Klamath Falls, Oregon
Klamath Falls is a city in and the county seat of Klamath County, United States. The city was originally called Linkville when George Nurse founded the town in 1867 and it was named after the Link River, on whose falls the city was sited. The name was changed to Klamath Falls in 1893, the population was 20,840 at the 2010 census. The city is on the shore of the Upper Klamath Lake. The Klamath Falls area had been inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first European settlers, the Klamath Basin became part of the Oregon Trail with the opening of the Applegate Trail. Logging was Klamath Fallss first major industry, after its founding in 1867, Klamath Falls was originally named Linkville. The name was changed to Klamath Falls in 1892–93, the name Klamath /ˈklæməθ/, may be a variation of the descriptive native for people used by the indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau to refer to the region. No evidence suggests that the name is from Klamath origin, the Klamath themselves called the region Yulalona or Iwauna, which referred to the phenomenon of the Link River flowing upstream when the south wind blew hard.
The Klamath name for the Link River white water falls was Tiwishkeni, from this Link River white water phenomenon Falls was added to Klamath in its name. In reality its best described as rather than falls. The rapids are visible a short distance below the Link River Dam, the Klamath and Modoc Indians were the first known inhabitants of the area. This led to the Modoc War of 1872−1873, which was an expensive campaign for the US Cavalry. Seventeen Indians and 83 whites were killed, the Applegate Trail, which passes through the lower Klamath area, was blazed in 1846 from west to east in an attempt to provide a safer route for emigrants on the Oregon Trail. The first non-Indian settler is considered to have been Wallace Baldwin, in 1867, George Nurse, named the small settlement Linkville, because of Link River north of Lake Ewauna. The Klamath Reclamation Project began in 1906 to drain marshland and move water to allow for agriculture, with the building of the main A Canal, water was first made available May 22,1907.
Veterans of World War I and World War II were given homesteading opportunities on the reclaimed land, in May 1945, about 30 miles east of Klamath Falls, a Japanese balloon bomb killed a woman and five children on a church outing. This is said to be the only Japanese-inflicted casualty on the US mainland during the war, timber harvesting through the use of railroad was extensive in Klamath County for the first few decades of the 20th century. With the arrival of the Southern Pacific Transportation Company in 1909, on September 20,1993, a series of earthquakes struck near Klamath Falls
Siskiyou County, California
Siskiyou County /ˈsɪskjuː/ SISS-kew is a county in the northernmost part of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 44,900, Siskiyou County is in the Shasta Cascade region along the Oregon border. Because of its outdoor recreation opportunities and Gold Rush era history, Siskiyou County was created on March 22,1852, from parts of Shasta and Klamath Counties, and named after the Siskiyou mountain range. Parts of the territory were given to Modoc County in 1855. The county is the site of the section of the Siskiyou Trail. The Siskiyou Trail followed Native American footpaths, and was extended by Hudsons Bay Company trappers in the 1830s and its length was increased by Forty-Niners during the California Gold Rush. After the discovery of an important gold strike near today’s Yreka, California in 1851 and this was described in detail by Joaquin Miller in his semi-autobiographical novel Life Amongst the Modocs. In the mid 1880s, the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad along the Siskiyou Trail brought the a first wave of tourism, Visitors were drawn by the county’s many summer resorts, and to hunt or fish in the largely untouched region.
The Southern Pacific railroad, the successor to the Central Pacific, the movement has seen a revival in recent years. The origin of the word Siskiyou is not known, others claim the Six Cailloux name was appropriated by Stephen Meek, another Hudsons Bay Company trapper who discovered Scott Valley, for a crossing on the Klamath River near Hornbrook. The County is home to the Black Bear Ranch, a commune started in 1968 with the slogan Free Land for free people, on September 4,2013, the Siskiyou County Board of Supervisors voted 4 to 1 to secede from the State of California. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 6,347 square miles. It is the fifth-largest county by area in California, the county is dotted as well with lakes and reservoirs, such as Castle Lake and Lake Siskiyou. Mount Shasta itself has a sports center. Pastoral Scott Valley in the part of the county has many wide, tree-lined meadows. Butte Valley nurseries are the source of premium strawberry plants in North America.
