Covington County, Mississippi
Covington County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,568, its county seat is Collins. The county is named for U. S. Army officer and Congressman Leonard Covington. Covington County was established on January 5, 1819, less than two years after Mississippi earned statehood into the Union; the county was one of the first counties established out of the vast non-agricultural lands in the more eastern part of the state. Covington was cut out of Lawrence and Wayne Counties, encompassed what is now Jefferson Davis and Jones Counties. In 1823, part of Covington County became Bainbridge County, most named after William Bainbridge, who became an American naval hero during the War of 1812; the next year, in 1824, the Mississippi legislature did away with Bainbridge County, giving its lands back to Covington County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 415 square miles, of which 414 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water.
Smith County Jones County Forrest County Lamar County Jefferson Davis County Simpson County U. S. Highway 49 U. S. Highway 84Covington County is crossed both north-to-south and east-to-west by four-laned state highways. Highway 49, which runs north-south through all three municipalities and is known as Mississippi's Main Street, connects the state's three largest cities—Jackson and Hattiesburg—to Covington County as well as cities such as Wiggins, Magee and Yazoo City. Highway 49 brings to Covington County thousands each day. Highway 84 cuts across Covington County east to west, runs through the City of Collins. Highway 84 connects the mid-size cities of Laurel and Natchez to Covington County. A network of two-laned highways runs through Covington County, connecting big cities and small communities alike. Main Street Collins is Highway 184 Highway 84. Main Street Seminary is Highway 590. Others include: Mississippi Highway 35 Mississippi Highway 37 Mississippi Highway 184 Mississippi Highway 588 Mississippi Highway 598 Mississippi Highway 589 Mississippi Highway 590 Mississippi Highway 532 Mississippi Highway 535 As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 19,568 people residing in the county.
63.0% were White, 34.9% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 1.0 of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 1.9 were Hispanic or Latino. By age category, Covington County residents are dispersed as follows: 29.1% are under the age of twenty. The average age is 37.6 years. By gender, 48.6% are men and 51.4% are women. There are 8,496 housing units in the county. Of these, 47.1% are inhabited by husband/wife families. The average household size is 2.60, the average family size is 3.14. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,407 people, 7,126 households, 5,280 families residing in the county; the population density was 47 people per square mile. There were 8,083 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.42% White, 35.61% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.56% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,126 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 17.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.16. As of the census of 2000 the largest ancestry groups are English 56.2%, African 36% and Scots-Irish 7.1%. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,669, the median income for a family was $31,264. Males had a median income of $26,611 versus $18,371 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $14,506. About 18.70% of families and 23.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.60% of those under age 18 and 20.30% of those age 65 or over. On the Presidential level, Covington County is solidly Republican and has been for more than two decades. A Democrat has not won Covington County since 1976, when native Southerner Jimmy Carter bested Gerald Ford by fewer than 300 votes. In the Congress, Covington County falls within the boundaries of Mississippi's Third Congressional District, represented by Republican Gregg Harper. On the state level, Covington County is solidly Republican. Not since 1995 has Covington County voted for the Democratic gubernatorial nominee. In the most recent 2011 election, Covington County voters elected the Republican nominee in seven of the eight statewide contests. In the State House of Representatives, the majority of Covington County is represented by Joseph L. "Joe" Warren, one of the longest-serving Democr
Bienville National Forest
Bienville National Forest is a United States National Forest in central Mississippi. It is named for Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville. In descending order of land area it lies in parts of Scott, Smith and Newton counties, it has an area of 178,541 acres. The forest is headquartered in Jackson, as are all six National Forests in Mississippi, but there are local ranger district offices located in Forest; the Forest lies within the Southeastern mixed forests ecoregion and supports mixed forests of pine and oak. The upper courses of the Leaf and Strong Rivers flow through the forest. Visitors can enjoy boating and fishing for bass and crappie on Marathon Lake and Shongelo Lake, campgrounds and trails are open for hiking and camping. There are three Wildlife Management Areas within Beinville National Forest: Bienville WMA; each of these WMAs offer excellent hunting opportunities for white-tailed deer, wild turkey, various small game. Recent years have seen an influx of invasive wild pigs, which can be taken with legal weapons for any open season.
