Skibbereen is a town in County Cork, Ireland. It is located in West Cork on the N71 national secondary road; the name "Skibbereen" means "little boat harbour". The River Ilen runs through the town; as of the Census of Ireland 2011, the population of the town was 2,568. Skibbereen is in the Cork South-West constituency. Prior to 1600, most of the land in the area belonged to the native MacCarthy Reagh dynasty - today McCarthy remains the town's most common surname; the town charter dates back to 1657 and a copy can be seen in the town council chambers. In 1631, Skibbereen received an influx of refugees fleeing from the Sack of Baltimore; the "Phoenix Society" was a precursor to the Fenian movement. A statue, the'Maid of Erin' erected in 1904, sits on top of a memorial to commemorate four failed uprisings against British rule, the dates of which are engraved on each side of the plinth: 1798, 1803, 1848, 1867. Skibbereen was once a stop on the West Cork Railway, which scheduled trains from West Cork to Cork City.
The construction of the railways took place between 1851 and 1893 and by 1961, all West Cork railway lines were closed. The original railway bridge is still visible by the West Cork Hotel; the region around Skibbereen experienced a significant famine in the years 1845–52, a time referred to as The Great Hunger or Great Famine. The Skibbereen Heritage Centre estimates that 8,000 to 10,000 victims of the Famine are buried in the famine burial pits of Abbeystrewery cemetery close to the town. While there is some question on the accuracy of census data from the famine era, records indicate a drop of population from 58,335 in 1841 to 32,412 in 1861. Skibbereen is the name of a song about the Famine, the impact it and the British Government had on the people of Ireland; the song, known as Dear Old Skibbereen, takes the form of a conversation between a father and a son, in which the son asks his father why he fled the land he loved so well. A permanent exhibition to commemorate the memory of the victims of the Great Famine is sited at the Skibbereen Heritage Centre.
Skibbereen was the focal point of Ireland's first National Famine Memorial Day on 17 May 2009. The town was selected; the National Famine Commemoration Committee agreed that the centrepiece of the memorial day would rotate between the Four Provinces on an annual basis. The Skibbereen Eagle, a newspaper founded in 1857 was unusual in having an international perspective. For example, it published an editorial that "told Lord Palmerston that it had'got its eye both upon him and on the Emperor of Russia'." And a 1914 article said "We give this solemn warning to Kaiser Wilhelm: The Skibbereen Eagle has its eye on you." This newspaper was superseded by the Southern Star, founded in 1889. Its first editor was D. D. Sheehan and Michael Collins was among its shareholders. O'Donovan Rossa GAA is the local Gaelic Athletic Association club; the local secondary school St. Fachtna's was a finalist in 1982 and a winner in 1991 of the Hogan Cup for Gaelic football. Skibereen Rowing Club is situated on the outskirts of the town, is one of the most successful clubs in Ireland.
Club members Paul and Gary O'Donovan won silver at the 2016 summer Olympics in the men's lightweight double sculls, the first Olympic medal won by Irish rowers. A. F. C. Skibbereen is the local association football club, with other sports clubs including Skibbereen Golf Club, Skibbereen Rugby Club, Skibbereen Athletics Club. There are four primary schools located in the town, including Abbeystrewry National School, Gaelscoil Dr O'Suilleabhain, St. Patrick's Primary School, Scoil Naomh Seosamh Up until 2016, there were three secondary schools, including Rossa College, St Fachtna's de la Salle, Mercy Heights; as of September 2016, the three secondary schools have merged into one school called Skibbereen Community School. As of the 2016 census, in terms of ethnicity, the Skibbereen Urban and Skibbereen Rural electoral divisions were 75.6% white Irish, 18.8% other white ethnicities, 0.6% black, 1.2% Asian, 1% of other ethnicity, 2.9% with no stated ethnicity. As of 2016, 5.4% of Skibbereen's urban population identified with a UK nationality, compared to an average of 2.6% for the county as a whole.
In terms of religion, the 2011 census returns recorded the population as being 79% Catholic, 11.5% other stated religion, 7% with no religion, 1.5% not stated. Marian Barry, Irish trade unionist Agnes Mary Clerke and writer was born in Skibbereen Seamus Davis and member of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences was born at Skibbereen Tony Davis, former Gaelic footballer and analyst for RTÉ's The Sunday Game Canon James Goodman and collector of Irish folk music Jeremy Irons, the English actor, has long maintained a fishing cottage in Skibbereen Percy Ludgate, designer of an analytical engine was born in Skibbereen Kieron Moore, actor Gary O'Donovan, Olympic silver medallist Paul O'Donovan, Olympic silver medallist Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, worked in Skibbereen David Puttnam, film producer Jasper Wolfe, Teachta Dála and solicitor Don Wycherley, actor The Skibbereen Arts Festival occurs annually, taking place at the end of July and including community based projects as well as a mix of national and international films, visual art and music acts.
