Palm Beach County, Florida
Palm Beach County is a county in the state of Florida, directly north of Broward County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,320,134, making it the third-most populous county in Florida; the largest city and county seat is West Palm Beach. Named after one of its oldest settlements, Palm Beach, the county was established in 1909, after being split from Dade County; the county's modern-day boundaries were established in 1963. Palm Beach County is one of the three counties in South Florida that make up the Miami metropolitan area, home to an estimated 6,158,824 people in 2017; the area had been increasing in population since the late 19th century, with the incorporation of West Palm Beach in 1894 and after Henry Flagler extended the Florida East Coast Railway and built the Royal Poinciana Hotel, The Breakers, Whitehall. In 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane caused thousands of deaths. More the county acquired national attention during the 2000 presidential election, when a controversial recount occurred.
As of 2004, Palm Beach County is Florida's wealthiest county, with a per capita personal income of $44,518. It leads the state in agricultural productivity. Around 10,200 years ago, Native Americans began migrating into Florida. An estimated 20,000 Native Americans lived in South Florida, their population diminished by the 18th century, due to warfare and diseases from Europe. In 1513, Juan Ponce de León, who led a European expedition to Florida earlier that year, became the first non-Native American to reach Palm Beach County, after landing in the modern-day Jupiter area. Among the first non-Native American residents were African Americans, many of whom were former slaves or immediate descendants of former slaves. Runaway African slaves started coming to what was Spanish Florida in the late 17th century and they found refuge among the Seminoles. During the Seminole Wars, these African-American slaves fought with the Seminoles against White settlers and bounty hunters. Portions of the Second Seminole War occurred in Palm Beach County, including the Battle of Jupiter Inlet in 1838.
The oldest surviving structure, the Jupiter Lighthouse, was built in 1860, after receiving authorization to the land from President Franklin Pierce in 1854. During the American Civil War, Florida was a member of the Confederate States of America. Two Confederate adherents removed the lighting mechanism from the lighthouse. One of the men who removed the light, Augustus O. Lang, was the first White settler in Palm Beach County, he built a palmetto shack along the eastern shore of Lake Worth in 1863 after abandoning the cause of the Confederacy. After the Civil War ended, the Jupiter Lighthouse was relit in 1866. Thirteen years a National Weather Service office was established at the lighthouse complex. However, the office was moved to Miami in 1911 after that city's population began to grow. In October 1873, a hurricane caused a shipwreck between the New River; the crew nearly died due to starvation because of the desolation of the area. In response, five Houses of Refuge were built along the east coast of Florida from the Fort Pierce Inlet southward to Biscayne Bay.
Orange Grove House of Refuge No. 3 was built near Delray Beach in 1876. Henry Flagler, instrumental in the county's development in the late 19th century and early 20th century, first visited in 1892, he subsequently purchased land on both sides of Lake Worth. Other investors followed suit, causing a small boom and bringing in existing businesses and resulting in the establishment of many new businesses; the Royal Poinciana Hotel, constructed by Flagler to accommodate wealthy tourists, opened for business in February 1894. About a month the Florida East Coast Railway, owned by Flagler, reached West Palm Beach. On November 5, 1894, Palm Beach County's oldest city, West Palm Beach, was incorporated. In 1896, another hotel built by Flagler was opened, the Palm Beach Inn renamed The Breakers, he constructed his own winter home beginning in 1900. Flagler died there after falling down a flight of marble stairs; the Florida Legislature voted to establish Palm Beach County in 1909, carving it out of what was the northern portion of Dade County and including all of Lake Okeechobee.
The southernmost part of Palm Beach County was separated to create the northern portion of Broward County in 1915, the northwestern portion became part of Okeechobee County in 1917, southern Martin County was created from northernmost Palm Beach County in 1925. The boundaries remained the same until 1963, when about three-quarters of Lake Okeechobee was removed from Palm Beach County and divided among Glades, Hendry and Okeechobee Counties; this was the final change to the county's boundaries. Early on September 17, 1928, the Okeechobee hurricane made landfall near West Palm Beach as a category-4 storm and crossed Lake Okeechobee shortly thereafter. Coastal cities were devastated West Palm Beach, where more than 1,711 homes were destroyed. Further inland, wind-driven storm surge in Lake Okeechobee inundated adjacent communities Belle Glade and South Bay. Hundreds of square miles were flooded, including some areas with up to 20 feet of water. Numerous houses were damaged after crashing into other obstacles.