Jones County, Mississippi
Jones County is a county located in the southeast portion of the U. S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,761, its county seats are Ellisville. Jones County is part of MS Micropolitan Statistical Area. Less than a decade after Mississippi became the country's 20th state, settlers organized this area of 700 sq mi of pine forests and swamps for a new county in 1826, they named it Jones County after John Paul Jones, the early American Naval hero who rose from humble Scottish origin to military success during the American Revolution. Ellisville, the county seat, was named for Powhatan Ellis, a member of the Mississippi Legislature who claimed to be a direct descendant of Pocahontas. During the economic hard times in the 1830s and 1840s, there was an exodus of population from Southeast Mississippi, both to western Mississippi and Louisiana in regions opened to white settlement after Indian Removal, to Texas; the slogan "GTT" became used. Jones County was in an area of yeomen farmers and lumbermen, as the pine forests and soil were not cultivated for cotton.
In 1860, the majority of white residents were not slaveholders. Slaves made up only 12% of the total population in Jones County in 1860, the smallest percentage of any county in the state. Soon after the election of Abraham Lincoln as United States president in November 1860, slave-owning planters led Mississippi to join South Carolina and secede from the Union in January 1861; these were the two states with the largest holdings of slaves. Other Southern states would follow suit; as Mississippi debated the secession question, the inhabitants of Jones County voted overwhelmingly for the anti-secessionist John Hathorne Powell, Jr. In comparison to the pro-secessionist J. M. Bayliss, who received 24 votes, Powell received 374. But, at the Secession Convention, Powell voted for secession. Legend has it that, for his vote, he was burned in effigy in the county seat; the reality is more complicated. The only choices possible at the Secession Convention were voting for immediate secession on the one hand, or for a more cautious, co-operative approach to secession among several Southern states on the other.
Powell certainly voted for the more conservative approach to secession—the only position available to him, consistent with the anti-secessionist views of his constituency. Mississippi's Declaration of Secession reflected planters' interests in its first sentence: "Our position is identified with the institution of slavery…" Jones County had yeoman farmers and cattle herders, who were not slaveholders, they had little use for a war over a "state's right" to maintain the institution of slavery. During the American Civil War, Jones County and neighboring counties Covington County to its west, became a haven for Confederate deserters. A number of factors prompted desertions; the lack of food and supplies was demoralizing, while reports of poor conditions back home made the men fear for their families' survival. Small farms deteriorated from neglect as children struggled to keep them up, their limited stores and livestock were taken by the Confederate tax-in-kind agents, who took excessive amounts of yeoman farmers' goods.
Many residents and soldiers were outraged over the Confederate government's passing of the Twenty Negro Law, allowing wealthy plantation owners to avoid military service if they owned twenty slaves or more. The Confederate government figured such planters were needed at home to keep the slaves in line and keep up cotton production, which still produced revenue for the government. On October 13, 1863, a band of deserters from Jones County and adjacent counties organized to protect the area from Confederate authorities and the crippling tax collections; the company, led by Newton Knight, formed a separate government, with Unionist leanings, known as the "Free State of Jones", fought a recorded 14 skirmishes with Confederate forces. They raided Paulding, capturing five wagonloads of corn, collected for tax from area farms, which they distributed back among the local population; the company harassed Confederate officials. Deaths believed to be at their hands were reported in 1864 among numerous tax collectors, conscript officers, other officials.
