Clydebank is a town in West Dunbartonshire, Scotland. Situated on the north bank of the River Clyde, Clydebank borders Dumbarton and the villages of Old Kilpatrick and Milton to the west, as well as the town of Bearsden in East Dunbartonshire, the Yoker and Drumchapel areas of the adjacent City of Glasgow. Part of Dunbartonshire, Clydebank is part of the registration County of Dumbarton, the Dunbartonshire Crown Lieutenancy area, the wider urban area of Greater Glasgow. Clydebank was founded as a police burgh on 18 November 1886. Clydebank is located within the historical boundaries of the ancient Kingdom of Strathclyde, the Mormaerdom of Lennox, the parish of Old Kilpatrick, on the north bank of the River Clyde. A long-standing local legend is that the village of Old Kilpatrick derived its name from being the birthplace of Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. There do not appear to be any historical sources; the town encompasses part of the Antonine Wall, including, at Hardgate/Duntocher, the site of one of the forts built at regular intervals along the wall.
In 2008, the Antonine Wall was designated as a World Heritage Site, as part of a multinational Heritage Site encompassing the borders of the Roman Empire. Before 1870, the area which became Clydebank was rural, agricultural, it consisted of some villages and estates, with some small scale mining operations, several cotton mills and some small boatbuilding yards. At the start of the 1870s, the growing trade and industry in Glasgow resulted in the Clyde Navigation Trustees needing additional space for shipping quays in Glasgow, they used their statutory powers to compulsorily purchase the area occupied by the Clyde Bank Iron Shipyard in Govan, which belonged to J & G Thomson. Forced to find another site for their shipyard, J & G Thomson looked at various sites further down the River Clyde, purchased, from the estates of Miss Hamilton of Cochno, some suitably flat land on the "West Barns o'Clyde" on the north bank of the river, opposite the point where the River Cart flows into the River Clyde.
The land was situated close to the Forth and Clyde Canal and to the main road running west out of Glasgow to Dumbarton, so was conveniently positioned for transporting materials and workers to and from the shipyard. The position opposite the mouth of the River Cart was to to prove important as the shipyard grew, since it enabled the company to build much bigger, heavier ships than would otherwise have been possible that far up the Clyde. Construction of the new shipyard started on 1 May 1871; the company transported workers to and from the shipyard by paddle steamer. However it was not ideal, having to ship workers to and fro all the time, so the company started building blocks of tenement flats to house the workers; these first blocks of housing became known unofficially as "Tamson's Buildings", after the name of the company. As the shipyard grew, so did the cluster of buildings grow nearby. More houses, a school, a large shed which served as canteen, community hall and church finally two proper churches in 1876 and 1877.
As the resident population grew, so did the needs and problems associated with a growing population. Other manufacturers and employers moved into the area, by 1880 2,000 men were living and working there. In 1882 a railway line was built running from Glasgow out to the new shipyard; this was followed by the Dunbartonshire Railway during the 1890s. Between 1882 and 1884, the Singer Manufacturing Company built a massive sewing machine factory in Kilbowie, less than 1⁄2 mile north of the Clyde Bank shipyard. More people moved into the area, in 1886, the local populace petitioned for the creation of a police burgh, on the basis that the area now qualified as a "populous place"; the petition was granted, the new town was named after the shipyard which had given birth to it – Clydebank. On 13 and 14 March 1941, Luftwaffe bombers attacked various targets around Clydebank. In what became known as the Clydebank Blitz, the town was damaged as were the local shipyards, the Dalnottar Royal Navy oil depot and the Singer's Sewing Machine factory.
Over the two days 528 civilians were killed and over 617 people were injured. Clydebank is in one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. West Dunbartonshire Council, the unitary local authority, is based in Dumbarton and is responsible for local government. For local electoral purposes, West Dunbartonshire is split into wards electing either three or four councillors; the Clydebank Waterfront ward broadly covers the area between the River Clyde and the Forth and Clyde Canal, including the town centre and part of Dalmuir. The Clydebank Central ward includes Kilbowie, Radnor Park and the northern part of Dalmuir. West Dunbartonshire is divided into community council areas: those covering Clydebank include Dalmuir and Mountblow; the area, now Clydebank was once in the territory of the Kingdom of Strathclyde and has been part of the historic county of Dunbartonshire since medieval times. From 1890 onwards, Dunbartonshire was an area of local government administered by a county council. Although Dunbartonshire ceased to be used for
Abellio ScotRail, operating services under the name ScotRail, is the Dutch-owned national train operating company of Scotland. A subsidiary of Abellio, it has operated the ScotRail franchise since 1 April 2015. In November 2013, Transport Scotland announced that Abellio, FirstGroup, MTR Corporation and National Express had been shortlisted to bid for the new ScotRail franchise. In October 2014, the franchise was awarded to Abellio; the franchise will operate for 7 years with a 3-year extension available contingent on performance criteria being met. Abellio began operating the franchise on 1 April 2015 and it opened the Borders Railway on 6 September 2015. In June 2016, the RMT union announced that train guards would be going on strike several times during the summer months in protest at more driver only trains. Six 24-hour and three 48-hour strikes were held on ScotRail services during June and July 2016. An agreement was reached in September 2016, it was agreed that the new Class 385 trains will have the doors controlled by both the driver and guard, with the driver opening the doors and the guard closing them.