At least 2,500 deaths occurred. Damage in South Florida totaled $25 million. In response to the storm, the Herbert Hoover Dike was constructed to prevent a similar disaster; as a result of this hurrican
In the United States, a promenade dance, most called a prom, is a semi-formal dance or gathering of high school students. This event is held near the end of the senior year. Proms figure in popular culture and are major events among high school students. High school juniors attending the prom may call it "junior prom" while high-school seniors may call it "senior prom". In practice, this event may be a combined junior/senior dance. At a prom, a prom king and a prom queen may be revealed; these are honorary titles awarded to students elected in a school-wide vote prior to the prom, seniors are awarded these titles. Other students may be honored with inclusion in a prom court; the selection method for a prom court is similar to that of homecoming queen/princess and court. Inclusion in a prom court may be a reflection of popularity of those students elected and their level of participation in school activities, such as clubs or sports; the prom queen and prom king may be given crowns to wear. Members of the prom court may be photographed together.
Similar events take place in many other parts of the world. In Australia and New Zealand, the terms school formal, ball are most used for occasions equivalent to the American prom, the event is held for students in senior years, although the bestowing of the regal titles if occurs. Many schools hold a formal graduation ball for finishing students at the end of the year in place of or as well as a formal. In Ireland a debutante ball or debs may be held. In Poland high schools organize a "studniówka"; the term "prom" is becoming more common in the UK and Canada because of the influence of American films and television shows. In the early days of high school proms, the nighttime dance served a function similar to a debutante ball. Early proms were times of firsts: the first adult social event for teenagers. Proms served as a documented occasion, similar to a milestone event such as first communion or a wedding, in which the participants were taking an important step into a new stage in their lives.
In earlier days, the prom may have served as an announcement of engagement for the “best couple” after the prom court had been crowned and recognized. While high school yearbooks did not start covering proms and including prom pictures until the 1930s and 1940s, including Meghan Bretz, believe proms may have existed at colleges as early as the late 19th century; the journal of a male student at Amherst College in 1894 recounts an invitation and trip to an early prom at neighboring Smith College for women. The word prom at that time may just have been a fancy description for an ordinary junior or senior class dance, but prom soon took on larger-than-life meaning for high school students. Proms worked their way down incrementally from college gatherings to high school extravaganzas. In the early 20th century, prom was a simple tea dance where high school seniors wore their Sunday best. In the 1920s and 1930s, prom expanded into an annual class banquet where students wore party clothes and danced afterwards.
According to Jackie Blount, during the McCarthy era "schools became implemented curricula intended to keep youth sexually straight. In effect, schools became fundamentally important agencies in the nationwide campaign to fight homosexuality." This attitude further promoted heteronormative practices such as naming a prom king and prom queen, requiring strict gender conformity in dress, etc. As Americans gained more money and leisure time in the 1950s, proms became more extravagant and elaborate, bearing similarity to today’s proms; the high school gym may have been an acceptable setting for sophomore dances, but junior prom and senior balls moved to hotel ballrooms and country clubs. Competition blossomed, as teens strove to have the best dress, the best mode of transportation, the best looking date. Competition for the prom court intensified, as the designation of “prom queen” became an important distinction of popularity. In a way, prom became the pinnacle event of a high school student’s life, the ultimate dress rehearsal for a wedding.
Today, prom continues to be a notable event in the social climate of high schools. Popular movies and novels attest to the importance of prom themes, prom dates, prom queens. In some areas, the traditions of prom are not as rigid as they used to be, with some areas allowing individuals or groups to attend instead of couples. In 1975 U. S. First Daughter Susan Ford held her prom in the East Room of the White House. Usage of the term "prom" is becoming more common and appears to be a colloquial and regional practice. Formal English usage suggests prom is a noun and should be preceded by an article although it is not in practice. Prom is a shortened version of promenade. Promposal is a portmanteau of "prom" and "proposal", describing the act of asking someone to be the requester's prom date. Boys dress in black or white formal wear, regardless of the time of the event, sometimes paired with ties or bow ties with vests, in some cases in colors matching their date’s dress. Traditionally, girls wear dresses or evening gowns and adorn themselves with ladies' jewelry such as earrings and a necklace.
