Skidmore, Owings & Merrill is a global architectural, urban planning, engineering firm. It was founded in Chicago in 1936 by Nathaniel Owings; the firm opened its second office in New York City in 1937, has since expanded all over the world, with offices in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Washington, D. C. London, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Dubai. With a portfolio spanning thousands of projects across 50 countries, SOM is one of the most significant architectural firms in the world; the firm's notable current work includes the new headquarters for The Walt Disney Company, the global headquarters for Citigroup, Moynihan Train Hall and the expanded Penn Station complex, the restoration and renovation of the Waldorf Astoria in New York City. S. 62, the first net-zero-energy school in New York City. Notable for its role as a pioneer of modernist architecture in America and for its groundbreaking work in skyscraper design, SOM has designed some of the world's most significant architectural and urban projects including several of the tallest buildings in the world: John Hancock Center, Willis Tower, Burj Khalifa.
SOM's multidisciplinary practice works across a range of scales and project types, providing services in Architecture, Building Services/MEP Engineering, Digital Design, Interior Design, Structural Engineering, Civil Engineering, Sustainable Design and Urban Design & Planning. Many of SOM's postwar designs are recognized as icons of American modern architecture; the firm's most influential early project was Lever House, completed in 1952 to become the first International Style office building in New York City. Constructed of glass and steel at a time when Park Avenue was lined with masonry buildings, Lever House introduced a sleek modernist aesthetic that embodied the spirit of the times and influenced an entire generation of high-rise construction; as architectural historian Reyner Banham wrote in 1962, “It gave architectural expression to an age just as the age was being born... Lever House was an uncontrollable success and sometimes understood all over the Americanized world, one of the sights of New York”.
In 1982, the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated Lever House an official landmark in the first year of its eligibility, making it at the time the city's most contemporary landmark. SOM's influential modernist work in New York City included the Manufacturers Trust Company Building, completed in 1954 as the first International Style bank building in the United States, the Pepsi-Cola World Headquarters, completed in 1960. Architectural historian Henry-Russell Hitchcock called the Pepsi building “the ultimate in refinement of proportion and elegance of materials,” while New York Times critic Ada Louise Huxtable placed it "at the top of the list, with Seagram and Lever House, of the city's few modern landmarks." The following year saw the completion of One Chase Manhattan Plaza, the first International Style building to rise in New York City's Financial District. The project is noted for helping to turn the tide of a corporate exodus to Midtown and the suburbs and reasserted Lower Manhattan as a viable business district after years of decline.
SOM's design transformed the crowded streetscape of the Financial District by creating a 2.5-acre plaza surrounding the tower, a novel concept that would be adapted in many future projects. Another key example of SOM's modernist legacy is found in Colorado Springs, where SOM master-planned a campus for the U. S. Air Force Academy. Built between 1958 and 1968, the campus broke from the traditions of West Point and Annapolis to become the first U. S. military academy designed in the modern style. The centerpiece of the campus is the Cadet Chapel, designed by architect Walter Netsch; the American Institute of Architects awarded the building with its prestigious Twenty-five Year Award, conferred on architectural works of enduring significance. SOM has a long history of innovation in sustainable design. In 1969, SOM founder Nathaniel Owings wrote, “Civilizations leave marks on the Earth by which they are known and judged. In large measure, the nature of their immortality is gauged by how well their builders made peace with the environment.”
This ethos has shaped the firm's journey into sustainable practices. An early example is the headquarters it designed for Weyerhaeuser Company, completed in 1971, called the “original green building” not only for its integration into the surrounding landscape, but for its innovative use of efficient building systems. Another milestone in large-scale sustainable architecture was the completion of the U. S. Census Bureau Headquarters in 2007, the first federal office building to receive LEED certification. Like Weyerhaeuser, the design of the campus works in concert with its natural surroundings and incorporates a range of design strategies to reduce its environmental impact. In 2015, SOM completed the first net-zero-energy school building in New York City and one of the first worldwide; the Kathleen Grimm School for Leadership and Sustainability at
Lim Hwee Hua is a Singaporean private equity investor and former politician. Lim is the executive director of private equity firm Tembusu Partners and senior advisor to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, she was the first woman to serve in Singapore's Cabinet when she was made a Minister in the Prime Minister’s Office in 2009. She served as the Second Minister for Finance and Second Minister for Transport concurrently. Lim lost her seat in Parliament at the 2011 general election, when she was part of the People's Action Party team, defeated by the Workers' Party in the Aljunied Group Representation Constituency, following which she announced that she was retiring from politics. Lim began her career as an administrative officer in the Ministries of Finance and Law. In 1989, she joined Swiss Bank Corporation as an investment analyst and moved on to Jardine Fleming in 1992, where she served as head of research and director of business development. In 2000, she joined Temasek Holdings first as managing director of corporate stewardship and managing director of strategic relations.
