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Slipknot (band)

Slipknot is an American heavy metal band from Des Moines, Iowa. The band was founded in 1995 by percussionist Shawn Crahan, drummer Joey Jordison and bassist Paul Gray. After several lineup changes in its early years, the band settled on nine members for more than a decade: Crahan, Gray, Craig Jones, Mick Thomson, Corey Taylor, Sid Wilson, Chris Fehn, Jim Root. Gray died on May 24, 2010, was replaced during 2011–2014 by guitarist Donnie Steele. Jordison was dismissed from the band on December 12, 2013. Steele left during the recording sessions for.5: The Gray Chapter. The band found replacements in Alessandro Venturella on Jay Weinberg on drums. After the departure of Jordison, as of December 2013 the only founding member in the current lineup is percussionist Crahan. Fehn was dismissed from the band in March of 2019 prior to the writing of We Are Not Your Kind. Slipknot is well known for its attention-grabbing image, aggressive style of music, energetic and chaotic live shows; the band rose to fame following the release of their eponymous debut album in 1999.

The 2001 follow-up album, although darker in tone, made the band more popular. After a brief hiatus, Slipknot returned in 2004 with Vol. 3:, before going on another hiatus and returning in 2008 with its fourth album, All Hope Is Gone, which debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart. After another long hiatus, Slipknot released its fifth studio album.5: The Gray Chapter, in 2014. Their sixth studio album, We Are Not Your Kind, was released on August 9, 2019; the band has released two live albums titled 9.0: Live and Day of the Gusano: Live in Mexico, a compilation album titled Antennas to Hell, five live DVDs. The band has sold 30 million records worldwide. In the years before Slipknot formed, many future members played in the Des Moines, Iowa heavy metal scene. In 1991, the biggest heavy metal band in Des Moines was Atomic Opera, with Jim Root on guitar. Drummer Joey Jordison founded a thrash metal band called Modifidious, playing at a club called Runway. Modifidious opened for Atomic Opera on December 1, 1991, at the Runway, after which their guitarist left for the more successful Atomic Opera.

Jordison replaced him with local guitarist Craig Jones. Drummer Shawn Crahan formed another Des Moines band called Heads on the Wall, playing funk metal cover songs at clubs and releasing a demo tape in July 1992. A fourth Des Moines band called Vexx played death metal with Anders Colsefni on drums and vocals, Paul Gray on bass, Josh Brainard on guitar and vocals. During this time, Crahan went to the Runway on Sundays when the club opened to all ages, where he met other young musicians with whom he could jam. By March 1993, Crahan was jamming with vocalist Colsefni, bassist Gray and guitarist Pat Neuwirth and playing songs in Gray's basement, discussing possible band names such as Pull My Finger, but never making a final decision. One of the songs they recorded was titled "Slipknot". In 1993, a new band called Inveigh Catharsis formed in Des Moines, with Gray on bass, Brainard on guitar and Colsefni on drums. Jordison jammed with this group. Brainard left to join Jordison and Jones in Modifidious, participating in demo recordings at the end of'93 and early in'94.

During 1994, Modifidious sometimes played the same shows as Crahan's Heads on the Wall band. Gray formed. Modifidious stopped playing in the wake of death metal's increasing pull. Gray failed to get Jordison to join Body Pit, but soon after he recruited local guitar teacher Mick Thomson, the band broke up. In September 1995, Crahan and Gray started; the lineup was made up of friends who met through the local music scene, including vocalist Colsefni and guitarist Donnie Steele. Not long after their inception, Gray invited Jordison to a rehearsal because the band was interested in experimenting with additional drum elements. Jordison subsequently joined the band as their main drummer. Furthermore, Colsefni took up percussion while remaining the band's vocalist; the band decided to invite Brainard as their second guitarist, bringing their lineup to six members. On December 4, the band made their live debut. Much of the band's early development was retrospectively attributed to late-night planning sessions between Gray and Jordison at a Sinclair gas station where Jordison worked nights.

