SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Slovenian tolar

The tolar was the currency of Slovenia from 8 October 1991 until the introduction of the euro on 1 January 2007. It was subdivided into 100 stotinov; the ISO 4217 currency code for the Slovenian tolar was SIT. From October 1991 until June 1992, the acronym SLT was in use; the name tolar comes from Thaler, is cognate with dollar. The tolar was introduced on 8 October 1991, it replaced the 1990 version of Yugoslav dinar at parity. On 28 June 2004, the tolar was pegged against the euro in the ERM II, the European Union exchange rate mechanism. All recalled. On 1 January 2007, the tolar was supplanted by the euro. Slovenia issues its own euro coins, like all other nations in the Eurozone; the timescale for conversion from the tolar to the euro operated differently from the first wave of European Monetary Union. The permanent euro/tolar conversion rate was finalised on 11 July 2006 at 239.640 tolar per euro. During the first wave of EMU, this period was only a day. Unlike the first wave of EMU which had a three-year transition period, there was no transition period when non-cash payments could be made in both tolar and euro.

The tolar was used for all transactions until 31 December 2006 and the euro must be used for all payments from 1 January 2007. However, as with the first wave of EMU, cash payments with the tolar could continue until 14 January 2007, but change had to be given in euro. In 1992, coins were introduced in denominations of 10, 20 and 50 stotinov, 1 tolar, 2 tolarja and 5 tolarjev. 10 tolarjev coins were added in 2000, followed by 20 and 50 tolarjev in 2003. The obverse designs all show the denomination, with animals native to Slovenia on the reverses; the coins were designed by Miljenko Licul and Zvone Kosovelj and featured reliefs of animals by Janez Boljka. The first banknotes were provisional payment notes issued on 8 October 1991, in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 tolarjev; these notes all feature Triglav, the tallest mountain in Slovenia, on the front, the Prince's Stone, honeycomb pattern, Carniolan honey bee on the back. In 1992, the Bank of Slovenia introduced the following banknotes, all of which feature notable Slovenes.

The banknotes were designed by Miljenko Licul and coauthors, whereas portraits were drawn by Rudi Španzel. They were printed by the British company De La Rue on paper produced in Slovenia. Lower number indicates. SIT per EUR – 233.0. From 1 January 2007 the rate was irrevocably set at 239.640 and has been finalised by the European Commission. SIT per USD – 193.0. Economy of Slovenia Slovenian euro coins Banknotes and coins, Bank of Slovenia Heiko Otto. "Historical banknotes of Slovenia". Retrieved 2018-08-13

Dunfermline Town railway station

Dunfermline Town railway station is a station in the town of Dunfermline, Scotland. The station is managed by Abellio ScotRail and is on the Fife Circle Line, 17 miles north of Edinburgh Waverley; the station was opened by the Dunfermline and Queensferry Railway on 1 November 1877, named Dunfermline, Comely Park. It was rebuilt in 1889, the Down platform being extended eastwards with a new booking office building and a new Up being provided. After the latter station was closed in 1968, the suffix was dropped and it became known as plain Dunfermline. During the 1970s and 1980s British Rail only ran a regular daytime service on the Dunfermline line between Edinburgh and as far as Cowdenbeath. In 1989 though, BR decided to restore the Fife circular. In March 1998, Dalgety Bay opened, while two years In 2000, a new station was opened in the expanding eastern suburbs of Dunfermline and given the name of Dunfermline Queen Margaret, after the nearby Queen Margaret hospital. To prevent confusion following the opening of the nearby Dunfermline Queen Margaret in 2000, the station was again renamed to Dunfermline Town.

Around the same time the frequency was improved to every 30mins to Edinburgh. The station can be accessed from St. Margaret's Drive; the station building is on the northbound platform. In the building is a ticket office, a toilet and a kiosk. There is a CCTV monitoring centre for stations in the east of Scotland and a taxi ordering office. There is a public phone at the entrance and there are waiting rooms on both platforms; the platforms are connected by a ramped subway, this providing an alternative access to the station from Woodmill Street on the south side. There is station car parks on both sides of the railway. CCTV is in operation. On Mondays to Saturdays during the daytime, there is a half-hourly service southbound to Edinburgh Waverley, a half-hourly service northbound round the Fife Circle as far as Cowdenbeath, with one service continuing through Kirkcaldy coming back to Edinburgh Waverley. In the evenings the service is hourly There is a daily service to and from Perth via Markinch.

In 2016 the Sunday frequency service was increased from its previous 2 hourly service. Brailsford, Martyn, ed.. Railway Track Diagrams 1: Scotland & Isle of Man. Frome: Trackmaps. ISBN 978-0-9549866-9-8. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. RAILSCOT on Charlestown Railway RAILSCOT on Dunfermline and Queensferry Railway RAILSCOT on Dunfermline Branch of Edinburgh and Northern Railway Dunfermline Town station on navigable OS map Video footage of Dunfermline Town railway station

William I. F. David

William I. F. David FRS is professor of Materials Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, an STFC Senior Fellow at the ISIS neutron source at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and a Fellow of St Catherine's College, Oxford. David was educated at St Catherine's College, Oxford where he read Physics as an undergraduate student, he completed his postgraduate work in the Clarendon Laboratory and was awarded his DPhil degree from the University of Oxford in 1981 for research supervised by Anthony Michael Glazer. Following his PhD, he was a postdoctoral researcher supervised by John B. Goodenough in Oxford. David has made significant contributions to the development of neutron diffraction and X-ray powder diffraction. Highlights include the comprehensive crystal-structure analysis of C₆₀, the accelerated determination of molecular crystal structures through his computer program, DASH, his theoretical work is based around the application of Bayesian probability theory in areas ranging from structural incompleteness to parametric data analysis.

David's materials focus is in energy storage, beginning with his research on lithium battery cathodes. More he has worked on lightweight hydrogen storage materials such as reversible imide-amide systems. Following his discovery of a new family of ammonia-decomposition catalysts, his main energy research interests are in materials that facilitate the safe and effective utilisation of ammonia as an energy vector. Bill's awards include the Institute of Physics C. V. Boys Prize, the inaugural British Crystallographic Association Prize, the European Society for Applied Physical Chemistry Prize, one of three William Lawrence Bragg Lecture Awards marking the centenary of the discovery of X-ray diffraction, the John B Goodenough Award from the Royal Society of Chemistry in 2015 recognising exceptional and sustained contributions to materials chemistry, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2016