Slayer was an American thrash metal band from Huntington Park, California. The band was formed in 1981 by guitarists Kerry King and Jeff Hanneman, drummer Dave Lombardo, bassist and vocalist Tom Araya. Slayer's fast and aggressive musical style made them one of the founding "big four" bands of thrash metal, alongside Metallica and Anthrax. Slayer's final lineup comprised King, drummer Paul Bostaph and guitarist Gary Holt. Drummer Jon Dette was a member of the band. In the original lineup, King and Araya contributed to the band's lyrics, all of the band's music was written by King and Hanneman; the band's lyrics and album art, which cover topics such as murder, serial killers, genocide, human experimentation, hate crimes, religion, Nazism, racism and prison, have generated album bans, delays and criticism from religious groups and factions of the general public. However, its music has been influential being cited by many bands as an influence musically and lyrically. Slayer released twelve studio albums, two live albums, a box set, six music videos, two extended plays and a cover album.
Four of the band's studio albums have received gold certification in the United States. The band has received five Grammy Award nominations, winning one in 2007 for the song "Eyes of the Insane" and one in 2008 for the song "Final Six", both of which were from the album Christ Illusion. Between 1991 and 2013, the band sold five million albums in the United States. After more than three decades of recording and performing, Slayer announced in January 2018 that it would embark on its final world tour, which began that May and ended in November 2019, the band subsequently disbanded. Slayer was formed in 1981 by Kerry King, Jeff Hanneman, Dave Lombardo, Tom Araya in Huntington Park, CA; the group started out playing covers of songs by bands such as Iron Maiden, Black Sabbath, Judas Priest and Venom at parties and clubs in Southern California. The band's early image relied on Satanic themes that featured pentagrams, make-up, inverted crosses. Rumors that the band was known as Dragonslayer, after the 1981 movie of the same name, were denied by King, as he stated: "We never were.
The band was spotted by Brian Slagel, a former music journalist who had founded Metal Blade Records. Impressed with Slayer, he met with the band backstage and asked them to record an original song for his upcoming Metal Massacre III compilation album; the band agreed and their song "Aggressive Perfector" created an underground buzz upon its release in mid 1983, which led to Slagel offering the band a recording contract with Metal Blade. Without any recording budget, the band had to self-finance its debut album. Combining the savings of Araya, employed as a respiratory therapist, money borrowed from King's father, the band entered the studio in November 1983; the album was rushed into stocking shelves three weeks after tracks were completed. Show No Mercy, released in December 1983 by Metal Blade Records, generated underground popularity for the band; the group began a club tour of California to promote the album. The tour gave the band additional popularity and sales of Show No Mercy reached more than 20,000 in the US and another 20,000 worldwide.
In February 1984, King joined Dave Mustaine's new band Megadeth. Hanneman was worried about King's decision, stating in an interview, "I guess we're gonna get a new guitar player." While Mustaine wanted King to stay on a permanent basis, King left after five shows, stating Mustaine's band was "taking too much of my time." The split caused a rift between King and Mustaine, which evolved into a long running feud between the two bands. In June 1984, Slayer released; the EP featured a darker, more thrash-oriented style than Show No Mercy, laid the groundwork for the future direction of the band. The opening track, "Chemical Warfare", has become a live staple, played at nearly every show since 1984; that year, Slayer began their first national club tour, traveling in Araya's Camaro towing a U-Haul trailer. The band recorded the live album Live Undead in November 1984 while in New York City. In March 1985, Slayer began a national tour with Venom and Exodus, resulting in their first live home video dubbed Combat Tour: The Ultimate Revenge.
