Cape Cod National Seashore
The Cape Cod National Seashore, created on August 7,1961 by President John F. Kennedy, encompasses 43,607 acres on Cape Cod, in Massachusetts. It includes ponds and beachfront of the Atlantic coastal pine barrens ecoregion, the CCNS includes nearly 40 miles of seashore along the Atlantic-facing eastern shore of Cape Cod, in the towns of Provincetown, Wellfleet, Eastham and Chatham. It is administered by the National Park Service, notable sites encompassed by the CCNS include Marconi Station, the Highlands Center for the Arts, the Dune Shacks of Peaked Hill Bars Historic District, and the glacial erratic known as Doane Rock. A former United States Coast Guard station on the ocean in Truro is now operated as a 42-bed youth hostel by Hostelling International USA, National Register of Historic Places listings in Cape Cod National Seashore Cape Cod National Seashore. Coastal Landforms and Processes at the Cape Cod National Seashore, Massachusetts, A Primer U. S. Geological Survey Park map showing roads, the Penniman House, A Whaling Story.
A National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan, official Website of Cape Cod Beaches. A community project for all Massachusetts beach information and their geocoordinates, Cape Cod National Seashore travel guide from Wikivoyage
Fire Island National Seashore
The island is part of New York States Suffolk County. There are 17 private communities within the boundaries of Fire Island National Seashore including Saltaire, Fire Island Pines, only two bridges lead to Fire Island and the national seashore and there are no public roads within the seashore itself. The Robert Moses Causeway leads to Robert Moses State Park on the end of Fire Island while the William Floyd Parkway leads to the eastern end of the island. The seashore can be accessed by boat or by ferry from the communities of Patchogue, Sayville. Fire Island National Seashore was established as a unit of the National Park Service on September 11,1964, the William Floyd House is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is located in Mastic Beach, New York. The Fire Island Light is located near the end of the seashore near Robert Moses State Park. Lighthouse Beach is a beach at the extreme west end of the seashore, since 2013, a nudity ban has been enforced at this former clothing optional beach.
Sailors Haven is home to a popular 1.5 miles boardwalk trail through a known as the Sunken Forest as well as a visitor center, general store. Otis Pike Fire Island High Dune Wilderness, located on the end of Fire Island, is the only federally designated U. S. Wilderness Area in New York State, great South Bay Outer Barrier Smith Point County Park Watch Hill, New York National Park Service, Fire Island National Seashore
Benzie County, Michigan
Benzie County is a county in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,525, the county was initially set off in 1863 and organized in 1869. The name Benzie is derived from the French la rivière aux Bec-scies, americans altered the pronunciation of the rivers name, which became known as the Betsie River. A similar alteration in pronunciation produced Benzie, at 321 square miles, Benzie County is the smallest of the 83 counties in Michigan. Benzie County is part of the Traverse City, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 860 square miles, of which 320 square miles is land and 540 square miles is water. It is the smallest county in Michigan by land area, Benzie County is located in the northwest of the Lower Peninsula, in the little finger position of the mitten-shaped peninsula and is considered to be part of the Northern Michigan region. Lake Michigan is to the west, Leelanau County and the Leelanau Peninsula are to the north, Grand Traverse County and Traverse City are to the east.
Wexford County is to the southeast and Manistee County to the south, the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore extends into the northwest portion of the county. Crystal Lake is a prominent physical feature of the area, portions of the Pere Marquette State Forest lie within the county and offers several trails including a 10-mile route along the Betsie River and a 5. 8-mile trail near Lake Ann. There are state forest campgrounds at Platte River and Lake Ann, the Betsie River State Game Area is located just east of Elberta. 50 miles of the Betsie River is a state-designated Natural River from Grass Lake, just west of the Grand Traverse County line, to its inlet into Lake Betsie just east of Elberta. US31 enters the county from the south, passes through Benzonia, M-22 traverses the western edge of the county, providing a scenic drive along the shore of Lake Michigan. M-115 enters the county from the south, angling northwest, m-168 was one of the shortest state highways in Michigan, extending 0.95 miles from a junction with M-22 in downtown Elberta northwest to the former Ann Arbor Railroad ferry docks.