On 20 January 2017 the Managing Director of ScotRail and the ScotRail alliance stepped down from his role after 18 months in the company. Within a few days Alex Hynes was named as the new Managing Director. Abellio ScotRail took over all of the services operated by First ScotRail on 1 April 2015, except for the Caledonian Sleeper services, which were transferred to a separate franchise operated by Serco; the franchise agreement requires the introduction of'Great Scottish Scenic Railway' trains on the West Highland, Far North, Borders Railway and Glasgow South Western lines. Steam special services are promoted by Abellio ScotRail. Current off-peak services are as follows. Abellio ScotRail operates 352 stations in Scotland. Not included are Glasgow Prestwick Airport station and operated by the airport, as well as both Edinburgh Waverley and Glasgow Central, which are managed by Network Rail. Abellio ScotRail operates Lockerbie though none of its services call there, it took over management of Dunbar operated by Virgin Trains East Coast, in June 2015.
Abellio ScotRail's fleet is maintained at Edinburgh Haymarket, Glasgow Eastfield, Glasgow Shields Road, Corkerhill Glasgow Yoker, Ayr Townhead and Inverness as well as a newly built EMU stabling depot at Millerhill in Midlothian. Abellio ScotRail operates a diverse fleet of EMUs and loco-hauled stock. From Sunday 10 December 2017, Class 380 EMUs were introduced onto services between Glasgow and Edinburgh via Falkirk High; this was the first step in creating an electric service between the two cities, now expected to start in October 2018 with Class 385 EMUs, which should have entered service in December 2017, but have been delayed due to a windscreen fault. Abellio ScotRail began operations with the rolling stock below transferred from First ScotRail: Abellio ScotRail has mentioned the following as part of the future rolling stock. Abellio ScotRail were meant to introduce a brand new fleet of 46 three-car and 24 four-car Class 385 electric trains from December 2017, to operate services on the lines being electrified as part of the Edinburgh to Glasgow Improvement Programme.
However, due to infrastructure problems, issues with the trains involving software and windscreen issues, their introduction was delayed until September. In the meantime Abellio ScotRail hired 10 Class 365 units from Great Northern. If Abellio is granted a three-year optional franchise extension, it will order a further 10 three-car Class 385 units. From October 2018, Abellio ScotRail introduced former GWR HSTs on services between Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness, branded as "Inter7City" in reference to Scotland's seven main cities; the Mark 3 coaches, up to 40 years old, were intended to all have refurbished interiors and are fitted with powered doors. There will be 26 sets: 9 four-car trains; as with the Class 385’s there have been delays getting the refurbished trains into service. As a result a considerable number have been pressed in to service without refurbishment to allow for others to have refurbishment completed; this new rolling stock will result in ten Class 156, eight Class 158 and 21 Class 170 sets returning to their leasing companies when their leases expire in 2018.
Transport Scotland negotiated to retain an extra 13 Class 170s to support services through Fife to Aberdeen and the Borders railway. Northern will receive five of all the 158s and 16 of the 170s. In June 2018 it was announced that ScotRail will lease 5 Class 153 and reconfigure them to accommodate bikes and other outdoors sports equipment; the Class 153 will be attached to ScotRail Class 156s which will operate the line from Summer 2019 travelling between Glasgow, Fort William and Mallaig and may be introduced on Northern lines between Inverness, Kyle of Lochalsh and Wick. Media related to Abellio ScotRail at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
North Clyde Line
The North Clyde Line is a suburban railway in West Central Scotland. The route is operated by Abellio ScotRail; as a result of the incorporation of the Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link and the Edinburgh to Bathgate Line, this route is the fourth rail link between Glasgow and Edinburgh. The North Clyde Line, electrified by British Rail in 1960, ran east-west through the Greater Glasgow conurbation, linking northern Lanarkshire with western Dunbartonshire, by way of the city centre. Fifty years in 2010, the line was extended by Network Rail east from Airdrie, by way of re-opening the line to Bathgate meeting up with the line re-opened by British Rail from Edinburgh; the main core of the route runs from Edinburgh Waverley to Helensburgh Central via Bathgate and Glasgow Queen Street. To the east of the city centre, there is a short branch to Springburn, while to the west there are two routes between Hyndland and Dalmuir, as well as branches to Milngavie and Balloch; the lines from Partick to Dalmuir and Milngavie are used by Argyle Line services, whilst West Highland Line services share the line between Westerton and Craigendoran.
