Friedrich von Ledebur
Friedrich Anton Maria Hubertus Bonifacius Graf von Ledebur-Wicheln was an actor, known for Moby Dick, Alexander the Great and Slaughterhouse-Five. Ledebur was born in Austria-Hungary in 1900. Friedrich enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian Imperial Army in 1916, was an officer in the Austrian Cavalry Division during the last years of World War I. In the 1930s Ledebur became a close friend of Charles Bedaux, with whom he traveled extensively in Africa and Canada. After the war, Ledebur spent the next two decades travelling the world, working all manner of odd jobs from gold mining to deep sea diving, to riding and winning prize money at rodeos. Ledebur settled in the United States in 1939 and anglicised his name to'Frederick'. A close friendship with fellow adventurer and director John Huston, gave Ledebur his entrée to character acting. In 1945, von Ledebur made his film debut, he appeared in Alexander the Great, played chief harpooneer Queequeg, a South Sea chieftain, in the film Moby Dick. "Better a sober cannibal than a drunken Christian", Herman Melville's Ishmael famously says of Queequeg in the book and the film.
He appeared as Brother Christophorus in Twilight Zone episode "The Howling Man". Friedrich von Ledebur at Find a Grave Friedrich von Ledebur on IMDb
Between Time and Timbuktu
Between Time and Timbuktu is a television film directed by Fred Barzyk and based on a number of works by Kurt Vonnegut. Produced by National Educational Television and WGBH-TV in Boston, Massachusetts, it was telecast March 13, 1972 as a NET Playhouse special; the television script was published in 1972, illustrated with photographs by Jill Krementz and stills from the television production. The script was written by David Odell, with contributions from Bob Elliott and Ray Goulding, the film's director. Vonnegut himself served as an "advisor and contributor to the script." The televised production of the play starred William Hickey as Stony Stevenson. The rest of the cast included: Bruce Morrow as Contest Announcer Dortha Duckworth as Mrs. Stevenson Ray Goulding as Walter Gesundheit Bob Elliott as Bud Williams, Jr. Franklin Cover as Col. Donald "Tex" Pirandello Russell Morash as Sandy Abernethy John Devlin as Dr. Bobby Denton Kevin McCarthy as Bokonon Edie Lynch as Island Girl Jerry Gershman as Soldier James Sloyan as Dr. Paul Proteus George Serries as Prosecutor Ashley Westcott as Deaf Juror John Peters as Drunk Helen Stenborg as Miss Martin Hurd Hatfield as Dr. Hoenikker Dolph Sweet as General Hariet Hamilton as Lead Caroler Sam Amato as Policeman Benay Venuta as Diana Moon Glampers Carlton Power as First Stagehand Jean Sanocki as Larry Jack Shipley as News Announcer Alexis Hoff as Ballerina Avind Haerum as Harrison Bergeron Frank Dolan as Short Order Cook Susan Sullivan as Nancy Charles White as Lionel J. Howard Philip Bruns as Announcer Ariane Munker as Wanda June Page Johnson as Hitler MacIntyre Dixon as Cemetery Gardener List of American films of 1972 Between Time and Timbuktu on IMDb I have seen the future -- and it slurps A two part conversation between Kurt Vonnegut and Adrian Mitchell which head-and-tailed a broadcast of Between Time and Timbuktu
Eugene Harrison Roche was an American actor. He was the original "Ajax Man" in 1970s television commercials. Roche was born and raised in Boston, the son of Mary M. and Robert F. Roche, at the time serving in the U. S. Navy, he served in the U. S. Army after graduating from high school, he married Marjory Perkins in 1953. They divorced in 1981. Eugene Roche remarried in 1982 and remained married to his second wife, Anntoni C. Roche, until his death in 2004. After playing theater on various stages since 1953 Roche made his Broadway debut in 1961 as a bit player in the play Blood and Stanley Poole with Darren McGavin and went on to appear in Mother Courage with Anne Bancroft in 1963, in The White House with Helen Hayes in 1964. Television comedy would become his forte with recurring roles on Soap, as Christine Sullivan's father on Night Court and Larry Appleton's abusive boss on Perfect Strangers. Roche appeared as "Pinky Peterson", one of Archie Bunker's buddies, on several episodes of All in the Family, in comedic episodes.