The population density was 50 people per square mile, there were 10,312 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96. 39% White,0. 28% Black or African American,1. 59% Native American,0. 16% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 39% from other races, and 1. 19% from two or more races. 1. 46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,24. 0% were of German,13. 5% Polish,9. 2% Irish,7. 6% American,6. 0% British and 5. 0% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 96. 8% spoke English and 1. 9% Spanish as a first language,24. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10. 80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the family size was 2.86
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore is a U. S. National Lakeshore on the shore of Lake Superior in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, United States. It extends for 42 miles along the shore and covers 73,236 acres, the park offers spectacular scenery of the hilly shoreline between Munising and Grand Marais, with various rock formations like natural archways and sand dunes. Pictured Rocks derives its name from the 15 miles of sandstone cliffs northeast of Munising. The cliffs are up to 200 feet above lake level and they have been naturally sculptured into shallow caves, formations that resemble castle turrets, and human profiles, among others. Near Munising visitors can view Grand Island, most of which is included in the Grand Island National Recreation Area and is preserved separately, the U. S. Congress made Pictured Rocks the first officially designated National Lakeshore in the United States in 1966. It is governed by the National Park Service, had 22 year-round NPS employees as of May 2006, the colors in the cliffs are created by the large amounts of minerals in the rock.
The cliffs are composed of the Munising Formation of 500-million-year-old Cambrian Period sandstone, the Munising Formation sits atop Precambrian sandstone of the Jacobsville Formation. The mottled red Jacobsville Formation is the oldest rock in the park, on top of the Munising Formation is the younger Au Train Formation from the Ordovician Period. The Au Train Formation is a sandstone and acts as a cap over the other layers. Streaks on the face of the come from the groundwater leaching out of the rock. With it come iron, limonite, copper, as the water evaporates, these minerals leave streaks of color. Although the Pictured Rocks lie adjacent to sections of Lake Superior that are rich in fish, pierre Esprit Radisson, the fur trader, made this risky passage in 1658 and noted that his Native American companions offered some tobacco to the local spirit of the cliffs. During the Romantic Era of the 1800s, a series of American writers described their feelings upon sight of the Pictured Rocks, henry Rowe Schoolcraft visited in 1820 and remarked upon some of the most sublime and commanding views in nature.
As long ago as 1850 developers planned a tourist resort, Grand Island City, after the lumbering era ended around 1910, many of the parcels of land making up the current Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore reverted to the state of Michigan for unpaid property taxes. Eager for federal help and recognition, the state cooperated with the government in the regions redevelopment. Congress enacted a law in 1966 to elevate the shoreline between Munising and Grand Marais to the status of a national lakeshore. ”When President Lyndon Johnson signed the bill, Alger County became the home of America’s first National Lakeshore. On March 30,2009, the Omnibus Public Land Management Act was signed into law, in 2010 singer Kid Rock filmed the video for his song Born Free at the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. In early 2014 Courtney Kotewas snapshot of kayakers passing under an arch at the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore was chosen as the grand prize winner of 2013 Share the Experience photo contest
Good Morning America
Good Morning America is an American morning television show that is broadcast on ABC. It debuted on November 3,1975, and first expanded to weekends with the debut of a Sunday edition on January 3,1993, the Sunday edition was canceled in 1999, weekend editions returned on both Saturdays and Sundays on September 4,2004. The weekday program airs from 7,00 to 9,00 a. m. in all U. S. time zones, the Saturday and Sunday editions are one hour long and are transmitted to ABCs stations live at 7,00 a. m. Eastern Time, although stations in some markets air them at different times, viewers in the Pacific Time Zone receive an updated feed with a specialized opening and updated live reports. A third hour of the weekday broadcast aired from 2007 to 2008, the program features news, weather forecasts, special-interest stories, and feature segments such as Pop News, the GMA Heat Index and Play of the Day. It is produced by ABC News and broadcasts from the Times Square Studios in New York Citys Times Square district, the primary anchors are Robin Roberts, George Stephanopoulos, Lara Spencer and Michael Strahan along with newsreader Amy Robach and weather anchor Ginger Zee.