The county’s water is viewed as pure and abundant that the county is a source of significant amounts of bottled water. A large Crystal Geyser plant is at the base of Mt. Shasta, substantial amounts of the county are forested within the Siskiyou and Cascade Ranges, including significant oak woodland and mixed conifer forests
Humboldt County, California
Humboldt County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 134,623, Humboldt County comprises the Eureka–Arcata–Fortuna, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located on the far North Coast ~270 miles north of San Francisco, Area cities and towns are known for hundreds of ornate examples of Victorian architecture. Humboldt County is a forested mountainous, and rural county with about 110 miles of coastline situated along the Pacific coast in Northern Californias rugged Coast Ranges. Andrés de Urdaneta found the coast near Cape Mendocino followed the coast south to Acapulco in 1565, Spanish traders made unintended visits to California with the Manila Galleons on their return trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565. Humboldt County was formed in 1853 from parts of Trinity County, the first recorded entry by people of European origin was a landing by the Spanish in 1775 in Trinidad. The first recorded entry of Humboldt Bay by non-natives was an 1806 visit from a sea otter hunting party from Sitka employed by the Russian American Company, the hunting party included Captain Jonathan Winship, an American, and some Aleut hunters.
The bay was not visited again by people of European origin until 1849 when Josiah Greggs party visited, the area around Humboldt Bay was once solely inhabited by the Wiyot Indian tribe. One of the largest Wiyot villages, was located on Indian Island in Humboldt Bay, founded around 900 BC, it contains a shell midden 6 acres in size and 14 feet deep. It was the site of the February 26,1860 massacre of the Wiyot people that was recorded by Bret Harte, living in Union, between 60 and 200 Wiyot men and children were murdered that night. Tolowot is now a site and a National Historic Landmark. They were put on two steamships and shipped to San Francisco, no-one was killed in the expulsion. Another Chinese expulsion occurred during 1906 in a cannery on the Eel River, some Chinese remained in the Orleans area, where some white landowners sheltered and purchased food for the Chinese mineworkers until after racial tension passed. Chinese did not return to the cities until the 1950s. The coastal zone of the county experiences very wet, cool winters and dry, in the winter, temperatures range from highs of 40–59 °F to lows of 32–49 °F.
Coastal summers are cool to mild, with highs of 60–69 °F. Coastal summer temperatures range from highs of 64–70 °F to lows of 46–55 °F, in these locations summer highs are 70–75 °F. The coastal zone experiences a number of frosty nights in winter and early spring, though snowfall, coastal winters are cool and wet
Eel River (California)
The Eel River is a major river, about 196 miles long, of northwestern California in the United States. The river and its tributaries form the third largest watershed entirely in California, the river flows generally northward through the Coast Ranges west of the Sacramento Valley, emptying into the Pacific Ocean about 10 miles downstream from Fortuna and just south of Humboldt Bay. The river provides groundwater recharge and industrial, agricultural and municipal water supply, the Eel River system is among the most dynamic in California because of the regions unstable geology and the influence of major Pacific storms. The discharge is highly variable, average flows in January and February are over 100 times greater than in August, the river carries the highest suspended sediment load of any river of its size in the United States, in part due to the frequent landslides in the region. The river basin was populated by Native Americans before. The region remained little traveled until 1850, when Josiah Gregg, the river was named after they traded a frying pan to a group of Wiyot fishermen in exchange for a large number of Pacific lampreys, which the explorers thought were eels.
Explorers reports of the fertile and heavily timbered region attracted settlers to Humboldt Bay, starting in the late 19th century the Eel River supported a large salmon canning industry which began to decline by the 1920s due to overfishing. The Eel River basin has been a significant source of timber since the days of early settlement, the river valley was a major rail transport corridor throughout the 20th century and forms part of the route of Redwood Highway. Since the early 20th century, the Eel River has been dammed in its headwaters to provide water, via transfer, to parts of Mendocino. During the 1950s and 1960s, there was great interest in building much larger dams in the Eel River system, the Eel was granted federal Wild and Scenic River status in 1981, formally making it off limits to new dams. Nevertheless, grazing, road-building and other human activities continue to affect the watersheds ecology. The Eel River originates on the flank of 6, 740-foot Bald Mountain, in the Upper Lake Ranger District of the Mendocino National Forest in Mendocino County.