He had supporting parts in such feature films as The Late Show, Foul Play, Corvette Summer. Roche did play dramatic supporting roles as well playing deceptively ordinary men who are shown to be capable of ruthlessness, menacing violence or disturbing perversity. In Murder, She Wrote, he played a bad cop who attempts to kill off Jessica Fletcher, as a criminal mastermind posing as a Catholic bishop in the film Foul Play, he appeared in two episodes of Kojak. In 1977, he appeared in "Never Con a Killer", he played alien Jor Brel in an episode of Star Trek: Voyager called Remember. He made two appearances on Airwolf. Roche appeared in five episodes of Magnum, P. I. as Luther Gillis, a sometimes brutal private eye from St. Louis, Missouri. Roche died in an Encino, California hospital from a heart attack, aged 75. Tom Vallance. Eugene Rocke obituary, The Independent Myrna Oliver. Eugene Roche, 75. Eugene Roche on IMDb Eugene Roche at the Internet Broadway Database Eugene Roche at Memory Alpha Eugene Roche, Aveleyman.com
Valerie Ritchie Perrine is a retired American actress and model. For her role as Honey Bruce in the 1974 film Lenny, she won the BAFTA Award for Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles, the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, her other film appearances include Superman, The Electric Horseman, Superman II. Perrine began her career as a Las Vegas showgirl, she played soft-core pornography actress Montana Wildhack in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five. Perrine was photographed nude for a pictorial layout in the May 1972 issue of Playboy appearing on the cover in August 1981, she became the first actress to appear nude on American television by exposing her breasts during the May 4, 1973, PBS broadcast of Bruce Jay Friedman's Steambath on Hollywood Television Theater. Only a few PBS stations nationwide carried the program. In 1973, she appeared in the episode "When the Girls Came Out to Play" of the romantic anthology television series Love Story.
In 1975, Perrine was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress and the Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Actress and won the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival for her role as comedian Lenny Bruce's wife, stripper Honey Bruce, in Bob Fosse's Lenny. She portrayed Carlotta Monti, mistress of W. C. Fields, in the biopic W. C. Fields and Me, she played moll of criminal mastermind Lex Luthor, in Superman. For this role, she was nominated for the 1979 Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress, she reprised her role as Miss Teschmacher in Superman II. Perrine played Charlotta Steele, ex-wife of a rodeo champion played by Robert Redford, in The Electric Horseman, her career grew uneven after an appearance in Can't Stop the Music, for which she was nominated for a Razzie Award for Worst Actress. This film has since become a cult classic. In 1982, she played the role of Marcy, the wife of a corrupt police officer, in The Border with Jack Nicholson. In 1986, she starred in the failed CBS comedy series Liz in Beverly Hills with Harvey Korman.
In the years since Perrine has worked in lower-profile projects, although she did have a small supporting role in the 2000 Mel Gibson film What Women Want. In 1995, Perrine made a guest appearance on the series Homicide: Life on the Street, playing an ex-wife of Richard Belzer's character, Detective John Munch. Perrine was born in Galveston, the daughter of Winifred "Renee", a dancer who appeared in Earl Carroll's Vanities, Kenneth Perrine, a lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Army. Kenneth Perrine was the grandson of Robert Allen Perrine, a descendant of Staten Island French Huguenot pioneer Daniel Perrin, Mary Staats, she of Dutch ancestry, her mother was Scottish, from Helensburgh in Dunbartonshire. Owing to her father's career, Perrine lived in many locations as the family moved to different posts. Now retired, Perrine has Parkinson's disease. Official website Valerie Perrine on IMDb
Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. The city has a temperate climate, with chilly winters. Prague has been a political and economic centre of central Europe complete with a rich history. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic and Baroque eras, Prague was the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and the main residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably of Charles IV, it was an important city to its Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia, during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era. Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe.
Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the extensive historic centre of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites; the city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city, it is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe. Prague is classified as an "Alpha −" global city according to GaWC studies and ranked sixth in the Tripadvisor world list of best destinations in 2016, its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. Prague is the fourth most visited European city after London and Rome. During the thousand years of its existence, the city grew from a settlement stretching from Prague Castle in the north to the fort of Vyšehrad in the south, becoming the capital of a modern European country, the Czech Republic, a member state of the European Union.
The region was settled as early as the Paleolithic age. A Jewish chronicler David Solomon Ganz, citing Cyriacus Spangenberg, claimed that the city was founded as Boihaem in c. 1306 BC by an ancient king, Boyya. Around the fifth and fourth century BC, a Celts tribe appeared in the area establishing settlements including an oppidum in Závist, a present-day suburb of Prague, naming the region of Bohemia, which means "home of the Boii people". In the last century BC, the Celts were driven away by Germanic tribes, leading some to place the seat of the Marcomanni king, Maroboduus, in southern Prague in the suburb now called Závist. Around the area where present-day Prague stands, the 2nd century map drawn by Ptolemaios mentioned a Germanic city called Casurgis. In the late 5th century AD, during the great Migration Period following the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes living in Bohemia moved westwards and in the 6th century, the Slavic tribes settled the Central Bohemian Region.
In the following three centuries, the Czech tribes built several fortified settlements in the area, most notably in the Šárka valley and Levý Hradec. The construction of what came to be known as Prague Castle began near the end of the 9th century, growing a fortified settlement that existed on the site since the year 800; the first masonry under Prague Castle dates from the year 885 at the latest. The other prominent Prague fort, the Přemyslid fort Vyšehrad, was founded in the 10th century, some 70 years than Prague Castle. Prague Castle is dominated by the cathedral, which began construction in 1344, but wasn't completed until the 20th century; the legendary origins of Prague attribute its foundation to the 8th century Czech duchess and prophetess Libuše and her husband, Přemysl, founder of the Přemyslid dynasty. Legend says that Libuše came out on a rocky cliff high above the Vltava and prophesied: "I see a great city whose glory will touch the stars." She ordered a town called Praha to be built on the site.
The region became the seat of the dukes, kings of Bohemia. Under Holy Roman Emperor Otto II the area became a bishopric in 973; until Prague was elevated to archbishopric in 1344, it was under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Mainz. Prague was an important seat for trading where merchants from all of Europe settled, including many Jews, as recalled in 965 by the Hispano-Jewish merchant and traveller Ibrahim ibn Ya'qub; the Old New Synagogue of 1270 still stands in the city. Prague was once home to an important slave market. At the site of the ford in the Vltava river, King Vladislaus I had the first bridge built in 1170, the Judith Bridge, named in honour of his wife Judith of Thuringia; this bridge was destroyed by a flood in 1342, but some of the original foundation stones of that bridge remain in the river. It was named the Charles Bridge. In 1257, under King Ottokar II, Malá Strana was founded in Prague on the site of an older village in what would become the Hradčany area; this was the district of the German people, who had the right to administer the law autonomously, pursuant to Magdeburg rights.
