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Sketch comedy

Sketch comedy comprises a series of short scenes or vignettes, called "sketches" between one and ten minutes long. Such sketches are performed by a group of comic actors or comedians, either on stage or through an audio or visual medium such as radio and television. Sketches are first improvised by the actors and sketched down based on the outcome of these improv sessions. An individual comedy sketch is a brief scene or vignette of the type used in vaudeville, now used in comedy and variety shows, talk shows and some children's television series. Warner Bros. Animation made two sketch comedy shows, including Right Now Kapow. Sketch comedians differentiate their product from a "skit", maintaining that a skit is a dramatized joke while a sketch is a comedic exploration of a concept, character or situation. Sketch comedy has its origins in vaudeville and music hall, where many brief, but humorous, acts were strung together to form a larger programme. In Britain, it moved to stage performances by Cambridge Footlights, such as Beyond the Fringe and A Clump of Plinths, to radio, with such shows as It's That Man Again and I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again to television, with such shows as Not Only...

But Also, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Not the Nine O'Clock News, A Bit of Fry and Laurie. In Mexico, the series Los Supergenios de la Mesa Cuadrada, created by Mexican comedian Roberto Gómez Bolaños under the stage name Chespirito, was broadcast between 1968 and 1973, creating such famous characters as El Chavo del Ocho and El Chapulín Colorado and others including Los Caquitos, Dr Chapatín and Los Chifladitos. While separate sketches have tended to be unrelated, more recent groups have introduced overarching themes that connect the sketches within a particular show with recurring characters that return for more than one appearance. Examples of recurring characters include Mr. Gumby from Monty Python's Flying Circus; the idea of running characters was taken a stage further with shows like The Red Green Show and The League of Gentlemen, where sketches centered on the various inhabitants of the fictional towns of Possum Lake and Royston Vasey, respectively. In Little Britain, sketches focused on a cast of recurring characters, including Vicky Pollard, Marjorie Dawes and Lou and Andy.

In North America, contemporary sketch comedy is an outgrowth of the improvisational comedy scene that flourished during the 1970s growing out of The Second City in Chicago and Toronto. Notable contemporary American stage sketch comedy groups include The Second City, the Upright Citizens Brigade, The Groundlings and the cast of Saturday Night Live; such sketches made during the 1970s and 1980s were If You Don't Stop It... You'll Go Blind and the sequel Can I Do It...'Til I Need Glasses?, The Groove Tube, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex*, The Kentucky Fried Movie and its sequel Amazon Women on the Moon, Monty Python's And Now for Something Completely Different and The Meaning of Life. Other sketch films in years were The Underground Comedy Movie and its sequel InAPPropriate Comedy and Movie 43. Many of the sketch comedy revues in Britain included seasons at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. Since 1999, the growing sketch comedy scene has precipitated the development of sketch comedy festivals in cities all around North America, including festivals in Boston, Kansas City, Los Angeles, New York City, Portland, San Francisco, Toronto and Philadelphia.

British Comedy Awards List of sketch comedy groups Nininbaori Saturday Night Live TV show sketches

1860 in Wales

This article is about the particular significance of the year 1860 to Wales and its people. Prince of Wales — Albert Edward Princess of Wales — vacant 28 February — A paddle steamer, Nimrod, is wrecked off St David's Head, 45 people are killed. 1 March — First section of Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway opens to a station in Carmarthen. 7 March — HMS Howe, the Royal Navy’s last and fastest wooden first-rate three-decker ship of the line, is launched at Pembroke Dockyard but never completed for sea service. 1 May — First section of Oswestry and Newtown Railway opens from Oswestry to Pool Quay. These lines have been built by David Davies Llandinam and Thomas Savin but on 29 October Davies dissolves their partnership. 23 August — Consecration of Marble Church, Bodelwyddan. 24 November - A statue of Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey is added to the column built in his honour by Thomas Harrison earlier in the century. 1 December — The sixth underground explosion in the Risca Black Vein Pit at Crosskeys in the Sirhowy Valley of Monmouthshire kills 142 coal miners.

Four gun batteries are installed on Flat Holm. Discovery of Gwynfynydd Gold Mine gold mine at Dolgellau. Founding of the Danygraig Copperworks; the Big Pit at Blaenavon begins producing coal. Nixon's Navigation Colliery at Mountain Ash opened. A mosque is founded in Cardiff Bay. Excavation of Holyhead Mountain Hut Circles; the Beaufort Tinplate Works is set up on the River Tawe by 1st Baron Glantawe. Approx. Date — Llanfairpwllgwyngyll on Anglesey adopts the long form of its name. At the Denbigh eisteddfod, a decision is made to launch a national eisteddfod. An eisteddfod is held at New York. John Ceiriog Hughes — Oriau'r Hwyr Thomas Phillips — The Welsh Revival: Its Origin and Development William Rowlands — Dammeg y Mab Afradlon John Owen — Gems of Welsh Melody The first bowls club in Wales is founded at Abergavenny. Oswestry Town F. C. is founded. 21 February – Sir William Goscombe John, sculptor 25 March – Jack Powell, footballer (died 1947 29 March – Edward Peake, Wales international rugby union player 14 April – Howell Elvet Lewis and archdruid 19 April – William Penfro Rowlands, composer 12 May – Sir John Ballinger, librarian 24 May – Sir Ellis Ellis-Griffith and politician 6 June – Sir Herbert Williams-Wynn, 7th Baronet 30 July – Richard Summers, Wales rugby union international 6 September – George Florance Irby, 6th Baron Boston and scientist 25 September – Thomas Francis Roberts, academic 31 December – Horace Lyne, Wales international rugby player and WRU president date unknown James Colton, anarchist Sir William Price 26 January – Thomas Wood, politician, 82 21 March – John Lloyd Davies, politician 4 May – William Ormsby-Gore, politician, 81 1 July – Robert Thomas and newspaper proprietor who settled in Australia, 78 17 July – Beti Cadwaladr, Crimea nurse, 71 31 August – John Parker and artist, 61 13 November – David Dale Owen, geologist in the USA, 53 27 November – Richard Richards, politician, 73

Marella Salamat

Marella Vania Salamat is a Filipina road cycling racer and former bowler. Salamat attended the University of the East, she decided to halt her studies on her second year to give more focus on her cycling career. She resumed her bid to obtain a degree and began taking an online marketing course by the Southville International Colleges. Salamat is a former bowling athlete who shifted to competitive cycling in 2013, she was scouted by national cycling coach Cesar Lobramonte in 2013 when she was biking with Edward Coo and Orlyn Batistin, her bowling coaches, at the Mall of Asia grounds as part of her cross training. Lobramonte encouraged her to shift to the sport, she won a gold medal at the 2015 Southeast Asian Games at the women's individual time trial event. At the 2016 World University Cycling Championship, Salamat won a bronze medal at the women's road race event. Salamat placed eight at the nine-legged 2017 Biwase Cup Tour of Vietnam while in the team classification event she led the Philippines to a seventh-place finish