Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky. Its name is derived from the Greek word Σείριος Seirios "glowing" or "scorching". With a visual apparent magnitude of −1.46, Sirius is twice as bright as Canopus, the next brightest star. Sirius is a binary star consisting of a main-sequence star of spectral type A0 or A1, termed Sirius A, a faint white dwarf companion of spectral type DA2, termed Sirius B; the distance between the two varies between 8.2 and 31.5 astronomical units as they orbit every 50 years. Sirius appears bright because of its proximity to the Solar System. At a distance of 2.64 parsecs, the Sirius system is one of Earth's nearest neighbours. Sirius is moving closer to the Solar System, so it will increase in brightness over the next 60,000 years. After that time, its distance will begin to increase, it will become fainter, but it will continue to be the brightest star in the Earth's night sky for the next 210,000 years. Sirius A is about twice as massive as the Sun and has an absolute visual magnitude of +1.42.
It is 25 times more luminous than the Sun but has a lower luminosity than other bright stars such as Canopus or Rigel. The system is between 300 million years old, it was composed of two bright bluish stars. The more massive of these, Sirius B, consumed its resources and became a red giant before shedding its outer layers and collapsing into its current state as a white dwarf around 120 million years ago. Sirius is known colloquially as the "Dog Star", reflecting its prominence in its constellation, Canis Major; the heliacal rising of Sirius marked the flooding of the Nile in Ancient Egypt and the "dog days" of summer for the ancient Greeks, while to the Polynesians in the Southern Hemisphere, the star marked winter and was an important reference for their navigation around the Pacific Ocean. The brightest star in the night sky, Sirius is recorded in some of the earliest astronomical records, its displacement from the ecliptic causes its heliacal rising to be remarkably regular compared to other stars, with a period of exactly 365.25 days holding it constant relative to the solar year.
This rising occurs at Cairo on 19 July, placing it just prior to the onset of the annual flooding of the Nile during antiquity. Owing to the flood's own irregularity, the extreme precision of the star's return made it important to the ancient Egyptians, who worshipped it as the goddess Sopdet, guarantor of the fertility of their land; the Egyptian civil calendar was initiated to have its New Year "Mesori" coincide with the appearance of Sirius, although its lack of leap years meant that this congruence only held for four years until its date began to wander backwards through the months. The Egyptians continued to note the times of Sirius's annual return, which may have led them to the discovery of the 1460-year Sothic cycle and influenced the development of the Julian and Alexandrian calendars; the ancient Greeks observed that the appearance of Sirius heralded the hot and dry summer and feared that it caused plants to wilt, men to weaken, women to become aroused. Due to its brightness, Sirius would have been seen to twinkle more in the unsettled weather conditions of early summer.
To Greek observers, this signified emanations. Anyone suffering its effects was said to be "star-struck", it was described as "burning" or "flaming" in literature. The season following the star's reappearance came to be known as the "dog days"; the inhabitants of the island of Ceos in the Aegean Sea would offer sacrifices to Sirius and Zeus to bring cooling breezes and would await the reappearance of the star in summer. If it rose clear, it would portend good fortune. Coins retrieved from the island from the 3rd century BC feature dogs or stars with emanating rays, highlighting Sirius's importance; the Romans celebrated the heliacal setting of Sirius around April 25, sacrificing a dog, along with incense, a sheep, to the goddess Robigo so that the star's emanations would not cause wheat rust on wheat crops that year. Ptolemy of Alexandria mapped the stars in Books VII and VIII of his Almagest, in which he used Sirius as the location for the globe's central meridian, he depicted it as one of six red-coloured stars.
The other five are class M and K stars, such as Betelgeuse. Bright stars were important to the ancient Polynesians for navigation of the Pacific Ocean, they served as latitude markers. Sirius served as the body of a "Great Bird" constellation called Manu, with Canopus as the southern wingtip and Procyon the northern wingtip, which divided the Polynesian night sky into two hemispheres. Just as the appearance of Sirius in the morning sky marked summer in Greece, it marked the onset of winter for the Māori, whose name Takurua described both the star and the season, its culmination at the winter solstice was marked by celebration in Hawaii, where it was known as Ka'ulua, "Queen of Heaven". Many other Polynesian names have been recorded, including Tau-ua in the Marquesas Islands, Rehua in New Zealand, Ta'urua-fau-papa "Festivity of original high chiefs" and Ta'urua-e-hiti-i-te-tara-te-feiai "Festivity who rises with prayers and religious ceremonies" in Tahiti; the Hawaiian people had many names for Sirius, including Aa, Hoku-kauopae, Ka
Maurice Garland Fulton was an American historian and English professor. He was History at the New Mexico Military Institute for three decades, he was the author or editor of several books, "an authority on the Lincoln County War and Southwestern history." Maurice Garland Fulton was born on December 1877, in Lafayette County, Mississippi. His father, Robert Burwell Fulton, served as the seventh chancellor of the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi, his maternal grandfather, Landon Garland, was a slaveholder who served as the second president of Randolph-Macon College in Ashland, Virginia from 1836 to 1846, the third president of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama from 1855 to 1865, the first chancellor of Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee from 1875 to 1893. Fulton had a sister. Fulton graduated from the University of Mississippi, where he earned a Ph. B. in English in 1898, followed by an A. M. in 1901. He attended graduate school at the University of Michigan, but came short of earning a PhD.
