Sir Thomas Herbert, 1st Baronet, was an English traveller, historian and a gentleman of the bedchamber of King Charles I while Charles was in the custody of Parliament. Herbert was born to a Yorkshire family, Several of Herbert's ancestors were aldermen and merchants in that area – such as his grandfather and benefactor, Alderman Herbert – and they traced a connection with the Earls of Pembroke. After attending Tonbridge School, he is said to have studied at Trinity College and Jesus College, but afterwards removed to Cambridge, through the influence of his uncle Dr Ambrose Akroyd. In 1627 William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, procured his appointment in the suite of Sir Dodmore Cotton starting as ambassador for Persia with Sir Robert Shirley. Sailing in March they visited the Cape, Madagascar and Surat. On his return voyage Herbert touched at the Coromandel coast, Mauritius and St Helena, he reached England in 1629, travelled in Europe in 1630–1631, married in 1632 and retired from court in 1634.
He published an account of his travels. He was gentleman of the bedchamber to King Charles I from 1647 up to the king's execution. During the first civil war he was a keen supporter of Parliament, when he was in the king's service the New Model Army found no reason to suspect him of disloyalty. There is varied opinion on the matter of Herbert's devotion to King Charles. In 1678 he published an account of the last two years of the king's life. In this account Herbert seems devoted in the extreme, being too distraught to be with the king on the scaffold and bursting into tears when the king seemed upset by some news he had brought, it is true that many of the staunch Roundheads Parliament appointed to the king's service were converted into royalists on getting to know him. However Threnodia Carolina may have been an attempt to give Herbert a good name in Charles II's government and to clear the name of his son-in-law Robert Phayre, a regicide. After the execution Herbert followed the New Model Army to Ireland arriving that summer to take up a position as a parliamentary commissioner.
He was to remain in Ireland during the following decade serving in various governmental offices. In December 1653 he was appointed secretary to the Governing Commission for Ireland, redesigned in the August 1654 the Governing Council of Ireland, he served as its Clerk until 1659. Henry Cromwell knighted him for his services in July 1658. At the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 Herbert returned to London to take advantage of the offer of a general pardon. On 3 July 1660, shortly after his arrival in England, he had an audience with King Charles II who created him a baronet. After this Herbert dropped out of public life, but he remained in London residing in York Street, until the Great Plague in 1666, when he retired to York, where he died on the 1 March 1682, was buried in the church of St. Crux in that city, where his widow placed a brass tablet to his memory. Rigg 1891, p. 216 Herbert's chief work is the Description of the Persian Monarchy now beinge' the Orientall Indyes and other ports of the Greater Asia and Africk, reissued with additions, &c. in 1638 as Some Yeares Travels into Africa and Asia the Great, a third edition followed in 1664, a fourth in 1677.
This is one of the best records of 17th-century travel. Among its illustrations are remarkable sketches of the dodo, cuneiform inscriptions and Persepolis. Herbert's Threnodia Carolina. Sir William Dugdale is understood to have received assistance from Herbert in the Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. iv.. Cf. Robert Davies account of Herbert in The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Journal, part ni. pp. 182–214, containing a facsimile of the inscription on Herbert's tomb. I5-41. 26, 131, 138, 143-144, 150. Herbert married, on 16 April 1632, daughter of Sir Walter Alexander, Gentleman Usher to Charles I, she died in 1671. They had four sons and six daughters, but only one son and three daughters survived their father: Henry, who succeed his father as baronet Herbert of Tintern. Elizabeth, who married Colonel Robert Phaire of Cork on 16 August 1658. Lucie. Anne. Within a year of Lucia's death Herbert married Elizabeth, daughter of Gervase Cutler, of Stainbrough and Magdalen Egerton, niece of the Earl of Bridgewater.