The river flows south through a canyon in Lake County before entering Lake Pillsbury. Below the dam the river flows west, re-entering Mendocino County, at the small Cape Horn Dam about 15 miles east of Willits, water is diverted from the Eel River basin through a 1-mile tunnel to the Russian River, in a scheme known as the Potter Valley Project. Below the dam the river turns north, flowing through an isolated valley, receiving Outlet Creek from the west. About 20 miles downstream, the North Fork Eel River – draining one of the most rugged, between the North and Middle Forks the Round Valley Indian Reservation lies east of the Eel River. After this confluence the Eel flows briefly through southwestern Trinity County, past Island Mountain, the river cuts from southeast to northwest across Humboldt County, past a number of small mountain communities including Fort Seward. The South Fork Eel River joins from the west, near Humboldt Redwoods State Park, below the South Fork the Eel flows through a wider agricultural valley, past Scotia and Rio Dell, before receiving the Van Duzen River from the east
Del Norte County, California
Del Norte County is a county at the far northwest corner of the U. S. state of California, along the Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Oregon border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,610, the county seat and only incorporated city is Crescent City. Del Norte was pioneered and settled by Azorean Portuguese explorers and dairy farmers, residents pronounce the county name as Del Nort, not Del Nor-tay as would be expected in Spanish. Del Norte County comprises the Crescent City, CA Micropolitan Statistical Area, the rural county is notable for forests containing giant Coast Redwoods, with some attaining heights over 350 feet. Del Norte is known among Bigfoot enthusiasts as the location of the famous Patterson–Gimlin film, the area that is now known as Del Norte was and still is inhabited by the Yurok and Tolowa Nations of indigenous peoples. The first European American to explore this land was pioneer Jedediah Smith in the mid-19th century and he was the first European American to reach the area overland on foot in a time before the European Americans knew anything about such a distant territory.
For him it was literally Lands End — where the American continent ended at the Pacific Ocean, in 1855 Congress authorized the building of a lighthouse at the battery point which is still functioning as a historical landmark. Del Norte County was established in 1857, from part of the territory of Klamath County following the great California Gold Rush, Klamath County itself ceased to exist in 1874. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,230 square miles. The mountainous terrain associated with the Coastal Range and the Klamath Mountains dominates Del Norte Countys geography, elevation ranges from sea level to over 6,400 feet. Although much of the county is made up of steep terrain, there are patches of flat terrain along the coast. There are 37 miles of coastline in the county, forming a zone that covers approximately 51,000 acres. A broad coastal plain can be found in the northwest portion of the county with the edge of the Klamath Mountains as its easterly boundary.
Rising abruptly from the plain, the Klamath Mountains extend north into Oregon and are situated between the Cascade Range to the east and the Coast Range to the north. Pelican State Beach Smith River National Recreation Area Klamath - one of the longest in California, Smith - a crown jewel of the National Wild and Scenic River program. Vegetative plant associations feature several forest types including mixed oak forest, the California endemic Blue oak, Quercus douglasii is at the northernmost part of it its range in Del Norte County. The Black Oak and Douglas-fir are found in Del Norte County, the 2010 United States Census reported that Del Norte County had a population of 28,610. The racial makeup of Del Norte County was 21,098 White,993 African American,2,244 Native American,965 Asian,32 Pacific Islander,1,980 from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,093 persons
The Klamath River flows 263 miles through Oregon and northern California in the United States, emptying into the Pacific Ocean. By average discharge, the Klamath is the second largest river in California after the Sacramento River and it drains an extensive watershed of almost 16,000 square miles that stretches from the arid country of south-central Oregon to the temperate rainforest of the Pacific coast. Unlike most rivers, the Klamath begins in the desert and flows toward the mountains – carving its way through the rugged Cascade Range. The watershed is known for this peculiar geography, and the Klamath has been called a river upside down by National Geographic magazine, the Klamath is the most important North American river south of the Columbia River for anadromous fish migration. Its salmon and rainbow trout have adapted to high water temperatures. The numerous fish were a source of food for Native Americans. Within several decades of settlement, native peoples were forced into reservations.
