Sitka National Historical Park is a national historical park in Sitka in the U. S. state of Alaska. It was redesignated as a national historical park from its previous status as national monument on October 18, 1972; the park in its various forms has sought to commemorate the Tlingit and Russian experiences in Alaska. The history of Alaska's oldest federally designated cultural and historic park dates back to June 21, 1890 when President Benjamin Harrison set aside the site of the Tlingit fort Shis'kí Noow for public use; the site, located near the mouth of the Indian River, served in 1804 as the location of an armed conflict between the native Tlingit people and Russian fur hunters, known today as the Battle of Sitka. From 1903 to 1905, District Governor John G. Brady set about acquiring Native totem poles from all over Alaska for display at the park. Shortly thereafter, a group of influential Sitkans concerned about vandalism and the poor condition of the park in general pressured the federal government to declare the site a national monument.
The Sitka National Monument was proclaimed by President William H. Taft under the Antiquities Act on March 23, 1910 to preserve the fort site and totem pole collection and protect them from further harm. With the creation of the National Park Service in 1916, the monument fell under the new agency's care, though no significant appropriation was made until 1921. Many of the poles exhibited today along the park's two miles of wooded pathways are replicas of the deteriorating originals, now held in protective storage. Interspersed among the giant Sitka spruce trees are a variety of ferns and flowers. Salmon can be seen swimming up Indian River during spawning season; the 112-acre park was placed under the control of the U. S. Army in 1942 and occupied for defensive purposes, during which a series of military construction projects resulted in the removal of massive amounts of gravel from the park's river and estuary. Environmental impacts from the gravel removal were to be a major resource issue for decades after.
Responsibility for the park was formally returned to the Department of the Interior in 1947. In 1965, a new visitor center was opened; the park was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. In a groundbreaking arrangement, the Alaska Native Brotherhood assumed control of the demonstration program and established its focus on Southeast Alaska Native cultural arts in 1969. Many of the remarkable Tlingit artifacts in the collection were loaned or donated by local clans under agreements designed to ensure ongoing, traditional use. Located one–half mile from the Park, the Russian Bishop's House was constructed out of native spruce in 1841-43 by Tlingit workers overseen by Finnish builders, it is one of only four surviving examples of Russian Colonial Style architecture in the Western Hemisphere. A Bishop Innocent of the Russian Orthodox Church, a clergyman and linguist, occupied the residence until 1853; the Church operated the facility as a school and place of worship for another century, until the dilapidated condition forced its abandonment in 1969 and sale in 1973 to the Park Service.
In 1973, the Park Service embarked on a 16–year restoration project to return the property to its former glory. Modern plumbing and electrical systems were installed, while at the same time keeping the structure as authentic as possible; the second floor was restored to its 1853 appearance, based on archaeological evidence and early diaries and drawings. Today, numerous exhibits and lavish icons in the Chapel of the Annunciation convey the legacy of Russian America; the Russian Bishop's House is a National Historic Landmark. List of National Historic Landmarks in Alaska National Register of Historic Places listings in Sitka City and Borough, Alaska A Though some sources indicate that the Bishop's house is one of "four" remaining examples of Russian Colonial architecture in North America, the National Park Service more ambiguously suggests it is one of "few" remaining such examples. Totem poles in the park Photos and multimedia presentations of the park
The Canton Spirituals are an award-winning gospel recording group and are regarded as pioneers in the genre of traditional gospel music. Founded in Canton, Mississippi in 1943, the original Canton Spirituals were Reverend Arthur Lee Jackson Sr. Reverend I. S. Watkins, Claude Nichols, Warren G. Ward, Isaac Bolton, Eddie Jackson, Theo Thompson, Roscoe Lucious and founder Harvey Lee Watkins, Sr.. As of 2016, the group is fronted by Watkins' son, Harvey Watkins, Jr. and consists of Cornelius Dwayne Watkins, Billy Voss, David Curry, Merlin Lucious, Shannon Lee, Rodrick Jones, Antoine Porter Sr. On November 1, 2012, they released a Keep Knocking; the album, Keep Knocking was released on December 3, 2013. The Canton Spirituals garnered a Grammy nomination in 1993 for the album Live in Memphis and were 1997 Stellar Award recipients for "Best Group/Duo of the Year" as well as "Traditional Group of the Year" for the Living the Dream: Live In Washington, DC album. In 1998, the group took home two awards at The American Quartet Awards for "Quartet of the Year" and "Artist of the Year".
That's My Train Fare Home On the Move I'm Coming Lord We'll See You In Church Everything Is Gonna Be Alright Meet the Same People Mississippi Po' Boy Determined Nobody But Jesus Come Go With Me I'll Give It All To You Live in Memphis Live in Memphis II Heavenly Choir Living the Dream: Live In Washington, D. C; the Live Experience 1999 Walking By Faith New Life: Live In Harvey, IL Driven Keep Knocking Harvey Watkins, Jr.: lead vocals, background vocals, bass guitar, guitars Merlin Lucious: bass guitar, background vocals, drums David Curry III: drums Billy Voss: keyboards, background vocals Shannon Lee: keyboards, background vocals Rodrick Jones:: lead guitar Antoine Porter Sr.: rhythm/lead guitar, background vocals Harvey Watkins, Sr.: original member, deceased): lead vocals, background vocals Jordan Bester: organ
Cristián Caro Cordero is a Chilean prelate of the Catholic Church, Archbishop of Puerto Montt from 2001 to June 2018. He was ordained a priest by Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez on 23 December 1973. On 13 March 1991, Pope John Paul II named him titular bishop of Arcavica and Auxiliary Bishop of Santiago, he received his episcopal consecration from Carlos Oviedo Cavada on 14 April. John Paul appointed him Archbishop of Puerto Montt on 27 February 2001. On 18 May 2018, Caro submitted his resignation to Pope Francis, as did all the Chilean bishops at the conclusion of a three-day meeting in Rome. On 11 June 2018, Pope Francis accepted his resignation as archbishop. Though Caro was not named in connection with the ongoing controversy surrounding clerical sexual abuse in Chile, Francis replaced him with an Apostolic Administrator just as he did those bishops whose resignations he accepted because of their involvement, he was accused a few days of having failed to handle reports of sexual abuse by a priest properly, but he said appropriate procedures had been followed.
Catholic Church in Chile Catholic sexual abuse cases in Chile