Sines is a Portuguese city of Setúbal District, the Alentejo region and subregion of the Alentejo coast, with about 18,298 inhabitants. It is the largest and the first port area of Portugal and the main city industrial port logistics in Portugal and the birthplace of Vasco da Gama, it is the seat of a municipality with 203.30 km ² of area and 18,598 inhabitants, divided into two parishes. The municipality is bordered to the north and east by the municipality of Santiago do Cacém, south and west by Odemira has coastline on the Atlantic Ocean; the coastline of the city, south of São Torpes, is one part of the natural parks of Southwest Alentejo and Vicentine Coast Natural Park. Vestiges of a few settlements have today been discovered in archaeological sites, such as Palmeirinha and Quitéria, that attest to the age of human settlements in Sines. Arnaldo Soledade noted that these Visigoths, identified as Cinetos, may have been the original civilization that gave rise to the community, suggesting the local toponymy may have derived from this.
Although this tribes lineage is not defined, Soledade goes on to refer to the construction of a castro where the current Castle stands. The Punics, are thought to have had a presence in the area. Discovered in May 1966, the treasure was unearthed by a local farmer, Francisco da Silva Campos, tilling his land to plant corn, discovered a schist tomb with women's jewellery in his plot of land in Herdade do Gaio. Between 1966 and 1967, investigator José Miguel da Costa discovered several of these Punic graves, but all showing evidence of early tomb raiding. While the jewellery was determined to be Punic in origin, the symbolism on the artefacts were characterized as Egyptian. On the island of Pessegueiro, there is evidence of Ibero-Punic artefacts discovered under the Roman port, discovered by archeologists Carlos Tavares da Silva and Joaquina Soares. Roman occupation brought the destruction of many of these artefacts associated with the Iron Age; the Romans used Sines as industrial centre. During Rome's occupation and the island of Pessegueiro, were poles within an industrialized fishing industry which included salting fish.
The Roman centres were thought to have been at Praça Tómas Ribeiro, as well as the area around Monte Chaos in Feteira Cima. In the fields of Quitéria, Carlos Tavares da Silva and Joaquina Soares investigated the remains of a 1st-century villa, where the remnants of cobblestone streets and a hypocaust were discovered. In 1961, José Miguel da Costa, during excavations around the Castle of Sines, discovered Roman "fishing factories", a ceramics kiln to produce amphorae for salted fish, both dating back to the 1st and 2nd centuries. Sine's toponymy is Roman in origin, but may refer to two terms: the term sinus, which means bay. During the Middle Ages, the area of Sines was occupied by the Visigoths and sacked by Moors. There are many. Evidence from an archaeological excavation of the Sines castle discovered that many of the walls of the old building were constructed from the rocks used in the construction of Roman-era monuments, such as a portion of a pedestal of a statue of Mars; the basilica itself existed on the site of the current Matriz Church, whose baptistery is of Visigothic origin.
The Moors sacked the settlement in the 7th century. Yet, although the few inhabitants lived in the zone, Moorish ships patrolled the waters, until the 13th century, when Afonso III conquered the region; the area regained much of its importance at the beginning of the 8th century, when fishermen returned to the waters around Sines. Re-settlement along the coast was initiated by the Order of Santiago da Espada, who administered the lands under the reign of Afonso III. Sines obtained administrative autonomy from Santiago do Cacém on 24 November 1362, when Pedro I elevated Sines to the status of villa, he preoccupied himself with the coastal defense of the region, establishing the conditions for the construction of Sine's Castle protected by elements of the Visigothic wall. The castle in Sines was constructed during the first half of the 15th century. Like Setúbal, but contrary to what happened in Santiago do Cacém or Palmela, the castle was constructed to defend the wealth of the local merchants, indicating a new economic and social order, with the ascension of the bourgeoisie.
During the Portuguese Interregnum and 1383–1385 Crisis, the bourgeoisie and nobles of Sines were one of the municipalities that supported the Master of the Order of Aviz, the King John I of Portugal in his battle for the throne. In 1395, aggravated by the fact the castle was not completed, King John appropriated men to serve in the military campaigns along the frontier. But, much of the concern during this period was from attacks by pirates, compulsory military service was seen as bulwark against the region's collapse. In 1511, Sines was attack
The Maharashtra State Human Rights Commission was constituted on 6 March 2001 with the appointment of Justice Arvind Sawant from Bombay High Court as the first Chairperson along with Dr. Vijay Chitnis and Shri. M. R. Patil as the supporting members of the commission. According to TPHRA, 1993, the commission is entitled to perform any of the following functions: Autonomously investigate on a petition filed by a victim or any person on his/her behalf as a complaint ofViolation of human rights and instigation or Negligence in the prevention of such violations by any public servant. Get involved in any proceeding under allegation or violation of human right pending before a court with the approval of that court. Inspect living conditions of the inmates in any jail or any other institution under the control of the State Government where persons are detained or lodged for purposes of treatment, reformation or protection. Review the safeguards provided in the constitution or any other law for the time it is in force to ensure the protection of human rights Review the factors that inhibit the enjoyment of human rights Undertake and promote research and awareness programs in the field of human right Promote human right awareness through literacy campaigns, seminars etc for the protection and safeguards available under human rights practices.
