Tribeca /traɪˈbɛkə/, originally written as TriBeCa, is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City. Its name is an abbreviation from Triangle Below Canal Street. The triangle, or more accurately, a trapezoid, is bounded by Canal Street, West Street, the neighborhood is home to the Tribeca Film Festival. The Tribeca name came to be applied to the south of Canal Street. Lispenard Street, east–west as is Canal, is two blocks long and creates the first block south of Canal from West Broadway to Broadway. The Canal–Lispenard block that runs from Church Street to Broadway is wide at Church Street but is narrower at Broadway, thus, it appears somewhat triangular on City maps, unlike a rectangle as most city blocks are depicted. The Lispenard Street residents decided to name their group the Triangle Below Canal Block Association, once the “newspaper of record” began referring to the neighborhood as Tribeca, it stuck. This was related by former resident and councilmember for the area, Kathryn Freed, the area was among the first residential neighborhoods developed in New York beyond the boundaries of the city during colonial times, with residential development beginning in the late 18th century.
Several streets in the area are named after Anthony Lispenard Bleecker, Lispenard Street, as well as Bleecker Street in NoHo, are named for similar reasons. By the mid-19th century the area transformed into a center, with large numbers of store. The area was served by the IRT Ninth Avenue Line. However, by the 1960s, Tribecas industrial base had all but vanished, since the 1980s, large scale conversion of the area has transformed Tribeca into an upscale residential area. For 15 years, the annual walking tour through artist studios in Tribeca has allowed people to get a unique glimpse into the lives of Tribecas best creative talent. Tribeca suffered both physically and financially after the September 11,2001 terrorist attacks, but government grants, the Tribeca Film Festival was established to help contribute to the long-term recovery of lower Manhattan after 9/11. The festival celebrates New York City as a filmmaking center. The mission of the festival is to enable the international film community.
Tribeca is a filming location for movies and television shows. By the early 21st century, Tribeca became one of Manhattans most fashionable and desirable neighborhoods, in 2006, Forbes magazine ranked its 10013 zip code as New York Citys most expensive
Ladies' Mile Historic District
The Ladies Mile Historic District was a prime shopping district in Manhattan, New York City at the end of the 19th century, serving the well-to-do carriage trade of the city. Community groups such as the Drive to Protect the Ladies Mile District, the Ladies Mile Historic District contains mostly multi-story store and loft buildings. These buildings became common after 1899 when laws prohibited combined home, between the Civil War and World War I, the district was the location of some of New Yorks most famous department stores and upscale retailers, including B. Arnold Constable, Bergdorf Goodman, Gorham Silver, W. & J. Sloane, Lord & Taylor, the Ladies Mile boasted upscale restaurants and publishers, offices and showrooms for piano manufacturers, such as in the Sohmer Piano Building. Performance venues in the district included the Academy of Music and Steinway Hall, all of these attractions brought the rich and celebrities to the area, especially since the safety of the district allowed women to shop without male companions to accompany them.
Ethel Barrymore, Isabella Stewart Gardner, Lilly Langtry and Lillian Russell were among those who might be found in the opulent shopping district at its zenith, residents of the area included Horace Greeley, Washington Irving, Samuel F. B. Morse, Emily Post, Edith Wharton and various members of the Roosevelt family, when the district became more commercialized and less elite, many of the well-known residents moved uptown, and the upscale department stores and shops followed them. By the time that World War I was over, most of the buildings had been converted into warehouses, and lofts for manufacturers, as well as some residences. Stores currently in the district include Bed, Bath & Beyond, Burlington Coat Factory, The Container Store, Old Navy, Sports Authority and Trader Joes. Church of the Holy Communion,49 West 20th Street,1846 Arnold Constable Building, 881-887 Broadway, 1868-77 B. Altman Dry Goods Store,621 6th Avenue, c
IRT Sixth Avenue Line
The IRT Sixth Avenue Line, often called the Sixth Avenue Elevated or Sixth Avenue El, was the second elevated railway in Manhattan in New York City, following the Ninth Avenue Elevated. The line ran south of Central Park, mainly along Sixth Avenue, beyond the park, trains continued north on the Ninth Avenue Line. The elevated line was constructed during the 1870s by the Gilbert Elevated Railway, the following year, ownership passed to the Manhattan Railway Company, which controlled the other elevated railways in Manhattan. In 1881, the line was connected to the largely rebuilt Ninth Avenue Elevated, it was joined in the south at Morris Street, and in the north by a connecting link running across 53rd Street. As of 1934, the services were being operated, - 6th Avenue Local - South Ferry to 155th Street all hours. - 6th Avenue Express - Rector Street to Burnside Avenue via Jerome Avenue Line - weekday and Saturday peak hours, trains ran express on Ninth Avenue southbound in the morning and northbound in the evening, and made all stops in the reverse direction.