Good Morning America has been the most watched morning show in total viewers, GMA generally placed second in the ratings, behind NBCs Today from 1995 to 2012. Good Morning America won the first three Daytime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Morning Program, sharing the inaugural 2007 award with Today, on January 6,1975, ABC launched AM America in an attempt to compete with NBCs Today. The program was hosted by Bill Beutel and Stephanie Edwards, with Peter Jennings, because the show could not find an audience against Today, ABC sought a new approach. The network found that one of its affiliates, WEWS in Cleveland, the Morning Exchange established a group of regular guests who were experts in certain fields, including health, consumer affairs and travel. Also unlike both the NBC and ABC shows, The Morning Exchange was not broadcast from a newsroom set, in the process of screening the Cleveland morning program as a creative source, ABC began looking at another local show, Good Morning. Which was produced by Boston ABC affiliate WCVB-TV, Good Morning.
was very similar in format to The Morning Exchange, but with a lesser emphasis on news and weather. No legal cease and desist action was finalized against ABC in the matter, the launch of Good Morning America did result in the Boston morning show changing its name—to Good Day. ABC took an episode of The Morning Exchange and used it as a pilot episode, after very positive reviews for the pilot, the format replaced AM America in November 1975 as Good Morning America. The first host of the new program was David Hartman, featuring Nancy Dussault as his co-host, Dussault was replaced in 1977 by Sandy Hill. Dave Murray provided the forecasts for both Good Morning America and ABCs early morning news program ABC News This Morning from 1983 to 1986, on August 30,1976, Tom Brokaw began anchoring Today while the program began a search for a female co-host. Within a year, Today managed to back the Good Morning America ratings threat with Brokaw and new co-host Jane Pauley, featuring art. For the first time, Good Morning America became the morning news program in the United States as Today fell to second place
United States Coast Guard
The United States Coast Guard is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the countrys seven uniformed services. This has happened twice, in 1917, during World War I, created by Congress on 4 August 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States. As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton headed the Revenue Marine, by the 1860s, the service was known as the U. S. Revenue Cutter Service and the term Revenue Marine gradually fell into disuse, the modern Coast Guard was formed by a merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and the U. S. Life-Saving Service on 28 January 1915, under the U. S. Department of the Treasury. As one of the five armed services, the Coast Guard has been involved in every U. S. war from 1790 to the Iraq War. As of 2014 the Coast Guard had over 36,000 men and women on duty,7,350 reservists,29,620 auxiliarists. In terms of size, the U. S. Coast Guard by itself is the worlds 12th largest naval force.
Because of its authority, the Coast Guard can conduct military operations under the U. S. Department of Defense or directly for the President in accordance with Title 14 USC 1–3. The Coast Guards enduring roles are maritime safety, security, to carry out those roles, it has 11 statutory missions as defined in 6 U. S. C. §468, which include enforcing U. S. law in the worlds largest exclusive economic zone of 3.4 million square miles, the Coast Guards motto is the Latin phrase, Semper Paratus. In a 2005 article in Time magazine following Hurricane Katrina, the author wrote, the Coast Guards most valuable contribution to may be as a model of flexibility, and most of all, spirit. Wil Milam, a swimmer from Alaska told the magazine, In the Navy. Practicing for war, training for war, in the Coast Guard, it was, take care of our people and the mission will take care of itself. The Coast Guard carries out three basic roles, which are subdivided into eleven statutory missions. Both agencies maintain rescue coordination centers to coordinate this effort, and have responsibility for military and civilian search and rescue.
The two services jointly provide instructor staff for the National Search and Rescue School that trains SAR mission planners and coordinators, previously located on Governors Island, New York, the school is now located at Coast Guard Training Center Yorktown at Yorktown, Virginia. The NRC takes Maritime Suspicious Activity and Security Breach Reports, details on the NRC organization and specific responsibilities can be found in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan. The Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement database system is managed and used by the Coast Guard for tracking pollution, the five uniformed services that make up the U. S
Port Oneida Rural Historic District
Port Oneida Rural Historic District is part of the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. The district was farmed for over 100 years by local farmers of subsistence farms, the houses and fields were passed down through the families. What is represented in the district is the practice of use, architecture. It is very rare to find such a collection of farms of this time period that are free from modern technology. Port Oneida Rural Historic District has 121 buildings,20 structures and 18 farmsteads, the district is over 3,400 acres of farming area preserved as it was in the late 19th century to the mid-20th century. It is the largest historic community in the United States under government ownership that is fully protected by the government. The district has the greatest number of buildings and has the largest agricultural area. It is on the National Register of Historic Places as of June,1997 and it has a State level of significance on the National Register. The Leelanau Peninsula was occupied soon after the Ice age glaciers’ last retreat.
