Lyon County, Iowa
Lyon County is the most northwesterly county of the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,581; the county seat is Rock Rapids. Lyon County is named in honor of Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon, who served in the Mexican–American War and the Civil War, he was killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, on August 10, 1861, after which the county was named for him. The county's name was Buncombe County, but was changed by the state legislature on September 11, 1862; the land that makes up Lyon County was ceded to the federal government by the Sioux Native Tribe through a treaty signed on July 23, 1851. The boundaries of the county were set on January 15, 1851 and attached to Woodbury County for administration purposes. Lyon County was split from Woodbury County on January 1, 1872; the first non-indigenous resident to live in Lyon County was Daniel McLaren, known as "Uncle Dan". He lived near the Sioux River for a short time, trapping, he moved out of the county early in its settlement to stake a claim further west.
The second settler in the area was known as "Old Tom", a hunter and trapper who lived near present-day Rock Rapids. While setting his traps, Old Tom was killed by Sioux tribespeople. In 1862–1863, a group of men from the east coast spent time in the county on a hunting trip, they were: George Clark and Thomas Lockhart. During the winter, Lockhart and McGregor were hunting elk along the Little Rock creek and encountered a group of Sioux tribespeople. Lockhart was killed by an arrow; the two continued to hunt and trap until March 1863. During a spring flood, Clark was drowned and McGregor decided to move back east; the first permanent settlement in Lyon County was built by Lewis P. Hyde in July 1866; the county's population reached 100 persons in 1869 through migration and settlement. The first non-indigenous child born in the county was Odena Lee, born on May 28, 1871; the first election in the county was held on October 10, 1871, recorded 97 votes. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 588 square miles, of which 588 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water.
Lyon County is the location of Gitchie Manitou State Preserve, which contains some of the oldest exposed bedrock in the country. Lake Pahoja is located in the northwest part of the county, it is a man-made lake with an area of just over 28 ha. U. S. Highway 18 U. S. Highway 75 Iowa Highway 9 Iowa Highway 182 Rock County, Minnesota Nobles County, Minnesota Osceola County Sioux County Lincoln County, South Dakota Minnehaha County, South Dakota The 2010 census recorded a population of 11,581 in the county, with a population density of 19.7123/sq mi. There were 4,848 housing units, of which 4,442 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 11,763 people, 4,428 households, 3,263 families residing in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 4,758 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 99.13% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, 0.37% from two or more races.
0.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,428 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.10% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.30% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,878, the median income for a family was $45,144. Males had a median income of $29,462 versus $19,385 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,081.
About 4.90% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.90% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lyon County.† county seat Lyon County is among the most GOP-friendly counties in Iowa. Only one Democrat has won the county: Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936. Though he carried the county in both elections by a comfortable margin, in 1940 the county went back to its solid Republican roots, since that time only Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 has won more than 45% of the county's vote, Michael Dukakis was the last Democrat to reach 30%; the only other times someone besides a Republican won this county were in 1912 when Theodore Roosevelt carried it in the split 1912 election, Robert M. La Follette in 1924 carried it by about a 2 percentage point plurality. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lyon County, Iowa Blood Run Site Smith, Paul C.. Buncombe to "Twenty-Two".
Lyon County Reporter. Andreas, Alfred Theodore. Illustrated historical atlas of the state of Iowa. Chicago: Andreas Atlas Company. Ogle, G. A.. Compendium of History and Biography of Lyon County, Iowa. Collected articles dealing with early Lyon County hist
Sioux County Courthouse (Iowa)
The Sioux County Courthouse is a Richardsonian Romanesque courthouse in Orange City, the county seat of Sioux County, Iowa. Designed by Wilfred Warren Beach, it was built from 1902 to 1904. Sioux County was organized on January 20, 1860, on land occupied by the indigenous Sioux until they were forced to abandon it under the terms of the fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien in 1830; the original courthouse was a log structure on the Big Sioux River in the hamlet of Iowa. That building was part office, part residence, part fort, but in 1869–1870 the White residents of Calliope fled to Sioux City, Iowa, 40 miles to the south, temporarily abandoning the log courthouse during renewed armed Native American resistance to the newcomers; the courthouse was sold off soon after the Whites returned, when after a referendum in 1872 the county seat was moved to Orange City. Sioux County had no central county offices until the present courthouse was finished over 30 years later. With the approval of a bond issue, Sioux County selected W.
W. Beach as its architect. Beach had been born in the same year that the county seat was moved to Orange City, his birthplace was Alton, in Sioux County, just three miles east of the new county seat. Beach had established his architectural practice in Sioux City only in 1899, with his first major commission being the Main Hall for Morningside College in that city. By the time the Sioux County Courthouse was completed, Beach had hired promising young William L. Steele as his draftsman, the two would form a brief partnership. Construction on the courthouse began in June 1902, but the construction company went bankrupt, delaying completion until October 1904. Just five years lightning destroyed the top of the tower in 1907, it was replaced with a hip roof and a 10-foot-tall cast bronze statue personifying Justice; the clock mechanism was built by E. Howard & Co. and was weight-driven, requiring staff to "wind" the clock frequently. As electricity became prevalent, the clock was converted to use an electric motor, making it easier to maintain and more accurate.