While she was at Temasek Holdings, she sat on boards including Port of Singapore Authority, Keppel Corporation and Mapletree. Lim was elected as a Member of Parliament for Marine Parade GRC at both 1997 general election and the 2001 general election. Between April 2002 and August 2004, she was the Deputy Speaker of Parliament and Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee. Lim was appointed the Minister of State for Finance and Transport on 12 August 2004. At the 2006 general election, Lim contested in Aljunied GRC and was elected along with George Yeo, Cynthia Phua, Yeo Guat Kwang and Zainul Abidin Bin Mohamed Rasheed, she was promoted to Senior Minister of State for Finance and Transport on 1 April 2008. On 1 April 2009, Lim become the first woman to serve in Singapore's Cabinet when she was made a Minister in the Prime Minister's Office, Second Minister for Finance and Second Minister for Transport. Between 2002 and 2011, Lim was a member of the Central Executive Committee of the PAP, the Chairman of the party's Women's Wing.
She was inducted into the Singapore Council of Women's Organisation Hall of Fame on 31 March 2010, she received the Her World Woman of the Year Award on 23 April 2010. Lim contested the 2011 general election in Aljunied GRC, but her team was defeated by the team fielded by the Workers' Party led by its Secretary-General Low Thia Khiang. Lim was therefore unable to continue serving in the Cabinet, she subsequently stepped down from the Central Executive Committee of the PAP, announced that she was retiring from politics and would not be contesting the next general election, saying she was surprised by the depth of resentment felt by citizens towards the government. Following her retirement from politics, Lim was appointed as a non-executive director at Jardine Cycle & Carriage in July 2011. In October 2011, Lim was appointed as a senior advisor at the global investment firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts. In November 2011, Lim was appointed an independent non-executive director on Ernst & Young's Global Advisory Council.
She was the honorary chairman of the Securities Investors Association Singapore from 2013 to Jan 2017. She published a book Government In Business: Friend Or Foe? with the Straits Times Press in 2013. After graduating from Raffles Institution, Lim was awarded an Overseas Merit Scholarship to study at Cambridge University where she read mathematics and engineering at Girton College and graduated in 1981. In 1989, she earned a Master of Business Administration, majoring in finance, from the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles. Lim grew up in family of nine children in Tiong Bahru, her father was a tea merchant. Lim is married to a partner and founder of Tembusu Partners, a private equity firm, they have two daughters. Parliament of Singapore CVs of MPs
Brynden George Trawick is an American football safety for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League. He played college football at Troy. Trawick was born on October 1989 in Marietta, Georgia, he attended Sprayberry High School in Marietta and was a three-year starter and two-time All-League and All-County selection. As a senior in 2007, recorded 69 tackles, an interception, two fumble recoveries and two blocked extra points, he totaled more than 600 all-purpose yards and four touchdowns, caught 15 passes for 195 yards, rushed 17 times for 156 yards during his final high school season. After committing to play at Michigan State, Trawick saw limited playing time in his first two years with the Spartans, he redshirted in 2008 and recorded just two tackles in 2009. He transferred to Northeast Mississippi Community College in December 2009 after he was suspended from Michigan State for being present at a residence hall during an incident in which several of his teammates were charged with assault.
“My heart just wasn’t in it,” Trawick said of his time as a Spartan. “I got focused on what wasn’t important, I needed to switch it up and get refocused again.” While at Troy, Trawick had 206 tackles, one sack, three interceptions, nine pass deflections, one forced fumble. On April 27, 2013, Trawick signed with the Baltimore Ravens as an undrafted free agent. On September 5, 2013, during the season-opener against the Denver Broncos, Trawick accidentally injured teammate Jacoby Jones when they collided on a punt Jones was attempting to catch; the collision resulted in a right knee sprain for Jones. Trawick signed with the Oakland Raiders on March 16, 2016, he led. On March 10, 2017, Trawick signed a two-year, $4.75 million contract with the Tennessee Titans. On January 21, 2018, Trawick was named to his first Pro Bowl as a special teamer after posting a team-best and career-high 17 special teams tackles. In the 2018 season, he made eight combined tackles. On August 1, 2019, Trawick signed with the Baltimore Ravens.
He was placed on injured reserve on October 2019, with an elbow injury. He was designated for return from injured reserve on November 14, 2019, began practicing with the team again. On December 3, 2019, Trawick was activated from injured reserve. Trawick’s father, was the head basketball coach at DeVry University in the early 1990s, he coached in the highest-scoring men’s basketball game in NCAA history, regardless of division classification. On January 12, 1992, Troy State University defeated DeVry 258–141 in a game, considered to have established several unbreakable records. Tennessee Titans bio Troy Trojans bio Michigan State Spartans bio