Time Warner Center
The Time Warner Center is a mixed-use building complex in Columbus Circle, New York City. It was developed by The Related Companies and AREA Property Partners, designed by David Childs and Mustafa Kemal Abadan of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill; the Time Warner Center consists of two 750 foot twin towers bridged by a multi-story atrium containing upscale retail shops. The complex contains office and residential tenants. Construction began in November 2000, following the demolition of the New York Coliseum, a topping-out ceremony was held on February 27, 2003; the property had the highest-listed market value in New York City, $1.1 billion, in 2006. Constructed as the AOL Time Warner Center, the building encircles the western side of Columbus Circle and straddles the border between Midtown and the Upper West Side; the total floor area of 2.8 million square feet is occupied by office space, including the offices of WarnerMedia and an R&D center for VMware. The Shops at Columbus Circle is an upscale shopping mall located in a curving arcade at the base of the building, with a large Whole Foods Market grocery store on the lower level.
Deutsche Bank will replace WarnerMedia as the anchor tenant of the 1,100,000-square-foot office area beginning in 2021, at which time it will be renamed the Deutsche Bank Center. The redevelopment of the New York Coliseum site at Columbus Circle was first proposed in 1985, it was delayed for nearly 15 years after Mortimer Zuckerman's Boston Properties won a bidding contest to buy the property from the New York Coliseum's owners, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The company proposed to construct a headquarters for Salomon Brothers on the 4.5-acre Coliseum site. Opponents of the project were concerned. In 1988, the sale was nullified and Salomon Brothers withdrew from the project. New York City and Boston Properties renegotiated the deal to call for a 52-story structure designed by David Childs at a reduced price of $357 million; the plan still languished until 1998 when the Coliseum site was sold to Time Warner and The Related Companies for $345 million. The Coliseum was demolished in 2000.
The Time Warner Center was the first major building to be completed in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks, although it was under construction at the time of the attacks in 2001. While some New Yorkers noted the uncanny resemblance of the Time Warner Center to the fallen Twin Towers, the building's developer refuted any intentional similarity, it was opened in phases in 2003. The Sunshine Group was in charge of marketing the building. Sandie N. Tillotson bought the top floor of the uncompleted north tower for $30 million shortly after the September 11 attacks — a record for a condominium at the time; that sale would be eclipsed in 2003 when Mexican financier David Martinez paid $54.7 million for a penthouse condo a record for New York residential sales. In January 2014, Time Warner sold its stake in the Columbus Circle building for $1.3 billion to Related Companies, the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, GIC Private Limited and formally announced it would move in early 2019 to 30 Hudson Yards, a development owned by Related.
In May 2018, Deutsche Bank announced that it was leasing the entire 1,100,000-square-foot occupied by Time Warner for 25 years, beginning in the third quarter of 2021. Following the news, Related Companies announced that the complex would be renamed the Deutsche Bank Center upon the company's arrival; the Time Warner Center has 55 floors. The top floor is labeled as the 77th floor. A multistory cable-net wall serves as the entrance to the atrium where the center's two 55-story towers intersect. Spanning 98 feet across and 160 feet high, the cable structure was the largest in North America at the time of its completion; the building has several street addresses, including 10 Columbus Circle for offices, 25 Columbus Circle for the south tower, named "One Central Park" and 80 Columbus Circle for The Residences at Mandarin Oriental. The address One Central Park West, belongs to the Trump International Hotel and Tower across Broadway. Upon the completion of the Time Warner Center, Trump made a "little joke" at the Time Warner Center's expense by hanging a large sign on his building gloating, "Your views aren’t so great, are they?
We have the real Central Park views and address."The building has an entrance to the 59th Street–Columbus Circle station of the New York City Subway near Columbus Circle's south end. The center has ground floor tenants including designer restaurants. On February 5, 2004, Whole Foods Market opened its 68,000 square feet Columbus Circle store in the Time Warner Center. In 2005, the wine shop in the store closed after the store pleaded no contest to state charges of illegal operation. Whole Foods planned to replace the center with an expanded coffee bar, a gelato counter, additional checkout lines. Upper floors include Per Se and Porter House New York; the complex is home to three entertainment areas. CNN's studios in the Time Warner Center, are one of the network's three primary broadcast sites. Shows which originate from the New York facility include Anderson Cooper 360° and Erin Burnett OutFront. CNN's Jeanne Moos, known for her offbeat "man on the street" reporting accosts her interview subjects just outside the building.
In 2005, Jazz at Lincoln Center announced a partnership with XM Satellite Radio which gave XM studio space at Frederick P. Rose Hall to broadcast both daily jazz programming and special ev
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River, its capital is Lansing, its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas; the Lower Peninsula is noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan; the Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair; as a result, it is one of the leading U.