Traditionally, girls wear perfume, make-up such as eyeshadow, lipstick and blush. Girls traditionally wear a corsage, given to them by their dates, girls give boys matching boutonnières to be worn on their lapels. Prom attendees may be limited by their schools to be juniors or seniors and guests under age 21. Before prom, girls get their hair styled in gro
Milken Community Schools
Milken Community Schools, colloquially Milken, is a private Jewish high school and middle school. It is located on Mulholland Drive in the Bel-Air area of California, it is one of the largest Jewish day schools in the United States. Long affiliated with Stephen S. Wise Temple, a Reform congregation, the school is non-denominational, became independent from the temple in July 2012. Despite the separation, Milken Community Schools continues to be the school in which many Stephen S. Wise students attend; as of 1998 it was the largest non-Orthodox Jewish high school in the United States. As of 1994 it was the only Reform Judaism high school in the United States and was a part of the only K-12 Jewish education program west of Chicago, not a part of Orthodox Judaism; the school began in Van Nuys in 1984 as the Golda Meir School, was renamed the Einstein Academy. When the school became affiliated with Stephen S. Wise Temple, it was renamed Stephen S. Wise High School. After a large donation from Lowell and Michael Milken's Milken Family Foundation the school reported to be the "largest non-Orthodox Jewish high school in the country", was named Milken Community High School.
At the beginning of the 2013-2014 school year, the school was renamed to Milken Community Schools, with the intention of creating a name that encompassed both the middle school and the high school. The Upper School was held in temporary trailers, on the lot where the new Middle School now stands, from 1994 to 1998 until the current Upper School campus was opened in 1998; this campus had a cost of $30 million. Until the Middle School campus was completed in 2009, the Middle School occupied temporary trailers on the parking lot of the Bel Air Presbyterian Church from 1981 to 2008; the Middle School and Upper School have had the same name, yet after the completion of the new Middle School campus in 2009, the Middle School was renamed the David and Hillevi Saperstein Middle School of Milken Community High School after a subsequent donation from David and Hillevi Saperstein, while the Upper School remained the Milken Community High School. On March 25, 2011, Milken Community High School and Stephen S. Wise Temple announced that the school would become independent from the temple, effective July 1, 2012.
The Guerin Family Institute for Advanced Sciences, which opened in the fall of 2016, houses the Los Angeles areas only MIT-Inspired Fab Lab, joining a global network of Fab Labs spanning the world. Students have access to state-of-the-art equipment and complex professional grade industrial tools to help fabricate their ideas into reality. All students are required to take four years of Hebrew. Four years of Jewish studies are required, offered at college-preparatory and high honors levels. Spiritual Practice takes place once a week, with varied options such as traditional-egalitarian minyan, meditation, doubters' minyan, others. An optional daily morning minyan is offered. Through the Advanced Jewish Studies Center, numerous Judaic electives are offered, including comparative religion, intensive Talmud study, comparative film, others; the Kivun program, in which guest speakers lecture students on topics relating to Judaism, is offered most Fridays during oneg. In partnership with the Alexander Muss Institute for Israel Education, MCHS offers an opportunity for students to learn and live in Israel for the Spring semester of the 10th grade.
Through a full academic program, schedule of tiyyulim, personalized Chuggim and partnership with Israeli teens, Tiferet Israel Fellows learn inside and outside of the classroom and build relationships with the land and people of Israel. The semester abroad is followed by two years of additional programming; the junior year focuses on public presentation skills, training fellows how to best advocate for the State of Israel. The senior year concludes with an intensive seminar based at the Hartman Institute in Jerusalem, examining Israeli cultural and political issues; the FIRST Robotics Competition team, The MilkenKnights, was a finalist at the Los Angeles Regional in 2012 and the Orange County Regional in 2016. They have won several awards including two Dean's List Finalist Awards. In 2010, the team became one of the first American robotics teams to compete in the Israeli FIRST robotics regional; the school has won at least one Pete Conrad Spirit of Innovation Award for every year that the competition has been running.
