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Smith County, Tennessee

Smith County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,166. In the section known as Middle Tennessee, its county seat is Carthage; the county was organized in 1799 and is named for Daniel Smith, a Revolutionary War veteran who made the first map of Tennessee and served as a United States senator. Smith County is part of the Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Smith County was established in 1799 from a portion of Sumner County, was named for Daniel Smith, a U. S. Senator and former Secretary of the Southwest Territory; the location of the county seat was hotly contested between Bledsoesborough and William Walton's ferry and tavern at the confluence of the Caney Fork and the Cumberland River. In 1804, voters chose Walton's site, a town, named Carthage, was platted the following year. Smith County was the site of a large saltpeter mine. Piper Cave, located near Monoville, contains the poorly preserved remnants of dozens of saltpeter leaching vats.

Most saltpeter mining in Middle Tennessee took place during the War of 1812 and the Civil War, though the exact dates of this operation are unclear. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 325 square miles, of which 314 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water; the county is located in a transition area between the rugged Highland Rim to the east and the flatter Nashville Basin to the west. The Caney Fork has its confluence with the Cumberland River in Carthage. Cordell Hull Dam on the Cumberland is located near Carthage. Macon County Jackson County Putnam County DeKalb County Wilson County Trousdale County Cordell Hull Wildlife Management Area I-40 US 70N SR 25 SR 53 SR 80 SR 85 SR 141 SR 263 SR 264 As of the census of 2000, there were 17,712 people, 6,878 households, 5,069 families residing in the county; the population density was 56 people per square mile. There were 7,665 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 2.53% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, 0.93% from two or more races.

1.13 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 6,878 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.30% were non-families. 23.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 13.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,625, the median income for a family was $41,645. Males had a median income of $30,853 versus $22,133 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,473. About 10.30% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.

Carthage Gordonsville South Carthage Prior to 2008, Smith County was a Democratic Party stronghold at the presidential level. The transitional presidential elections for the South of 1968 & 1972 were the lone two from 1912 to 2004 where the county failed to back a Democratic candidate. However, while the county was Carthage resident Al Gore's fourth strongest statewide in his 2000 presidential bid, he failed to win an Republican Tennessee. Since Smith County has swung hard towards the Republican Party similar to the rest of the state outside of Memphis & Nashville. Hillary Clinton failed to win a quarter of the county's votes in 2016, a far cry from the 71% & 62% her husband Bill won in the county with Gore on the ticket. National Register of Historic Places listings in Smith County, Tennessee Smith County at Smith County Chamber of Commerce UT Extension office TNGenWeb Tennessee Central Economic Alliance for Smith County Smith County at Curlie


Custom-fit means personalized with regard to shape and size. A customized product would imply the modification of some of its characteristics according to the customers requirements such as with a custom car. However, when fit is added to the term, customization could give the idea of both the geometric characteristics of the body and the individual customer requirements, e.g. the steering wheel of the Formula 1 driver Fernando Alonso. The custom-fit concept can be understood as the idea of offering one-of-a-kind products that, due to their intrinsic characteristics and use, can be adapted to geometric characteristics in order to meet the user requirements. With this new concept, industry moves from a resource based manufacturing system to a knowledge based manufacturing system and from mass production to individual production; this encourages the Lean Production trend as established by Toyota, or in other words, an efficiency-based production. There are some studies referring to the positive impacts this concept would have on society: Customised Motorcycle Seats Orthopaedic ProfessionThe research studies found in February 2008 on the subject are the following: Customised Motorcycle and Helmet Knee and Manxilo-facial Implants and Prosthetics Sockets The process starts with the capturing of data directly from the user by CAD techniques with the ultimate aim of manufacturing products using CAM techniques.

Converting scanned data directly and automatically into final models ready for printing: Digital Cad Approach and Hybrid Approach. Representing Structure for Functionally Graded Material:Interface Innerspace developed by TNO which integrates the RDT Centers in The Netherlands. Multi Phase Topology Optimisation, designed by Fraunhofer. Finite Element Representation Finite element analysis used by Materialise in Belgium. A rapid manufacturing interface called Slice Raster Inteface designed by Materialise. Although all these developments have been of great interest, the RM-processes have not fallen behind, due to improvement of new Rapid Prototyping Direct digital manufacturing techniques; the Metal Printing Process developed by SINTEF in Norway, produces 3D products with metal powder with different graduation, sintered layer-by-layer. MPP aims to become the equivalent of a high speed 3D-printer that produces three-dimensional objects directly from powder materials; this technique is based on the process principles of xerographic printers, that combine electrostatic printing with photography.