During the latter days of the California Gold Rush, increasing numbers of miners working the Klamath River and its tributaries. Conflict and introduced diseases left indigenous tribes with only 10% of their original population, steamboats operated briefly on the large lakes of the upper basin, contributing to the growth of towns such as Klamath Falls, before they were replaced by railroads in the late 19th century. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the basin became a productive agricultural region. In the 1960s, the Klamath River was targeted by much larger, one of these projects, the Klamath Diversion, would have reversed the entire flow of the Klamath River to supply farms and urban areas in central and southern California. Today, the Klamath is a recreational river as well as an important source of water for agriculture. It includes many of the longest free-flowing stretches of river in California, however and diversions in the upper basin have often caused water quality issues in the lower half of the river.
Environmental groups and native tribes have proposed changes to water use in the Klamath Basin. The proposal has been endorsed by the U. S. Department of the Interior but has not been authorized by the United States Congress. Upper Klamath Lake, filling a valley at the foot of the eastern slope of the southern High Cascades, is the source of the Klamath River. Its headstreams, begin over 100 miles away—as far as Crater Lake National Park, the Klamath River issues from Klamath Lake at Klamath Falls as a short 1-mile stream known as the Link River, which flows into 18-mile long Lake Ewauna, formed by Keno Dam. Below the dam the river flows west, passing the mostly dry Lower Klamath Lake bed, the Klamath River enters California, where it passes through three more hydroelectric plants and turns south near the town of Hornbrook towards Mount Shasta
Bigfoot is a simian-like creature of American folklore that is said to inhabit forests, especially in the Pacific Northwest. Bigfoot is usually described as a large, bipedal humanoid, the term sasquatch is an Anglicized derivative of the Halkomelem word sásqets. Scientists discount the existence of Bigfoot and consider it to be a combination of folklore, misidentification, occasional new reports of sightings sustain a small group of self-described investigators. Many reports of sightings are attributed to being various animals, particularly black bears, individuals claiming to have seen Bigfoot describe it as a large, muscular, bipedal ape-like creature, roughly 2–3 metres covered in hair described as black, dark brown, or dark reddish. Some descriptions include details such as eyes, a pronounced brow ridge. The top of the head has been described as rounded and crested, the creature has been reported as having a strong, unpleasant smell. The enormous footprints for which the creature is named are claimed to be as large as 24 inches long and 8 inches wide.
Some footprint casts have contained claw marks, making it likely that they came from animals, such as bears. Proponents of Bigfoots existence claim that the creature is omnivorous and mainly nocturnal, wild men stories are found among the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Ecologist Robert Pyle argues that most cultures have human-like giants in their folk history, each language had its own name for the creature featured in the local version of such legends. Many names meant something along the lines of wild man or hairy man, although other names described common actions it was said to perform, such as eating clams or shaking trees. A story told to Charles Hill-Tout by Chief Mischelle of the Nlakapamux at Lytton, British Columbia in 1898 gives another Salishan variant of the name, members of the Lummi tell tales about Tsemekwes, the local version of Bigfoot. The stories are similar to other in the general descriptions of Tsemekwes. Some regional versions contained more nefarious creatures, the stiyaha or kwi-kwiyai were a nocturnal race that children were told not to say the names of lest the monsters hear and come to carry off a person—sometimes to be killed.