The track team, after expanding to over 60 team members in 2008, won the league champions for the third consecutive year. The Milken basketball team has one CIF SS Championship. In fall 2011, after the previous year held an undefeated season and championship for the Wildcats' flag football team, Milken began to play tackle football in the Heritage League, they play their games on Thursday nights instead of the traditional Friday night because the latter is the Jewish Sabbath. Benjamin Benditson, Los Angeles Galaxy Amir Blumenfeld, comedian Skyler Gisondo, actor Max Borenstein, screenwriter Asher Vollmer, game designer and creator of the Apple Design Award winner Threes! Featured in the 2015 Forbes' "30 under 30" list. History of the Jews in Los Angeles Milken Community High School
The Bill Engvall Show
The Bill Engvall Show is a sitcom which ran on TBS from July 17, 2007 to September 5, 2009. The series was written and created by Engvall and Michael Leeson; the series was canceled on September 25, 2009. Set in suburban Louisville, Engvall played a family counselor called Bill Pearson who cannot always understand his own family. Nancy Travis co-starred as Tim Meadows played his best friend; the Pearson children were portrayed by Jennifer Lawrence, Graham Patrick Martin, Skyler Gisondo. The show focuses on parenting issues like allowance controversies, driver’s licenses, parking tickets and larger issues like raising responsible children in today's world; the Pearsons try to keep the spark alive in their marriage and balance work with family life. Teenage daughter Lauren is a high-school girl dealing with classes and dating. Trent is the middle child, affable. Bryan is the "brainiac" of the family. Bill works in the same building as Paul Dufrayne. Paul is a hair-replacement specialist, treated like part of the Pearson family, coming to them with his neuroses.
Nine Network Primary Channel – Australia Super Channel – Canada Kanal 7 – Denmark TV1 – Lithuania Dubai One – Middle East and North Africa TV2 – New Zealand TVNorge – Norway TV Slovenija 2 – Slovenia TV3 – Sweden Novyi Kanal – Ukraine The first season of The Bill Engvall Show was released on DVD on May 20, 2008. Bonus features include an overview of the show, a set tour, interviews with the cast and an "Ask Bill" segment. Beginning January 22, 2013, Warner Archive released seasons 2 & 3 together in one set, completing the series on DVD; the Bill Engvall Show on IMDb The Bill Engvall Show at TV.com
Moses Harry Horwitz, known professionally as Moe Howard, was an American actor and comedian, best known as the leader of the Three Stooges, the farce comedy team who starred in motion pictures and television for four decades. That group started out as Ted Healy and His Stooges, an act that toured the vaudeville circuit. Moe's distinctive hairstyle came about when he was a boy and cut off his curls with a pair of scissors, producing a ragged shape approximating a bowl cut. Howard was born as Moses Harry Horwitz on June 19, 1897, in the Brooklyn, New York neighborhood of Bensonhurst to Solomon Horwitz and Jennie Gorovitz, the fourth-born of five brothers of Lithuanian Jewish ancestry, he was named Moe when he was younger and called himself Harry. Howard's parents and brothers and Irving, were not involved in show business, but his older brother Shemp Howard, younger brother Curly Howard, he became known as members of the Three Stooges, he loved to read as his older brother Jack recalled: "I had many Horatio Alger books, it was Moe's greatest pleasure to read them.
They gave him ideas by the dozen. I think they were instrumental in putting thoughts into his head to become a person of good character and to become successful." This helped him in his acting career in years, such as in memorizing his lines and easily. Howard's "bowl cut" hairstyle became his trademark, despite his mother refusing to cut his hair in childhood, letting it grow to shoulder length, he secretly cut his hair in his backyard shed, after being teased in school. During one appearance on the Mike Douglas show in the 1970s, he stated, "I used to fight my way to school, in school, back home from school."Howard began to develop an interest in acting to the point where his grades worsened and he began to play hookey from school. He said, "I used to stand outside the theater knowing the truant officer. I would stand there'til someone came along, ask them to buy my ticket, it was necessary for an adult to accompany a juvenile into the theater. When I succeeded I'd give him my ten cents—that's all it cost—and I'd go up to the top of the balcony where I'd put my chin on the rail and watch, from the first act to the last.