The video featured live footage filmed at the Studio 54 club. The band made its live European debut at the Heavy Sound Festival in Belgium opening for UFO. In 1985, Slayer toured or played selected shows with bands like Megadeth, Destruction, D. R. I. Possessed, Agent Steel, S. O. D. Nasty Savage and Metal Church. Show No Mercy had sold over 40,000 copies, which led to the band returning to the studio to record their second full-length album. Metal Blade financed a recording budget. Released in March 1985, Slayer's second full-length album, Hell Awaits, expanded on the darkness of Haunting the Chapel, with hell and Satan as common song subjects; the album was the band's most progressive offering, featuring longer and more complex song structures. The intro of the title track is a backwards recording of a demonic-sounding voice repeating "Join us", ending with "Welcome back" before the track begins; the album was a hit, with fans choosing Slayer for best band, best live band, Hell Awaits, as 1985's best album, Dave Lombardo as best drummer in
K-5 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile being developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India. The missile has a planned range of around 5,000 kilometres; the K-5 is a submarine-launched ballistic missile. The missile uses solid rocket propellant, it is planned to have a range of around 5,000 km. The missile will be able to carry a payload weighing two tonnes, it is being developed to match the range of the Agni-V missile. It will be equipped on the Arihant-class submarines code named S4; the K-5 will be equipped with countermeasures to avoid radar detection. The K-5 is being developed by the Defence Development Organisation; the development of the missile started in 2015.￼￼ After completing the development of the K-4 in January 2020, the DRDO shifted its focus towards developing the K-5. As of December 2018, preparations for the maiden test of the missile were underway. K Missile family
The Hohes Licht, at 2,651 metres, is the second highest mountain in the Allgäu Alps after the Großer Krottenkopf. Its summit lies in the Austrian state of Tyrol; the mountain lies 4½ kilometres as the crow flies north-northwest of Steeg in the Lech valley and 14 kilometres south of Oberstdorf. Neighbouring peaks are, to the northeast the Wilder Mann, the Bockkarkopf, the Hochfrottspitze and the Mädelegabel. To the south are the Peischelspitze and the Ellbognerspitze, to the west the Hochgundspitze and the Hochrappenkopf. To the northwest lies the 200 metre lower Rotgundspitze. In 1854, during a triangulation exercise, a "survey signal" was erected; when the mountain was first climbed for leisure purposes by Hermann von Barth on 6 August 1869, the signal was still there. Barth reached the summit approaching from the Biberkopf via the Hochalpe and the Steinscharte from the northwest; this is still the normal route today. A suitable base for ascending the Hohes Licht along the normal route, the easiest ascent, is the Rappensee Hut to the northwest at 2,091 metres.
From the hut the summit may be climbed in 1½ hours. The route runs over the 2,262-metre-high wind gap of Große Steinscharte, that marks the border between German and Austria, over the West Flank to the top. In 4½ hours the Hohes Licht can be reached from the Hochalptal valley from Steeg; the height difference for this tour is 1,527 metres. This ascent is suitable for ski touring in spring. Dieter Seibert, Alpenvereinsführer Allgäuer Alpen, Munich, 2004, ISBN 3-7633-1126-2 Alpine Club map 1:25,000, Sheet 2/1, Allgäuer- Lechtaler Alpen, West
Friedrich Graetz or Grätz was an Austrian illustrator and cartoonist. His best-known works appeared in Viennese satirical magazines such as Kikeriki and Der Floh, in the American magazine Puck. Puck was the first magazine to print cartoons in color. Many of Graetz's cartoons were political, targeting issues of government responsibility and public health and urging social change. Graetz studied. In 1867 Graetz came to Vienna, spending time in Budapest. Graetz worked for the satirical weekly Kikeriki in Vienna between 1872 and 1875, for Der Floh in Vienna, beginning in 1875. Both magazines were printed by the publishing house Johann Nepomuk Vernay. Kikeriki was edited under the pseudonym O. F. Berg. In its early years, Kikeriki used humour to critique call for social change, it has been suggested that over time humour in Kikeriki and other Viennese newspapers shifted, becoming less an appeal to improve city life, more an attempt to cope with its stresses by "keeping up a cheerful spirit". Their humour became distanced and negative toward marginalized groups, including women and Jewish people.