The new district was on the bank opposite of the Staré Město, which had borough status and was bordered by a line of walls and fortifications. Prague flourished dur
Prisoner of war
A prisoner of war is a person, whether a combatant or a non-combatant, held in custody by a belligerent power during or after an armed conflict. The earliest recorded usage of the phrase "prisoner of war" dates back to 1660. Belligerents hold prisoners of war in custody for a range of legitimate and illegitimate reasons, such as isolating them from enemy combatants still in the field, demonstrating military victory, punishing them, prosecuting them for war crimes, exploiting them for their labour, recruiting or conscripting them as their own combatants, collecting military and political intelligence from them, or indoctrinating them in new political or religious beliefs. For most of human history, depending on the culture of the victors, enemy combatants on the losing side in a battle who had surrendered and been taken as a prisoner of war could expect to be either slaughtered or enslaved; the first Roman gladiators were prisoners of war and were named according to their ethnic roots such as Samnite and the Gaul.
Homer's Iliad describes Greek and Trojan soldiers offering rewards of wealth to opposing forces who have defeated them on the battlefield in exchange for mercy, but their offers are not always accepted. Little distinction was made between enemy combatants and enemy civilians, although women and children were more to be spared. Sometimes, the purpose of a battle, if not a war, was to capture a practice known as raptio. Women had no rights, were held as chattel. In the fourth century AD, Bishop Acacius of Amida, touched by the plight of Persian prisoners captured in a recent war with the Roman Empire, who were held in his town under appalling conditions and destined for a life of slavery, took the initiative of ransoming them, by selling his church's precious gold and silver vessels, letting them return to their country. For this he was canonized. During Childeric's siege and blockade of Paris in 464, the nun Geneviève pleaded with the Frankish king for the welfare of prisoners of war and met with a favourable response.
Clovis I liberated captives after Genevieve urged him to do so. Many French prisoners of war were killed during the Battle of Agincourt in 1415; this was done in retaliation for the French killing of the boys and other non-combatants handling the baggage and equipment of the army, because the French were attacking again and Henry was afraid that they would break through and free the prisoners to fight again. In the Middle Ages, a number of religious wars aimed to not only defeat but eliminate their enemies. In Christian Europe, the extermination of heretics was considered desirable. Examples include the Northern Crusades; when asked by a Crusader how to distinguish between the Catholics and Cathars once they'd taken the city of Béziers, the Papal Legate Arnaud Amalric famously replied, "Kill them all, God will know His own". The inhabitants of conquered cities were massacred during the Crusades against the Muslims in the 11th and 12th centuries. Noblemen could hope to be ransomed. In feudal Japan, there was no custom of ransoming prisoners of war, who were for the most part summarily executed.
The expanding Mongol Empire was famous for distinguishing between cities or towns that surrendered, where the population were spared but required to support the conquering Mongol army, those that resisted, where their city was ransacked and destroyed, all the population killed. In Termez, on the Oxus: "all the people, both men and women, were driven out onto the plain, divided in accordance with their usual custom they were all slain"; the Aztecs were at war with neighbouring tribes and groups, with the goal of this constant warfare being to collect live prisoners for sacrifice. For the re-consecration of Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487, "between 10,000 and 80,400 persons" were sacrificed. During the early Muslim conquests, Muslims captured large number of prisoners. Aside from those who converted, most were enslaved. Christians who were captured during the Crusades, were either killed or sold into slavery if they could not pay a ransom. During his lifetime, Muhammad made it the responsibility of the Islamic government to provide food and clothing, on a reasonable basis, to captives, regardless of their religion.
The freeing of prisoners was recommended as a charitable act. On certain occasions where Muhammad felt the enemy had broken a treaty with the Muslims, he ordered the mass execution of male prisoners, such as the Banu Qurayza. Females and children of this tribe were divided up as spoils of war by Muhammad; the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War, established the rule that prisoners of war should be released without ransom at the end of hostilities and that they should be allowed to return to their homelands. There evolved the right of parole, French for "discourse", in which a captured officer surrendered his sword and gave his word as a gentleman in exchange for privileges. If he swore not to escape, he could gain the freedom of the prison. If he swore to cease hostilities against the nation who held him captive, he could be repatriated or exchanged but could not serve against his former captors in a military capacity. Ea