S. states for recreational boating. Michigan has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline; the area was first occupied by a succession of Native American tribes over thousands of years. Inhabited by Natives, Métis, French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France colony. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War; the area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as a free one, it soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies. While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, agriculture and high-tech industry; when the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the Boodewaadamii/Bodéwadmi. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires; the Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest. The Ojibwe were established in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and northern and central Michigan, inhabited Ontario and southern Manitoba, Canada; the Ottawa lived south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and southern Michigan, but in southern Ontario, northern Ohio and eastern Wisconsin.
The Potawatomi were in southern and western Michigan, in addition to northern and central Indiana, northern Illinois, southern Wisconsin, southern Ontario. Other Algonquian tribes in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, the Sac, the Fox; the Wyandot were an Iroquoian-speaking people in this area. French voyageurs and coureurs des bois settled in Michigan in the 17th century; the first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlé's expedition in 1622. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions. Missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were well received by the area's Indian populations, with few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph. In 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present-day city of Niles.
In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or "Fort Pontchartrain on-the-Strait" on the strait, known as the Detroit River, between lakes Saint Clair and Erie. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV's chief minister, Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and discourage British aspirations; the hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac's wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in what was considered the wilderness of Michigan; the town became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year. While the original building does not survive, the congregation remains active. Cadillac departed to serve as the French governor of Louisiana from 1710 to 1716.
French attempts to consol
Manhattan referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U. S. state of New York. The borough consists of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson and Harlem rivers. S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Manhattan has been described as the cultural, financial and entertainment capital of the world, the borough hosts the United Nations Headquarters. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization: the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.
Many multinational media conglomerates are based in Manhattan, the borough has been the setting for numerous books and television shows. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan. Manhattan is documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders, which equals $1038 in current terms; the territory and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York, based in present-day Manhattan, served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790; the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace.
Manhattan became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898. New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area, is the most densely populated U. S. county. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 1,664,727 living in a land area of 22.83 square miles, or 72,918 residents per square mile, higher than the density of any individual U. S. city. On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, is the smallest borough in terms of land area. Manhattan Island is informally divided into three areas, each aligned with its long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017, Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Grand Central Terminal.
The borough hosts many prominent bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge. Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement; the City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government. Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan, including Columbia University, New York University, Cornell Tech, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world; the name Manhattan derives from the Munsee dialect of the Lenape language'manaháhtaan'. The Lenape word has been translated as "the place where we get bows" or "place for gathering the bows". According to a Munsee tradition recorded in the 19th century, the island was named so for a grove of hickory trees at the lower end, considered ideal for the making of bows.
It was first recorded in writing as Manna-hata, in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen. A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River. Alternative folk etymologies include "island of many hills", "the island where we all became intoxicated" and "island", as well as a phrase descriptive of the whirlpool at Hell Gate; the area, now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – became the first documented European to visit the area that would become New York City, he entered the tidal strait now known as The Narrows and named the land around Upper New York
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
A skyscraper is a continuously habitable high-rise building that has over 40 floors and is taller than 150 m. The term first referred to buildings with 10 to 20 floors in the 1880s; the definition shifted with advancing construction technology during the 20th century. Skyscrapers may host both. For buildings above a height of 300 m, the term "supertall" can be used, while skyscrapers reaching beyond 600 m are classified as "megatall". One common feature of skyscrapers is having a steel framework; these curtain walls either bear on the framework below or are suspended from the framework above, rather than resting on load-bearing walls of conventional construction. Some early skyscrapers have a steel frame that enables the construction of load-bearing walls taller than of those made of reinforced concrete. Modern skyscrapers' walls are not load-bearing, most skyscrapers are characterized by large surface areas of windows made possible by steel frames and curtain walls. However, skyscrapers can have curtain walls that mimic conventional walls with a small surface area of windows.
Modern skyscrapers have a tubular structure, are designed to act like a hollow cylinder to resist wind and other lateral loads. To appear more slender, allow less wind exposure, transmit more daylight to the ground, many skyscrapers have a design with setbacks, which are sometimes structurally required; the term "skyscraper" was first applied to buildings of steel framed construction of at least 10 stories in the late 19th century, a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in major American cities like Chicago, New York City, Detroit, St. Louis; the first steel-frame skyscraper was the Home Insurance Building in Chicago, Illinois in 1885. Some point to Philadelphia's 10-story Jayne Building as a proto-skyscraper, or to New York's seven-floor Equitable Life Building, built in 1870, for its innovative use of a kind of skeletal frame, but such designation depends on what factors are chosen; the scholars making the argument find it to be purely academic. The structural definition of the word skyscraper was refined by architectural historians, based on engineering developments of the 1880s that had enabled construction of tall multi-story buildings.
