Singapore the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country located in maritime Southeast Asia. Singapore lies about one degree of latitude north of the equator, is situated off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, and, by extension, the southernmost extremity of continental Eurasia; the island country shares its southern maritime border with Indonesia's Riau Islands, its northern and eastern maritime borders with the Johor state of Peninsular Malaysia, is in the vicinity of Sumatra to its west and Borneo to its east. It is enveloped by the littoral waters of the Johore Strait to its north and the Singapore Strait to its south, is geographically positioned within the confluence of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, being bounded by the Malacca Strait to its west and the South China Sea to its east; the country's territory is composed of one main island, 63 satellite islands and islets, one outlying islet, the combined area of which has increased by 25% since the country's independence as a result of extensive land reclamation projects.

Although Singapore has been a constituent part of several Malay Hindu-Buddhist thalassocratic empires and Islamic sultanates throughout its millennia-long history, modern Singapore part of the erstwhile Johor Sultanate, was founded in 1819 when Stamford Raffles, a British colonial officer, established a trading post of the East India Company on the main island. In 1824, the main island and its satellite islands were ceded by the Johor Sultanate, in 1826, Singapore was incorporated into the Straits Settlements, a group of East India Company territories in the Malay peninsula. From 1830 to 1858, the Straits Settlements were administered as a Malayan subdivision of the East India Company's Bengal Presidency. In 1867, Britain's colonial holdings in the Malay archipelago were separated from British India, the administration of the Straits Settlements was transferred from Calcutta to London, bringing the Straits Settlements under the direct control of the British Crown as a crown colony. From 1867 to the 1940s, Singapore grew into a successful entrepôt that attracted settlers and sojourners from the region and beyond.

During the Second World War, Imperial Japan invaded and annexed Singapore, resulting in an interregnum of British rule corresponding with a brief but violent Japanese occupation from 1942 to 1945. Following Japan's surrender in 1945, Singapore was returned to British control. In 1959, following a protracted period of agitation against colonial rule, Singapore gained limited autonomy from the British Empire. In 1963, Singapore became emancipated from colonial rule after it federated with the territories of the erstwhile British Malaya and British Borneo to form the country of Malaysia, but after two tumultuous years as a constituent state of the Malaysian Federation, following intractable differences, Singapore was expelled in 1965, becoming the first country in modern history to gain independence against its will—though this narrative remains contentious. After early years of turbulence, the newly sovereign nation—viewed as a nonviable state by international observers due to its diminutiveness, geostrategic vulnerability, absence of natural resources, lack of a hinterland—defied odds by developing and industrialising under the leadership of the founding People's Action Party to become a high-income economy and developed country within a single generation.

Singapore is the only sovereign city-state in the world. It is a unitary parliamentary republic with a unicameral legislature, characterised by dominant-party rule since independence; the Economist Intelligence Unit rated Singapore a "flawed democracy" in 2019. The city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 61 % of. The country has four official languages: English, Malay and Tamil; as a legacy of its historical nature as an entrepôt, modern Singapore is a pluralistic country with a racially and religiously diverse citizenry, with one indigenous ethnic group, the Malays, two settler-descended ethnic groups, the Chinese and Indians, forming the historical and contemporary core of the country's citizen populace. As a reflection of this diversity, multiracialism has been enshrined as a foundational principle of the state, has shaped the country's politics and national policies in education and housing; the country is one of the five founding members of ASEAN, is the headquarters of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council Secretariat, is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement, the Commonwealth of Nations, is a recurrent guest invitee to the annual G20 summit.

It is the most developed sovereign nation in Asia, being ranked 9th on the UN Human Development Index, has the 7th highest GDP per capita in the world. It is considered the most incorruptible nation in Asia, the fifth most incorruptible worldwide. Singapore is placed in key social indicators: education, quality of life, personal safety, housing, with a home-o

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Molly Conlin is an English actress, known for her role as Dotty Cotton on the BBC soap opera EastEnders. Conlin was born in London where she lives with her mother and her brother, Jack. In 2008 Conlin signed up at Marylebone. In 2008, Nick Cotton returned to EastEnders. Joined by Conlin, in the role of Dotty Cotton. Conlin was seven at the time. Speaking of her casting, Conlin said, "I'm excited about it because I have always wanted to be in EastEnders." Conlin was considered too old for the part of Tiffany Dean which she auditioned for but she succeeded in impressing the producers, who offered her the role of Dotty instead. The part of Tiffany went to Maisie Smith. Eleven years old, they changed Dotty's age to seven to accommodate Conlin's casting. Introduced as a guest character by Santer, she made her first appearance on 26 December 2008, she started to appear more becoming a recurring character, until Dotty left on 23 February 2010. Ragu pasta sauce Heinz beans Bold 2 in 1 Molly Conlin on IMDb