I would select the actor I liked the most and follow his performance throughout the play."Despite his waning attendance, Howard graduated from P. S. 163 in Brooklyn, but dropped out of Erasmus Hall High School after only two months, ending his formal education. He took an electric shop course for his parents' wishes, but quit after a few months to pursue a career in show business. Howard started off running unpaid errands at the Vitagraph Studios in Midwood and was rewarded at first with bit parts in movies in production there, until a 1910 fire destroyed the films done there, with it, most of Howard's work. In 1909, he had met a young man named Ernest Lea Nash, to provide a significant boost for his career aspirations. In 1912, they both held a summer job working in Annette Kellerman's aquatic act as diving "girls". Howard continued his attempts at gaining show-business experience by singing in a bar with his older brother Shemp until their father put a stop to it, in 1914, by joining a performing minstrel show troupe on a Mississippi River showboat for the next two summers.
In 1921, he joined Ted Healy in a vaudeville routine. In 1923, Moe saw Shemp in the audience during a theater performance and yelled at him from the stage. Shemp responded by heckling Moe, the two brothers' amusing bickering during the performance resulted in Healy hiring Shemp Howard as a permanent part of the act. Moe retired in June 1925 after his marriage to Helen Schonberger and went into real estate with his mother. Meanwhile, Healy's act with frequent stooge Shemp Howard went on to national fame in the Shubert Brothers' A Night in Spain, which had a successful Broadway run, as well as a national tour. During A Night in Spain, the end of a 4-month run in Chicago, Healy recruited vaudeville violinist Larry Fine to join the troupe in March 1928. After the show ended in late November, Healy signed for the Shuberts' new revue A Night in Venice and recruited Moe Howard out of retirement to rejoin the act in December 1928. In rehearsals in early 1929, Larry Fine, Shemp Howard came together for the first time as a trio.
When A Night in Venice closed in March 1930, Healy and the trio toured for a while as "Ted Healy and His Racketeers". Ted Healy and His Stooges were on the verge of hitting the big time and made their first movie, Soup to Nuts —featuring Healy and his four Stooges: Moe, Shemp and Fred Sanborn —for Fox Films. A disagreement with Healy led Moe and Shemp to strike out on their own as "Howard and Howard," and on August 28, 1930, they premiered that act at L. A.'s Paramount Theatre. Joining the RKO vaudeville circuit, they toured for two years dubbing themselves as "Three Lost Souls" and taking on Jack Walsh as their straight man. In July 1932, Moe and Shemp were approached by Healy to rejoin him for the new Shubert Broadway revue Passing Show of 1932, the three accepted the offer. On August 16, 1932, during Passing rehearsals in New York, Ted walked out on the Shuberts over a contract dispute. On August 19, 1932, Shemp gave his notice having not seen eye-to-eye with the hard-drinking and sometimes belligerent Healy and decided to
Vacation (2015 film)
Vacation is a 2015 American comedy film written and directed by Jonathan Goldstein and John Francis Daley. It stars Ed Helms, Christina Applegate, Skyler Gisondo, Steele Stebbins, Leslie Mann, Chris Hemsworth, Beverly D'Angelo, Chevy Chase, it is the fifth installment of the Vacation film series, serving as a soft reboot. It is the second not to carry the National Lampoon name after Vegas Vacation, was released by New Line Cinema and Warner Bros. on July 29, 2015. It received negative reviews from critics and grossed $104 million on a $31 million budget. Rusty Griswold is now an adult working as a pilot for a low budget regional airline called Econo-Air, shares a stale relationship with his wife Debbie and their two children, their shy and awkward 14-year-old son James, their intimidating 12-year-old son Kevin; the gloating from his friends Jack and Nancy Peterson about a family trip they had in Paris doesn't help his situation. He desires to relive the fun of his family vacations and holiday gatherings from his childhood.
These memories prompt him to abandon his family's annual trip to their cabin in Cheboygan and instead drive cross country to Walley World, just like he did with his parents and sister. For the trip, Rusty rents a Tartan Prancer, an ugly, over-complicated Albanian SUV. In February 2010, it was announced by New Line Cinema. Executive Producer was Steven Mnuchin. Produced by David Dobkin and written by John Francis Daley and Jonathan Goldstein, the story focuses on Rusty Griswold as he takes his own family to Walley World. In July 2012, it was announced that Ed Helms would star in the sequel as Rusty Griswold, who now has his own family misadventures on the road. On March 28, 2013, Variety announced that original series stars Beverly D'Angelo and Chevy Chase were in talks to reprise their roles, most in the form of a torch-passing cameo role. No mention was made of other series regulars, such as Randy Quaid's Cousin Eddie. On April 23, 2013, it was reported that the film had been delayed indefinitely, due to creative differences.