As with all elevated railways, the Sixth Avenue El made life difficult for those nearby and it was noisy, it made buildings shake, and in early years it bombarded pedestrians underneath with dropping ash and cinders. Eventually, a coalition of commercial establishments and building owners along Sixth Avenue campaigned to have the El removed, on the grounds that it was depressing business, the footings for the El were rediscovered in the early 1990s during a Sixth Avenue renovation project. When the El was taken down, concern was expressed that scrap metal from the demolition would reach the Japanese and it was widely believed during World War II that some of this metal was being used in armaments against Americans. That notion became the ironic suggestion within the lines of E. E. Cummingss 1944 poem plato told, twenty thousand tons of scrap metal from the El was sold to a dealer on the west coast who was in the export business. At a meeting of the New York City Board of Estimate in 1942, Stanley M.
Isaacs, the Manhattan Borough President, denied that steel from the El was sold to Japan. Isaacs said that when the contract was drafted in 1938. Isaacs said that the contractor was prohibited from exporting the steel from the El, reports of the supposed sale of the scrap to Japan persisted. The attorney said that none of the steel from the El reached Japan directly or indirectly, the Encyclopedia of New York City, Elevated Railways, Yale University Press,1995. Nycsubway. org - The 6th Avenue El 1920 track map
Lenox Avenue – named Malcolm X Boulevard, both names are officially recognized – is the primary north–south route through Harlem in the upper portion of the New York City borough of Manhattan. This two-way street runs from Farmers Gate at Central Park North to 147th Street and its traffic is figuratively described as Harlems heartbeat by Langston Hughes in his poem Juke Box Love Song. The IRT Lenox Avenue Line runs under the length of the street. From 119th Street to 123rd Street, Lenox Avenue is part of the Mount Morris Park Historic District, originally a part of Sixth Avenue, it was renamed in late 1887 for philanthropist James Lenox. In 1987, it was co-named Malcolm X Boulevard, in honor of the civil rights leader. The avenue was the heart of Harlem during the Harlem Renaissance in the 1930s, the street brought together African Americans, British West Indians, and Spaniards who developed relationships over common interests such as jazz and food. In 1932, Harlem was so firmly established as the capital of jazz.
Jazz flourished and grew like it could have in no other time and you might have had 15 great clubs on one block, all going at once, said the trombonist and bandleader Wycliffe Gordon. Imagine going into a joint to check out Willie The Lion Smith, Lenox Avenue is thought by some to be one of the most important streets in the world for African American culture. The Savoy Ballroom was located between 140th and 141st Streets on Lenox Avenue, other historical venues of Lenox Avenue are Sylvias Restaurant, located between 126th and 127th, and the Lenox Lounge, located between 124th and 125th. The corner of Lenox Avenue and 125th Street is mentioned in the song When the Revolution Comes by The Last Poets on their self-titled album, small Talk at 125th and Lenox is an album by Gil Scott-Heron. Lenox Avenue Breakdown is an album by alto saxophonist Arthur Blythe. Columbia Records released the album in 1979, in The Fire Next Time, James Baldwin refers to Lenox Avenue simply as The Avenue. Lenox Avenue, Midnight, a poem by Langston Hughes, is set on Lenox Avenue.
The avenue is mentioned in his Juke Box Love Song and Consider Me, the avenue is featured in the first verse of the original Irving Berlin lyrics of Puttin on the Ritz. The song refers to the fad of poor but flashily dressed black Harlemites parading up and down Lenox Avenue. In the title track of his debut record Lifestylez ov da Poor & Dangerous, Big L raps about 139th Street, there is a web series on YouTube called Lenox Avenue starring Al Thompson, who created and produced the series. The street signs are heavily featured in the titles of the 2016 Netflix series Luke Cage
The Holland Tunnel is a highway tunnel under the Hudson River between Manhattan in New York City and Jersey City, New Jersey. Its two tubes carry eastbound and westbound Interstate 78, in New Jersey, it is designated NJ139. An integral conduit within the New York Metropolitan Area, it opened in 1927 as the first of two tunnels under the river, the other being the Lincoln Tunnel. Both are operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the tunnel was originally known as the Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel or the Canal Street Tunnel. It was renamed the Holland Tunnel in memory of Clifford Milburn Holland, the innovative ventilation system was designed by Ole Singstad, who oversaw completion of tunnels construction. Begun in 1920 and completed in 1927, the tunnel is named after Clifford Milburn Holland, Chief Engineer on the project, Tunnel designer Ole Singstad finished Hollands work. The tunnel is the first mechanically ventilated underwater tunnel in the world. Eighty-four fans, in four buildings, create a floor to ceiling air flow across the roadway at regular intervals, via systems of ducts beneath.