They had a daughter, who died in infancy. Rigg, James McMullen. "Herbert, Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 26. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 215–217. Fritze, Ronald H.. "Herbert, Sir Thomas, first baronet". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxfo
Pierre de Ruel, marquis de Beurnonville was a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and a marshal of France and Deputy Grand Master of Grand Orient de France. Bournonville was born at Aube. After service in the colonies, he married Geneviève Gillot L'Étang. After his return to France, he purchased the post of lieutenant of the Swiss Guard of the count of Provence. During the French Revolution he was named lieutenant-general, took an active part in the battles of Valmy and Jemmapes. Minister of War in February 1793, he denounced his old commander, Charles François Dumouriez, to the Convention, was one of the four deputies sent to watch him. Handed over by Dumouriez to the Austrians on 3 April 1793, Beurnonville was not exchanged until November 1795, he entered the service again, commanded the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse and Army of the North, was appointed inspector of infantry of the Army of England in 1798. He was sent as ambassador to Berlin in 1800, to Madrid in 1802. Napoleon made him a count of the empire.
In 1814 he was a member of the provisional government organized after the abdication of Napoleon. He followed Louis XVIII to exile in Ghent, after the second restoration was made marquis and marshal of France. Clerget, Charles. "Tableaux des Armées Françaises pendant les Guerres de la Révolution". Paris: Librarie Militaire R. Chapelot et Cie. Retrieved 3 July 2015. Smith, Digby; the Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Beurnonville, Pierre de Ruel". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. Cambridge University Press. P. 834. Endnote: See A Chaquet, Les Guerres de la Révolution. Source: Clerget, Charles. Tableaux des Armées Françaises pendant les Guerres de la Révolution. Paris: Librarie Militaire R. Chapelot et Cie. Retrieved 3 July 2015
David L. Anderson is an American attorney who serves as the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. Prior to becoming a U. S. Attorney, he practiced law at the law firm of Sidley Austin, he received his Bachelor of Science, with distinction, from San Jose State University, his Juris Doctor, with distinction, from Stanford Law School. Anderson clerked for Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy of the United States Supreme Court, he served as First Assistant United States Attorney in the Northern District of California from 2008 to 2010 and as an Assistant United States Attorney from 1998 to 2002. On August 16, 2018, President Donald Trump announced his intent to nominate Anderson to be the U. S. Attorney for the Northern District of California. On August 27, 2018, his nomination was sent to the United States Senate. On January 2, 2019, his nomination was confirmed by voice vote. Anderson was sworn into office on January 15, 2019. On September 20, 2019, Anderson was one of nine U.
S. Attorneys appointed by Attorney General William Barr to serve on the Advisory Committee of U. S. Attorneys; the committee "represents the voice of U. S. attorneys to Main Justice and provides advice and counsel on policy and operational issues impacting U. S. attorneys' offices." Biography at Justice.gov
Prolonging the Magic is the third studio album by American alternative rock band Cake. It was released on October 1998 on Capricorn Records; the sole successful single was the lead "Never There". It was recorded after the departure of guitarist Greg Brown and features a rotating lineup of musicians to replace him. One of them, Xan McCurdy, became his full-time replacement. On its opening week, Prolonging the Magic sold about 44,000 copies, debuting at No. 33 on the Billboard 200 chart. On 28 September 1999 the album was certified platinum by the RIAA for shipments of one million copies; the album was for sexual themes. Some copies do not feature a sticker, with the only difference being that the song "Satan Is My Motor" has been retitled "Motor"; the song ` Hem of Your Garment' was featured in the film Myself & Irene. All tracks are written except where noted. Allmusic wrote, "Supposedly their attempt to make a smugness- and irony-free album, Cake's third release does hold back the barbs a bit more than usual.