Chris Hemsworth and Charlie Day were reported to co-star. Skyler Gisondo and Steele Stebbins played Rusty Griswold's sons along with Helms and Christina Applegate. On September 15, Leslie Mann joined the film to play Audrey Griswold. On September 29, Keegan-Michael Key and Regina Hall were cast to play family friends of the Griswolds. On October 10, director Daley revealed in an interview that he might have a cameo with Samm Levine and Martin Starr, which would be a reunion of cult comedy show Freaks and Geeks, though it was not confirmed. On November 12, four actors joined to play Four Corners cops, Tim Heidecker, Nick Kroll, Kaitlin Olson, Michael Peña. Principal photography began on September 2014, in Atlanta, Georgia. On September 16, scenes were filmed on location at the Olympic Flame Restaurant. On September 30 and October 1, 2014, scenes were filmed on location at The Twelve Oaks Bed and Breakfast in historic Covington, Georgia; the Twelve Oaks was staged as Christina Applegate's character's sorority house, Triple Pi, the location of her attempt to run the obstacle course once more to prove that she is the Chug Run champion.
Other scenes were shot around Piedmont and 6th avenues from October 6 to 8, including at the Shellmont Inn. On October 22, 2014, scenes were filmed at the U. S. National Whitewater Center in Charlotte, North Carolina. Scenes for Walley World were filmed at Six Flags Over Georgia; the coaster in this movie called Velociraptor is the Ninja, created by the Dutch coaster designer Vekoma BV. In a similar vein to the original film's "Wagon Queen Family Truckster", the film features a custom-designed minivan named the "Tartan Prancer". Dubbed the "Honda of Albania", it is a modified Toyota Previa and features unconventional styling elements such as a mirror-image front and rear clip, complete with two sets of headlights and rearview mirrors, as well as dashboard buttons marked by nonsensical symbols; as part of a promotional tie-in with the film, Edmunds.com released a tongue-in-cheek review comparing the Tartan Prancer against the 2015 Honda Odyssey. The musical score for the film was composed by Mark Mothersbaugh.
A soundtrack album was released by WaterTower Music on July 24, 2015. In addition to Mothersbaugh's score, it features many contemporary songs, along with several renditions of Lindsey Buckingham's "Holiday Road"; the film was set to be released on October 9, 2015, but it was moved to July 31, 2015, before being pushed up to July 29, 2015, the 32nd anniversary of the release of the first Vacation film. Warner Bros. spent a total of $35.2 million on advertisement for the film. Vacation grossed $58.9 million in North America and $45.8 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $104.7 million, against a budget of $31 million. The film grossed $1.2 million from its early Tuesday preview showings, a combined $6.3 million on Wednesday and Thursday. In its opening weekend, it grossed $14.7 million, finishing second at the box office behind Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation. On Rotten Tomatoes, it has a rating of 26% based on 158 reviews and an average rating of 4/10; the site's consensus reads, "Borrowing a basic storyline from the film that inspired it but forgetting the charm and heart, Vacation is yet another nostalgia-driven retread that misses the mark."
On Metacritic, it has a score of 34 out of 100 based on 33 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". On
Crystal the Monkey
Crystal is a female capuchin monkey and animal actress and trained by Birds & Animals Unlimited, Hollywood's largest supplier of animals. Her acting career began as a baby monkey in the 1997 film George of the Jungle. More she portrayed the irritating monkey Dexter in the Night at the Museum franchise, a drug-dealing monkey in The Hangover Part II. In 2012, she played Dr. Rizzo on the sitcom Animal Practice. In 1996, Birds & Animals Unlimited, the largest furnisher of animals to Hollywood, sent one of its trainers to purchase a capuchin monkey in Florida. Birds & Animals prefers to begin training younger monkeys, optimally those close to one year old. Audacious two-and-half-year-old Crystal, whose canine teeth had begun showing, was offered; the trainer decided to buy both Crystal and two younger capuchin monkeys. Three employees received the three monkeys. Crystal was given to Tom Gunderson, an employee who had only been with the company for a few years and had been working at Universal Studios Florida's Animal Actors stage show.