The Carbery Show takes place on t
Francesco the "Florentine" was an Italian renaissance architect and sculptor from Florence, Italy. His date of birth is unknown, he died 16 October 1516 in Kraków. This Italian architect was the earliest representative of renaissance in Poland. There is no information about his work before he came to Poland, he appeared for the first time in Poland, Kraków in February 1502 for Prince Zygmunt's request. Zygmunt I Stary was the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania and was the main promoter of renaissance style in Poland. Prince Zygmunt offered him one-year service with 100 florins salary. Fiorentine arrived with prince Zygmunt from Hungary. From February, 1502 Francesco lived and worked in Kraków, Poland with exceptions for journeys to Buda, Hungary in 1507 and 1510. Prince Zygmunt arrived from Hungary not only with Franscesco Fiorentino, but with whole architectural-sculptural team composed from Florentines people. Prince set up a studio near to his residence, led by Fiorentine; the first work he undertook was rebuilding two wings of Wawel Castle, burned in 1500.
At first he worked on the Western wing called ‘Queen’s House’, intended for Elżbieta's home – prince Zygmunt's mother. It was the first stage of rebuilding in renaissance style of this residence. Remainder of this rebuilding are reliefly frames of windows on the second level from courtyard side. One of this reliefly frames is the setting of the bay window, he worked on the northern wing. It is hard to describe scope of his works, but he is, among the other things, the author of decoration rocks – the frame of windows and bay window on the second floor of elevation from the courtyard in Western wing. Fiorentine was the author of galleries enclosing large castle courtyard, it was the most important part of rebuilding by this Italian man. Building started in 1507 and was continuing by Bartolomeo Berrecci and after his death by his collaborators; this courtyard is considered as the most beautiful renaissance courtyard in the Middle Europe. The galleries, which made the main communication area of the building were used to representative and sociable goals.
It enabled royal people assisting in ceremonies and tournaments. The galleries were spread on wing walls of the castle, it has arcades on a second levels. It makes impression that it decorate it. Fiorentine, as a renaissance architect was deriving from Antic art, but in a way, so that architectural order is not in accordance with classical rules. In the highest level, each of the galleries is folding from two stems, which are put up one on the other and connected by knots, which never meet, it has triple function: connecting and bearing. Worth of comment are jugs placed on a capitals; this rebuilding changed gothic castle into renaissance residence. His great masterpiece is Jan Olbracht’s niche of tomb, founded by Elisabeth of Austria, Polish Queen Elżbieta Rakuszanka – Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania, she was daughter of Albrecht II Habsburg – King of Germany and Hungary and his wife Elizabeth of Luxembourg. She was married to Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk -- Grand Duke of King of Poland.
Queen founded tomb after the death of her beloved son. The co-founder was prince Zygmunt, their contribution mark out border of style ages, important not only for Wawel, but for whole Kraków. After prince Zygmunt and Fiorentine arrived from Hungary, the tomb, with shape of Jan Olbracht’s was done in gothic style by Stanislaw Stwosz – sculptor and son of Wit Stwosz’s sculptor and painter; this tomb was placed into the niche made by Fiorentine. Because of the wide of the tomb, the niche had to be made not so small, it had to be deep, but not so high. The niche was wide and heavy, so it needed pilasters on the sides of closure. Ornamentation of Jan Olbracht’s monument niche is richly decorated. Therefore, Fiorentine made architectural and sculptural frame for Jan Olbracht’s tomb in Wawel Cathedral. Francesco Fiorentino made entrance portal to Bishop E. Ciolek’s palace on Kanoniczna 17 street in Krakow. Francesco was main designer and contractor of his masterpieces, his works are describing as ‘pure’ toscan renaissance.
His realizations are very precisie. It seems, some of his works are inspiration of foreign works. For example, the form of Jan Olbracht’s tomb is reminiscent of works by Bernardo Rosselino in the 15th century; the ornamental form is similar to the decoration of Palazzo Ducale in Urbino and the other connections in stone works from Hungary. By composition and ornament details his works are connected with the arts of Florence, his style and origin justified his nickname – Fiorentine. After his death in 1516, works took over his successor – Bartolomeo Berrecci from Pontassieve, managing works until 1537, when he died. Francesco Fiorentine was outstanding creator and gathered around himself qualified workers, he was authority for many, because of his high court function and his masterpiece
The 1940 Australian Championships was a tennis tournament that took place on outdoor Grass courts at the White City Tennis Club, Australia from 19 January to 29 January. It was the 33rd edition of the Australian Championships, the 9th held in Sydney, the first Grand Slam tournament of the year; the singles titles were won by Australians Adrian Nancye Wynne. Adrian Quist defeated Jack Crawford 6–3, 6–1, 6–2 Nancye Wynne defeated Thelma Coyne 5–7, 6–4, 6–0 John Bromwich / Adrian Quist defeated Jack Crawford / Vivian McGrath 6–3, 7–5, 6–1 Thelma Coyne / Nancye Wynne defeated Joan Hartigan / Edie Niemeyer 7–5, 6–2 Nancye Wynne / Colin Long defeated Nell Hall Hopman / Harry Hopman 7–5, 2–6, 6–4 Australian Open official website