The fans can completely change the air inside the tunnel every 90 seconds, the tunnel consists of a pair of tubes, each providing two lanes in a 20-foot roadway width with 12.5 feet of headroom. The north tube is 8,558 feet from end to end, both tubes are situated in the bedrock beneath the river, with the lowest point of the roadway being about 93 feet below mean high water. The tunnel was used by 34,698,000 vehicles in 2007, according to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the bi-state government agency that owns and operates the Holland Tunnel. That is slightly less than the 34,729,385 vehicles seen in 2006, the tunnel was designated a National Historic Civil and Mechanical Engineering Landmark in 1982 and a National Historic Landmark in 1993. The approach to the Holland Tunnel in Jersey City begins where the Lower Level of NJ139 and the Newark Bay Extension meet. On May 6,1936, the section of what became NJ 139/I-78 between Jersey Avenue and Marin Boulevard was named in memory of John F.
Boyle, the former interstate tunnel commissioner. Boyle Plaza is the segment of I-78 and NJ139 that has stoplights, as it runs concurrent with 12th Street. The nine-lane toll plaza is equipped with E-ZPass, renovations to the rotary, which included adding a fifth exit, were completed in 2004. In 2013, the Hudson Square Connection, the improvement district for the area. Bounded by Hudson and Watts Streets, Freeman Plaza West is named after Milton Freeman and it features umbrellas, bistro tables and chairs, and tree plantings
New York City Department of Transportation
The New York City Department of Transportation is the agency of the government of New York City responsible for the management of much of New York Citys transportation infrastructure. Polly Trottenberg is the current Commissioner of the Department of Transportation, the Department of Transportations responsibilities include day-to-day maintenance of the citys streets, highways and sidewalks. The Department of Transportation is responsible for installing and maintaining the citys street signs, traffic signals, DOT supervises street resurfacing, pothole repair, parking meter installation and maintenance, and the management of a municipal parking facilities. DOT operates the Staten Island Ferry, DOT is responsible for oversight of transportation-related issues, such as authorizing jitney van services and permits for street construction. DOT advocates for safety issues, including promotion of pedestrian. Its regulations are compiled in title 34 of the New York City Rules, the agencys portfolio includes most of the East River and Harlem River bridges, as well as smaller bridges throughout the city.
Other agencies that operate road bridges in New York include the MTA, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the New York State DOT
IND Eighth Avenue Line
The IND Eighth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line in New York City, United States, and is part of the B Division of the New York City Subway. Opened in 1932, it was the first line of the Independent Subway System, most of the line has four tracks, with one local and one express track in each direction, except for the extreme north and south ends, where only the two express tracks continue. The line is signaled as Line A, with tracks A1, A3, A4, and A2 from west to east, running from approximately 800 at the south end to 1540 at the north end. The line runs from 207th Street in Inwood south to an interlocking south of High Street in Brooklyn Heights, including large sections under St. Nicholas Avenue, Central Park West, and Eighth Avenue. The entire length is underground, though the 207th Street Yard, flying junctions are provided with the IND Concourse Line, IND Sixth Avenue Line, and IND Queens Boulevard Line. Between 59th Street–Columbus Circle and 145th Street, the line can be called the Central Park West Line, the whole line is served at all times by the A train, which runs express except during late nights.
The C provides local service south of 168th Street while the A runs express, the following services use part or all of the Eighth Avenue Line. The trunk lines bullets are colored blue, The Eighth Avenue begins as a two-track subway under Broadway at 207th Street in Inwood. A flying junction just to the south brings two tracks from the 207th Street Yard between the tracks, merging after Dyckman Street. The subway leaves Broadway to pass under Fort Tryon Park to the end of Fort Washington Avenue. The small 174th Street Yard lies under Broadway, with two tracks exiting to the south under that roadway, when the lower level was added in 1962, it instead carried a roadway. The two main tracks from Fort Washington Avenue enter Broadway near 171st Street, running underneath the tracks in a double-decker tunnel. A few blocks later, the tracks separate to straddle the yard tracks at 168th Street. The local/express split begins here, with the tracks coming from the yard. Contrary to standard practice, the two tracks are in the center and the two express tracks are on the outside.
