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Six Nations Championship

The Six Nations Championship is an annual international rugby union competition between the teams of England, Ireland, Italy and Wales. The current champions are Wales; the Six Nations is the successor to the Home Nations Championship, played between teams from England, Ireland and Wales, the first international rugby union tournament. With the addition of France, this became the Five Nations Championship, which in turn became the Six Nations Championship with the addition of Italy. Wales hold the overall record, with 39 victories to England's 38. England hold the record for outright wins with 28. Since the Six Nations era started in 2000, only Italy and Scotland have failed to win the Six Nations title; the tournament was first played in 1883 as the Home Nations Championship among the four Home Nations — England, Ireland and Wales. However, England was excluded from the 1888 and 1889 tournaments due to their refusal to join the International Rugby Football Board; the tournament became the Five Nations Championship in 1910 with the addition of France.

The tournament was expanded in 2000 to become the Six Nations Championship with the addition of Italy. Following the relative success of the Tier 2 nations in the 2015 Rugby World Cup, there were calls by Octavian Morariu, the president of Rugby Europe, to let Georgia and Romania join the Six Nations due to their consistent success in the European Nations Cup and ability to compete in the Rugby World Cup; the tournament begins on the first weekend in February and culminates with Super Saturday on the second or third Saturday in March. The format of the Championship is simple: each team plays every other team once, with home ground advantage alternating from one year to the next. Prior to the 2017 tournament, two points were awarded for one for a draw and none for a loss. Unlike many other rugby union competitions the bonus point system had not been used. On 30 November 2016, the Six Nations Committee announced that a bonus point system would be trialled in the 2017 Championship; the system is similar to the one used in most rugby championships, with the only difference being that a Grand Slam winner will be given 3 extra points to ensure they finish top of the table.

Prior to 1994, teams equal on match points shared the championship. Since ties have been broken by considering the points difference of the teams; the rules of the championship further provide that if teams tie on both match points and points difference, the team that scored the most tries wins the championship. Were this decider to be a tie, the tying teams would share the championship. To date, match points and points difference have been sufficient to decide the championship; the team that finishes at the bottom of the league table is said to have won the Wooden Spoon, although no actual trophy is given to the team. A team that has lost all five matches is said to have been whitewashed. Since the inaugural Six Nations tournament in 2000, only England and Ireland have avoided the Wooden Spoon award. Italy are the holders of the most Wooden Spoon awards in the Six Nations era with 14, have been whitewashed nine times. However, each of the other five nations has accumulated more than that through competing in previous eras.

The winners of the Six Nations are presented with the Championship Trophy. This was conceived by the Earl of Westmorland, was first presented to the winners of the 1993 championship, France, it is a sterling silver trophy, designed by James Brent-Ward and made by a team of eight silversmiths from the London firm William Comyns. It has 15 side panels representing the 15 members of the team and with three handles to represent the three officials; the cup has a capacity of 3.75 litres – sufficient for five bottles of champagne. Within the mahogany base is a concealed drawer which contains six alternative finials, each a silver replica of one of the team emblems, which can be screwed on the detachable lid. A new trophy was introduced for the 2015 Championship; the new trophy was designed and crafted by Thomas Lyte silversmiths and replaces the 1993 edition, being retired as it represented the nations that took part in the Five Nations Championship. Ireland were the last team to win the old trophy, coincidentally, the first team to win the new one.

A team that wins all its games wins the'Grand Slam'. The Triple Crown may only be won by one of the Home Nations of England, Scotland or Wales, when one nation wins all three of their matches against the others; the Triple Crown dates back to the original Home Nations Championship, but the physical Triple Crown Trophy has been awarded only since 2006, when the Royal Bank of Scotland commissioned Hamilton & Inches to design and create a dedicated Triple Crown Trophy. It has since been won three times by Wales and twice by England. Several individual competitions take place under the umbrella of the tournament; some of these trophies are awarded for friendly matches between the two teams outside the Six Nations. As of the 2019 competition, Six Nations matches are held in the following stadia: The opening of the Aviva Stadium in May 2010 ended the arrangement with the Gaelic Athletic Association that allowed the all-Ireland governing body for rugby union, the Irish Rugby Football Union, to