Inhabitants were initially drawn to northern Michigan because of the fisheries, agriculture soon developed since there was longer growing seasons. Lake Michigan provided a lake effect warmth along the shoreline in this area and Ojibwa were among the Native Americans who lived in the area for generations. The first European recorded in this region was Carsten Burfiend and he was an immigrant from Hanover, Germany in 1846. He arrived in the United States at Buffalo, New York and he came to the peninsula alone and left his wife and family in New York state. There he built a cabin and worked as a fisherman until 1852, the U. S. Government around this time opened up the mainland of Michigan Territory to settlement. Burfriend moved and purchased 275 acres of land on the west side of Pyramid Point and he sent for his wife and children. Burfiend continued to work as a fisherman on mainland Michigan with his fishing boat, using his boat he would ferry early settlers between South Manitou Island and North Manitou Island from the mainland of Michigan.
History records that John E. Fisher was one of his passengers going to the islands, Fisher was one of the first settlers on the mainland of northern Michigan and a founder of Glen Arbor, Michigan. Burfiend and his family lived in a log cabin on the beach
Leelanau County, Michigan
Leelanau County is a county located in the U. S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,708, the county seat was until recently the unincorporated community of Leland. On August 3,2004, county voters approved a proposal to move the county seat to Suttons Bay Township, Leelanau County is included in the Traverse City Micropolitan Statistical Area of northern Michigan. In 2011, the Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, located in the county and he created many faux Indian place names in Michigan, from syllables from Ojibwe and Arabic. This source contends that the Ojibwas did not use the letter L. See, Jane Johnston was of Ojibwa and Scots-Irish descent, and wrote in Ojibwe and English. In 2008 Jane Johnston Schoolcraft was inducted into the Michigan Womens Hall of Fame, the county was set off in 1840, and organized in 1863. There are twenty six wineries on the peninsula, the Leelanau Peninsula sits close to the 45th parallel, a longitude known for growing prestigious grapes.
The two Grand Traverse Bays provide the ideal climate and the rich soil does the rest. Northern Michigan specializes in growing grapes and is known for its rieslings which grow well in the summer months. Every October the wineries host a harvest fest, some riesling grapes are spared being picked in the fall to be picked when they freeze, from which Ice Wine is made. Mawby Vineyards, Ciccone Vineyard and Winery, Willow Vineyards, Chateau de Leelanau Winery and Cidery, Shady Lane Cellars, Cherry Republic Winery, Longview Winery, and Bel Lago Winery. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 2,532 square miles. The county is coextensive with the Leelanau Peninsula, the county has the second-highest proportion of water area of any county in the United States, behind only Keweenaw County, Michigan. Lake Leelanau is the countys largest body of water, formed from the Leland River dam near Leland. Glen Lake, located within the boundaries of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, is considered one of the most beautiful lakes in the world, a substantial portion of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore lies within the countys borders, including North Manitou and South Manitou Islands.
Leelenau has been party to substantial efforts to protect itself from growth, the county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities, leelenau County recently completed construction of a new jail. The population density was 61 people per square mile, there were 13,297 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile
Northern Michigan, known as Northern Lower Michigan or Upper Michigan, is a region of the U. S. state of Michigan. A popular tourist destination, it is home to several small- to medium-sized cities, extensive state and national forests and rivers, the region has a significant seasonal population much like other regions that depend on tourism as their main industry. Northern Lower Michigan is distinct from the more northerly Upper Peninsula and Isle Royale, in the northern-most 21 counties in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, the total population of the region is 506,658 people. The southern boundary of the region is not precisely defined, the 45th parallel runs across Northern Michigan. Signs in the Lower Peninsula that mark that line are at Mission Point Light, suttons Bay, Cairn Highway in Kewadin, Michigan on U. S.131 Highway, Gaylord and Alpena. These are six of 29 places in the U. S. A. where such signs or monuments are known to exist, one other such sign is in Menominee, Michigan in the Upper Peninsula.
Across the Straits of Mackinac, to the north and northeast, residents of the Upper Peninsula often say that Northern Michigan is not in the Lower Peninsula. They insist the region must only be referred to as Northern Lower Michigan, the two regions are connected by the 5 mile long Mackinac Bridge. All of the northern Lower Peninsula – north of a line from Manistee County on the west to Iosco County on the east – is considered to be part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord. The geographical theme of this region is shaped by rolling hills, Great Lakes shorelines including coastal dunes on the west coast, large lakes, numerous rivers. A tension zone is identified running from Muskegon to Saginaw Bay marked by a change in soil type, North of the line the historic presettlement forests were beech and sugar maple, mixed with hemlock, white pine, and yellow birch which only grew on moist soils further south. Southern Michigan forests were primarily deciduous with oaks, red maple, shagbark hickory, Northern Michigan soils tend to be coarser, and the growing season is shorter with a cooler climate.