Gunderson had let the other two employees select their monkeys first and was left with the oldest, Crystal. He named a namesake to a country music singer Crystal Gayle. New York magazine's Benjamin Wallace wrote, "It was like she was born to perform."Gunderson and Crystal worked together for eight years at the Animal Actors stage show. Because the show was marked by pyrotechnics and noisy, cheering audiences, Gunderson said it was "a boot camp" and "a great way for a monkey to grow up and become habituated for this kind of environment". Unlike the majority of monkeys who were bothered by high volume music and children, Crystal was remarkably mature. Rather than destroy a stuffed animal as any other monkey would do, she preferred to groom herself and work the levers of a child's activity center. A female capuchin monkey and animal actress, Crystal is owned by Birds & Animals Unlimited. Having appeared in over 20 films by 2011, Crystal first appeared in the 1997 film George of the Jungle. Wallace of the magazine New York said her Internet Movie Database page is "more hit-studded than most actors three times her age", Joe Flint of the Los Angeles Times called her "a veteran of movies and TV with an enviable IMDB credit list".
USA Today called Crystal "Hollywood's Hottest Monkey" and the Los Angeles Times called her the most powerful pet in Hollywood". She is known for her roles in the 2006 film Night at the Museum and its sequels, Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian and Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb, playing troublesome monkey Dexter. In the 2009 film, her character slapped Ben Stiller's, while her trainer encouraged her with "Get him! Get him! Hit him harder! Hit him harder!" Stiller joked that "I dislike the monkey. There's no way to feel great about having a monkey slap your face on any level." During filming, Crystal in an "unscripted moment" relieved herself on Robin Williams, playing Teddy Roosevelt. Williams said, "It combines the worst aspects of working with children and animals when you have an animal that looks like a child... Plus, what human can on you in the middle of a scene and people would be like'Awww, great'", she has done cameos with David Hasselhoff in the 2011 film Hop and with Ken Jeong in the NBC comedy series Community.
She made a special appearance on Community's panel at the San Diego Comic-Con in July 2011. She portrayed a drug dealing monkey in the 2011 film The Hangover Part II. Director Todd Phillips raised concerns after he joked that Crystal had become addicted to cigarettes after learning to smoke them for the film. Philips explained that Crystal never held a lit cigarette on the film's set, the smoke was added digitally in post-production, the cigarette was ceramic. Still PETA protested Crystal's appearance in the film because the studio used exotic animals for entertainment purposes and because the film does not carry the American Humane Association's disclaimer that "no animals were harmed" since the group was denied set visits. Ken Jeong, Crystal's fellow Hangover, as well as Community, praised her, saying, "She's amazing. She's not a monkey, she's an actor, and quite the best actor I've worked with."In 2011 she played Donald the Monkey in the Frank Coraci-directed film Zookeeper and was voiced by Adam Sandler.
Crystal played Crystal the Capuchin in the Cameron Crowe-directed film We Bought a Zoo. After gymnast Gabby Douglas's gold medal-winning performance at 2012 Summer Olympics individual all-around, NBC aired a commercial of Crystal swinging on gymnastic rings. Wallace of the magazine New York called it a "cringe-worthy juxtaposition" that sparked much debate about racism on Twitter. Sportscaster Bob Costas had just said, "There are some African American girls out there who tonight are saying to themselves:'Hey, I'd like to try that too.'" Crystal's ad had been broadcast three times and was a promotion for NBC's upcoming sitcom, Animal Practice. She played Dr. Rizzo, a crony of misanthropic veterinarian Dr. George Coleman in Animal Practice, a sitcom that debuted on September 26, 2012. Before the show was cancelled due to low ratings, Crystal netted her owner $12,000 per episode. New York's Wallace observed the filming of a scene in which Crystal gives Coleman a shoulder massage. Gunderson used gestures to coax Crystal to perform the desired action and let her lick yogurt from his fingers upon finishing.
After each scene, Gunderson rewards her with a treat. Wallace noted that her favorite treats included "chocolate, grapes, peanuts, the