Except during late nights, the service ends at 168th Street, reversing direction on the yard tracks. South of 168th Street, the express tracks lower below the tracks, forming another double-decker tunnel. North of 145th Street, the tracks rise into the center
Seventh Avenue (Manhattan)
Seventh Avenue – known as Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard north of Central Park – is a thoroughfare on the West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. It is southbound below Central Park and a street north of the park. Seventh Avenue originates in the West Village at Clarkson Street, where Varick Street becomes Seventh Avenue South and it is interrupted by Central Park from 59th to 110th Street. Artisans Gate is the 59th Street exit from Central Park to Seventh Avenue, north of Warriors Gate at the north end of the Park, the avenue carries traffic in both directions through Harlem, where it is called Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard. Addresses continue as if the street was continuous through Central Park, the road has two northern termini, an upper level terminates at the western end of the Macombs Dam Bridge, traveling over the Harlem River, where Jerome Avenue commences in the Bronx. A lower level continues a bit north and curves into the lower level of West 155th Street. Seventh Avenue was originally out in the Commissioners Plan of 1811.
The southern terminus of Seventh Avenue was Eleventh Street in Greenwich Village through the part of the 20th Century. It was extended southward, as Seventh Avenue South, to link up with Varick Street in 1914, extension of the avenue allowed better vehicular connections between midtown Manhattan and the commercial district in what is now TriBeCa. It permitted construction of the New York City Subway IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line which opened in 1918, the extension had been urged by civic groups to meet the commercial needs of Greenwich Village. A significant number of old buildings were marked for demolition in the extension, most of Seventh Avenue has carried traffic one-way southbound since June 6,1954. The portion north of Times Square carried two-way traffic until March 10,1957, Seventh Avenue is served by the 123 trains for most of its length, with N Q R W service between 42nd Street and Central Park South. The Seventh Avenue station serves the B D E trains, north of the park, Powell Boulevard is served by the 155th Street station on the B D trains.
It is served by local buses. South of 14th Street Seventh Avenue is a thoroughfare in the West Village. The now defunct Saint Vincents Catholic Medical Center was a downtown hospital on Seventh Avenue. The first, temporary signs designating the section of Seventh Avenue as Fashion Avenue were dual-posted in 1972, Seventh Avenue intersects with Broadway and with 42nd Street at Times Square, with multiple buildings at the intersections. Notable buildings on Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard, from Central Park north through Harlem, state Office Building Hotel Theresa Seventh Avenue is frequently mentioned in films and books
The streets name is pronounced HOW-stən, unlike the city of Houston in Texas, which is pronounced HYOO-stən. This is because the street was named for William Houstoun, whereas the city was named for Sam Houston, at its east end, Houston Street meets FDR Drive in an interchange at East River Park. West of FDR Drive it intersects with Avenue D, further west, other streets, including First Avenue, the Bowery, Lafayette Street and Broadway, intersect Houston Street. The Broadway intersection is the point between East Houston Street and West Houston Street. Sixth Avenue intersects Houston Street at a curve in the road in Greenwich Village, East of Sixth Avenue, Houston street is bidirectional and separated by a median, west of Sixth, the street is narrower and unidirectional westbound. West Houston Street terminates at an intersection with West Street near Pier 40 on the Hudson River, Houston Street is named for William Houstoun, who was a delegate from State of Georgia to the Continental Congress from 1784 through 1786 and to the Constitutional Convention in 1787.
The street was christened by Nicholas Bayard III, whose daughter, the couple met while Houstoun, a member of an ancient and aristocratic Scottish family, was serving in the Congress. In those years, the Texas hero Sam Houston, for whom the street is sometimes said to have been named, was an unknown teenager in Tennessee. Also mistaken is the explanation that the name derives from the Dutch words huis for house and it came to be regarded as the Villages southern boundary. In 1891, Nikola Tesla established his Houston Street laboratory, much of Teslas research was lost in an 1895 fire. The street, originally narrow, was widened from Sixth Avenue to Essex Street in the early 1930s during construction of the Independent Subway Systems Sixth Avenue Line. The street widening involved demolition of buildings on both sides of the street, resulting in small, empty lots. Although some of these lots have been redeveloped, many of them are now used by vendors, a reconstruction project has been rebuilding parts of the street since 2005, it is nearly complete as of 2014.