The governor was informed by the Jones County court clerk that deserters had made tax collections in the county impossible. By the spring of 1864, the Knight company had taken effective control from the Confederate government in the county; the followers of Knight raised an American flag over the courthouse in Ellisville, sent a letter to Union General William T. Sherman declaring Jones County's independence from the Confederacy. In July 1864, the Natchez Courier reported. Scholars have disputed whether the county seceded, with some concluding it did not. While there have been numerous attempts to study Knight and his followers, the lack of documentation during and after the war has made him an elusive figure; the rebellion in Jones County has been variously characterized as consisting of local skirmishes to being a full-fledged war of independence. It assumed legendary status among some county residents and Civil War historians, culminating in the release of a 2016 feature film, Free State of Jones.
The film is credited as "based on the books The Free State of Jones by Victoria E. Bynum and The State of Jones by Sally Jenkins and John Stauffer"; the economy of Jones County is still rural and based on resources – timber and agriculture. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 700 square miles, of which 695 square miles is land and 4.9 square miles
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Mississippi's 3rd congressional district
Mississippi's 3rd congressional district covers central portions of state and stretches from the Louisiana border in the west to the Alabama border in the east. Large cities in the district include Meridian, Starkville and Natchez, it includes most of the wealthier portions of Jackson, including the portion of the city located in Rankin County. The district includes the state's largest college and land-grant university, Mississippi State University in Starkville. From statehood to the election of 1846, Mississippi elected representatives at-large statewide on a general ticket; this district has been redefined based on changes in statewide population. Its current representative is Republican Michael Guest. Mississippi's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts.
New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Rankin County, Mississippi
Rankin County is a county located in the U. S. state of Mississippi. The western border of the county is formed by the Pearl River; as of the 2010 census, the population was 141,617, making it the fourth-most populous county in Mississippi. The county seat is Brandon; the county is named in honor of Christopher Rankin, a Mississippi Congressman who served from 1819 to 1826. Rankin County is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 806 square miles, of which 775 square miles is land and 31 square miles is water. Madison County Scott County Smith County Simpson County Hinds County As of the census of 2000, there were 115,327 people, 42,089 households, 31,145 families residing in the county; the population density was 149 people per square mile. There were 45,070 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.03% White, 17.12% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races.
1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to the census of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Rankin County were English 52.8%, Scots-Irish 15%, African 17.12%, Irish 5.1% and Scottish 3.2%. There were 42,089 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.00% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 9.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,946, the median income for a family was $51,707.
Males had a median income of $36,097 versus $26,096 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,412. About 7.30% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over. Rankin County has the second highest per capita income in the state of Mississippi. Interstate 20 U. S. Highway 80 U. S. Highway 49 Mississippi Highway 13 Mississippi Highway 18 Mississippi Highway 25 Mississippi Highway 43 Mississippi Highway 471 Interstate 55 Jackson Evers International Airport is located in unincorporated Rankin County; the Mississippi Department of Corrections operates the Central Mississippi Correctional Facility, located in unincorporated Rankin County. CMCF houses the state's female death row inmates. MDOC operates the Brandon Probation and Parole Office in Brandon. In 2007 the Mississippi Highway Patrol opened a driver's license facility across the highway from the prison; the Mississippi State Hospital of the Mississippi Department of Mental Health is in Whitfield in unincorporated Rankin County.
It occupies the former Rankin Farm prison grounds. In 1935, the Mississippi State Insane Asylum moved from a complex of 19th-century buildings in northern Jackson, the capital, to its current location; the Mississippi Department of Public Safety operates the Mississippi Law Enforcement Officers' Training Academy on a 243-acre property in Rankin County, near CMCF and the MSH, 10 miles from Jackson. The Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality operates the Central Regional Office and the MDEQ Laboratory in unincorporated Rankin County. Brandon Flowood Jackson Pearl Richland Florence Pelahatchie Puckett Cleary Robin Hood Cato Comeby Crossgates Farm Dobson Robinhood/Shady Lakes Value National Register of Historic Places listings in Rankin County, Mississippi The Rankin Chamber of Commerce Rankin County Genealogy and Historical Page Rankin County Website
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol