Sleeping Beauty, or Little Briar Rose titled in English as The Sleeping Beauty in the Woods, is a classic fairy tale about a princess, cursed to sleep for a hundred years by an evil fairy, where she would be awakened by a handsome prince. When the good fairy hears this she knew that the princess would be frightened if she found herself alone when she wakes up, so the fairy uses her wand to put every living person and animal in the palace to sleep until the princess awakes; the earliest known version of the story is found in the narrative Perceforest, composed between 1330 and 1344. The tale was first published by Giambattista Basile in his collection of tales titled The Pentamerone. Basile's version was adapted and published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697; the version, collected and printed by the Brothers Grimm was an orally transmitted version of the literary tale published by Perrault. The Aarne-Thompson classification system for folktales classifies Sleeping Beauty as being a 410 tale type, meaning it includes a princess, forced into an enchanted sleep and is awakened reversing the magic placed upon her.
The story has been adapted many times throughout history and has continued to be retold by modern storytellers throughout various media. Early contributions to the tale include the medieval courtly romance Perceforest. In this tale, a princess named, her father sends him to perform tasks to prove himself worthy of her, while he is gone, Zellandine falls into an enchanted sleep. Troylus impregnates her in her sleep, she realizes from the ring Troylus left her that he was the father, Troylus returns to marry her. The second part of the Sleeping Beauty tale, in which the princess and her children are put to death but instead are hidden, may have been influenced by Genevieve of Brabant. Earlier influences come from the story of the sleeping Brynhild in the Volsunga saga and the tribulations of saintly female martyrs in early Christian hagiography conventions. Following these early renditions, the tale was first published by Italian poet Giambattista Basile who lived from 1575-1632; the folktale begins with a princess whose parents are told by a wicked fairy that their daughter will die when she pricks her finger on a particular item.
In Basile's version, the princess pricks her finger on a piece of flax. In Perrault's and the Grimm Brothers' versions, the item is a spindle; the parents rid the kingdom of these items in the hopes of protecting their daughter, but the prophecy is fulfilled regardless. Instead of dying, as was foretold, the princess falls into a deep sleep. After some time, she is awakened. In Giambattista Basile's version of Sleeping Beauty, Sun and Talia, the sleeping beauty, falls into a deep sleep after getting a splinter of flax in her finger; when she is discovered in her castle by a wandering king, he "...gathers the first fruits of love." And leaves her there where she gives birth to a set of twins. According to Maria Tatar, there are versions of the story that include a second part to the narrative that details the couple's troubles after their union; the second part begins after princess have had children. Through the course of the tale, the princess and her children are introduced in some way to another woman from the prince's life.
This other woman is not fond of the prince's new family, calls a cook to kill the children and serve them for dinner. Instead of obeying, the cook serves livestock. Next, the other woman orders the cook to kill the princess. Before this can happen, the other woman's true nature is revealed to the prince and she is subjected to the death that she had planned for the princess; the princess and their children live ever after. Perrault’s narrative is written in two parts, which some folklorists believe were separate tales, as they were in the Brothers Grimm's version, were joined together by Giambattista Basile and once more by Perrault. According to folklore editors Martin Hallett and Barbara Karasek, Perrault's tale is a much more subtle and pared down version than Basile's story in terms of the more immoral details. An example of this is depicted in Perrault's tale by the prince's choice to instigate no physical interaction with the sleeping princess when the prince discovers her. At the christening of a king and queen's long-wished-for child, seven good fairies are invited to be godmothers to the infant princess.
The fairies attend the banquet at the palace. Each fairy is presented with drinking cups adorned with jewels. Soon after, an old fairy enters the palace and is seated with a plate of fine china and a crystal drinking glass; this old fairy is overlooked because she has been within a tower for many years and everyone had believed her to be deceased. Six of the other seven fairies offer their gifts of beauty, grace, dance and goodness to the infant princess; the evil fairy is angry about having been forgotten, as her gift, enchants the infant princess so that she will one day prick her finger on a spindle of a spinning wheel and die. The seventh fairy, who hasn't yet given her gift, attempts to reverse the evil fairy's curse. However, she can only do so partially. Instead of dying, the Princess will fall into a deep sleep for 100 years and be awakened by a kiss from a king's son; this is her gift of protection. The King order
In sound and music, an envelope describes how a sound changes over time. It may to relate to elements such as amplitude, filters or pitch. For example, a piano key, when struck and held, creates a near-immediate initial sound which decreases in volume to zero. Envelope generators, which allow users to control the different stages of a sound, are common features of synthesizers and other electronic musical instruments; the most common form of envelope generator is controlled with four parameters: attack, decay and release. The Hammond Novachord in 1938 uses an early implementation of an ADSR envelope. A seven-position rotary knob set preset ADS parameter for all 72 notes; the envelope generator was created by the American engineer Robert Moog in the 1960s. While experimenting with the first Moog synthesizers, composer Herbert Deutsch suggested Moog find a way to articulate the instrument so notes did not trigger on and off. Moog wired a doorbell button to the synthesizer and used a capacitor to store and release voltage produced from hitting a key.
He refined the design to remove the need to push a separate button with every key press, with two switches on every key: one to produce the control voltage and the other to trigger the envelope generator. The envelope generator became a standard feature of synthesizers. Following discussions with engineer and composer Vladimir Ussachevsky in 1965, Moog developed a new envelope module whose functions were described in f T1, T2, ESUS, T3; these were simplified to the modern ADSR form by ARP. The most common kind of envelope generator has four stages: attack, decay and release. Attack is the time taken for initial run-up of level from nil to peak, beginning when the key is pressed. Decay is the time taken for the subsequent run down from the attack level to the designated sustain level. Sustain is the level during the main sequence of the sound's duration. Release is the time taken for the level to decay from the sustain level to zero after the key is released. While, attack and release refer to time, sustain refers to level.
Some electronic musical instruments can invert the ADSR envelope, reversing the behavior of the normal ADSR envelope. During the attack phase, the modulated sound parameter fades from the maximum amplitude to zero during the decay phase, rises to the value specified by the sustain parameter. After the key has been released the sound parameter rises from sustain amplitude back to maximum amplitude; some envelopes, such as that of the Korg MS-20, have an extra parameter. This holds notes at the sustain level for a fixed length of time before decaying; the General Instruments AY-3-8912 sound chip includes only a hold time parameter. Another common variation in the same vein is the AHDSR envelope, in which the "hold" parameter controls how long the envelope stays at full volume before entering the decay phase. Multiple attack and release settings may be found on more sophisticated models. Certain synthesizers allow for a delay parameter before the attack. Modern synthesizers, such as the Prophet'08, have DADSR envelopes.
The delay setting determines the length of silence between hitting the attack. Some software synthesizers, such as Image-Line's 3xOSC have DAHDSR envelopes. A common feature on many synthesizers is an AD envelope; this can be used to control e.g. the pitch of one oscillator, which in turn may be synchronized with another oscillator by oscillator sync. Envelope
South Point is a village in Lawrence County, United States, along the Ohio River. South Point straddles Fayette Township; the population was 3,958 at the 2010 census. South Point is a part of WV-KY-OH, Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 288,649. The village mayor is Jeff Gaskin, elected in November 2015. A post office called; the village was so named for the fact the southernmost point in the state is contained within its borders. Now considered to be a populated place within South Point, in 1918 the community of North Kenova was located at, so named because it was on the opposite bank of the Ohio River from Kenova, West Virginia. South Point is located at 38°25′9″N 82°34′50″W; the village lies at the junction point of the three states of Ohio, West Virginia, Kentucky. Not far from the village lies the southernmost point in the State of Ohio, along the Ohio River less than one mile east of the village's southeast corner. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.23 square miles, of which 2.94 square miles is land and 0.29 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,958 people, 1,602 households, 1,132 families living in the village. The population density was 1,346.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,699 housing units at an average density of 577.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 94.2% White, 3.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population. There were 1,602 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, 29.3% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age in the village was 40.3 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the village was 46.8% male and 53.2% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,742 people, 1,485 households, 1,131 families living in the village; the population density was 1,547.0 people per square mile. There were 1,564 housing units at an average density of 646.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.91% White, 2.27% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population. There were 1,485 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.8% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.89. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $33,110, the median income for a family was $34,560. Males had a median income of $32,439 versus $21,496 for females; the per capita income for the village was $15,296. About 9.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. The village is managed by a six-member city council, the current members of which include Chuck Austin, Mary Cogan, Mike Lynd, David Moore, Eric Rawlins, Chris Smith; the elected mayor is Jeff Gaskin. The South Point Local School District serves nearby unincorporated areas. Beginning in March 2004, the district embarked on a project to construct all new school buildings, including demolishing certain buildings: the location of the old middle and high schools is the location of the new South Point Elementary School, while the location of the new Burlington Elementary School is the same as that of the old.
South Point has a branch of Briggs Lawrence County Public Library. List of cities and towns along the Ohio River North Bend, the most northerly point on the Ohio River Official website South Point Local Schools
The Maldon Football and Netball Club is an Australian rules football club that plays in the Maryborough Castlemaine District Football League and is situated in the township of Maldon, Victoria, in the central Victorian goldfields. The clubs plays its home games at Maldon; the club's nickname is known as the Bombers. The club was established in 1873; the club played in the Castlemaine District Football Association from 1894 to 1951. The club won its first premiership in 1894 and dominated the competition, it lost only one match between 1898 and 1902. Between 1927 and 1933 the club was known as Tarrengower. Between 1965 and 1979 the club 15 seasons in the Golden City Football League, it made. 1894, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1909, 1914, 1920, 1923 1927, 1929, 1931, 1949, 1950, 1951 1952, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2010 1981 Glen Roy 1983 Ken Patton 2015 Hayden Kelly 1982 Russell Emmens 90 1984 Russell Emmens 90 1987 Darren Rice 100 1988 Darren Rice 121 1988 Darren Rice 138 1991 Darren Rice 109 1999 Michael Howell 83 2011 Christian Kelly 121 History of Football in the Bendigo District - John Stoward - ISBN 978-0-9805929-1-7
The Fire department TU Munich is a factory fire department at the Technical University of Munich. In addition to the fire department of the Bundeswehr University Munich, it is the only full-time fire department at a German university, it has 58 employees working in three shifts as well as in the day shifts. Its location is the research site of the TU in Garching near Munich. Organizationally, the fire department is part of the Central Department 1 - Unit 15 - of the Technical University of Munich; the purposes of the TU fire department include, apart from fire protection and firefighting on the Garching campus general fire department-specific assistance, for example in traffic accidents. Their focus is on fire safety training and respiratory protection training for TU employees, knowledge of the fire alarm systems, maintenance of 3,000 fire extinguishers and checking hydrants on campus. Since the former research reactor Munich and the research neutron source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz belong to the objects that are supervised, the TU firefighters have a special training in radiation protection.
In major catastrophic events, the TU's fire department supports units of the Garching Volunteer Fire Department and the Munich Fire Department and vice versa. In 1967, demands were made that the university should organize the fire protection and rescue service itself for the 1957 inaugurated research campus of the Technical University of Munich in the north of Garching, therefore founded their fire department. Appraisals and legal examinations took place, until 1975-78 when the Faculty of Chemistry had a new building built. At the same time, nuclear legislations were tightened, which resulted in higher demands on the operational readiness of rescue services at the research reactor. For this reason, the head of the Munich Fire Department was appointed consultant and organizer of the development of a fire department for the TU. Which in turn, took the University fire demepatment back to the position that they could rely on civil service personnel and was considered equal to the public professional fire departments.
In 1978, the first operational and managerial staff were recruited and trained at the Munich and Augsburg professional fire departments. Part of the building of the technical center of the cogeneration plant was converted into a fire station. In May 1979, 18 of the 48 civil servants required, met the conditions to become active in the firefighting service. On 1 June 1979, the first watch of guards with six officials began their 24-hour service. In March 1985, a newly built fire station could be occupied. In 1991, the university fire department was recognized as a plant fire department and received, in 1996, an expanded operations center. At the beginning of 1999, it was decided to reorganize the vehicle concept of the fire department in order to adapt it to changing requirements. In the course of this, a changeable charger system was introduced and a rescue vehicle was purchased; the plant fire department is a member of the Munich Municipal Fire Department. The fleet consists of: Einsatzleitwagen 10/1 Mannschaftstransportfahrzeug 11/1 Hilfeleistungslöschgruppenfahrzeug HLF 40/1 und HLF 40/2 Drehleiter mit Korb 30/1 Ambulance 71/1 Wechselladerfahrzeug 82/1 und 82/2 Kleineinsatzfahrzeug 69/1 Smart 89/1 Teleskoplader Versorgungsfahrzeug Technisches Hilfswerk www.feuerwehr.tum.de Stadt Garching
The Casecnan Protected Landscape is a protected area in the Casecnan River watershed of eastern Luzon in the Philippines. It has a total area of 88,846.80 hectares straddling the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Aurora. The 57,930-hectare Casecnan River Watershed Forest Reserve was established in August 1987 by virtue of Executive Order No. 136 issued by President Corazon Aquino. In April 2000, the forest reserve was enlarged to 88,846.80 hectares and was reclassified as a protected landscape area through Proclamation No. 289. It is considered as one of the last remaining substantial water source for the region of Central Luzon; the protected landscape area stretches over the municipalities of Dupax del Norte and Dupax del Sur in Nueva Vizcaya, Maddela in Quirino, Dipaculao in Aurora. It was established to protect the watershed around the Casecnan River, a tributary of the Rio Grande de Cagayan which flows through the mountains of central Sierra Madre, the Caraballo and Mamparang ranges; the river is used for irrigation and serves much of the surrounding communities in Central Luzon and Cagayan Valley.
It supplies hydroelectric power to the region, an additional 140 megawatts of power capacity to the Luzon grid through a tunnel and powerhouse built in 2001 from the diversion weirs in the Casecnan and Taan rivers in Nueva Vizcaya near Mount Guiwan to the Pantabangan Dam in Nueva Ecija. The Casecnan Dam is considered as one of the most expensive hydroelectric plants in the country and was criticized for its adverse impact on the ecology of the protected area as well as the local community of Ilongot people residing in the watershed area. On June 22, 2018, the feature was designated a national park through the Expanded National Integrated Protected Areas System Act or Republic Act No. 11038, signed by President Rodrigo Duterte. The Casecnan Protected Landscape area is a haven for wildlife, some of which are unique and endangered, including the Philippine deer, Philippine eagle, cloud rat, hornbill and Philippine warty pig. Salinas Natural Monument Aurora Memorial National Park