Graetz was hired by Joseph Keppler on a three-year contract, to work for the popular magazine Puck in New York. Keppler, from Austria, established the German-language magazine in 1871, publishing the first English-language edition in 1877. Graetz's illustrations appear in Puck between March 1882 and March 1885. Graetz's images, like those of Joseph Keppler and Carl Edler von Stur in Puck, depict complex scenes in which a number of characters are involved in unfolding action. In Puck, as in the early Kikeriki, humor was intentionally used to press for both political and social change. Topics reflected the interests and political positions of Keppler and other senior staff, Keppler reviewed others' work before it went to publication, influencing both content and style with "a strong guiding hand". Among the areas of public health addressed by Friedrich Graetz's cartoons in Puck are unsanitary conditions. Graetz's cartoon "The Anti-Chinese Wall: The American wall goes up as the Chinese original goes down" caricatures a group including Irish, African American and Jewish laborers.
They are shown building a wall against the Chinese at the same time that the Chinese are removing their own barriers to trade. The lettering on the blocks includes "Fear", "Non Reciprocity", "Law Against Race" and "Congressional Blunders". Congress had passed the The Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882, was manipulating prejudice and fear against minority groups to support anti-Chinese trade policies. Graetz's cartoon has been used to examine recurring political debates across time. Cholera was feared for its high rate of mortality, because its cause of infection was not yet known. A major epidemic was occurring in Egypt at the time. Graetz's illustration "The Kind of'Assisted Emigrant' We Can Not Afford to Admit" personifies cholera as a skeletal invader in the foreground of the cartoon, but does not demonize or blame immigrants; the deadly disease is opposed by an array of tiny figures: a boat representing the Board of Health, cannons loaded with carbolic acid and chloride of lime, a frail line of human defenders.
The building in the illustration has been identified as Castle Clinton, an immigrant processing center in the Battery Park area of New York City. A flag entitled "Freedom of thought" flies above the conflict in Friedrich Graetz's cartoon "An appalling attempt to muzzle the watch-dog of science"; the caption notes that The Society for the Suppression of Blasphemous Literature proposed to prosecute professors such as physicist John Tyndall, biologist Thomas Henry Huxley, sociologist Herbert Spencer for sowing "widespread unbelief, in some cases rank atheism" through the expression of their views on science and religion. In the cartoon, Spencer is shown as a monumental dog, guarding the doors of scientific enlightenment, his detractors surround him with muzzles. Graetz's cartoon "The Alchemist of the Past, the Alchemist of the Present" targeted food adulteration practices by commercial chemists and hinted at the need for regulation, as a matter of public health; the Alchemist of the Past, as noted in the illustration, could not make gold out of anything, but the Alchemist of the Present profits by making things out of everything.
In the cartoon "Dr. Cashdown Mixer, Analytical Chemist" is collecting payments from a number of well-dressed gentlemen, while above him on the wall are the results of some of his work, "Analysis Tea," "Analysis Coffee," and "Analysis Oilymargarine". "Coffee" is listed as consisting predominantly of chicory and beans, while "flour" consists entirely of plaster of paris and chalk. Eugene Zimmerman recalls Graetz as "an elderly gentleman with short-cropped hair and abundant red whiskers." Zimmerman considered Graetz to be "an excellent pen-and-ink artist but too careful in detail for an American comic paper". Graetz was unfamiliar with American politics, was given topics dealing with international affairs; because he spoke little or no English, proposed work had to be described to him precisely by a German-speaking staff member. While Keppler was travelling abroad for six months in 1883, Zimmerman acted as Graetz's translator. Keppler caricatured himself and his staff in "The return of the'prodigal father' at the'Puck" office'", a cartoon published on October 10, 1883.