And the strain shows. In these guys' hands, love songs without smirks and pop tunes straight up come out forced." CAKE is: John McCrea – vocals, piano, Moog, producing and design Vince DiFiore - trumpet, background vocals and arranging Gabe Nelson - bass, guitar and arranging Todd Roper - drums, background vocals and arrangingAdditional Musicians: Xan McCurdy – electric guitar on track 9 Rusty Miller – electric guitar on track 3 Tyler Pope – arranging and electric guitar on tracks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9 and 10 Chuck Prophet - arranging and electric guitar on tracks 4, 7 and 12 Jim Campilongo - arranging and electric guitar on tracks 4, 6 and 11 Ben Morss - arranging and piano on track 5 David Palmer - keyboards on track 9 Greg Vincent - pedal steel guitar on tracks 2, 6 and 9 Mark Needham - additional percussion and mixing Richard Lyman - musical saw on track 4Additional personnelJoe Johnston - engineering Jay Bowman - engineering Gabriel Shepard - engineering Justin Phelps - engineering Scott Reams - engineering Rafael Serrano - engineering Kirt Shearer - engineering and mixing Craig Long - engineering and mixing Greg Brown - arranging Keara Fallon - design Don C.
Tyler - mastering Album - Billboard Singles - Billboard Prolonging the Magic at AllMusic
Paul Avenue was a Caltrain station located in the Bayview neighborhood of San Francisco, California. The lightly-used station was closed on August 1, 2005, the platform and shelter were removed in 2009. A replacement station to the north has been proposed. Soon after Caltrans took over operation of the Peninsula Commute service, a study was published in 1982 recommending that Paul Avenue be closed. Service was reduced after the 1982 study. A 1987 ridership survey showed that on a typical weekday, 37 northbound passengers disembarked at Paul, 1 northbound passenger embarked, 43 southbound passengers disembarked. In the late 1990s, Caltrain staff recommended that the station be closed due to low ridership - it was located away from residential and commercial areas, riders found it unsafe, it was to require $3.65 million to stabilize a crumbling embankment, modernizing the station was to have cost more. However, the Caltrain board voted in February 1999 to keep the station open due to pressure from the neighborhood and from mayor Willie Brown.
After the Caltrain Express project was completed in 2004, only four weekday trains stopped at Paul Avenue: one northbound and one southbound local in the early morning, one northbound and one southbound local in the evening. Before its closure in 2005, service remained at four weekday local trains, no service on weekends; the Peninsula Corridor Joint Powers Board, the governing body of Caltrain, voted in April 2005 to suspend service to Paul Avenue effective August 1, 2005. Weekday service was suspended at Broadway and Atherton in order to add twelve more Baby Bullet trains to help close a funding gap, because the limited-stop express trains had operated at capacity and generated higher revenues than locals since their introduction in 2004; the abandoned station was soon covered with graffiti. Caltrain cleaned up the larger debris in March 2009; that July, the platforms and shelter were removed, the graffiti painted over, a fence installed to deter access. When Caltrain was still being operated by Caltrans, a report was published in 1988 from a study to evaluate the feasibility of replacing Paul Avenue with a new station to the north at either Williams Avenue, Palou Avenue, or Evans Avenue.
The report was prepared in conjunction with the effort to create a home port for USS Missouri in San Francisco at the Hunters Point Shipyard, concluded that with the completion of the Downtown Rail Extension, daily ridership could increase to 2,400. However, without the Downtown Extension, ridership would be limited to less than 100; the preferred site was at Evans Avenue. The Bayview Hunters Point Community Revitalization Concept Plan identified the Oakdale-Palou area as the community's preferred location for the Caltrain station. A 2005 feasibility study proposed a new station just north of Oakdale Avenue next to the City College of San Francisco Southeast Campus in Bayview, 1.0 mile north of the former Paul Avenue station. The new station would have platforms passing over Quint, bus stops for four lines would be located within walking distance of the new station. Just north of Oakdale, freight trains are routed east along the Quint Street Lead, which branches from the main line, to the Intermodal Freight Rail Cargo Transfer Facility near Piers 90–96.