The MPP process approach uses the same fundamental principles to build solid objects on a layer-by-layer basis. Layers of powder materials are generated by attracting different metal- and/or ceramic powders to their respective position on a charged pattern on a photoreceptor by means of an electrostatic field; the attracted layer is transferred to a punch and transported to the consolidation unit where each layer of part material is sintered onto the previous by pressure and heat. The procedure is repeated layer-by-layer until the three-dimensional object is formed and consolidated. MPP has the ability to print different powders within the same layer and progressively change from one material to another, i.e. producing a functionally graded material. In addition to this, MPP uses external pressure to speed the densification process, which allows manufacturing with a wide range of materials and opens the possibility to produce unique material combinations and microstructures; the High Viscosity Inkjet printing developed by TNO has the capability of printing with one or more materials with graded structures in a single process using additive technology.

It has several print heads. The High Viscosity Inkjet Printing machine is capable of printing multi-materials and enables the mixing and grading of materials in any combination, desired; this will enable the manufacturing of products with two or more materials that are graded and there will be no distinct boundary between the materials. This will result in products with unique mechanical properties. Dr. Michiel Willemse, leading the project says, "The process is unique in its capability to print viscous, UV curable, resins. Material formulations with viscosities up to 500 mPa •; this offers the opportunity to print products with unequaled mechanical properties when compared to any other printing systems." The Plastic Powder Printing Process developed by The Monfort University in the United Kingdom is based on the concept of fusing layers of a wide range of plastic powders in the desired combination by laser printing. PPP aims to develop the equivalent of a high speed laser printer that produces three-dimensional 3D objects from plastic powder where powder is first deposited by means of laser printing /electrophotography technique and subsequently fused under infrared heating units to make solid layers.

Layers are consolidated further to make 3D plastic objects. Various thermoplastic toners from standard engineering polymers like polyethylene and polystyrene have been deposited using this technique and fused with infrared rays to form the layers. Bespoke Mass customization Personalization Configurator Personalized marketing Product differentiation Product management Rapid manufacturing C. J. Tuck. "Rapid manufacturing facilitated customization". International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing. Retrieved 2008-01-30. Guerrits, Anton. "Volume 9". Custom-Fit: Quality of Life of European Sporting Public through Custom-Fit products; the En

Eerie, Indiana

Eerie, Indiana is an American horror science fiction television series that aired on NBC from September 15, 1991, to April 12, 1992. The series was created by José Rivera and Karl Schaefer, with Joe Dante serving as creative consultant. A total of nineteen episodes were produced; the final episode aired for the first time in 1993, when the series was syndicated on The Disney Channel. The show was rerun on The Disney Channel from October 7, 1993, to late-March 1996. In 1997, the show generated a new fan base, when Fox's children's programming block Fox Kids aired the series on Saturday mornings from January to September, gaining something of a cult following despite its short run; the renewed popularity of the series encouraged Fox to produce a spin-off Eerie, Indiana: The Other Dimension, lasting only one season in 1998. The series revolves around Marshall Teller, a teenager whose family moves to the desolate town of Eerie, population of 16,661. While moving into his new home, he meets one of the few normal people in Eerie.

Together, they are faced with bizarre scenarios, which include discovering a sinister group of intelligent dogs that are planning on taking over the world, meeting a tornado hunter, reminiscent of Captain Ahab. They confront numerous urban legends such as Bigfoot and a still-living Elvis Presley. Although the show was host to a plethora of jokes, it featured a serious tone. After thirteen episodes, one of which did not air during the network run, the series was retooled with Jason Marsden's "Dash X" added to the cast and Archie Hahn's Mr. Radford is revealed to be an imposter, with John Astin revealed to be the "actual" Mr. Radford; the final produced episode was a tongue-in-cheek, fourth wall breaking sequence of events depicting Dash X's attempts to take over as star of the show. Marshall Teller, played by Omri Katz, is the protagonist of the series. With the help of his sidekick and best friend, Simon Holmes, he manages to unravel the many mysteries that plague Eerie, Indiana. Before moving to Eerie, Indiana, he and his family once lived in the city filled with pollution and crime, which he likes.