History of Soria

Soria is a city located in modern-day north-central Spain. As of 2010, the municipality has a population of 39,500 inhabitants, nearly 40% of the population of the province. Bartolomé de Torres in his Topografía de la ciudad de Numancia, says that the castle of this city took its name Oria from a Greek knight called Dórico, captain of Dorians, who arrived to Soria from Achaea. From this it is deduced. However, nothing about this has been corroborated by archaeology. Other researchers defend that Soria derives from dauria or daurius, names that refer to the river Duero Just before the Roman conquest, the area of Soria was inhabited by the Arevaci and other Celtiberians. In what is now called Cerro del Castillo, was discovered an ancient settlement related to Numantia, the Arevaci city that resisted Roman conquest for a century and committed collective suicide in order to escape slavery; some experts consider. The Suebi kings, according to Tutor and Malo in their Compedio historial de las dos Numancias, established in it one of their courts.

After the Arab conquest of Spain, it grew in importance due to its proximity to the border of the Christian lands, which in the 8th century had settled along the Duero river. In 869 Soria was the centre of the rebellion of Suleyman ibn-Abus against the emir of Córdoba, who sent his son Hakan to quench it. During the 11th century it became an important and strategic enclave due to its situation near Duero and it delimited the Christian and Muslim lands with the so-called "marca del Duero" or "línea del Duero". In the early 12th century the city was conquered by Alfonso I the Battler, being absorbed into the Kingdom of León in 1134, it became the head or main population of those frontier. This reflected in the slogan "Cabeza de Extremadura" present in the coat of arms of the city. During the 12th century, Soria was an important location due to the battles between the kingdoms of León, Castile and Navarre; when Alfonso VII died, the child king Alfonso VIII was protected by the Lara family in Soria.

Alfonso VIII of Castile gave the city several privileges which it maintained until modern times as a reward for its support. It is believed that Alfonso VIII gave the city its Fuero Extenso, of great importance in the history of medieval law, and, used as a basis for the Fuero Real; the Fuero Extenso describes the medieval structure of the city between the local Nobility, the commoners and the surrounding villages. In 1195 the town was stormed by Sancho VII of Navarre, but recovered and continued to develop its splendor and trades held by a community of Jews. A big source of revenue, was the wool industry. A proof of the importance of Soria in this period is its presence among the 16 cities with right of representation in the Castilian Parliament. At the end of the 14th century, Henry II of Castile gave Soria to Bertrand Du Guesclin, as a reward for his support during the Castilian Civil War; the local population rebelled against the royal decision, Du Guescin army stormed the city. Soria lost most of its importance after the unification of Aragon and Castile in 1479, above all after the decree of exile issued against the Jews in 1492.

By 1530 the city would have between 4,000 and 5,500 inhabitants. In the War of Spanish Succession, Soria sided with Philip V. In 1808, it was set on fire by the French troops; the economic and social crisis in Spain in the early 20th century, the Spanish Civil War during Francisco Franco's dictatorship which followed, had negative effects on Soria and the surrounding area, which became depopulated due to increased emigration. The policy of the current authorities aims to strengthen the local economy pivoting on Soria's tourism potential, has launched a program of reconstruction for the neighboring villages

Grand Production

Grand Production known as ZaM or Zabava miliona, is a Serbian record label and production company predominantly focused on folk performers. The label produces the weekly television show Grand Parada, launched their own cable television channel, organize a competitive festival of pop-folk and turbo-folk music, Grand Festival, its TV shows are distributed by several TV stations: Grand Narodna Televizija, Prva Srpska Televizija, Kanal 5 and Pink BH. Since its founding in 1998, the label has produced the weekly television variety show Grand Parada, to serve as a showcase for Grand Production's artists, it aired on the Serbian network RTV Pink until 2014, when Grand launched their own cable channel, Grand Narodna Televizija, through a contract with United Group. They have a full programming schedule, air shows on Prva Srpska Televizija in Serbia and Montenegro, Televizija OBN in Bosnia and Herzegovina, on Kanal 5 in North Macedonia. Grand Narodna Televizija is available in Europe, United States and Australia.

The list of Grand Production programs: Grand Show Grand Parada Grand Stars Grand Stars Special Grand Stars – people ask Fantastic Show Grand Magazine The label organizes this competitive festival of pop-folk and turbo-folk music. Grand Festival runs over multiple evenings, in 2008 had two semi-finals with the top 12 acts from each advancing to a final show; the audience and a jury vote for the winners. Artists signed to Grand: Official website