In 1847, Paul Kane reported stories by the people about skoocooms. Less-menacing versions exist, such as the one recorded by Reverend Elkanah Walker, in 1840, Walker, a Protestant missionary, recorded stories of giants among the Native Americans living near present-day Spokane, Washington. The Indians said that these giants lived on and around the peaks of nearby mountains, local stories were compiled by Indian Agent J. W. Burns in a series of Canadian newspaper articles in the 1920s recounting stories told to him by the StsAiles people of Chehalis and others. The StsAiles maintain, as do other indigenous peoples of the region, according to StsAiles eyewitness accounts, the Sasquatch prefer to avoid white men, and speak the Lillooet language of the people at Port Douglas, British Columbia at the head of Harrison Lake
Modoc County, California
Modoc County is a county located in the far northeast corner of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,686, making it the third-least populous county in California. The county seat and only incorporated city is Alturas, previous county seats include Lake City and Centerville, the latter is now a ghost town. The county borders Nevada and Oregon, a large portion of Modoc County is federal land. The countys official slogans include The last best place and Where the West still lives, prior to the arrival of Europeans in the region, varying cultures of Native Americans inhabited the county for thousands of years. At the time of European encounter, the Modoc people lived in what is now northern California, near Lost River, the county was named after them. The Achumawi, and the Paiute lived in the area, to the north were the Klamath in present-day Oregon. The first European explorers to visit Modoc County were the American John C, frémont and his traveling party in 1846, who had departed from Sutters Fort near the confluence of the American and Sacramento Rivers.
The northern boundary of California, and eventually Modoc County, had established as the 42nd parallel since the time of Mexican possession. In the absence of a survey of the 120th meridian. The Territory of Utah requested jurisdiction to the summit of the Sierra Nevada, at the time, the Warner Mountains were believed to be a part of the Sierra Nevada, so this would have included Surprise Valley, but California denied the request. In 1856, the residents of Honey Lake Valley reckoned the 120th meridian to be west of their valley, placing them in Utah territory, Nataqua would have included Modoc County. Increasing traffic on the emigrant trail, unprovoked militia raids on innocent Modoc, in 1864, the Klamath and Yahooskin band of the Shoshone signed a treaty ceding lands in both Oregon and California, and the tribes were colocated on the Klamath Reservation. Harassed by the Klamath, traditional competitors, a band of Modoc led by Captain Jack returned to California, the Modoc War of 1872-73 brought nationwide attention to the Modoc during the protracted battles.
From strong defensive positions in the tubes,52 Modoc warriors held off hundreds of US Army forces. Peace talks in 1873 stalled when the Modoc wanted their own reservation in California, more Army troops were called in to lay siege to Captain Jacks Stronghold. Dissension arose, and some Modoc surrendered, finally most were captured, and those responsible for the assassinations were tried and executed. More than 150 Modoc were transported to Indian Territory as prisoners of war, the area has since been designated the Lava Beds National Monument
United States National Forest
National Forest is a classification of protected and managed federal lands in the United States. The National Forest System was created by the Land Revision Act of 1891, abbot Kinney and forester Theodore Lukens were key spokesmen for the effort. In the United States there are 155 National Forests containing almost 190 million acres of land and these lands comprise 8.5 percent of the total land area of the United States, an area about the size of Texas. Some 87 percent of National Forest land lies west of the Mississippi River in the ranges of the Western United States. Alaska has 12 percent of all National Forest lands, the U. S. Forest Service manages all of the United States National Grasslands, and around half of the United States National Recreation Areas. There are two different types of forests within the National Forest system. Those east of the Great Plains in the Midwestern and Eastern United States were primarily acquired by the government since 1891. The land had long been in the domain and sometimes repeatedly logged since colonial times.