In the east, the line between Newbridge Junction and Edinburgh Waverley is shared with the Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line and the Edinburgh to Dunblane Line. In addition to the interchange with services from Glasgow Queen Street and Edinburgh Waverley, there are interchanges with the Cumbernauld Line at Springburn, with the Maryhill Line at Anniesland, with the Glasgow Subway at Partick; some sections of the North Clyde Line are traversed by freight trains. The line runs through central Glasgow, the principal station on the line is Glasgow Queen Street; the section through the city centre runs in tunnels between High Street and the former Finnieston station. This is the oldest stretch of underground railway in Glasgow, opened as the Glasgow City & District Railway in 1886 and predating the Glasgow Subway by some ten years. Like most of Glasgow's suburban railways, the North Clyde Lines as they are known today were built piecemeal from a patchwork of routes from various Victorian-era railway companies.
In addition to the extension east of Airdrie, these are listed below: 1842 - Haymarket to Newbridge Junction opened by Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway. At the time of the Grouping in 1923, the North British Railway became part of the London and North Eastern Railway, while the Caledonian Railway became part of the London and Scottish Railway. Following nationalisation in 1948, all of the lines came under the ownership of British Railways. A number of former LNER branch lines which fed into the North Clyde system were closed during the 1950s because they duplicated former LMS lines. Other lines closed due to lack of traffic, or because they were not selected for inclusion in the electrification project. Notable withdrawals of passenger service occurred on: 1 May 1930: Manuel and Bathgate to Coatbridge Central.
Larkhall railway station
Larkhall railway station serves the town of Larkhall, South Lanarkshire, Scotland. The station is the south-eastern terminus of the Argyle Line, 16 1⁄4 miles south east of Glasgow Central railway station; the station was opened as Larkhall Central on 1 July 1905 by the Caledonian Railway as part of their Mid Lanark Lines which filled in various gaps around Larkhall, Stonehouse and Blackwood. It closed to passengers on 4 October 1965. Forty years after closure, the station was reopened on 9 December 2005 by Jack McConnell MSP, the First Minister for Scotland. Passenger services started on 12 December 2005, with trains serving the Argyle Line. In March 2007, there was speculation that the line may be extended beyond Larkhall station, to stations in Stonehouse and Strathaven. Strathclyde Partnership for Transport are expected to fund a feasibility study into reopening the section of line to Stonehouse at some time in 2008. From opening in December 2005, trains run every 30 minutes beyond to Dalmuir.
As of May 2016, they run to Milngavie instead. An hourly Sunday service started from December 2007 on a one-year trial basis; this trial has been successful, the hourly Sunday service is now a permanent feature. It runs to Balloch via Clydebank. Argyle Line services are operated by Class 318s and Class 320s. Train times and station information for Larkhall railway station from National Rail Larkhall to Milngavie rail link - Scottish Executive 2003 New Link for Larkhall opens - BBC News Scotland website RAILSCOT on the Larkhall re-opening - for history and pictures of the station and line. RAILSCOT on the Mid Lanark Lines
Helensburgh Central railway station
Helensburgh Central railway station serves the town of Helensburgh on the north shore of the Firth of Clyde, near Glasgow, Scotland. The station is a terminus on the North Clyde Line, 24 miles north west of Glasgow Queen Street railway station. Passenger services are operated by Abellio ScotRail on behalf of Strathclyde Partnership for Transport; the station is Helensburgh's main railway station, the other being the much smaller Helensburgh Upper on the West Highland Line. The station was opened in 1858, as the terminus of the Glasgow and Helensburgh Railway and is located in the centre of the town; the GD&HR was taken over by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway company in 1862, which in turn was absorbed by the North British Railway three years later. The entire station building and platforms were rebuilt in 1897 to the design of James Carswell; the route became part of the London and North Eastern Railway at the 1923 Grouping and the Scottish Region of British Railways at nationalisation on 1 January 1948.