Though arrogant, Marshall is intelligent and quick-thinking, qualities that come in handy during his investigations. He is sometimes torn between hanging out with Simon and following his burgeoning instincts about girls. Marshall compares Eerie to where he grew up in New Jersey, the epitome of'normal' in his mind, he is a fan of the New York Giants. Simon Holmes, played by Justin Shenkarow, is Marshall's best friend. Due to the constant arguing between Simon's parents, he chooses to spend most of his free time hanging out with Marshall. Prior to Marshall's arrival, Simon was a lonely child. Similar to Marshall, Simon believes. In the episode "America's Scariest Home Video", it is revealed that Simon has a younger brother, Harley Schwarzenegger Holmes, never mentioned before and never appears again. Edgar Teller, played by Francis Guinan, is Marshall's father. Edgar works at a product testing company, for a living. According to Marshall, it was Edgar's idea to leave New Jersey, move to Eerie. During the course of the series, it is revealed that Edgar interned at the Smithsonian Institution before entering the University of Syracuse to do his undergraduate work in archeology.

He received a scholarship from NASA to attend M. I. T. where he worked on his thesis, "Matter: What is it Exactly?". As Edgar is a scientist, many fans believe that his name was a subtle nod towards Edward Teller, an American nuclear physicist who helped develop the hydrogen bomb. Marilyn Teller, played by Mary-Margaret Humes, is Marshall's mother. Marilyn operates her own party planning business at the Eerie Mall; as shown in "Forever Ware", Marilyn is not an organised person. In episode "Who's Who", she is adopted as a mother by Sara Bob, trying to create a perfect family. Syndi Marie Priscilla Teller, played by Julie Condra, is Marshall's older sister. At the time in which Marshall introduces Syndi to the audience, she is practicing for her Drivers Ed. Test. Marshall ridicules his sister for the awkward spelling of her name. Syndi aims to be a reporter and spends time with the Eerie police and fire department to gain experience. "The Loyal Order of Corn" is the only episode. Dash X, played by Jason Marsden, is a character.

First introduced in the episode "The Hole in the Head Gang", Dash claims that he woke up in "Weirdsville" without any knowledge to how he got there. Dash has no memory of parents, past or his real name. Since Dash has no home, he is forced to eat out of Dumpsters. Dash is referred to as "The Kid with the Grey Hair". People would go on to call him the "Sneaky Kid with the Hair" and "The Kid with No Name". On some occasions, Dash would help Marshall and Simon solve some of Eerie's mysteries, most notably by helping them infiltrate the Loyal Order of Corn cult. Dash X gave himself his name in the episode "The Loyal Order of the Corn", as a reference to the mysterious'-' and'+' markings on his hands which were shared by the extraterrestrial leader of the cult. Dash X wonders if the cult leader, played by Ray Walston is his father, but the leader ruefully and cryptically remarks, "If only it were that simple," before returning to his homeworld. Mr. Radford – Mr. Radford – Winifred Swanson and Mother – Sergeant Knight – Mayor Winston Chisel – The AnchormanElvis Presley – Bertram

Margot Dreschel

Margot Elisabeth Dreschel spelled Drechsler, or Drexler, was a prison guard at Nazi concentration camps during World War II. Before her enlistment as an SS auxiliary, she worked at an office in Berlin. On 31 January 1941, Dreschel arrived at Ravensbrück concentration camp to receive guard training. At first she was an Aufseherin, a lower-ranking female guard at Ravensbrück camp in charge of interned women, she trained under Oberaufseherin Johanna Langefeld in 1941, became an SS-Rapportführerin, a higher-ranked guard. On 27 April 1942, Dreschel was selected for transfer to the newly opened Auschwitz II – Birkenau concentration camp in occupied Poland. Dreschel began her duties at Birkenau in August 1942 as soon as the women's camp was established there, with women transferred from Auschwitz to Birkenau during expansion, she worked as an associate of Dr Mengele. Dreschel was head of all camp offices in Auschwitz, her appearance was repellent, as one female Auschwitz prisoner recounted: "camp leader Dreschel was there, her buck teeth sticking out when her mouth is closed."

Inmates described her as vulgar and ugly. After the war, many survivors testified of her notoriously brutal beatings, she carried out indoor selections wearing white gloves, disguised as a doctor. Once Mrs Drechaler came, with her huge bloodhound, undressed everybody, took away our shoes, we had to stand for hours naked, none of us were thinking of life any more, the gas chamber seemed unavoidable, she moved between the Auschwitz I camp and Birkenau, involved herself in selections of women and children to be sent to the gas chambers. On 1 November 1944, she went to Flossenbürg concentration camp as an Oberaufseherin and as a trainer of enlisted overseers. In January 1945, she was moved back to the Ravensbruck subcamp at Neustadt-Glewe, fled from there in April 1945 as Nazi Germany surrendered. In May 1945, several former Auschwitz prisoners recognized her on a road from Pirna to Bautzen in the Soviet zone, took her to the Soviet Military Police; the Soviets executed her in May or June 1945 by hanging in Bautzen.