This definition was based on the steel skeleton—as opposed to constructions of load-bearing masonry, which passed their practical limit in 1891 with Chicago's Monadnock Building. What is the chief characteristic of the tall office building? It is lofty, it must be tall. The force and power of altitude must be in it, the glory and pride of exaltation must be in it, it must be every inch a proud and soaring thing, rising in sheer exaltation that from bottom to top it is a unit without a single dissenting line. — Louis Sullivan's The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat defines skyscrapers as those buildings which reach or exceed 150 m in height. Others in the United States and Europe draw the lower limit of a skyscraper at 150 m; the Emporis Standards Committee defines a high-rise building as "a multi-story structure between 35–100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12–39 floors" and a skyscraper as "a multi-story building whose architectural height is at least 100 m or 330 ft."
Some structural engineers define a highrise as any vertical construction for which wind is a more significant load factor than earthquake or weight. Note that this criterion fits not only high-rises but some other tall structures, such as towers; the word skyscraper carries a connotation of pride and achievement. The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another; the tallest building in ancient times was the 146 m Great Pyramid of Giza in ancient Egypt, built in the 26th century BC. It was not surpassed in height for thousands of years, the 160 m Lincoln Cathedral having exceeded it in 1311–1549, before its central spire collapsed; the latter in turn was not surpassed until the 555-foot Washington Monument in 1884. However, being uninhabited, none of these structures comply with the modern definition of a skyscraper. High-rise apartments flourished in classical antiquity.
Ancient Roman insulae in imperial cities reached 10 and more stories. Beginning with Augustus, several emperors attempted to establish limits of 20–25 m for multi-story buildings, but met with only limited success. Lower floors were occupied by shops or wealthy families, the upper rented to the lower classes. Surviving Oxyrhynchus Papyri indicate that seven-story buildings existed in provincial towns such as in 3rd century AD Hermopolis in Roman Egypt; the skylines of many important medieval cities had large numbers of high-rise urban towers, built by the wealthy for defense and status. The residential Towers of 12th century Bologna numbered between 80 and 100 at a time, the tallest of, the 97.2 m high Asinelli Tower. A Florentine law of 1251 decreed that all urban buildings be reduced to less than 26 m. Medium-sized towns of the era are known to have proliferations of towers, such as the 72 up to 51 m height in San Gimignano; the medieval Egyptian city of Fustat housed many high-rise residential buildings, which Al-Muqaddasi in the 10th century described as resembling minarets.
Nasir Khusraw in the early 11th century described some of them rising up to 14 stories, with roof gardens on t
220 Central Park South
220 Central Park South is a residential skyscraper under construction, being developed by Vornado Realty Trust. It is located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, in the U. S. state of New York, is being designed by Robert A. M. Stern Architects; the tower is located along Central Park South. Completion is expected in 2018; the tower will be the tenth tallest building in New York City upon completion, will neighbor the Central Park Tower, which will be the second tallest building in the city upon completion. The building that occupied the site was a 20-story building built in 1954, it contained 124 apartments, was purchased in 2005 by Vornado for $131.5 million. After the purchase, Vornado entered a legal battle with its rent-stabilized tenants concerning their eviction. A court sided with Vornado in 2009, the developer settled with tenants in 2010, paying between $1.3 million and $1.56 million to those remaining in the building. Vornado has reported the total land cost for the building to be over $515.4 million.
Demolition of the existing structure began in 2012 after the settling of a dispute between Vornado and Extell. Extell, another developer, owned the parking garage under the previous building, was unwilling to close it. Demolition was completed in early 2013. Robert A. M. Stern's designs were released in early 2014; the plans were approved in March 2014. The building is one of several major developments on or around 57th Street and Central Park, dubbed “Billionaires Row” by the media, including One57, 432 Park Avenue, 111 West 57th Street, Central Park Tower. Designs called for a "glass" tower. Contrary to the early plans, Robert A. M. Stern's designs call for a limestone-clad building, similar to other buildings by Stern such as 15 Central Park West; the building is one of three skyscrapers designed by Stern in Manhattan, joining 30 Park Place in the Financial District, 520 Park Avenue, east of Central Park. The building is under construction. In November 2016 Justin Casquejo, a thrill-seeking teenage free solo climber and stunt performer, hung from the not-yet-completed tower.