Lake effect weather brings significant snowfalls to snow belt areas of Northern Michigan, glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. Large lakes were created by glacial action, the region has the four seasons in their extremes, with sometimes hot and humid summer days to subzero days in winter. With the expansive hardwood forest in Northern Michigan, fall color tourist are found throughout the area in early to mid-autumn, when the spring rains come, many roads and bridges become impassable due to flooding or muddy to the point a four-wheel drive cannot pass. Both the high and low temperature records for all of Michigan are held by communities in Northern Lower Michigan, the high is 112 °F set in Mio on July 13,1936 and the low is -51 °F set in Vanderbilt on February 9,1934. In the northern-most 21 counties in the Lower Peninsula of Michigan, the area was populated by many different ethnicities, including groups from New England, Ireland and Poland. The Odawa nation is located in Emmet County.
Native American reservations exist at Mount Pleasant, kayaking, birding, horse back riding and off roading are important avocations
National Park Service
It was created on August 25,1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. As of 2014, the NPS employs 21,651 employees who oversee 417 units, the National Park Service celebrated its centennial in 2016. National parks and national monuments in the United States were originally individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior, the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior and they wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service, Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS.
On March 3,1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933, the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasnt until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President Roosevelt agreed and issued two Executive orders to make it happen. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service, the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery, Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States national parks, Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States.
In 1872, there was no government to manage it. Yosemite National Park began as a park, the land for the park was donated by the federal government to the state of California in 1864 for perpetual conservation. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership, at first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. Later, the agency was given authority over other protected areas, the National Park System includes all properties managed by the National Park Service
United States Life-Saving Service
The United States Life-Saving Service was a United States government agency that grew out of private and local humanitarian efforts to save the lives of shipwrecked mariners and passengers. It began in 1848 and ultimately merged with the Revenue Cutter Service to form the United States Coast Guard in 1915, the concept of assistance to shipwrecked mariners from shore based stations began with volunteer lifesaving services, spearheaded by the Massachusetts Humane Society. It was recognized that only small boats stood a chance in assisting those close to the beach, a sailing ship trying to help near to the shore stood a good chance of running aground, especially if there were heavy onshore winds. The Massachusetts Humane Society founded the first lifeboat station at Cohasset, the stations were small shed-like structures, holding rescue equipment that was to be used by volunteers in case of a wreck. The stations, were only near the approaches to ports and, thus. That same year the Massachusetts Humane Society received funds from Congress for life saving stations on the Massachusetts coastline, between 1848 and 1854 other stations were built and loosely managed.
The stations were administered by the United States Revenue Marine and they were run with volunteer crews, much like a volunteer fire department. In September 1854, a Category 4 hurricane, the Great Carolina Hurricane of 1854, swept through the East Coast of the United States, causing the deaths of many sailors. This storm highlighted the poor condition of the equipment in the life saving stations, the training of the crews. Additional funds were appropriated by Congress, including funds to employ a full-time keeper at each station, still not officially recognized as a service, the system of stations languished until 1871 when Sumner Increase Kimball was appointed chief of the Treasury Departments Revenue Marine Division. One of his first acts was to send Captain John Faunce of the Revenue Marine Service on an tour of the life saving stations. Captain Faunces report noted that apparatus was rusty for want of care, Kimball convinced Congress to appropriate $200,000 to operate the stations and to allow the Secretary of the Treasury to employ full-time crews for the stations.
Kimball instituted six-man boat crews at all stations, built new stations, by 1874, stations were added along the coast of Maine, Cape Cod, the Outer Banks of North Carolina, and Port Aransas, Texas. The next year, more stations were added to serve the Great Lakes, in 1878, the network of life saving stations were formally organized as a separate agency of the United States Department of the Treasury, called the Live-Saving Service. The stations of the Service fell into three categories, lifesaving and houses of refuge, lifesaving stations were manned by full-time crews during the period when wrecks were most likely. On the East Coast, this was usually from November to April, by 1900, the active season was year-round. Most stations were in isolated areas and crewmen had to perform open beach launchings and that is, they were required to launch their boats from the beach into the surf. That section gave rise to the rescue crews unofficial motto, You have to go out, before 1900, there were very few recreational boaters and most assistance cases came from ships engaged in commerce