Female guards in Nazi concentration camps Margot Drexler biodata. Brown, D. P.: The Camp Women: The Female Auxiliaries Who Assisted the SS in Running the Nazi Concentration Camp System. Matthaus, Juergen. Approaching an Auschwitz Survivor: Holocaust History and its Transformations Oxford University Press, 2009.


Linaria is a genus of 150 species of flowering plants, one of several related groups called toadflax. They are annuals and herbaceous perennials, the largest genus in the Antirrhineae tribe of the plantain family Plantaginaceae. Linaria was traditionally placed in the family Scrophulariaceae. Phylogenetic analysis has now placed it in the vastly expanded family Plantaginaceae. Related genera include the Nuttallanthus and Cymbalaria. Several Linaria species are cultivated as garden plants, notably L. alpina, L. maroccana, L. purpurea and L. vulgaris. Some of the more familiar Linaria include: Common toadflax or butter-and-eggs, a European species, introduced elsewhere and grows as a common weed in some areas. Broomleaf toadflax or Dalmatian toadflax, a native of southeast Europe that has become a weed in parts of North America. Purple toadflax, a species native to the Mediterranean region grown as a garden plant for its dark purple or pink flowers. Pale toadflax, a species from western Europe similar to L. purpurea, but with paler flowers.

The members of this genus are known in English as toadflax, a name shared with several related genera. The'toad' in toadflax may relate to the plants having been used to treat bubonic plague, a false link having been drawn between the words'bubo' and'Bufo'; the scientific name Linaria means "resembling linum", which the foliage of some species superficially resembles. The genus is native to temperate regions of Europe, northern Africa and Asia, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean region; some Linaria are regarded as noxious weeds. They are toxic to livestock, but ruminants avoid them. Toadflaxes are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the mouse moth and the common buckeye. L. vulgaris has been used as a medicinal herb for the treatment of many illnesses and conditions, including cancer, hemorrhoids and scurvy. It has been used as an emollient and a laxative. A Phylogeny of Toadflaxes Based on Nuclear Internal Transcribed Spacer Sequences: Systematic and Evolutionary Consequences.

Mario Fernández-Mazuecos, José Luis Blanco-Pastor, Pablo Vargas. International Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 174, No. 2, pp. 234–249 Published by: The University of Chicago Press, Article DOI: 10.1086/668790 Vargas P, JA Rosselló, R Oyama, J Güemes. 2004 Molecular evidence for naturalness of genera in the tribe Antirrhineae and three independent evolutionary lineages from the New World and the Old. Plant Systematics and Evolution 249:151–172

Stuart Huggett

Stuart Huggett is a British-born Fijian architect and civil servant, who served as Chairman of the Public Service Commission from 2004 to 2006, when he was removed from office on 6 December 2006 by the Military junta which had seized power the previous day. In addition, Huggett is a Director of Architects Pacific Limited, based in Suva and in Sydney and the Honorary Consul for Spain. Huggett was born in England, he graduated from the Royal Western England College of Architecture, now the University of Bristol. After his marriage, he spent a year in Zaria, during the Nigerian civil war in the late 1960s, he founded Architects Pacific Limited in 1971, which specialized in residential and tourist resort design and masterplanning. He organised the Fiji Muroroa Protest in 1995. On 6 December 2006 Stuart Huggett, as Chairman of the Public Service Commission, called together a meeting of the CEOs of the various governmental ministries, including Nainendra Nand, the Solicitor-General of Fiji. Military forces broke up the meeting and detained Huggett and Nand, there were unconfirmed reports that the two had been assaulted.

A veiled statement by Australia's Foreign Minister, Alexander Downer, on the ABC television's 7:30 report gave some credence to the rumours. The Chairman and Solicitor General were served notice of dismissal by the Military Commander, Commodore Frank Bainimarama, on 7 December 2006; however the elected Government of Fiji gave no such notice to any governmental officials. Announcing the appointment of Hector Hatch as Huggett's successor on 4 January 2007, Commodore Bainimarama said that Huggett had been uncooperative with the Military authorities, claimed that he was under investigation for allegations that a company he was connected with had tendered for a F$40 million government contract. Huggett is married to Gillian Margaret Illife, with whom he has three daughters, Catherine and Amitia and a son, James