It was there, in late 1995, that Jordison suggested changing the band name to Slipknot after their song of the same name. In December, Slipknot began recording material at a studio in the band's hometown; as they didn't have a recording contract, the band self-financed the project, the costs of which came to an estimated $40,000. In February 1996, guitarist Donnie Steele, a Christian, left Slipknot after discussions regarding the band's lyrics with the producer, Sean McMahon. Jordison said of Steele's departure: " was having these God talks, when we were supposed to be working... We were prepared to keep him on, but he didn't want to stay." Steele himself has said: "I left for a few reasons... I had a lot on my mind spiritually." During the mixing stages of their project at SR Audio, Craig Jones was recruited as Steele's replacement on guitar. However, throughout their time in the studio, the band were adding samples to their recordings but could not produce these sounds live. Subsequently, Jones became the band's sampler and Mick Thomson was brought in as the replacement guitarist.

After a complicated time with mixing and mastering, the band self-released Mate. Feed. Kill. Repeat

Les Rois du monde

"Les Rois du monde" is a 2000 song performed by Philippe d'Avilla, Damien Sargue and Grégori Baquet. It was the second single from the French musical Roméo et Juliette, de la Haine à l'Amour, featuring as the fourth track on the album of the same name. Released in July 2000, the single achieved a huge success in France and Belgium, topping the charts for many months; the song was written and the music composed by Gérard Presgurvic. Elia Habib, a specialist of the French charts, commented on this song: "its refrain, bewitching choirs chiselled in its words as much as in its melody," compensating for "the tasteless of the performance" and "the clumsiness of some of its verses."In 2001, "Les Rois du monde" won a NRJ Music Awards in the category'Francophone song of the year.' In 2003, the song was covered by MC Solaar, Pierre Palmade and Dany Brillant. It features as sixth track on the album La Foire aux Enfoirés, released on 24 February 2003. In France, the single debuted at #30 on the French Singles Chart on 29 July 2000, before jumping to #12 entering the top ten.

It climbed to #1 in its fifth week, there it stayed for 17 not consecutive weeks. The high sales of the single blocked Alizée's most successful single "Moi... Lolita" from the top position for thirteen weeks, which would be ranked as the third best-selling single of the year. After that, the single of the trio dropped but quite and managed to total 22 weeks in the top ten, 36 weeks in the top 50 and 40 weeks on the chart. Certified Diamond disc by the SNEP, the song was sold about 1,410,000 copies and was the 21st best-selling single of all time in France, according to Infodisc website. To date, it is the song with the third most weeks at number one. In Belgium, the single went to #27 on the Ultratop 40 Singles Chart, on 12 August 2000, it became number one two weeks later. It remained at the top for 14 consecutive weeks, almost kept on dropping (22 weeks in the top ten and 32 on the chart; as in France, the single was the second best-selling single of the year, behind "Ces Soirées-là," by Yannick, although this song spent less weeks at number-one.

In Switzerland, the single was charted for 23 weeks, from 24 September 2000 to 25 March 2001, peaking at #9 in its fourth week. It appeared for 11 weeks in the top 20; the song was released in the Netherlands, but in July 2001. It was ranked on the Dutch Top 40, for four weeks, but remained in the bottom of the chart. CD single"Les Rois du monde" — 3:26 "Un Jour" by Damien Sargue and Cécilia Cara — 3:44

Gmina Żelazków

Gmina Żelazków is a rural gmina in Kalisz County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, in west-central Poland. Its seat is the village of Żelazków, which lies 12 kilometres north-east of Kalisz and 105 km south-east of the regional capital Poznań; the gmina covers an area of 113.57 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 8,942. Gmina Żelazków contains the villages and settlements of Anielin, Chrusty, Czartki, Dębe, Garzew, Goliszew, Góry Zborowskie, Góry Złotnickie, Helenów, Janków, Kolonia Kokanin, Kolonia Skarszewek, Michałów, Niedźwiady, Nowy Borków, Pólko, Russów, Russówek, Skarszewek, Stary Borków, Szosa Turecka, Tykadłów, Witoldów, Wojciechówka, Zborów, Żelazków, Złotniki Małe and Złotniki Wielkie. Gmina Żelazków is bordered by the city of Kalisz and by the gminas of Blizanów, Ceków-Kolonia, Opatówek and Stawiszyn. Polish official population figures 2006