Encourage involvement of Non-Government Organizations and individuals for expansion work in the field of human rights awareness. Perform any other functions that may be considered necessary for the promotion of human rights, it is clarified that though the Commission has the power to inquire in violation of human rights by a public servant. Instances where the human rights are violated by any individual citizen the Commission can intervene, if there is failure or negligence on the part of a public servant to prevent any such violation
The Iveagh Gardens is a public park located between Clonmel Street and Upper Hatch Street, near the National Concert Hall in Dublin, Ireland. It is designated as a National Historic Property; the gardens are completely surrounded by buildings making them less noticeable and a little hard to find, unlike other green spaces in Dublin. This makes them one of Dublin's hidden gems; the site of the gardens was shown in 1756 as Leeson's Fields after Joseph Leeson, 1st Earl of Milltown. In the late 18th century Lord Milltown leased the land to John Hatch, the principal developer of Harcourt and Hatch Streets. Hatch sold it to The 1st Earl of Clonmell as his private gardens; the gardens became known as "Clonmell Lawns" Located on Harcourt Street is Clonmell House that faces on to Clonmell Street which leads into the Iveagh Gardens. A subterranean passage brought the Earl from his house to the gardens without him having to walk over the street; the Wide Streets Commission had planned for Clonmell Street to run through what is now the gardens thereby linking Harcourt Street to the newly constructed Earlsfort Terrace.
However, this passage was not located during archaeological monitoring conducted during the construction of the LUAS. When the 1st Earl died in 1798, his son the 2nd Earl inherited the estate including Clonmell Gardens; the estate was sold in 1810 and the gardens were opened for public use around 1817 and renamed "Coburg Gardens" after the royal family of Saxe-Coburg. Entrance to the park was from the South Side of St Stephen's Green, the "Royal Horse Bazaar"; the Coburg Gardens provided the setting for a major riot in August 1835, during which several Orangemen were badly injured. By 1860 the gardens had fallen into disrepair being used as a site for grazing sheep and dumping waste. In 1862, Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness co-founded the Dublin Exhibition Palace and Winter Garden Company, with the intention of "providing a permanent exhibition of Irish arts and manufactures and reading rooms, flower gardens, a gas-lit winter garden, for public enjoyment" modeled on the Crystal Palace of Sydenham.
He sold the 17 acre site to the company for the price he had paid for it. The site was selected as the location for the Dublin Exhibition Palace and Winter Garden, opened by H. R. H. Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, on 9 May 1865. In 1870, Sir Benjamin Lee’s sons, Edward Cecil Guinness and Arthur Edward Guinness, re-acquired the buildings and grounds from the Dublin Exhibition Palace Company. In 1872, the site was used for an Exhibition of Irish arts and manufactures, this was not a success and the gardens reverted to private ownership; the Winter Gardens were removed to England. In 1883, Edward Cecil Guinness sold the exhibition buildings to the Commissioners of Public Works to be adapted to house the new Royal University, the gardens remained the property of the Guinness family; the buildings were further adapted after the creation of University College, Dublin, in 1908 and in 1918, the present façade to Earlsfort Terrace was erected to the designs of Rudolph Maximilian Butler. Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach and Chancellor of University College, initiated inquiries with The 2nd Earl of Iveagh as to whether he would sell Iveagh House and gardens complex to the Irish state.
On 8 June 1937 this request was declined. However, on 4 May 1939 Lord Iveagh wrote to Éamon de Valera offering the Iveagh complex by way of gift to the nation. Lord Iveagh had been concerned as to the future use of the site, specified in his letter of offer to Éamon de Valera that the Iveagh Gardens remain "unbuilt on", as a "lung" for Dublin. On 17 May 1939 this gift was accepted by the Government and Éamon de Valera wrote to Rupert, Lord Iveagh. In 1941, the Gardens were re-united with the college buildings of Earlsfort Terrace. However, there is no public access with the college buildings which are now buildings of the National Concert Hall. With the growth of student numbers at the university buildings, consideration was given in 1961 to building on the Iveagh Gardens. However, this did not occur and the university moved instead to Belfield thereby saving the gardens. In 1991 the gardens were placed under the management of The Office of Public Works; the OPW brief was under six distinct headings:to conserve and restore a unique city centre park, which has remained unaltered since its layout by the landscape architect Ninian Niven.
A major restoration of the gardens to return the gardens to their original state commenced in 1992 and the gardens opened again to the public in 1992. The waterfall or cascade was allocated IR£200,000 in 1996 for its restoration. In 2003, a new entrance was added to the Gardens from Upper Hatch Street. In 2007 it was envisaged that the Earlsfort Terrace buildings would be re-united with the Iveagh Gardens, facilitating increased public access and new public rooms and restaurants would over-look the Gardens and the city; this plan remains unrealised. The gardens in their present form were designed by Ninian Niven, in 1865
The Territorial Force War Medal was a campaign medal awarded to members of the British Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Service who served overseas in World War I. It is the rarest of the five British Great War medals; the medal was established in April 1920 for award to members of the Territorial Force and Territorial Force Nursing Service who volunteered for service overseas on or before 30 September 1914, served overseas. They had to: have been serving with the Force on 4 August 1914. In addition provided they: undertook, either verbally or by written agreement on or before 30 September 1914 to serve outside the United Kingdom, such agreement being operative after 4 August 1914, have served outside the United Kingdom between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918 and did not qualify for the 1914 Star or 1914-15 Star. A total of 33,944 Territorial Force War Medals were awarded; this includes 227 to nurses of the Territorial Force Nursing Service, the only women to receive the medal.
The numbers given to each regiment varied widely. For example, 63 were awarded to Seaforth Highlanders, where all three Territorial Force battalions were in France by 1915, compared with 824 to the East Surrey Regiment, where both Territorial battalions undertook garrison duty in India until 1917, therefore did not qualify for the 1914 or 1914-15 Star; the medal is a circular, bronze and of 36mm diameter, with a straight bar suspender, with the following design: Obverse: a King George V bareheaded effigy, facing left, with the legend:'GEORGIVS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND: IMP:'. The order of wear of medals awarded for service during the First World War is as follows: 1914 Star. 1914–15 Star. British War Medal. Mercantile Marine War Medal. Victory Medal. Territorial Force War Medal. British campaign medals Lists of abbreviations used on Commonwealth World War I medals Territorial Force Imperial Service Badge Captain H. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals, A. H. Baldwin & Sons, London. Joslin and Simpkin, British Battles and Medals, London.
ISBN 0907605257. Mussel, J Medals Yearbook 2015, Token Publishing, Devon. ISBN 9781908828163. Northeast Medals website Worcestershire medal Service Ltd website Search over 5 million campaign medal cards on The UK National Archives' website
Bionic Commando: Elite Forces is a video game released in 2000 for the Game Boy Color. Though the game is part of the Bionic Commando series of games by Capcom, Elite Forces is the only game in the series to be published by Nintendo, was the first title to be developed by its Redmond-based first-party studio Nintendo Software Technology, it is the sequel to the Game Boy version of Bionic Commando, which launched worldwide in 1992, though it was only released in North America and Australia. Though it borrows some elements from its predecessors, Elite Forces is different from the rest of the Bionic Commando series; the peaceful land of Karinia is being terrorized by an evil man named Arturus. He is the leader of an evil army called the Avars; as the Elite Forces fight the Avars, they receive a fragmented communication from Commander Joe, an ally who had infiltrated their territory. Joe's message revealed. After that, communication with Cmdr. Joe was lost; the Bionic Corps contacted the Elite Forces to help stop the Avars, prevent the fall of Karinia, rescue Joe.
It is a repeat of the events of the 1988 Bionic Commando, except with a different twist by the end - rather than the resurrection of a long-dead dictator, it is revealed that the Albatross was a wrecked space vessel of unknown origin that can give its owner mutant powers. The game received "favorable" reviews according to the review aggregation website GameRankings. Bionic Commando, for other games in the series. Bionic Commando: Elite Forces at MobyGames
Khurshid Davron is an Uzbek poet, historical fiction writer, literary translator. His work presents Uzbekistan and nearby Central Asia historical and cultural perspectives. and Central Asia in the whole. Davron was born in Uzbekistan, he studied journalism at the Tashkent State University in Uzbekistan. Davron joined the Union of Writers of Uzbekistan in 1979, he participated in various international conferences in Poland, Russia, Georgia, Greece and United States. Davron is an author of a "Temurnoma" television series; as a script-writer he took part in anniversary celebrations of Tamerlane, Ulugh Beg, city of Bukhara. He's an author of the "Silk Route" musical, put on stage of the French theatre “Odeon”, he wrote a script for an opening musical ceremony of the "Sharq taronalari" International Music Festival, held in Samarkand. In 1999 Khurshid Davron was awarded with the title of People's Poet of the Republic of Uzbekistan, he was elected as a deputy of the Uzbek Parliament. Khurshid Davron's official website received a number of awards at UZ national domain Internet Festival.
He published historical fiction books. His poetry has been read on Yoshlar television programs; the following is a list of Khurshid Davron's books of poetry: "Qadrdon quyosh" "Shahardagi olma daraxti" "Tungi bog'lar" "Uchib boraman qushlar bilan" "To'marisning ko'zlari" "Bolalikning ovozi" "Qaqnus" "Dengiz yaproqlari" "Qirq oshiq daftari" "Bahordan bir kun oldin" The following is a list of Davron's historical fiction books: "Samarqand xayoli" "Sohibqiron nabirasi" "Shahidlar shohi" "Bibixonim qissasi" A website dedicated to Khurshid Davron's life and work Khurshid Davron's books in PDF format Khurshid Davron's official Twitter page) Khurshid Davron's Facebook profile