The building received a temporary certificate of occupancy for the bottom section of the building, allowing closings to begin. The building will have a porte-cochere, as well as a wine cellar, a swimming pool, private dining rooms, an athletic club, a juice bar, a library, a basketball court, a golf simulator and a children’s play area; as of September 30, 2018 83% of the condominium units were under sales contracts, with closings scheduled through 2020. On January 23, 2019, it was reported that billionaire hedge fund manager Kenneth C. Griffin purchased a penthouse for $238 million, the most expensive home sold in the United States. Other reported buyers include billionaire hedge fund manager Daniel Och, financial services executive Andrew Zaro, New York real estate investor Ofer Yardeni, musician Sting along with his wife actress and producer Trudie Styler. List of tallest buildings in New York City List of works by Robert A. M. Stern
One57 known as Carnegie 57 and nicknamed "The Billionaire Building", is a 75-story supertall skyscraper at 157 West 57th Street between Sixth and Seventh Avenues in the Midtown neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. Upon completion in 2014, it stood at 1,005 feet tall, making it the tallest residential building in the city for a few months until the completion of 432 Park Avenue; the building has 92 condominium units on top of a new Park Hyatt Hotel with 210 rooms, set to become the flagship Hyatt property. The building's developer is Extell Development Company, the contractor is Lend Lease Project Management & Construction, the architect is Christian de Portzamparc. In January 2015, a duplex at One57 was sold for $100 million, making it the most expensive residence sold in New York City to that date. Extell Development Company’s founder and President, Gary Barnett, spent 15 years assembling the property and air rights on 57th Street. At first, he said he wanted to build a 300,000-square-foot building, but plans for views of the park took shape as the assemblage got larger and markets started rising to new levels.
Foundation work started in January 2010. In May 2012, it was announced a buyer had agreed to pay a record price in New York of more than $90 million for the 10,923-square-foot duplex penthouse on the 89th and 90th floors. Just two months the Prime Minister of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, broke that record by agreeing to purchase a penthouse unit for $100 million. After the sales offices had been open for six months, Extell announced One57 was 50% sold with $1 billion in transactions. On June 20, 2012, it was announced. Shortly after, it was revealed the 13,550-square-foot “Winter Garden” duplex penthouse, located on the 75th and 76th floors, had gone into contract for an undisclosed amount. In October 2012, entrepreneur Michael Hirtenstein and One57 developer Gary Barnett had a public clash regarding a unit Hirtenstein agreed to purchase in the building. Hirtenstein claimed he would not spend $16 million for a unit without seeing it, that the view from the unit he purchased was obstructed.
Barnett has been strict about not permitting buyers to view apartments prior to purchase, as Hirtenstein paid a construction worker to show him his unit, Barnett refunded Hirtenstein's funds and canceled the contract. On October 29, 2012, during Hurricane Sandy, the construction crane on the building collapsed, causing thousands of residents and hotel guests in the neighborhood to be evacuated for six days. By November 5, the crane was secured and through traffic in the surrounding area was allowed. In response to the crane collapse, a class action lawsuit was filed by dentists in the surrounding area, complaining that the incident caused them to evacuate their offices, with subsequent loss of income; the New York City Department of Buildings stated they had received multiple complaints about the work site. However, the crane was considered in good shape. City officials called the failure of the boom a freakish occurrence. In May 2013, Extell announced plans to hoist a new crane on May 10–11.
The plans endorsed by the New York City Buildings Department involved a mandatory evacuation of the neighboring Alwyn Court as well as the Briarcliff Apartment Building during the process. The residents of the building would each receive up to $1,500; the coop board at Alwyn Court announced that it would seek a court order against the forced evacuation, saying the Department of Buildings appeared to be "an arm of the developer". The crane was hoisted on May 11 as planned after Alwyn signed an undisclosed agreement, its tasks completed, the replacement crane was removed on November 11, 2013. On the evening of March 15, 2014, a fire broke out in the loading dock of One57, spreading into the courtyard behind the building and onto the adjacent property at 152 West 58th Street, which had to be evacuated. Neither Extell nor Lend Lease has offered any explanation of the fire, the New York City Department of Buildings did not issue a partial Stop Work order following the fire; the cause of the fire remains a mystery.
The tower was designed by Pritzker Prize-winning French architect Christian de Portzamparc. The interiors are by New York-based designer Thomas Juul-Hansen; the use of dark and light glass on the building’s exterior creates vertical stripes, while manipulating sunlight and maximizing views. The tower is characterized by its rippled canopies and numerous setbacks on 57th Street, its mottled fenestration, curved tops and accentuated verticality. One57 is the tallest mid-block building in New York City, having succeeded 40 Wall Street, which had held the record since its completion in 1930. One57 was named "Worst Building of the Year" in 2014 by Curbed.com, whose review said, "Pretty much everyone agrees that its wavy blue facade is ugly. Justin Davidson of New York magazine called it "clumsily gaudy". James Russell of Bloomberg... lamented the "endless acres of cheap-looking frameless glass in cartoonish stripes and blotches of silver and pewter". Michael Kimmelman of the Times had harsh words: " unravels as a cascade of clunky curves... chintzily embellished, clad in acres of eye-shadow-blue glass offset by a pox of tinted panes, like age spots."In February 2018, it was reported that Michael Dell had paid $100.5 million for the penthouse in 2014, holding the record for the most expensive home sold in the city.
The sale had been reported but the buyer's identity had been kept secret. The record was broken in January 2019. List of tallest build