It was given its current name in June 1953, with electric operation beginning in November 1960 as part of the North Clyde modernisation scheme. Three of the four original platforms at the station remain in use, though the old engine shed and signal box have both been closed, the latter in 1989, when the entire North Clyde network came under the control of Yoker signalling centre; the line from Craigendoran Junction had been singled in 1984. Services at this station are provided by Class 320, Class 334 and the occasional Class 318 electric multiple units. There are two services per hour Monday-Sunday, with trains running to Glasgow Queen Street and the 1989 Drumgelloch station in North Lanarkshire. There were additional trains in evening peaks. 2tph to Drumgelloch. From May 2010 services only ran as far as Airdrie; as a result of delays with commissioning of the Class 380 trains, insufficient Class 334 trains for the full service have been available for introduction of intended timetable from 12 December 2010.
Monday to Friday1tph to Edinburgh Waverley 1tph to AirdrieSaturday and Sunday2tph Helensburgh Central to Edinburgh Waverley Following the opening of the line between Airdrie and Bathgate, the service is combined with Edinburgh to Bathgate service, the complete service when sufficient rolling stock is available is two trains per hour to Edinburgh Waverley The December 2015 timetable consists of a basic half-hourly service to/from Edinburgh Waverley via Dalmuir, Queen Streen L. L and Airdrie. On weekdays & Saturdays, these run limited stop south of Dumbarton East through to Queen Street call at all stations east of there. On Sundays they serve all stations via Singer. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd.
ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Yonge, John. Gerald Jacobs, ed. British Rail Track Diagams - Book 1: ScotRail. Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0948-6. Yonge, John. Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man. Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0995-8. Yonge, John. Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man. Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 1-8983-1919-7. Yonge, John. Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland & Isle of Man. Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-3-6. OCLC 79435248. Video footage of Helensburgh Central
Airdrie railway station
Airdrie railway station is a railway station serving the town of Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The station is managed by Abellio ScotRail and is served by trains on the North Clyde Line, 11 miles east of Glasgow Queen Street. Opened by the Bathgate and Coatbridge Railway and absorbed into the North British Railway, it became part of the London and North Eastern Railway during the Grouping of 1923; the station passed on to the Scottish Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. British Railways ran the station for Strathclyde PTE, continued to do so as ScotRail when sectorisation was introduced, until the privatisation of British Rail; the station became a terminus in January 1956, when passenger services to Bathgate over the former B&CR were withdrawn - freight over this line continued until final closure & abandonment in 1982. The line from Glasgow was subsequently wired as part of the North Clyde electrification scheme in 1960. Strathclyde PTE & BR reopened a short portion of the line eastwards to a new station at Drumgelloch in 1989 and full reinstatement of the line to Bathgate followed in 2010.
As part of the Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link reopening, the station has been refurbished, including the reinstatement of the second through platform with a capability of holding 9 carriages opposite the current Platform 2, extended and a large car park facility. The station was served by half-hourly trains from Drumgelloch to Helensburgh Central and return, which used Platform 2. Platform 1 was used by trains from Airdrie to Balloch, providing a 15-minute frequency towards Glasgow Queen Street, Monday to Saturday daytimes. In addition to this, there were some peak time; these called at Coatdyke, Coatbridge Sunnyside and Blairhill before running fast to High Street at all stations to Milngavie. Evenings and Sundays, the half-hourly Drumgelloch to Helensburgh Central service operated. Following closure of the original Drumgelloch station as part of the Airdrie to Bathgate project, a half-hourly bus service operated to and from Drumgelloch station to connect with services arriving from Glasgow and Helensburgh.
Following the opening of the line between Airdrie and Bathgate, the basic off-peak daytime service is: 2tph - Helensburgh Central to/from Edinburgh Waverley 2tph - Milngavie to/from Edinburgh Waverley 2tph - Airdrie to/from BallochThe evening service is: 2tph - Helensburgh Central to/from Edinburgh WaverleyThe Sunday service is: 2tph - Helensburgh Central to/from Edinburgh Waverley The daytime & Sunday service remains unchanged in the May 2016 timetable, but the evening service now runs to Balloch westbound rather than Milngavie, whilst eastbound the Edinburgh service is half-hourly. Brailsford, Martyn, ed.. Railway Track Diagrams 1: Scotland & Isle of Man. Frome: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-9-8. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day.
Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. "Station layout as of 2010"