Site-specific art is artwork created to exist in a certain place. The artist takes the location into account while planning and creating the artwork. Site-specific art is produced both by commercial artists, independently, can include some instances of work such as sculpture, stencil graffiti, rock balancing, other art forms. Installations can be in remote natural settings, or underwater; the term "site-specific art" was promoted and refined by Californian artist Robert Irwin but it was first used in the mid-1970s by young sculptors, such as Patricia Johanson, Dennis Oppenheim, Athena Tacha, who had started executing public commissions for large urban sites. For Two Jumps for Dead Dog Creek, Oppenheim attempted a series of standing jumps at a selected site in Idaho, where "the width of the creek became a specific goal to which I geared a bodily activity," with his two successful jumps being "dictated by a land form." Site specific environmental art was first described as a movement by architectural critic Catherine Howett and art critic Lucy Lippard.
Emerging out of minimalism, site-specific art opposed the Modernist program of subtracting from the artwork all cues that interfere with the fact that it is "art",Modernist art objects were transportable, could only exist in the museum space and were the objects of the market and commodification. Since 1960 the artists were trying to find a way out of this situation, thus drew attention to the site and the context around this site; the work of art was created in the site and could only exist and in such circumstances - it can not be moved or changed. Site is a current location, which comprises a unique combination of physical elements: depth, weight, shape, temperature. Works of art began to emerge from the walls of the museum and galleries, were created for the museum and galleries, thus criticizing the museum as an institution that sets the rules for artists and viewers. Jean-Max Albert, created Sculptures Bachelard in Parc de la Villette related to the site, or Carlotta’s Smile, a trellis construction related to Ar.
Co,’s architecture Lisbon, to a choreography in collaboration with Michala Marcus and Carlos Zingaro, 1979. When the public debate over Tilted Arc resulted in its removal in 1989, its author Richard Serra reacted with what can be considered a definition of site-specific art: "To move the work is to destroy the work." Outdoor site-specific artworks include landscaping combined with permanently sited sculptural elements. Outdoor site-specific artworks can include dance performances created for the site. More broadly, the term is sometimes used for any work, more or less permanently attached to a particular location. In this sense, a building with interesting architecture could be considered a piece of site-specific art. In Geneva, two Contemporary Art Funds of the city have been looking to integrate art into the architecture and the public space since 1980; the Neons Parallax project initiated in 2007 was conceived for the Plaine de Plainpalais, located in the heart of the city. The challenge of the artists invited was to transpose commercial advertising signs of the harbour into artistic messages.
The project has received the Swiss Prix Visarte 2017. Site-specific performance art, site-specific visual art and interventions are commissioned for the annual Infecting the City Festival in Cape Town, South Africa; the site-specific nature of the work allows artists to interrogate the contemporary and historic reality of the Central Business District and create work that allows the city's users to engage and interact with public spaces in new and memorable ways. Media related to Site-specific art at Wikimedia Commons
The Catholic Church in the Gambia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. Gambia is a predominantly Muslim country; the Diocese of Banjul covers the whole of the country. Relations between the Muslim and Christian communities in Gambia are very good; the Catholic Church operates various missions including schools which children of Muslim parents attend. Of the minority Christian population, there are around 30,000 Catholics, which represents around 2% of the population; the history of the Catholic Church in the Gambia is linked to Senegal. In 1445 Portuguese arrived on the coast of West Africa with the first attempts of Evangelism. From the ecclesiastical point of view, only in 1931 was born the mission of the Gambia, entrusted to the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, detached from the Apostolic vicariate of Senegambia. In 1951 was erected the Apostolic Prefecture of Bathurst, which became a diocese in 1957 subject to Holy See. In 1992 Pope John Paul II visited Gambia and gave further impetus to the interest in Christian-Muslim relations within the Catholic community.
The Pope stressed the importance of the good relations existing between the two. He stated “we are all pilgrims on the path of seeking to do God’s will in everything. Although we differ in many ways, there are important elements of our respective faiths which can serve as a basis for fruitful dialogue and a strengthening of the spirit of tolerance and mutual help”, he met with leaders of the Muslim community, Muslims were present at the Mass he celebrated at the Independence Stadium while in the Gambia. In 2008 the Catholic Church is present in the territory with the sole Diocese of Banjul subject to the Holy See. At the end of 2004 the Catholic Church of The Gambia counted: 56 parishes 26 priests 42 religious sisters 57 schools 9 charities; the Catholic population amounted to 34,400 Christians, equal to 2.10% of the population. The episcopate of the Gambia is part of the Catholic Church in Inter-territorial Catholic Bishops' Conference of The Gambia and Sierra Leone. Apostolic Nunciature to Gambia Guide of the Catholic missions in 2005, by the Congregation for the evangelizatione gentium, Urban University Press, 2005.
Room Noises is the first full-length album of the band Eisley. It was released on February 2005 on Reprise Records; the album was placed at No. 9 among Paste magazine's top albums of 2005. The album had three singles: "Memories", "Telescope Eyes", "I Wasn't Prepared". Music videos were made for each single, as well as "Marvelous Things". Early promotional copies of this album included a remixed bonus track "Lost At Sea" at the end of the album; the band decided to drop the bonus track from the official release. It appeared on an Urban Outfitters compilation CD and on a radio promotional EP alongside "Telescope Eyes", "I Wasn't Prepared", "Golly Sandra". Warner Brothers printed only 1000 copies of Room Noises on vinyl. Sherri DuPree – lead vocals, guitar Stacy DuPree – keyboards and guitar Chauntelle DuPree – guitar Weston DuPree – drums Jonathan Wilson – bass guitar Elijah Thomson – bass guitar Casey Prestwood – steel guitar Eddie Harbour – hand clapping Brian Gardner – mastering Rob Schnapf – producer Rob Cavallo – producer Aaron Sprinkle – producer Doug Boehm – engineer John Shanks – engineer Eisley – engineer Doug Mcean – engineer