These are mostly lands that were kept in the domain, with the exception of inholdings. Land management of these areas focuses on conservation, timber harvesting, livestock grazing, watershed protection, unlike national parks and other federal lands managed by the National Park Service, extraction of natural resources from national forests is permitted, and in many cases encouraged. National Forests are categorized by the U. S. as IUCN Category VI protected areas, the first-designated wilderness areas, and some of the largest, are on National Forest lands. There are management decision conflicts between conservationists and environmentalists, and natural resource extraction companies and lobbies, over the protection and/or use of National Forest lands, many ski resorts and summer resorts operate on leased land in National Forests
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Abies concolor, commonly known as the white fir or Colorado white-fir, is a fir native to the mountains of western North America, occurring at elevations of 900–3,400 m. It is a medium to large coniferous tree growing to 25–60 m tall. It is popular as a landscaping tree and as a Christmas tree. It is sometimes called concolor fir, the cones are 6–12 cm long and 4–4.5 cm broad, green or purple ripening pale brown, with about 100–150 scales, the scale bracts are short, and hidden in the closed cone. The winged seeds are released when the cones disintegrate at maturity about 6 months after pollination. As treated here, there are two subspecies, these are variously treated at either the lower rank of variety by some authors, or as distinct species by others. Concolor — Colorado white fir or Rocky Mountains white fir, a smaller tree to 25–35 m tall, rarely 45 m. Foliage strongly upcurved to erect on all except weak shaded shoots in the crown, leaves mostly 3. 5–6 cm. Tolerates winter temperatures down to about −40 °C, lowiana — Lows white fir or Sierra Nevada white fir.
In the United States, at altitudes of 900–2,700 m from the Cascades of central Oregon south through California to northern Baja California, a larger tree to 40–60 m tall. Tolerates winter temperatures down to about −30 °C, to the south in Mexico, it is replaced by further close relatives, Durango fir and Mexican fir. It is sometimes regarded as a pest by those in the industry, as it drives out trees of greater stature, has weaker, knottier wood than its competitors. This latter trait creates a fire ladder that allows flames to reach up to the canopy and this tree was discovered by William Lobb on his expedition to California of 1849–1853, having been overlooked previously by David Douglas. This tree is host to fir mistletoe, a parasitic plant and it is attacked by many types of insects, such as the fir engraver. White fir is a preferred construction species because of its ability, lightness in weight, and resistance to split, twist. It is straight-grained, non-resinous, fine-textured and strong, White fir is popular as a Christmas tree and for Christmas decoration owing to its soft needles, generally excellent needle retention and abundance.
It is often marketed as concolor or white fir, White fir is widely planted as an ornamental tree in parks and larger gardens, particularly some cultivars of subsp. Concolor selected for very bright blue foliage, such as cv
Trinity County, California
Trinity County is a county located in the northwestern part of the state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,786, the county seat and largest community is Weaverville. Weaverville has the distinction of housing some of Californias oldest buildings, the courthouse, built in 1856, is the second oldest in the state, and the Weaverville Drug Store has been filling prescriptions since 1852. The Joss House is an historic Taoist temple built in 1873, Trinity County is rugged, heavily forested, and lies along the Trinity River within the Salmon and Klamath Mountains. The county has no lights, no freeways, no parking meters. It did not have a store or restaurant until 1999, Burger King, Movie Gallery, Longs Drugs. The county takes its name from the Trinity River, named in 1845 by Major Pierson B, who was under the mistaken impression that the river emptied into Trinidad Bay. Trinity is the English translation of Trinidad, Trinity County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood.
Parts of the county were given to Klamath County in 1852, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,208 square miles, of which 3,179 square miles is land and 28 square miles is water. The county contains a significant portion of Shasta-Trinity National Forest, home to the Trinity Alps, the county hosts many visitors, especially during summer months, for camping and fishing. The summers tend to be clear, sunny and very dry, the winters tend to have copious precipitation, falling mostly as rain under 1000m/3300 ft in the valley bottoms, and mostly as snow over 1000m/3300 ft on the mountainsides. December and February are the wettest, there is an extensive wild river and stream system, and the terrain is quite rugged and forested, with the highest points at around 9,000 ft. The Klamath Mountains occupy the vast portion of the county, before 2008, the last Democrat to win in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976. However, in 2008, Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican candidate John McCain by a four percent margin, in 2012, the county narrowly voted Republican.
Voter registration reflects this trend with Democratic and Republican registration in a dead heat. It was Perots best performance in the state in 1996, Trinity County is in Californias 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. In the state legislature Trinity is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, on November 2,2010 Trinity county voted against Proposition 19 which would have taxed and regulated marijuana. State Route 3 State Route 36 State Route 299 Trinity Transit provides weekday intercity bus service on State Routes 3 and 299, with connecting service in Willow Creek, service is provided from Weaverville to Lewiston and Hayfork