A follow-up study in 2014 predicted daily ridership of around 2,350. In the vicinity of the proposed station, the Caltrain line is grade-separated from Oakdale and Quint. Prior to 2016, the rail line was carried over Quint on a steel bridge constructed for the Bayshore Cutoff in the early 1900s. In preparation for a new Oakdale station, the bridge, structurally deficient, was removed on April 30 and replaced by a berm completed in July 2016, which severed Quint between Oakdale and Jerrold. A new road has been proposed on land belonging to Union Pacific west of the tracks, to reconnect Quint to Jerrold. Ehrlich, Peter. "CALTRAIN--Train 45 arr Paul Avenue IB". Flickr. Retrieved 4 June 2018. Browne, Arne. "Caltrain passing abandoned Paul Avenue Station Stop". Flickr. Retrieved 4 June 2018. SFCTA - Caltrain Oakdale Station Study
In microeconomics, search theory studies buyers or sellers who cannot find a trading partner, must therefore search for a partner prior to transacting. Search theory has been influential in many areas of economics, it has been applied in labor economics to analyze frictional unemployment resulting from job hunting by workers. In consumer theory, it has been applied to analyze purchasing decisions. From a worker's perspective, an acceptable job would be one that pays a high wage, one that offers desirable benefits, and/or one that offers pleasant and safe working conditions. From a consumer's perspective, a product worth purchasing would have sufficiently high quality, be offered at a sufficiently low price. In both cases, whether a given job or product is acceptable depends on the searcher's beliefs about the alternatives available in the market. More search theory studies an individual's optimal strategy when choosing from a series of potential opportunities of random quality, under the assumption that delaying choice is costly.
Search models illustrate how best to balance the cost of delay against the value of the option to try again. Mathematically, search models are optimal stopping problems. Macroeconomists have extended search theory by studying general equilibrium models in which one or more types of searchers interact; these macroeconomic theories have been called'matching theory', or'search and matching theory'. George J. Stigler proposed thinking of searching for bargains or jobs as an economically important problem. John J. McCall proposed a dynamic model of job search, based on the mathematical method of optimal stopping, on which much work has been based. McCall's paper studied the problem of which job offers an unemployed worker should accept, which reject, when the distribution of alternatives is known and constant, the value of money is constant. Holding fixed job characteristics, he characterized the job search decision in terms of the reservation wage, that is, the lowest wage the worker is willing to accept.
The worker's optimal strategy is to reject any wage offer lower than the reservation wage, accept any wage offer higher than the reservation wage. The reservation wage may change over time. For example, a worker who fails to find a job might lose skills or face stigma, in which case the distribution of potential offers that worker might receive will get worse, the longer he or she is unemployed. In this case, the worker's optimal reservation wage will decline over time. If the worker is risk averse, the reservation wage will decline over time if the worker runs out of money while searching; the reservation wage would differ for two jobs of different characteristics. An interesting observation about McCall's model is that greater variance of offers may make the searcher better off, prolong optimal search if he or she is risk averse; this is because when there is more variation in wage offers, the searcher may want to wait longer in hopes of receiving an exceptionally high wage offer. The possibility of receiving some exceptionally low offers has less impact on the reservation wage, since bad offers can be turned down.
While McCall framed his theory in terms of the wage search decision of an unemployed worker, similar insights are applicable to a consumer's search for a low price. In that context, the highest price a consumer is willing to pay for a particular good is called the reservation price. Opportunities might provide payoffs from different distributions. Costs of sampling may vary from an opportunity to another; as a result, some opportunities appear more profitable to sample than others. These problems are referred to. Boxes have different opening costs. Pandora will only enjoy the best opportunity. With x i the payoff she discovered from the box i, c i the cost she has paid to open it and S the set of boxes she has opened, Pandora receives max i ∈ S x i − ∑ i ∈ S c i It can be proven Pandora associates to each box a reservation value, her optimal strategy is to open the boxes by decreasing order of reservation value until the opened box that maximizes her payoff exceed highest reservation value of the remaining boxes.
This strategy is referred as the Pandora's rule. In fact, the Pandora's rule remains the optimal sampling strategy for complex payoff functions. Wojciech Olszewski and Richard Weber show that Pandora's rule is optimal if she maximizes u − ∑ i S c i for u continuous, non-negative, non-decreasing and submodular. Studying optimal search from a given distribution of prices led economists to ask why the same good should be sold, in equilibrium, at more than one price. After all, this is by definition a violation of the law of one price. However, when buyers do not have perfect information about where to find the lowest price, not al