Most of the original clock was preserved during this upgrade. The building was extensively renovated in 1976–1982, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. Beach's design is classic, muscular Richardsonian Romanesque, an architectural style developed by Henry Hobson Richardson. Although of high quality, its timing is unusual, since that style was associated with the late 1880s rather than the early 20th century. More in Iowa or nearby South Dakota at this time, public buildings were done in a classical revival style, influenced by the World's Columbian Exposition, held in Chicago in 1893. However, two nearby South Dakota counties had built Richardsonian Romanesque courthouses just prior to this time: Union County and Lincoln County. A deep rusticated arch forms the principal entrance at the base of the courthouse central tower, six stories tall. Doors and windows appear to be cut into the dark red sandstone, the effect is heightened by the light buff sandstone trim. List of Iowa county courthouses
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Iowa's 4th congressional district
Iowa's 4th congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Iowa that covers its northwestern part. The district includes Sioux City, Mason City, Fort Dodge and Carroll. Since the 1880s, there have been major changes in the location or nature of Iowa's 4th Congressional District. From 1886 until 1941, the district was made up of rural counties in northeastern Iowa, including the easternmost five counties in the northernmost two rows. During that era, the district included areas from Mason City east to the Mississippi River. In 1941, Iowa's 5th Congressional District was renumbered as Iowa's 4th Congressional District, counties in the old 4th District were placed in the 3rd District and the 2nd District.. From 1941 until 1960 the 4th Congressional District included the central five counties of each of the two southernmost tiers, plus four counties between Des Moines and Iowa City. 5th District incumbent Republican U. S. Representative Karl M. LeCompte was reelected in the reconfigured 4th District in 1942, was reelected in the next seven races.
In 1958, when LeCompte did not run for reelection, Democrat Steven V. Carter defeated Republican John Kyl. A recurrence of cancer would claim Carter's life before the end of his only term, Kyl won the special election and next general election. In 1961 the 4th Congressional District was expanded to include five central Iowa counties - Warren, Marshall and Benton - but retained its rural character. Kyl held this seat until he was swept out in the massive Democratic landslide of 1964. However, he regained his old seat in 1966, was reelected two more times; the rural character of the district was changed when most of its territory was merged with the Des Moines-based 5th District of Democratic incumbent Neal Smith after the 1970 census. Polk County was added. Smith defeated Kyl in the 1972 congressional election; the district became less rural in 1981, when Story County was added, other rural counties were taken out. The district was altered after the 1990 census, when it was reconfigured to take in the southwest quadrant of the state from Des Moines to Council Bluffs.
Smith defeated in 1994 by Republican Greg Ganske. The 2001 remap made the 4th district a north-central Iowa district, it could not be said to be the successor of any of the previous districts. It was a rural district, though it included Ames and Mason City, it did not include any of the state's nine largest cities, only four of the twenty largest Iowa cities. The plan went into effect in 2003 for the 108th U. S. Congress; the 5th's incumbent congressman, Tom Latham, had his home in Alexander drawn into the 4th, was elected from this district five times. For the 2012 elections, the Iowa Legislature passed a plan that went into effect in 2013 for the 113th U. S. Congress; the district now covers the northwest corner of the state, merged the northern half of the old 5th District with the western third of the old 4th. The new map placed Latham and 5th District incumbent Steve King in the same district. Although the new 4th was geographically more Latham's district, he opted to move to the redrawn 3rd District, leaving King to take the seat.
NOTE: Jim Hennager ran on the Earth Federation Party platform on the ballot. As of May 2015, four former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 4th congressional district are alive. Iowa's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
O'Brien County, Iowa
O'Brien County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,398; the county seat is Primghar. O'Brien County was founded in 1851; the county was named for William Smith O'Brien, a leader for Irish independence in 1848. The present courthouse was completed in 1917, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles, of which 573 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 18 U. S. Highway 59 Iowa Highway 10 Iowa Highway 60 Iowa Highway 143 Osceola County Clay County Cherokee County Sioux County As of the census of 2010, there were 14,398 people, 6,069 households, 3,927 families residing in the county; the population density was 25.1239/sq mi. There were 6,649 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.0% White, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.1% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 2.0% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races.
The county has a 3.8% Hispanic or Latino background. There were 6,069 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.3% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 33.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 20, 4.6% from 20 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,018, the median income for a family was $58,127; the per capita income for the county was $24,771. About 6.3% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.
Gaza Germantown Moneta The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of O'Brien County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in O'Brien County, Iowa Indian Village Site in the Witrock Area O'Brien County Portal style website, Business and more IaGenWeb O'Brien county history and more City-Data Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about O'Brien County
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government