Graetz is portrayed to the left of Keppler. He is d
The United States House Permanent Select Committee on Aging was a permanent select committee of the United States House of Representatives between 1974 and 1992. The committee was created with the intent not of forming legislation directly, but of conducting investigations and holding hearings. In such a manner it would spur legislation and other action via regular committee channels; the action to approve the committee was passed on October 8, 1974, by a 299–44 margin in the House. The committee became operational in June 1975 and had 35 members, its first chair was Missouri's William J. Randall; the committee soon grew to 65 members. Florida's Claude Pepper, a powerful and influential member of Congress known for his commitment to representing the elderly, became chair in 1977 following Randall's retirement. In his late seventies and early eighties while chairing the committee, Pepper was renowned for his fast-paced presence in Congress; the committee soon grew to 65 members. In 1983, Pepper stepped aside and Edward R. Roybal of California became chair.
The committee conducted research and held public hearings into the issues affecting older Americans. Hearings were given titles, such as 1983's "Endless Night, Endless Mourning: Living with Alzheimer's". In particular, the committee held hearings and published a number of reports on elder abuse, including Elder Abuse: An Examination of a Hidden Problem, Elder Abuse: A National Disgrace, Elder Abuse: A Decade of Shame and Inaction; the committee's work led to the passage of reform legislation intended to reform nursing home operations and reducing abuse against their patients. Resulting were increased home care benefits for the aging as well as legislation establishing research and care centers for Alzheimer's Disease; the committee's work came to an end on October 9, 1992, at the conclusion of the 102nd Congress. It was not renewed during the 103rd Congress, as the House was under pressure to reduce its internal costs and to streamline the legislative process. United States Senate Special Committee on Aging
Nijinsky is a 1980 American biographical film directed by Herbert Ross. Hugh Wheeler wrote a screenplay that explores the life and career of Vaslav Nijinsky; the film suggests Nijinsky was driven into madness by both his consuming ambition and self-enforced heterosexuality. He became involved with Romola de Pulszky, a society girl who joined impresario Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes to seduce Nijinsky. After a series of misunderstandings with Diaghilev, both his domineering mentor and possessive lover, Nijinsky succumbs to Romola's charms and marries her. After this, his gradual decline from artistic moodiness to a diagnosis of schizophrenia begins. Harry Saltzman purchased the rights in 1969 from film director Charles Vidor's widow. Saltzman had promised to let Ken Russell direct the film, but due to a falling out, Saltzman hired Tony Richardson to direct; the film was canceled during pre-production. After the success of Herbert Ross's ballet film The Turning Point, Saltzman approached Ross to direct.
This was Herbert Ross' second film to focus on the world of ballet. In his 1977 film he had worked with Mikhail Baryshnikov and other members of the American Ballet Theatre. Baryshnikov turned down the role of Vaslav Nijinsky as the American Ballet Theatre had promoted to the role of Artistic Director. Nijinsky was the film debut of Jeremy Irons, it was the second to last film produced by Harry Saltzman. The Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra and the London Festival Ballet were featured in the dance sequences. David Hersey of the National Film Theatre in London designed the theatrical lighting in these scenes. Reception to Nijinsky is mixed, it holds an average score of 5.6 / 10 at Rotten Tomatoes. In his review in Time, Richard Schickel opined, "Some people will be titillated by the openness with which homosexual love is portrayed in the film, but this is a slow, cautious biography, elegantly attentive to Edwardian decor and dress. It slights Nijinsky's melodramatic story and offends with its relentless reductionism.
There are times when excesses of good taste become a kind of bad taste, a falsification of a subject's spirit and milieu. This is never more true than when the troubles of a genius are presented in boring and conventional terms."Time Out London calls it "the best gay weepie since Death in Venice … the first major studio film to centre on a male homosexual relationship without being moralistic … director Ross and writer Hugh Wheeler … do right by their male characters, their grasp of the historical reconstructions seems more than competent, their dialogue and exposition are unusually adroit. Best of all, they never show ballet for its own sake, have the courage to keep emotional dynamics in the forefront throughout."Channel 4 says, "What could have been a powerful period drama descends into soap opera territory … but it's always watchable, director Ross … laces the action with some well-choregraphed dance."Director Tony Richardson, who had intended to direct the planned 1970 film on Nijinsky, considered this 1980 film a "travesty".
Nijinsky on IMDb