As of 2010, Houston Street is served by the M21 New York City Bus route from the FDR Drive to Washington Street, the bus route itself had replaced an earlier streetcar line, which is now the M9 from Avenues A to C. Additionally, there is a station at Seventh Avenue, for the Houston Street, the Bleecker Street station has station entrances on the north side of Houston Street, due to its connection with the Broadway – Lafayette Street station as part of a larger station complex. Exit 5 on the FDR Drive is on Houston Street, the street connects directly with West Street and the West Side Highway, however, by then, Houston Street is westbound-only. The New York Times, October 17,2004, forgotten New York - Street Scenes. Media related to Houston Street at Wikimedia Commons
The areas history is an archetypal example of inner-city regeneration and gentrification, encompassing socioeconomic, cultural and architectural developments. The name SoHo refers to the area being South of Houston Street, and was a reference to Soho and it was coined by Chester Rapkin, an urban planner and author of The South Houston Industrial Area study, known as the Rapkin Report. It consists of 26 blocks and approximately 500 buildings, many of them incorporating cast-iron architectural elements, many side streets in the district are paved with Belgian blocks. SoHo is bounded by Houston Street on the side, Canal Street on the south, Crosby Street on the east. The AIA Guide to New York City gives the western boundary of SoHo north of Broome Street as West Broadway. The AIA Guide calls that neighborhood An intersection of brick and glass, searching for an identity, the SoHo-Cast Iron Historic District is contained within the zoned SoHo neighborhood. The boundary lines are not straight, and some block-fronts on West Broadway and this land was acquired in the 1660s by Augustine Hermann, and passed to his brother-in-law, Nicholas Bayard.
The estate was confiscated by the state as a result of Bayards part in Leislers Rebellion, in the 18th century natural barriers – streams and hills – impeded the growth of the city northward into the Bayard estate, and the area maintained its rural character. During the American Revolution, the area was the location of fortifications, redoubts. A canal was built to drain the pond into the Hudson, once Broadway was paved and sidewalks were built there and along Canal Street, more people began to make their homes there, joining earlier arrivals such as James Fennimore Cooper. This dramatic shift in the nature of the continued to drive out residents. This phase came to an end by the close of the 19th century, and as the center of the city continued to move uptown, after World War II, the textile industry largely moved to the South, leaving many large buildings in the district unoccupied. In some buildings they were replaced by warehouses and printing plants, by the 1950s, the area had become known as Hells Hundred Acres, an industrial wasteland, full of sweatshops and small factories in the daytime, but empty at night.
SoHo boasts the greatest collection of architecture in the world. Approximately 250 cast-iron buildings stand in New York City and the majority of them are in SoHo, cast iron was initially used as a decorative front over a pre-existing building. With the addition of modern, decorative facades, older buildings were able to attract new commercial clients. Most of these facades were constructed during the period from 1840 to 1880, in addition to revitalizing older structures, buildings in SoHo were designed to feature the cast iron. An American architectural innovation, cast iron was cheaper to use for facades than materials such as stone or brick, molds of ornamentation, prefabricated in foundries, were used interchangeably for many buildings, and a broken piece could be easily recast
Varick Street runs north-south primarily in the Hudson Square district of Lower Manhattan in New York City. Varick Streets northern terminus is in the West Village, where it is a continuation of Seventh Avenue South south of Clarkson Street and it continues downtown through Hudson Square and TriBeCa until it reaches Leonard Street, where it merges with West Broadway. Major east-west streets crossed include Houston Street and Canal Street, approaching Broome Street, the two rightmost lanes of Varick Street are reserved for traffic entering the Holland Tunnel, where backups often occur at rush hour. Varick Street is named for Richard Varick, an early New York lawmaker and the mayor of New York City from 1789 to 1801, Varick Street was widened during the southward extension of Seventh Avenue in 1917. The downtown M20 bus route runs the length of Varick Street. Additionally, the crosstown M21 bus intersects Varick Street at Houston Street in the westbound direction, the Houston Street, Canal Street, and Franklin Street subway stations on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line are located under Varick Street.
In 1853, Heinrich Englehard Steinweg founded the first American Steinway & Sons factory in a loft at the back of 85 Varick Street, at the intersection with North Moore Street stands the FDNY firestation of Hook & Ladder Company 8, known from the Ghostbusters films. Notes 7th Avenue With Varick Street, A New York Songline – virtual walking tour