar Gadauli Jasedamar Dhakal Gaun Gayatar Milanchock Rammadhi Dhungrebaas Madhutar Dhurabazaar धुराबजार Bhiman bazzar Kamalamai municipality has a good facility of education up to SLC levels. Suryodaya, Siddhasthali,Swiss are one of the best boarding in Sindhuli district and Janakpur zone; the quality of +2 levels too is fine here. Many private colleges run +2 commerce affiliated to HSEB. However, the number of +2 science colleges are few. Science college like Kamala Higher Secondary School is providing good practical based education to students of Sindhuli; this college has been serving as the central of excellence for all science students throughout Sindhuli valley.
There are colleges to teach technical educations. The technical subjects affiliated with CTEVT are taught here. There are many colleges. There are a large number of colleges running courses with affiliation to universities of Nepal. Colleges like Sindhuli Multiple Campus fall under this category. Kamala Science Campus enables students to acquire Bachelor of Science courses. Gaumati Model Secondary School Kamala Science Campus Siddha Jyoti Shaya Campus Sindhuli Multiple College Bhagawati English Secondary School Sindhuli Vidhyashram English Boarding School Kamala Secondary School Gaumati Model Secondary School Shree Jana Jyoti Secondary School Barun Devi Secondary School Daurali Nimna Secondary School Shree Bhabishya Nirmata Siddhabba Secondary School Kalimati Nimna Secondary School Suryodaya English Secondary School Siddhasthali English Boarding School New English Secondary Boarding School Siddhababa English Boarding High School New Siddhasthali English Boarding School Swiss Sindhuli Secondary English Medium School Shree Navajyoti Deaf Lower Secondary School The new section of B.
P. Koirala Highway to Kamalamai from Kathmandu opened in 2011 and continues on to Bardibas, though most areas only allow one lane of traffic with hairpin turns; the rest of the route to Bardibas is and therefore much less dangerous. An old road that connects Dharan through Inner Tarai is going to reopen for the easier movement through the Inner Tarai Valleys of Sindhuli and Udayapur of Western Region to Dharan of Eastern Nepal. Long-route buses run under the local authority in the headquarters which has bus routes to cities like Kathmandu, Janakpur and Pokhara. Local transportation consists of minibuses and minivans which have been regulated by the local people in the headquarters while most of the parts of Kamalamai are inaccessible to vehicles. Nowadays, auto rickshaws too facilitate the people here. To promote local culture Kamalamai Municipality has three FM radio stations - Sindhuligadhi FM - 92 MHz, Radio Siddhababa - 98.4 MHz and Radio Sahara - 104.2 MHz. The KM Club holds various events in colleges of Sindhuli
The Bagmati River runs through the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal and separates Kathmandu from Patan. It is considered holy by both Hindus and Buddhists. A number of Hindu temples are located on its banks; the importance of Bagmati lies in the fact that Hindus are cremated on the banks of this holy river, Kirants are buried in the hills by its side. According to the Nepalese Hindu tradition, the dead body must be dipped three times into the Bagmati River before cremation, so that the reincarnation cycle may be ended; the chief mourner who lights the funeral pyre must take a holy river-water bath after cremation. Many relatives who join the funeral procession take a bath in the Bagmati River or sprinkle the holy water on their bodies at the end of cremation; the Bagmati River purifies the people spiritually. The Bagmati River is considered the source of Nepalese civilization and urbanization; the river has been mentioned as Vaggumuda in Vinaya Pitaka and Nandabagga. It has been mentioned as Bahumati in Battha Suttanta of Majjhima Nikaya.
An inscription dated AD 477 describes the river as Bagvati parpradeshe and subsequently in Gopalraj Vanshavali. The Chobar gorge cuts through the Mahabharat Range called the Lesser Himalaya; this 2,000-to-3,000-meter range is the southern limit of the "middle hills" across Nepal, an important cultural boundary between distinctive Nepali and more Indian cultures and languages, as well as a major geological feature. The basin of the Bagmati River, including the Kathmandu Valley, lies between the much larger Gandaki basin to the West and the Kosi Basin to the east; these adjacent basins extend north of the main Himalayan range and cross it in tremendous gorges, in fact, the Arun tributary of the Kosi extends far into Tibet. The smaller Bagmati rises some distance south of the Himalaya. Without glacial sources, its flow is more dependent on rainfall, becoming low during the hot season peaking during the monsoon season. In these respects, the Bagmati system resembles the Rapti system lying between the Gandaki basin and the Karnali basin in the far west of Nepal.
The Bagmati originates where three headwater streams converge at Bāghdwār, where the water flows out through a gargoyle shaped like a tiger's mouth. This lies above the southern edge of the Shivapuri Hills about 15 kilometers northeast of Kathmandu. Here the Bagmati is wide and swift with a high load of suspended solids, giving it a grey appearance; the river flows southwest about 10 km through terraced rice fields in the Kathmandu Valley. Resistant rock strata interrupt the flow in places, including at Pashupatinath Temple. Beyond the temple, the river flows south until joined by the larger west-flowing Monahara River turns west itself. After entering Kathmandu's urban area more tributaries enter: unpolluted Dhobī Kholā and sewage-laden Tukucha Khola; the river bends south and the Vishnumati enters from the right at Teku Dovan. The Vishnumati rises in the Shivapuri Hills, some 6 kilometers west of the Bagmati's source, it flows south past Nagarjun Hill and Forest Reserve, Swayambhu Stupa and Durbar Square in Kathmandu.
As it passes the centre of Kathmandu, this tributary becomes polluted and choked with trash. Flowing south although with many curves, the Bagmati reaches the edge of the Kathmandu Valley and enters Chobar Gorge near the Dakshinkali temple complex; the gorge cuts through the Mahabharat Range or Lesser Himalaya. The Bagmati crosses the lower Sivalik Hills before reaching the Terai crosses into India at Dheng, it flows across Bihar districts Sitamarhi, Sheohar and Khagaria. As it flows to Bihar the river is full with silt load and is notorious for changing its course and braids into many branches one of such branch joins Burhi Gandak river near Begusarai and the combined river drains into Ganga east of Begusarai while the main channel runs east to drain into Koshi at Badlaghat; however in past the river had a different course and used to drain directly into the Ganges. In Swasthani Bratakatha of Skanda Purana, Bagmati's present northern tributary was regarded as main channel called Sali river, a tributary of the Gandak and it is obvious since Manohara river, the present day Sali river is larger than Bagmati at their confluence.
The Bagmati River contains large amounts of untreated sewage, large levels of pollution of the river exist due to the region's large population. Many residents in Kathmandu empty personal garbage and waste into the river. In particular the Hanumante khola, Dhobi khola, Tukucha khola and Bishnumati khola are the most polluted. Attempts are being made to monitor the Bagmati River system and restore its cleanliness; these include "pollution loads modification, flow augmentation and placement of weirs at critical locations". In May 18, 2013, under the initiative of former chief secretary Leela mani Poudyal, The Bagmati Mega Clean Up Campaign was started; every Saturday, Nepal Army, Nepal Police and General Public gather to clean the waste and sewage from the river. The Friends of the Bagmati is an organisation set up in November 2000. According to its website, its aim is "to reverse the degradation of the Bagmati river." In 2014, Bagmati River is claimed to be pure after a long effort of 14 years. There is no effect of flood in most of the areas that it touches, but it has caused widespread sufferings to the people in Terai and northern districts of Bihar.
In 1993, people have seen the worst destruction by this river. Poor water management, lack of proper weather forecasting and awareness were the main cause of mass destruction. Gokarnesh
Province No. 3
Province No. 3 is one of the seven provinces of Nepal established by the country's new constitution of 20 September 2015. Home to the country's capital Kathmandu, it is hilly and mountainous, home to peaks including Gaurishankar, Langtang and Ganesh; the province covers an area of 20,300 km2, about 14% of the country's total area, has an altitude low enough to support deciduous and alpine forest and woodland. Temperature varies with altitude. Rainfall takes place during the summer; the Province borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, Province No. 1 to the east, Gandaki Pradesh to the west, both Province No. 2 and the Indian state of Bihar to the south. As per a 17 January 2018 Federal cabinet meeting, Hetauda has been declared the interim state capital; the most populous province of Nepal, it possesses rich cultural diversity, with resident communities and castes including Newar, Sherpa, Chepang, Brahmin, Tharu, Chepang and more. It hosted the highest number of voters in the last election for the House of Representatives and Provincial Assembly, which took place in 2017.
The Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Patan High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Anuradha Koirala, Dormani Poudel and Tek Bahadur Moktan respectively. The province has 110 provincial assembly constituencies and 35 House of Representative constituencies. Province No. 3 has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years; the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3 is temporarily housed at the Regional Education Directorate in Hetauda. Province No. 3 is divided into 13 districts, which are listed below. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer; the districts are further divided into rural municipalities. The municipalities include three metropolitan cities, one sub-metropolitan city and 41 municipalities.
There are 74 rural municipalities in the province. Bhaktapur District Chitwan District Dhading District Dolakha District Kathmandu District Kavrepalanchok District Lalitpur District Makwanpur District Nuwakot District Ramechhap District Rasuwa District Sindhuli District Sindhupalchok District List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
Gaunpalika or gaupalika is the newly formed lower administrative division in Nepal. The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development dissolved the existing village development committees and announced the establishment of this new local body. There are 460 rural municipalities; the main purpose of a gaunpalika is similar to that of a village development committee. Besides this, this division has the authority to collect various taxes like entertainment tax, business tax and residential tax at the local level; the Village Development Committee was dissolved on 10 March 2017. Panchayat was dissolved and turned into VDC by the Constitution of Nepal 1990. According to the English translation of the Constitution of Nepal, the term "gaunpalika" has been used as "village body". However, the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development explained that the term "rural municipality" was coined after opinions from experts and diverse sources; the chief is the head of a rural municipality. A total of 744 chiefs were selected by the government in 10 March 2017.
The rural municipalities will have an annual budget of at least Rs 10 million. Village development committees of Nepal topics