Fulton taught at his alma mater, the University of Mississippi, from 1900 to 1901, followed by the University of Michigan until 1903, the University of Illinois in 1904, back at the University of a year. He taught at Centre College from 1905 to 1909, followed by Davidson College until 1918, he took a hiatus to serve as a colonel in the United States Army during World War I in 1918, returned to academia, teaching at Indiana University from 1919 to 1922. He was a professor of English and History at New Mexico Military Institute in Roswell, New Mexico from 1922 to 1955. Fulton taught the courses about William Shakespeare and Charles Lamb as well as Mississippi poet Irwin Russell, he was the chair of the English department at NMMI. Fulton authored or edited several books, he became "an authority on the Lincoln County War and Southwestern history." He edited the writings of Theodore Roosevelt, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909, Pat Garrett's biography of Billy the Kid.
He edited a history of New Mexico and two volumes of Josiah Gregg's diary and letters with Paul Horgan. He was active in the Chaves County Historical Society. Fulton married Vaye McPhearson Callahan, he died on February 12, 1955 in Roswell, New Mexico, at 77. He was buried in South Park Cemetery, Roswell, NM, his papers are at the University of Arizona. Fulton, Maurice G.. Expository Writing: Materials for a College Course in Exposition by Analysis and Imitation. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 367449881. Fulton, Maurice G. ed.. College Life, Its Conditions and Problems: A Selection of Essays for Use in College Writing Courses. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 561071500. Fulton, Maurice G.. Southern Life in Southern Literature. Boston: Ginn and Co. OCLC 320938032. Fulton, Maurice G.. National Problems. New York: Macmillan – via Internet Archive. Fulton, Maurice G. ed.. Roosevelt's Writings: Selections from the Writings of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 17993757. Garrett, Pat. Fulton, Maurice G.. Authentic Life of Billy the Kid.
New York: Macmillan. OCLC 459886698. Fulton, Maurice G.. Charles Lamb in Essays and Letters. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 2093756. Fulton, Maurice G.. Writing Craftsmanship: Models and Readings. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 1060526160. Fulton, Maurice G.. New Mexico's Own Chronicle. Dallas, Texas: B. Upshaw and Co. OCLC 49597488. Fulton, Maurice G.. Diary and Letters of Josiah Gregg. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. OCLC 500377799. Fulton, Maurice G.. History of the Lincoln County War. Tucson, Arizona: University of Arizona Press. OCLC 166484144. Maurice Garland Fulton at Find a Grave Works written by or about Maurice Garland Fulton at Wikisource Worldcat Overview & works, Maurice G. Fulton
Shapeshifter is the debut album by American metalcore band The Dead Rabbitts. It was released on July 1, 2014; this album was released a year. Before the announcement, the band toured with Metalcore band Eyes Set to Kill in the Arizona, US. In November 2013, the band signed with Tragic Hero Records and announced that they will be releasing an album sometime in 2014. and In December 2013. They began recording songs with Andrew Wade; the album was announced by the band a month prior to its release on May 16 and stated that the album would be released on July 1, 2014 through Tragic Hero Records. "My Only Regret" was released as the debut single off the album on May 16, 2014, along with its lyric video. The second single "Shapeshifter" was released on June 3, 2014; the third single "Bats In the Belfry" was released on June 21, 2014. and the band premiered a music video for "Deer In the Headlights" on November 7, 2014. In support of the album, The band embarked on ShapeshifTour, which took place from June 20 to July 26, 2014.
Support for the tour included The Relapse Symphony, Myka Relocate, Nightmares. for the 28-date summer trek. Shapeshifter was met with positive reception by critics. In a four-star review for Revolver, David McKenna averring, "Fans of post-hardcore will want to check this album out." All tracks are written by The Dead Rabbitts. Shapeshifter" album personnel as listed on Allmusic